A report on Robotics

The Shadow robot hand system
Mechanical construction
Electrical aspect
A level of programming
The InSight lander with solar panels deployed in a cleanroom
A robotic leg powered by air muscles
KUKA industrial robot operating in a foundry
Puma, one of the first industrial robots
Baxter, a modern and versatile industrial robot developed by Rodney Brooks
Lefty, first checker playing robot
Segway in the Robot museum in Nagoya
TALON military robots used by the United States Army
Two robot snakes. Left one has 64 motors (with 2 degrees of freedom per segment), the right one 10.
Capuchin, a climbing robot
Robotic Fish: iSplash-II
The autonomous sailboat robot Vaimos
Radar, GPS, and lidar, are all combined to provide proper navigation and obstacle avoidance (vehicle developed for 2007 DARPA Urban Challenge)
Kismet can produce a range of facial expressions.
Puppet Magnus, a robot-manipulated marionette with complex control systems.
Experimental planar robot arm and sensor-based, open-architecture robot controller developed at Sunderland University, UK in 2000
RuBot II can manually resolve Rubik's cubes.
TOPIO, a humanoid robot, played ping pong at Tokyo IREX 2009.
Two Jet Propulsion Laboratory engineers stand with three vehicles, providing a size comparison of three generations of Mars rovers. Front and center is the flight spare for the first Mars rover, Sojourner, which landed on Mars in 1997 as part of the Mars Pathfinder Project. On the left is a Mars Exploration Rover (MER) test vehicle that is a working sibling to Spirit and Opportunity, which landed on Mars in 2004. On the right is a test rover for the Mars Science Laboratory, which landed Curiosity on Mars in 2012. Sojourner is 65 cm long. The Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) are 1.6 m long. Curiosity on the right is 3 m long.
The SCORBOT-ER 4u educational robot
A robot technician builds small all-terrain robots. (Courtesy: MobileRobots, Inc.)

Interdisciplinary branch of computer science and engineering.

- Robotics
The Shadow robot hand system

54 related topics with Alpha

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Charles Babbage, sometimes referred to as the "father of computing".

Computer science

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Study of computation, automation, and information.

Study of computation, automation, and information.

Charles Babbage, sometimes referred to as the "father of computing".
Ada Lovelace published the first algorithm intended for processing on a computer.

AI is associated in the popular mind with robotic development, but the main field of practical application has been as an embedded component in areas of software development, which require computational understanding.

Early example of the term androides used to describe human-like mechanical devices, London Times, 22 December 1795

Android (robot)

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Humanoid robot or other artificial being often made from a flesh-like material.

Humanoid robot or other artificial being often made from a flesh-like material.

Early example of the term androides used to describe human-like mechanical devices, London Times, 22 December 1795
DER 01, a Japanese actroid
EveR-2, the first android that can sing
Dr. William Barry (left) with Maria Bot (right)
Dr. William Barry (right) and a fan pose with Maria Bot (center)

Historically, androids were completely within the domain of science fiction and frequently seen in film and television, but recent advances in robot technology now allow the design of functional and realistic humanoid robots.

Liar! (short story)

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Science fiction short story by American writer Isaac Asimov.

Science fiction short story by American writer Isaac Asimov.

contains the first recorded use of the word "robotics" according to the Oxford English Dictionary.

A Honda F1 racecar engine.

Machine

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Physical system using power to apply forces and control movement to perform an action.

Physical system using power to apply forces and control movement to perform an action.

A Honda F1 racecar engine.
James Albert Bonsack's cigarette rolling machine, invented in 1880 and patented in 1881
Flint hand axe found in Winchester.
An ore crushing machine powered by a water wheel
Table of simple mechanisms, from Chambers' Cyclopædia, 1728. Simple machines provide a "vocabulary" for understanding more complex machines.
Illustration of a four-bar linkage from The Kinematics of Machinery, 1876
The Boulton & Watt Steam Engine, 1784
Diesel engine, friction clutch and gear transmission of an automobile.
Early Ganz Electric Generator in Zwevegem, West Flanders, Belgium
The Antikythera mechanism (main fragment)
Schematic of the actuator and four-bar linkage that position an aircraft landing gear.
A ribosome is a biological machine that utilizes protein dynamics
A water-powered mine hoist used for raising ore. This woodblock is from De re metallica by Georg Bauer (Latinized name Georgius Agricola, ca. 1555), an early mining textbook that contains numerous drawings and descriptions of mining equipment.

