ASIMO (2000) at the Expo 2005
The Shadow robot hand system
Articulated welding robots used in a factory are a type of industrial robot
Mechanical construction
The quadrupedal military robot Cheetah, an evolution of BigDog (pictured), was clocked as the world's fastest legged robot in 2012, beating the record set by an MIT bipedal robot in 1989.
Electrical aspect
KITT (a fictional robot) is mentally anthropomorphic.
A level of programming
iCub is physically anthropomorphic.
The InSight lander with solar panels deployed in a cleanroom
Al-Jazari – A Musical Toy
A robotic leg powered by air muscles
Su Song's astronomical clock tower showing the mechanical figurines which chimed the hours.
KUKA industrial robot operating in a foundry
Model of Leonardo's robot with inner workings. Possibly constructed by Leonardo da Vinci around 1495.
Puma, one of the first industrial robots
The Brennan torpedo, one of the earliest 'guided missiles'
Baxter, a modern and versatile industrial robot developed by Rodney Brooks
W. H. Richards with "George", 1932
Lefty, first checker playing robot
U.S. Patent 2,988,237, issued in 1961 to Devol.
Segway in the Robot museum in Nagoya
A scene from Karel Čapek's 1920 play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), showing three robots
TALON military robots used by the United States Army
A laparoscopic robotic surgery machine
Two robot snakes. Left one has 64 motors (with 2 degrees of freedom per segment), the right one 10.
A pick and place robot in a factory
Capuchin, a climbing robot
TOPIO, a humanoid robot, played ping pong at Tokyo International Robot Exhibition (IREX) 2009
Robotic Fish: iSplash-II
An android, or robot designed to resemble a human, can appear comforting to some people and disturbing to others
The autonomous sailboat robot Vaimos
A general-purpose robot acts as a guide during the day and a security guard at night.
Radar, GPS, and lidar, are all combined to provide proper navigation and obstacle avoidance (vehicle developed for 2007 DARPA Urban Challenge)
An intelligent AGV drops-off goods without needing lines or beacons in the workspace.
Kismet can produce a range of facial expressions.
A U.S. Marine Corps technician prepares to use a telerobot to detonate a buried improvised explosive device near Camp Fallujah, Iraq.
Puppet Magnus, a robot-manipulated marionette with complex control systems.
The Roomba domestic vacuum cleaner robot does a single, menial job
Experimental planar robot arm and sensor-based, open-architecture robot controller developed at Sunderland University, UK in 2000
The Care-Providing Robot FRIEND
RuBot II can manually resolve Rubik's cubes.
Toy robots on display at the Museo del Objeto del Objeto in Mexico City.
TOPIO, a humanoid robot, played ping pong at Tokyo IREX 2009.
Italian movie The Mechanical Man (1921), the first film to have shown a battle between robots.
Two Jet Propulsion Laboratory engineers stand with three vehicles, providing a size comparison of three generations of Mars rovers. Front and center is the flight spare for the first Mars rover, Sojourner, which landed on Mars in 1997 as part of the Mars Pathfinder Project. On the left is a Mars Exploration Rover (MER) test vehicle that is a working sibling to Spirit and Opportunity, which landed on Mars in 2004. On the right is a test rover for the Mars Science Laboratory, which landed Curiosity on Mars in 2012. Sojourner is 65 cm long. The Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) are 1.6 m long. Curiosity on the right is 3 m long.
The SCORBOT-ER 4u educational robot
A robot technician builds small all-terrain robots. (Courtesy: MobileRobots, Inc.)

Robotics involves design, construction, operation, and use of robots.

- Robotics

The branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing is robotics.

- Robot
ASIMO (2000) at the Expo 2005

5 related topics

Alpha

Isaac Asimov

American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.

American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.

