Robot

robotsbotbotsrobotic armsandroidautomanautomatedautonomous operatorsBruiserBotscompudroid
A robot is a machine—especially one programmable by a computer— capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically.wikipedia
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Autonomous robot

autonomousautonomouslyautonomous systems
Robots can be autonomous or semi-autonomous and range from humanoids such as Honda's Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility (ASIMO) and TOSY's TOSY Ping Pong Playing Robot (TOPIO) to industrial robots, medical operating robots, patient assist robots, dog therapy robots, collectively programmed swarm robots, UAV drones such as General Atomics MQ-1 Predator, and even microscopic nano robots.
An autonomous robot is a robot that performs behaviors or tasks with a high degree of autonomy (without external influence).

Industrial robot

industrial robotsindustrial roboticsrobot
Robots can be autonomous or semi-autonomous and range from humanoids such as Honda's Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility (ASIMO) and TOSY's TOSY Ping Pong Playing Robot (TOPIO) to industrial robots, medical operating robots, patient assist robots, dog therapy robots, collectively programmed swarm robots, UAV drones such as General Atomics MQ-1 Predator, and even microscopic nano robots.
An industrial robot is a robot system used for manufacturing.

TOSY

DiscoRobo
Robots can be autonomous or semi-autonomous and range from humanoids such as Honda's Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility (ASIMO) and TOSY's TOSY Ping Pong Playing Robot (TOPIO) to industrial robots, medical operating robots, patient assist robots, dog therapy robots, collectively programmed swarm robots, UAV drones such as General Atomics MQ-1 Predator, and even microscopic nano robots.
TOSY is a Vietnamese robots manufacturer which is based in Hanoi, Vietnam.

Swarm robotics

swarmrobot swarmdrone swarm
Robots can be autonomous or semi-autonomous and range from humanoids such as Honda's Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility (ASIMO) and TOSY's TOSY Ping Pong Playing Robot (TOPIO) to industrial robots, medical operating robots, patient assist robots, dog therapy robots, collectively programmed swarm robots, UAV drones such as General Atomics MQ-1 Predator, and even microscopic nano robots.
Swarm robotics is an approach to the coordination of multiple robots as a system which consist of large numbers of mostly simple physical robots.

Nanorobotics

nanobotnanobotsnanites
Robots can be autonomous or semi-autonomous and range from humanoids such as Honda's Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility (ASIMO) and TOSY's TOSY Ping Pong Playing Robot (TOPIO) to industrial robots, medical operating robots, patient assist robots, dog therapy robots, collectively programmed swarm robots, UAV drones such as General Atomics MQ-1 Predator, and even microscopic nano robots.
Nanorobotics is an emerging technology field creating machines or robots whose components are at or near the scale of a nanometer (10 −9 meters).

Machine

machinerymechanicalmachines
A robot is a machine—especially one programmable by a computer— capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically.
Examples include a wide range of vehicles, such as automobiles, boats and airplanes, appliances in the home and office, including computers, building air handling and water handling systems, as well as farm machinery, machine tools and factory automation systems and robots.

Robotics

roboticroboticistFuture of robotics
The branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing is robotics.
On the engineering side, roboticists deal with the design, construction, operation, and use of robots, especially through computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing.

Robot control

controlActdesigning
Robots can be guided by an external control device or the control may be embedded within.
Robot control is the study and practice of controlling robots.

Karel Čapek

Karel CapekKarelČapek
The term comes from a Czech word, robota, meaning "forced labor"; the word 'robot' was first used to denote a fictional humanoid in a 1920 play R.U.R. (Rossumovi Univerzální Roboti - Rossum's Universal Robots) by the Czech writer, Karel Čapek but it was Karel's brother Josef Čapek who was the word's true inventor.
He has become best known for his science fiction, including his novel War with the Newts (1936) and play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots, 1920), which introduced the word robot.

Josef Čapek

JosefbrothersJosef Capek
The term comes from a Czech word, robota, meaning "forced labor"; the word 'robot' was first used to denote a fictional humanoid in a 1920 play R.U.R. (Rossumovi Univerzální Roboti - Rossum's Universal Robots) by the Czech writer, Karel Čapek but it was Karel's brother Josef Čapek who was the word's true inventor.
He invented the word robot, which was introduced into literature by his brother, Karel Čapek.

Software agent

agentsoftware agentsagents
The word robot can refer to both physical robots and virtual software agents, but the latter are usually referred to as bots.
Agents are colloquially known as bots, from robot.

Autonomous things

Internet of Autonomous ThingsAutonomous devices
Autonomous things are expected to proliferate in the coming decade, with home robotics and the autonomous car as some of the main drivers.
Other currently expected AuT technologies include home robotics (e.g., machines that provide care for the elderly, infirm or young), and military robots (air, land or sea autonomous machines with information-collection or target-attack capabilities).