Electric servomotors are the actuators for mechanical systems ranging from robotic systems to modern aircraft.

Kinematic quantities of a classical particle: mass m, position r, velocity v, acceleration a.

Kinematics

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Subfield of physics, developed in classical mechanics, that describes the motion of points, bodies , and systems of bodies (groups of objects) without considering the forces that cause them to move.

Subfield of physics, developed in classical mechanics, that describes the motion of points, bodies , and systems of bodies (groups of objects) without considering the forces that cause them to move.

Kinematic quantities of a classical particle: mass m, position r, velocity v, acceleration a.
The distance travelled is always greater than or equal to the displacement.
Relative velocities between two particles in classical mechanics.
Figure 2: Velocity and acceleration for nonuniform circular motion: the velocity vector is tangential to the orbit, but the acceleration vector is not radially inward because of its tangential component aθ that increases the rate of rotation: dω/dt = aθ /R.
Each particle on the wheel travels in a planar circular trajectory (Kinematics of Machinery, 1876).
The movement of each of the components of the Boulton & Watt Steam Engine (1784) is modeled by a continuous set of rigid displacements.
Figure 1: The angular velocity vector Ω points up for counterclockwise rotation and down for clockwise rotation, as specified by the right-hand rule. Angular position θ(t) changes with time at a rate ω(t) = dθ/dt.
Illustration of a four-bar linkage from Kinematics of Machinery, 1876

In mechanical engineering, robotics, and biomechanics kinematics is used to describe the motion of systems composed of joined parts (multi-link systems) such as an engine, a robotic arm or the human skeleton.

Swarm of open-source Jasmine micro-robots recharging themselves

Swarm robotics

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Approach to the coordination of multiple robots as a system which consist of large numbers of mostly simple physical robots.

Approach to the coordination of multiple robots as a system which consist of large numbers of mostly simple physical robots.

Swarm of open-source Jasmine micro-robots recharging themselves
A team of iRobot Create robots at the Georgia Institute of Technology

The research of swarm robotics is to study the design of robots, their physical body and their controlling behaviours.

Two u-CAT robots that are being developed at the Tallinn University of Technology to reduce the cost of underwater archaeological operations

Bio-inspired robotics

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Fairly new subcategory of bio-inspired design.

Fairly new subcategory of bio-inspired design.

Two u-CAT robots that are being developed at the Tallinn University of Technology to reduce the cost of underwater archaeological operations
Stickybot: a gecko-inspired robot
Big eared townsend bat (Corynorhinus townsendii)
Rhex: a Reliable Hexapedal Robot
Robotic Fish: iSplash-II
Honda Asimo: A Humanoid robot

Bio-inspired roboticists are usually interested in biosensors (e.g. eye), bioactuators (e.g. muscle), or biomaterials (e.g. spider silk).

A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce most of the electricity used today. Electricity consumption and living standards are highly correlated.

Technology

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Result of accumulated knowledge and application of skills, methods, and processes used in industrial production and scientific research.

Result of accumulated knowledge and application of skills, methods, and processes used in industrial production and scientific research.

A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce most of the electricity used today. Electricity consumption and living standards are highly correlated.
Hand axes from the Acheulian period
An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools
The wheel was invented circa 4000 BCE.
Photograph of the Pont du Gard in France, one of the most famous ancient Roman aqueducts
The automobile revolutionized personal transportation.
Luddites smashing a power loom in 1812
The rear wheel of a bicycle
The flame of a gas stove.
This adult gorilla uses a branch as a walking stick to gauge the water's depth, an example of technology usage by non-human primates.
Antoine Lavoisier experimenting with combustion generated by amplified sun light

Nikolas Kompridis has also written about the dangers of new technology, such as genetic engineering, nanotechnology, synthetic biology, and robotics.