Robert A. Heinlein and L. Sprague de Camp with Asimov (right), Philadelphia Navy Yard, 1944
Asimov with his second wife, Janet. "They became a permanent feature of my face, and it is now difficult to believe early photographs that show me without sideburns." (Photo by Jay Kay Klein.)
The first installment of Asimov's Tyrann was the cover story in the fourth issue of Galaxy Science Fiction in 1951. The novel was issued in book form later that year as The Stars Like Dust.
The first installment of Asimov's The Caves of Steel on the cover of the October 1953 issue of Galaxy Science Fiction, illustrated by Ed Emshwiller
The novelette "Legal Rites", a collaboration with Frederik Pohl, the only Asimov story to appear in Weird Tales

Furthermore, the Oxford English Dictionary credits his science fiction for introducing into the English language the words "robotics", "positronic" (an entirely fictional technology), and "psychohistory" (which is also used for a different study on historical motivations).

Asimov coined the term "robotics" without suspecting that it might be an original word; at the time, he believed it was simply the natural analogue of words such as mechanics and hydraulics, but for robots.

Early example of the term androides used to describe human-like mechanical devices, London Times, 22 December 1795

Android (robot)

Humanoid robot or other artificial being often made from a flesh-like material.

Humanoid robot or other artificial being often made from a flesh-like material.

Early example of the term androides used to describe human-like mechanical devices, London Times, 22 December 1795
DER 01, a Japanese actroid
EveR-2, the first android that can sing
Dr. William Barry (left) with Maria Bot (right)
Dr. William Barry (right) and a fan pose with Maria Bot (center)

Historically, androids were completely within the domain of science fiction and frequently seen in film and television, but recent advances in robot technology now allow the design of functional and realistic humanoid robots.

Although Karel Čapek's robots in R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) (1921)—the play that introduced the word robot to the world—were organic artificial humans, the word "robot" has come to primarily refer to mechanical humans, animals, and other beings.

The alien invasion featured in H. G. Wells' 1897 novel The War of the Worlds, as illustrated by Henrique Alvim Corrêa

Liar! (short story)

Science fiction short story by American writer Isaac Asimov.

Science fiction short story by American writer Isaac Asimov.

The alien invasion featured in H. G. Wells' 1897 novel The War of the Worlds, as illustrated by Henrique Alvim Corrêa

contains the first recorded use of the word "robotics" according to the Oxford English Dictionary.

Through a fault in manufacturing, a robot, RB-34 (also known as Herbie), is created that possesses telepathic abilities.

A Honda F1 racecar engine.

Machine

Physical system using power to apply forces and control movement to perform an action.

Physical system using power to apply forces and control movement to perform an action.

A Honda F1 racecar engine.
James Albert Bonsack's cigarette rolling machine, invented in 1880 and patented in 1881
Flint hand axe found in Winchester.
An ore crushing machine powered by a water wheel
Table of simple mechanisms, from Chambers' Cyclopædia, 1728. Simple machines provide a "vocabulary" for understanding more complex machines.
Illustration of a four-bar linkage from The Kinematics of Machinery, 1876
The Boulton & Watt Steam Engine, 1784
Diesel engine, friction clutch and gear transmission of an automobile.
Early Ganz Electric Generator in Zwevegem, West Flanders, Belgium
The Antikythera mechanism (main fragment)
Schematic of the actuator and four-bar linkage that position an aircraft landing gear.
A ribosome is a biological machine that utilizes protein dynamics
A water-powered mine hoist used for raising ore. This woodblock is from De re metallica by Georg Bauer (Latinized name Georgius Agricola, ca. 1555), an early mining textbook that contains numerous drawings and descriptions of mining equipment.

Examples include: a wide range of vehicles, such as trains, automobiles, boats and airplanes; appliances in the home and office, including computers, building air handling and water handling systems; as well as farm machinery, machine tools and factory automation systems and robots.

Electric servomotors are the actuators for mechanical systems ranging from robotic systems to modern aircraft.

Swarm of open-source Jasmine micro-robots recharging themselves

Swarm robotics

Swarm of open-source Jasmine micro-robots recharging themselves
A team of iRobot Create robots at the Georgia Institute of Technology

Swarm robotics is an approach to the coordination of multiple robots as a system which consist of large numbers of mostly simple physical robots.

The research of swarm robotics is to study the design of robots, their physical body and their controlling behaviours.