Rochester, Kent

RochesterRochester, MedwayRochester, EnglandCity of RochesterDickens FestivalDurobrivaeHigh RochesterHigh StreetHooRochester airport, Kent
Rochester is a town and was a historic city in the unitary authority of Medway in Kent, England.wikipedia
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City status in the United Kingdom

city statuscitycathedral city
Rochester is a town and was a historic city in the unitary authority of Medway in Kent, England.
At present, Rochester and Elgin are the only former cities in the United Kingdom.

Rochester Cathedral

RochesterCathedralCathedral Church of Christ and the Blessed Virgin Mary
The Diocese of Rochester, the second oldest in England, is centred on Rochester Cathedral and was responsible for the founding of a school, now The King's School in 604 AD, which is recognised as being the second oldest continuously running school in the world. St Nicholas' Church was built in 1421 beside the cathedral to serve as a parish church for the citizens of Rochester.
Rochester Cathedral, formally the Cathedral Church of Christ and the Blessed Virgin Mary, is an English church of Norman architecture in Rochester, Kent.

King's School, Rochester

The King's School, RochesterKing's SchoolRochester
The Diocese of Rochester, the second oldest in England, is centred on Rochester Cathedral and was responsible for the founding of a school, now The King's School in 604 AD, which is recognised as being the second oldest continuously running school in the world.
The King's School, Rochester is an English independent school in Rochester, Kent.

Rochester Castle

Rochestercastlecastle of Rochester
Rochester Castle, built by Bishop Gundulf of Rochester, has one of the best preserved keeps in either England or France, and during the First Barons' War (1215–1217) in King John's reign, baronial forces captured the castle from Archbishop Stephen Langton and held it against the king, who then besieged it.
Rochester Castle stands on the east bank of the River Medway in Rochester, Kent, South East England.

River Medway

MedwayMedway ValleyMedway Estuary
It is at the lowest bridging point of the River Medway about 30 mi from London.
The Medway itself initially flows in a west–east direction south of the North Downs; at the confluence of the River Beult, however, it turns north and breaks through the North Downs at the Medway Gap, a steep and narrow valley near Rochester, before its final section to the sea.

Strood

Strood, KentNorth Aylesford
Rochester and its neighbours, Chatham and Gillingham, Strood and a number of outlying villages form a single large urban area known as the Medway Towns with a population of about 250,000.
It lies on the northwest bank of the River Medway at its lowest bridging point, and is part of the Rochester post town.

Diocese of Rochester

Rochestersee of RochesterBishop of Rochester
The Diocese of Rochester, the second oldest in England, is centred on Rochester Cathedral and was responsible for the founding of a school, now The King's School in 604 AD, which is recognised as being the second oldest continuously running school in the world.
The cathedral church of the diocese is Rochester Cathedral in the former city of Rochester.

Gads Hill Place

Gad's HillGad's Hill PlaceGads Hill
Rochester was for many years a favourite of Charles Dickens, who owned nearby Gads Hill Place, Higham, basing many of his novels on the area.
The house was built in 1780 for a former Mayor of Rochester, Thomas Stephens, opposite the present Sir John Falstaff Public House.

Textus Roffensis

Annals of RochesterTextus Roffensis or ''Tome of Rochester
King Ethelbert of Kent (560–616) established a legal system which has been preserved in the 12th century Textus Roffensis.
It is catalogued as "Rochester Cathedral Library, MS A.3.5" and is currently on display in a new exhibition at Rochester Cathedral, Rochester, Kent.

Fort Clarence

Clarence
The town, as part of Medway, is surrounded by two circles of fortresses; the inner line built during the Napoleonic wars consists of Fort Clarence, Fort Pitt, Fort Amherst and Fort Gillingham.
Fort Clarence is a now defunct fortification that was located in Rochester, Kent, England.

Fort Bridgewood

Bridgewood
The outer line of Palmerston Forts was built during the 1860s in light of the report by the Royal Commission on the Defence of the United Kingdom and consists of Fort Borstal, Fort Bridgewood, Fort Luton, and the Twydall Redoubts, with two additional forts on islands in the Medway, namely Fort Hoo and Fort Darnet.
The site of Fort Bridgewoods is on the outskirts of Rochester, Medway in the United Kingdom, next to the Rochester-Maidstone road (B2097).