"Woman teaching geometry" Illustration at the beginning of a medieval translation of Euclid's Elements (c. 1310 AD)

Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics

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Broad term used to group together these academic disciplines.

Broad term used to group together these academic disciplines.

"Woman teaching geometry" Illustration at the beginning of a medieval translation of Euclid's Elements (c. 1310 AD)

STREM (science, technology, robotics, engineering, and mathematics); adds robotics as a field

Carnegie Mellon University

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Private research university based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Private research university based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

The main campus in Pittsburgh as seen from the 36th floor of the Cathedral of Learning at the University of Pittsburgh, August 2015.
Hamerschlag, Roberts, and Scott Halls are three of the teaching facilities of the College of Engineering
Wean Hall, home of the world's first internet-enabled soda vending machine.
The Gates Hillman Complex, which houses the School of Computer Science.
Cohon University Center, which contains an indoor swimming pool, bookstore, student club facilities, gym, and cafeteria.
The Tepper Quadrangle, which includes the new home of the Tepper School of Business, opened in 2018.
Posner Hall, former home of the Tepper School of Business
The Scarab lunar rover is being developed by the RI.
The Software Engineering Institute building on Fifth Avenue.
Part of Carnegie Mellon's Education City campus in Qatar.
Margaret Morrison Carnegie Hall, home of the Carnegie Mellon School of Architecture and Carnegie Mellon School of Design
Inside the Gates-Hillman Complex of the School of Computer Science.
Carnegie Mellon's Entertainment Technology Center.
Hunt Library is the largest library on Carnegie Mellon's Pittsburgh campus.
Simplified evolution of Unix systems. The Mach kernel was a fork from BSD 4.3 that led to NeXTSTEP / OPENSTEP, upon which macOS and iOS is based.
The Fence
Two pushers exchange the buggy for Kappa Delta Rho on the first hill of Sweepstakes.
A Mobot competing in the annual Mobot challenge
Carnegie Mellon tennis courts.
Football at Gesling Stadium.
Charles Wilson, former US Secretary of Defense
John Forbes Nash, winner of the 1994 Nobel Prize in Economics
Edgar Mitchell, NASA astronaut and sixth man to walk on the moon
David Tepper, billionaire hedge fund investor and owner of the Carolina Panthers
Andreas Bechtolsheim, co-founder of Sun Microsystems
James Gosling, inventor of Java
Andy Warhol, pop artist
Stephanie Kwolek, Inventor of Kevlar
Charles Geschke, chairman and co-founder of Adobe Systems
Randy Pausch, author of The Last Lecture
Michael Chabon, Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist (Did not graduate)
George A. Romero, director of Night of the Living Dead and Dawn of the Dead
Josh Groban, singer-songwriter and actor (Did not graduate)
Van Dyke Parks, musician, composer, arranger, and producer (Did not graduate)
Henry Mancini, film composer and recipient of twenty Grammy Awards (Did not graduate)
Stephen Schwartz, musical theater composer for Wicked, Pippin, and Godspell
Kurt Vonnegut, author of Slaughterhouse-Five and Cat's Cradle (Did not graduate)
Zachary Quinto, actor known for Heroes and Star Trek
Holly Hunter, Academy Award-winning actress
Matt Bomer, actor known for White Collar, Magic Mike, and The Boys in the Band
Sutton Foster, Tony Award-winning actress for Thoroughly Modern Millie and Anything Goes; star of Younger
Ted Danson, Emmy Award-winning actor known for Cheers and CSI
Josh Gad, actor known for The Book of Mormon, Frozen, and Beauty and the Beast
Joe Manganiello, actor known for True Blood and Magic Mike
Steven Bochco, ten-time Emmy Award recipient
Cote de Pablo, actress known for NCIS

The work of researchers in new fields like robotics and software engineering helped the university to build on its reputation.