A report on Robot

ASIMO (2000) at the Expo 2005
Articulated welding robots used in a factory are a type of industrial robot
The quadrupedal military robot Cheetah, an evolution of BigDog (pictured), was clocked as the world's fastest legged robot in 2012, beating the record set by an MIT bipedal robot in 1989.
KITT (a fictional robot) is mentally anthropomorphic.
iCub is physically anthropomorphic.
Al-Jazari – A Musical Toy
Su Song's astronomical clock tower showing the mechanical figurines which chimed the hours.
Model of Leonardo's robot with inner workings. Possibly constructed by Leonardo da Vinci around 1495.
The Brennan torpedo, one of the earliest 'guided missiles'
W. H. Richards with "George", 1932
U.S. Patent 2,988,237, issued in 1961 to Devol.
A scene from Karel Čapek's 1920 play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), showing three robots
A laparoscopic robotic surgery machine
A pick and place robot in a factory
TOPIO, a humanoid robot, played ping pong at Tokyo International Robot Exhibition (IREX) 2009
An android, or robot designed to resemble a human, can appear comforting to some people and disturbing to others
A general-purpose robot acts as a guide during the day and a security guard at night.
An intelligent AGV drops-off goods without needing lines or beacons in the workspace.
A U.S. Marine Corps technician prepares to use a telerobot to detonate a buried improvised explosive device near Camp Fallujah, Iraq.
The Roomba domestic vacuum cleaner robot does a single, menial job
The Care-Providing Robot FRIEND
Toy robots on display at the Museo del Objeto del Objeto in Mexico City.
Italian movie The Mechanical Man (1921), the first film to have shown a battle between robots.

Machine—especially one programmable by a computer—capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically.

- Robot
ASIMO (2000) at the Expo 2005

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Robot GUI display showing battery voltage and other proprioceptive data in lower right-hand corner. The display is for user information only. Autonomous robots monitor and respond to proprioceptive sensors without human intervention to keep themselves safe and operating properly.

Autonomous robot

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Robot GUI display showing battery voltage and other proprioceptive data in lower right-hand corner. The display is for user information only. Autonomous robots monitor and respond to proprioceptive sensors without human intervention to keep themselves safe and operating properly.
The Seekur and MDARS robots demonstrate their autonomous navigation and security capabilities at an airbase.
Sophia, a robot known for human-like appearance and interactions.
A food delivery robot

An autonomous robot is a robot that acts without recourse to human control.

The Shadow robot hand system

Robotics

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Interdisciplinary branch of computer science and engineering.

Interdisciplinary branch of computer science and engineering.

The Shadow robot hand system
Mechanical construction
Electrical aspect
A level of programming
The InSight lander with solar panels deployed in a cleanroom
A robotic leg powered by air muscles
KUKA industrial robot operating in a foundry
Puma, one of the first industrial robots
Baxter, a modern and versatile industrial robot developed by Rodney Brooks
Lefty, first checker playing robot
Segway in the Robot museum in Nagoya
TALON military robots used by the United States Army
Two robot snakes. Left one has 64 motors (with 2 degrees of freedom per segment), the right one 10.
Capuchin, a climbing robot
Robotic Fish: iSplash-II
The autonomous sailboat robot Vaimos
Radar, GPS, and lidar, are all combined to provide proper navigation and obstacle avoidance (vehicle developed for 2007 DARPA Urban Challenge)
Kismet can produce a range of facial expressions.
Puppet Magnus, a robot-manipulated marionette with complex control systems.
Experimental planar robot arm and sensor-based, open-architecture robot controller developed at Sunderland University, UK in 2000
RuBot II can manually resolve Rubik's cubes.
TOPIO, a humanoid robot, played ping pong at Tokyo IREX 2009.
Two Jet Propulsion Laboratory engineers stand with three vehicles, providing a size comparison of three generations of Mars rovers. Front and center is the flight spare for the first Mars rover, Sojourner, which landed on Mars in 1997 as part of the Mars Pathfinder Project. On the left is a Mars Exploration Rover (MER) test vehicle that is a working sibling to Spirit and Opportunity, which landed on Mars in 2004. On the right is a test rover for the Mars Science Laboratory, which landed Curiosity on Mars in 2012. Sojourner is 65 cm long. The Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) are 1.6 m long. Curiosity on the right is 3 m long.
The SCORBOT-ER 4u educational robot
A robot technician builds small all-terrain robots. (Courtesy: MobileRobots, Inc.)

Robotics involves design, construction, operation, and use of robots.

Early example of the term androides used to describe human-like mechanical devices, London Times, 22 December 1795

Android (robot)

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Humanoid robot or other artificial being often made from a flesh-like material.

Humanoid robot or other artificial being often made from a flesh-like material.

Early example of the term androides used to describe human-like mechanical devices, London Times, 22 December 1795
DER 01, a Japanese actroid
EveR-2, the first android that can sing
Dr. William Barry (left) with Maria Bot (right)
Dr. William Barry (right) and a fan pose with Maria Bot (center)

Although Karel Čapek's robots in R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) (1921)—the play that introduced the word robot to the world—were organic artificial humans, the word "robot" has come to primarily refer to mechanical humans, animals, and other beings.

