Robocall

robocallsrobo-callrobocallingIndianapre-recorded telephone callsrobo-pollingtelephone polls
A robocall is a phone call that uses a computerized autodialer to deliver a pre-recorded message, as if from a robot.wikipedia
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Auto dialer

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A robocall is a phone call that uses a computerized autodialer to deliver a pre-recorded message, as if from a robot.
When an autodialer plays a pre-recorded message, it is often called voice broadcasting, or robocalling.

National Do Not Call Registry

Do Not CallDo Not Call ListDo-Not-Call (DNC) lists
Political robocalls are exempt from the United States National Do Not Call Registry.
Separate laws and regulations apply to robocalls in the United States.

Telemarketing

telemarketertelemarketerstelesales
Robocalls are often associated with political and telemarketing phone campaigns, but can also be used for public-service or emergency announcements.
A recent trend in telemarketing is to use robocalls: automated telephone calls that use both computerized autodialers and computer-delivered pre-recorded messages in a sales pitch.

2008 North Carolina Democratic primary

North CarolinaNorth Carolina primaryNorth Carolina Democratic Primary
Robocalls were made during the 2008 North Carolina Democratic primary, targeting African-American voters in the days leading up to the primary in late April 2008, which essentially told registered voters that they were not registered.
The North Carolina state board of elections reported that misleading robocalls were made to African-American voters in the days leading up to the primary in late April 2008, which essentially told registered voters that they were not registered.

Citizens for Civil Discourse

Shaun Dakin, CEO of Citizens for Civil Discourse, testified at the hearing and described how robocalls affect the lives of voters across the nation.
Citizens for Civil Discourse, also known as CCD, is an American non-profit, non-partisan organization that accepts Robocall block requests from citizens via their website.

VoIP spam

SPIT (SPam over Internet Telephony)SPIT
Most products use methods similar to those used to mitigate SPIT (spam over Internet telephony) and can be broadly categorised by the primary method used.
Robocalls can be delivered automatically using telephony software, such as Asterisk.

The Voter Participation Center

Voter Participation CenterWomen's Voices Women Vote
According to NPR and Facing South, these calls were made by the organization "Women's Voices Women Vote."
The robocalls did not identify the VPC as the caller.

Caller ID spoofing

spoofspoofeda false origin is displayed
A major problem for the use of both blacklisting and whitelisting techniques is the practice of caller ID spoofing, which is prevalent as a result of the low barrier to entry in the VoIP services market.
In the Canadian federal election of May 2, 2011, both live calls and robocalls are alleged to have been placed with false caller ID, either to replace the caller's identity with that of a fictitious person (Pierre Poutine of Joliette, Quebec) or to disguise calls from an Ohio call centre as Peterborough, Ontario domestic calls.

Voice broadcasting

message broadcastingvoice broadcastvoice broadcasts
Voice broadcasting
Robocall

Robot

robotsbotbots
A robocall is a phone call that uses a computerized autodialer to deliver a pre-recorded message, as if from a robot.

Personalized audio messaging

personalized audio messages
Some robocalls use personalized audio messages to simulate an actual personal phone call.

2011 Canadian federal election

2011 federal election2011 election2011
Controversy surrounded the use of robocalls during the Canadian federal election, 2011, leading Elections Canada and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to investigate claims that robocalls were used in an attempt to dissuade voters from casting their ballot by falsely telling them their poll stations had changed locations.

Elections Canada

Controversy surrounded the use of robocalls during the Canadian federal election, 2011, leading Elections Canada and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to investigate claims that robocalls were used in an attempt to dissuade voters from casting their ballot by falsely telling them their poll stations had changed locations.

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

RCMPMountieMounties
Controversy surrounded the use of robocalls during the Canadian federal election, 2011, leading Elections Canada and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to investigate claims that robocalls were used in an attempt to dissuade voters from casting their ballot by falsely telling them their poll stations had changed locations.

Telephone numbering plan

Area codeCalling codearea codes
Elections Canada traced the origin of the automated calls to a disposable cellphone registered to a fictional name "Pierre Poutine" at a phony address from 450 area code of Joliette, Quebec, and issued a subpoena to the cellphone provider that produced a list of outgoing calls from the same number.

Joliette

Joliette, QuebecCity of JolietteJoliette*
Elections Canada traced the origin of the automated calls to a disposable cellphone registered to a fictional name "Pierre Poutine" at a phony address from 450 area code of Joliette, Quebec, and issued a subpoena to the cellphone provider that produced a list of outgoing calls from the same number.

Quebec

QCQuébécoisQuébec
Elections Canada traced the origin of the automated calls to a disposable cellphone registered to a fictional name "Pierre Poutine" at a phony address from 450 area code of Joliette, Quebec, and issued a subpoena to the cellphone provider that produced a list of outgoing calls from the same number.

Edmonton

Edmonton, AlbertaEdmonton, ABCity of Edmonton
One of the calls was to the toll-free number used by customers of 2call.ca, a subsidiary of Edmonton-based Internet Service Provider RackNine, to phone in and record their outgoing messages.

Internet service provider

ISPinternet service providersISPs
One of the calls was to the toll-free number used by customers of 2call.ca, a subsidiary of Edmonton-based Internet Service Provider RackNine, to phone in and record their outgoing messages.

Stephen Harper

HarperPrime Minister Stephen HarperHarper Government
Prime Minister Stephen Harper and the Conservative Party of Canada have denied any knowledge or involvement.

Conservative Party of Canada

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
Prime Minister Stephen Harper and the Conservative Party of Canada have denied any knowledge or involvement.

Yukon

Yukon TerritoryYKYT
Elections Canada has made a statement and reported to Parliament, that the fraud was extensive, affecting 200 ridings in all ten provinces plus Yukon Territory.

527 organization

527 group527527 groups
Robocalls are made by many political parties in the United States, including but not limited to both the Republican and Democratic parties as well as unaffiliated campaigns, 527 organizations, unions, and individual citizens.

Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991

Telephone Consumer Protection ActTCPA
The Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 (TCPA) and Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulations prohibit anyone (including charities, politicians and political parties) from making robocalls to cell phone numbers without the recipients' prior consent.

Federal Communications Commission

FCCFederal Communications Commission (FCC)Federal Communication Commission
The Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 (TCPA) and Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulations prohibit anyone (including charities, politicians and political parties) from making robocalls to cell phone numbers without the recipients' prior consent.