Remote control

remote-controlledremoteinfrared remote control
As mechanical techniques developed through the Industrial age, there appeared more practical applications such as automated machines, remote-control and wireless remote-control.
The Telekino consisted of a robot that executed commands transmitted by electromagnetic waves.

Humanoid robot

humanoid robotshumanoidhumanoid automata
One of al-Jazari's humanoid automata was a waitress that could serve water, tea or drinks.
A humanoid robot is a robot with its body shape built to resemble the human body.

Elektro

Elektro The Robot
In 1939, the humanoid robot known as Elektro was debuted at the 1939 New York World's Fair.
Elektro is the nickname of a robot built by the Westinghouse Electric Corporation in its Mansfield, Ohio facility between 1937 and 1938.

Czech Republic

CzechCZEthe Czech Republic
The term comes from a Czech word, robota, meaning "forced labor"; the word 'robot' was first used to denote a fictional humanoid in a 1920 play R.U.R. (Rossumovi Univerzální Roboti - Rossum's Universal Robots) by the Czech writer, Karel Čapek but it was Karel's brother Josef Čapek who was the word's true inventor.
The most famous Czech drama is Karel Čapek's play R.U.R., which introduced the word "robot".

Victor Scheinman

In 1973, a robot with six electromechanically driven axes was patented by KUKA robotics in Germany, and the programmable universal manipulation arm was invented by Victor Scheinman in 1976, and the design was sold to Unimation.
Victor David Scheinman (December 28, 1942 – September 20, 2016) was an American pioneer in the field of robotics.

Robot Operating System

ROSROS (Robot Operating System)Robotic Operating System
Robot Operating System is an open-source set of programs being developed at Stanford University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Technical University of Munich, Germany, among others.
Robot Operating System (ROS or ros) is robotics middleware (i.e. collection of software frameworks for robot software development).

Gakutensoku

Dr. Makoto Nishimura
In 1928, Japan's first robot, Gakutensoku, was designed and constructed by biologist Makoto Nishimura.
Gakutensoku (學天則, Japanese for "learning from the laws of nature"), the first robot to be built in the East, was created in Osaka in 1929.

Golem

Golem of Praguegolemsancient Jewish legend
Many ancient mythologies, and most modern religions include artificial people, such as the mechanical servants built by the Greek god Hephaestus (Vulcan to the Romans), the clay golems of Jewish legend and clay giants of Norse legend, and Galatea, the mythical statue of Pygmalion that came to life.
The theme also manifests itself in R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), Karel Čapek's 1921 play which coined the term robot; the play was written in Prague, and while Čapek denied that he modeled the robot after the Golem, there are many similarities in the plot.

Android (robot)

androidandroidsmechanoid
The play begins in a factory that uses a chemical substitute for protoplasm to manufacture living, simplified people called robots. The play does not focus in detail on the technology behind the creation of these living creatures, but in their appearance they prefigure modern ideas of androids, creatures who can be mistaken for humans.
An android is a robot or other artificial being designed to resemble a human, and often made from a flesh-like material.

R.U.R.

R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots)Rossum's Universal RobotsR. U. R.
The term comes from a Czech word, robota, meaning "forced labor"; the word 'robot' was first used to denote a fictional humanoid in a 1920 play R.U.R. (Rossumovi Univerzální Roboti - Rossum's Universal Robots) by the Czech writer, Karel Čapek but it was Karel's brother Josef Čapek who was the word's true inventor.
It premiered on 25 January 1921 and introduced the word "robot" to the English language and to science fiction as a whole.

Three Laws of Robotics

Laws of RoboticsFirst Law of RoboticsZeroth Law of Robotics
Asimov created the "Three Laws of Robotics" which are a recurring theme in his books.
These form an organizing principle and unifying theme for Asimov's robotic-based fiction, appearing in his Robot series, the stories linked to it, and his Lucky Starr series of young-adult fiction.

William Grey Walter

W. Grey WalterElmerElsie
Electronics evolved into the driving force of development with the advent of the first electronic autonomous robots created by William Grey Walter in Bristol, England in 1948, as well as Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machine tools in the late 1940s by John T. Parsons and Frank L. Stulen.
His first robots, which he used to call Machina speculatrix and named Elmer and Elsie - ELectroMEchanical Robot, Light-Sensitive, were constructed between 1948 and 1949 and were often described as tortoises due to their shape and slow rate of movement - and because they "taught us" about the secrets of organisation and life.

Robot competition

robotics competitionMATE ROV CompetitionRobotics Competitions
Robotics have also been introduced into the lives of elementary and high school students in the form of robot competitions with the company FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology).
A robot competition is an event where the abilities and characteristics of robots may be tested and assessed.