Karel Čapek

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Czech writer, playwright and critic.

Czech writer, playwright and critic.

House of Čapek brothers in Prague 10, Vinohrady
Tomb of Karel Čapek and Olga Scheinpflugová at Vyšehrad cemetery

He has become best known for his science fiction, including his novel War with the Newts (1936) and play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots, 1920), which introduced the word robot.

Isaac Asimov

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Russian-born American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.

Russian-born American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.

Robert A. Heinlein and L. Sprague de Camp with Asimov (right), Philadelphia Navy Yard, 1944
Asimov with his second wife, Janet. "They became a permanent feature of my face, and it is now difficult to believe early photographs that show me without sideburns." (Photo by Jay Kay Klein.)
The first installment of Asimov's Tyrann was the cover story in the fourth issue of Galaxy Science Fiction in 1951. The novel was issued in book form later that year as The Stars Like Dust.
The first installment of Asimov's The Caves of Steel on the cover of the October 1953 issue of Galaxy Science Fiction, illustrated by Ed Emshwiller
The novelette "Legal Rites", a collaboration with Frederik Pohl, the only Asimov story to appear in Weird Tales

Asimov coined the term "robotics" without suspecting that it might be an original word; at the time, he believed it was simply the natural analogue of words such as mechanics and hydraulics, but for robots.

A scene from the play, showing three robots

R.U.R.

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1920 science-fiction play by the Czech writer Karel Čapek.

1920 science-fiction play by the Czech writer Karel Čapek.

A scene from the play, showing three robots
The robots breaking into the factory at the end of Act III
Poster for a Federal Theatre Project production of R.U.R. directed by Remo Bufano in New York, 1939
Final scene of Act III
U.S. WPA Federal Theatre Project poster for the production by the Marionette Theatre, New York, 1939
Cover of the first edition of the play designed by Josef Čapek, Aventinum, Prague, 1920

The play had its world premiere on 2 January 1921 in Hradec Králové; it introduced the word "robot" to the English language and to science fiction as a whole.

Honda P series: P1 (1993), P2 (1996), P3 (1997), P4 (2000)

Humanoid robot

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Honda P series: P1 (1993), P2 (1996), P3 (1997), P4 (2000)
Model of Leonardo's robot with inner workings.
iCub robot at the Genoa Science Festival, Italy, in 2009
Valkyrie, from NASA
An artificial hand holding a lightbulb

A humanoid robot is a robot resembling the human body in shape.

Swarm of open-source Jasmine micro-robots recharging themselves

Swarm robotics

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Swarm of open-source Jasmine micro-robots recharging themselves
A team of iRobot Create robots at the Georgia Institute of Technology

Swarm robotics is an approach to the coordination of multiple robots as a system which consist of large numbers of mostly simple physical robots.

A Honda F1 racecar engine.

Machine

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Physical system using power to apply forces and control movement to perform an action.

Physical system using power to apply forces and control movement to perform an action.

A Honda F1 racecar engine.
James Albert Bonsack's cigarette rolling machine, invented in 1880 and patented in 1881
Flint hand axe found in Winchester.
An ore crushing machine powered by a water wheel
Table of simple mechanisms, from Chambers' Cyclopædia, 1728. Simple machines provide a "vocabulary" for understanding more complex machines.
Illustration of a four-bar linkage from The Kinematics of Machinery, 1876
The Boulton & Watt Steam Engine, 1784
Diesel engine, friction clutch and gear transmission of an automobile.
Early Ganz Electric Generator in Zwevegem, West Flanders, Belgium
The Antikythera mechanism (main fragment)
Schematic of the actuator and four-bar linkage that position an aircraft landing gear.
A ribosome is a biological machine that utilizes protein dynamics
A water-powered mine hoist used for raising ore. This woodblock is from De re metallica by Georg Bauer (Latinized name Georgius Agricola, ca. 1555), an early mining textbook that contains numerous drawings and descriptions of mining equipment.

Examples include: a wide range of vehicles, such as trains, automobiles, boats and airplanes; appliances in the home and office, including computers, building air handling and water handling systems; as well as farm machinery, machine tools and factory automation systems and robots.

This cover of I, Robot illustrates the story "Runaround", the first to list all Three Laws of Robotics

Three Laws of Robotics

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The Three Laws of Robotics (often shortened to The Three Laws or known as Asimov's Laws) are a set of rules devised by science fiction author Isaac Asimov.

The Three Laws of Robotics (often shortened to The Three Laws or known as Asimov's Laws) are a set of rules devised by science fiction author Isaac Asimov.

This cover of I, Robot illustrates the story "Runaround", the first to list all Three Laws of Robotics
ASIMO is an advanced humanoid robot developed by Honda. Shown here at Expo 2005.
NDR-114 explaining the Three Laws

These form an organizing principle and unifying theme for Asimov's robotic-based fiction, appearing in his Robot series, the stories linked to it, and his Lucky Starr series of young-adult fiction.