A report on Robotics

The Shadow robot hand system
Mechanical construction
Electrical aspect
A level of programming
The InSight lander with solar panels deployed in a cleanroom
A robotic leg powered by air muscles
KUKA industrial robot operating in a foundry
Puma, one of the first industrial robots
Baxter, a modern and versatile industrial robot developed by Rodney Brooks
Lefty, first checker playing robot
Segway in the Robot museum in Nagoya
TALON military robots used by the United States Army
Two robot snakes. Left one has 64 motors (with 2 degrees of freedom per segment), the right one 10.
Capuchin, a climbing robot
Robotic Fish: iSplash-II
The autonomous sailboat robot Vaimos
Radar, GPS, and lidar, are all combined to provide proper navigation and obstacle avoidance (vehicle developed for 2007 DARPA Urban Challenge)
Kismet can produce a range of facial expressions.
Puppet Magnus, a robot-manipulated marionette with complex control systems.
Experimental planar robot arm and sensor-based, open-architecture robot controller developed at Sunderland University, UK in 2000
RuBot II can manually resolve Rubik's cubes.
TOPIO, a humanoid robot, played ping pong at Tokyo IREX 2009.
Two Jet Propulsion Laboratory engineers stand with three vehicles, providing a size comparison of three generations of Mars rovers. Front and center is the flight spare for the first Mars rover, Sojourner, which landed on Mars in 1997 as part of the Mars Pathfinder Project. On the left is a Mars Exploration Rover (MER) test vehicle that is a working sibling to Spirit and Opportunity, which landed on Mars in 2004. On the right is a test rover for the Mars Science Laboratory, which landed Curiosity on Mars in 2012. Sojourner is 65 cm long. The Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) are 1.6 m long. Curiosity on the right is 3 m long.
The SCORBOT-ER 4u educational robot
A robot technician builds small all-terrain robots. (Courtesy: MobileRobots, Inc.)

Interdisciplinary branch of computer science and engineering.

- Robotics
The Shadow robot hand system

54 related topics with Alpha

Overall

An artificial neural network is an interconnected group of nodes, inspired by a simplification of neurons in a brain. Here, each circular node represents an artificial neuron and an arrow represents a connection from the output of one artificial neuron to the input of another.

Artificial neural network

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Artificial neural networks (ANNs), usually simply called neural networks (NNs) or, more simply yet, neural nets, are computing systems inspired by the biological neural networks that constitute animal brains.

Artificial neural networks (ANNs), usually simply called neural networks (NNs) or, more simply yet, neural nets, are computing systems inspired by the biological neural networks that constitute animal brains.

An artificial neural network is an interconnected group of nodes, inspired by a simplification of neurons in a brain. Here, each circular node represents an artificial neuron and an arrow represents a connection from the output of one artificial neuron to the input of another.
Neuron and myelinated axon, with signal flow from inputs at dendrites to outputs at axon terminals
Confidence analysis of a neural network
A single-layer feedforward artificial neural network. Arrows originating from <math>\scriptstyle x_2</math> are omitted for clarity. There are p inputs to this network and q outputs. In this system, the value of the qth output, <math>\scriptstyle y_q</math> would be calculated as <math>\scriptstyle y_q = K*(\sum(x_i*w_{iq})-b_q) </math>
A two-layer feedforward artificial neural network.
An artificial neural network.
An ANN dependency graph.
A single-layer feedforward artificial neural network with 4 inputs, 6 hidden and 2 outputs. Given position state and direction outputs wheel based control values.
A two-layer feedforward artificial neural network with 8 inputs, 2x8 hidden and 2 outputs. Given position state, direction and other environment values outputs thruster based control values.
Parallel pipeline structure of CMAC neural network. This learning algorithm can converge in one step.

Robotics, including directing manipulators and prostheses.

Globe control valve with pneumatic actuator and "positioner". This is a servo which ensures the valve opens to the desired position regardless of friction

Servomechanism

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Automatic device that uses error-sensing negative feedback to correct the action of a mechanism.

Automatic device that uses error-sensing negative feedback to correct the action of a mechanism.

Globe control valve with pneumatic actuator and "positioner". This is a servo which ensures the valve opens to the desired position regardless of friction
Industrial servomotor 
The grey/green cylinder is the brush-type DC motor. The black section at the bottom contains the planetary reduction gear, and the black object on top of the motor is the optical rotary encoder for position feedback.
Small R/C servo mechanism. 
1. electric motor 
2. position feedback potentiometer 
3. reduction gear 
4. actuator arm
Power-assisted ship steering systems were early users of servomechanisms to ensure the rudder moved to the desired position.

Due to their affordability, reliability, and simplicity of control by microprocessors, they are often used in small-scale robotics applications.

Inverse dynamics

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Inverse problem.

Inverse problem.

The fields of robotics and biomechanics constitute the major application areas for inverse dynamics.

Michael Short (July 2021)

Michael Short (engineer)

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Professor of Control Engineering and Systems Informatics and leads the Centre for Sustainable Engineering at Teesside University in the UK.

Professor of Control Engineering and Systems Informatics and leads the Centre for Sustainable Engineering at Teesside University in the UK.

Michael Short (July 2021)
Michael Short (July 2021)
Michael Short presenting at European Utility Week in Vienna, Austria (November 2018)

He has made scholarly contributions in several areas, including probability and statistics, real-time systems and scheduling, embedded systems and control, robotics and smart grid.