Short Brothers

ShortsShortShort Brothers and Harland
During the First World War the Short Brothers' aircraft manufacturing company developed the first plane to launch a torpedo, the Short Admiralty Type 184, at its seaplane factory on the River Medway not far from Rochester Castle.
In 1943 Shorts was nationalised and later denationalised, and in 1948 moved from its main base at Rochester, Kent to Belfast.

Gillingham, Kent

GillinghamGillingham, MedwayGillingham Pier
Rochester and its neighbours, Chatham and Gillingham, Strood and a number of outlying villages form a single large urban area known as the Medway Towns with a population of about 250,000.
Fort Amherst was the first to be improved; it was followed by work beginning in 1800 to add others at Fort Pitt, Chatham, plus Fort Delce and Fort Clarence (both in Rochester); later in the 19th century others were added, including one at Fort Darland in Gillingham.

Fort Pitt, Kent

Fort PittfortFort Pitt, Chatham
The town, as part of Medway, is surrounded by two circles of fortresses; the inner line built during the Napoleonic wars consists of Fort Clarence, Fort Pitt, Fort Amherst and Fort Gillingham.
Fort Pitt is a Napoleonic era fort built between 1805 and 1819 on the high ground of the boundary between Chatham and Rochester, Kent.

Fort Borstal

Borstal
The outer line of Palmerston Forts was built during the 1860s in light of the report by the Royal Commission on the Defence of the United Kingdom and consists of Fort Borstal, Fort Bridgewood, Fort Luton, and the Twydall Redoubts, with two additional forts on islands in the Medway, namely Fort Hoo and Fort Darnet.
Fort Borstal was built as an afterthought from the 1859 Royal Commission on the Defence of the United Kingdom, by convict labour between 1875 and 1885, to hold the high ground southwest of Rochester, South East England.

St. Margaret's Church, Rochester

St MargaretSt Margaret's ChurchSt Margaret's Church, Rochester
There were three medieval parishes: St Nicholas', St Margaret's and St Clement's.
St Margaret's Church, Rochester is now a Chapel of Ease within the parish of St Peter with St Margaret, Rochester.

St Nicholas Church, Rochester

St Nicholas' ChurchSt. Nicholas
St Nicholas' Church was built in 1421 beside the cathedral to serve as a parish church for the citizens of Rochester.
St Nicholas Church is a former parish church in Rochester, Kent, England, next to Rochester Cathedral.

Chatham, Kent

ChathamChatham, EnglandChatham, Medway
Rochester and its neighbours, Chatham and Gillingham, Strood and a number of outlying villages form a single large urban area known as the Medway Towns with a population of about 250,000.
They serve other towns in Medway including Gillingham, Grain, Strood and Rochester and also to other towns in Kent including Maidstone, Gravesend, Blue Bell Hill and Sittingbourne.

Short Stirling

StirlingStirlingsShort S.29 Stirling
During the Second World War, Shorts also designed and manufactured the first four-engined bomber, the Stirling.
It was constructed at Short's Rochester facility.

Short Sunderland

SunderlandSunderland flying boatSunderlands
In the intervening period between the 20th century World Wars the company established a world-wide reputation as a constructor of flying boats with aircraft such as the Singapore, Empire 'C'-Class and Sunderland.
A corresponding contract was issued to Short Brothers of Rochester for their design, which became the S.23 Empire.

Roman conquest of Britain

Roman invasion of BritainRoman conquestRoman invasion
During the Roman conquest of Britain a decisive battle was fought at the Medway somewhere near Rochester.
A substantial British force met the Romans at a river crossing thought to be near Rochester on the River Medway.

Short Singapore

SingaporeSingapore IIShort S.5 Singapore I
In the intervening period between the 20th century World Wars the company established a world-wide reputation as a constructor of flying boats with aircraft such as the Singapore, Empire 'C'-Class and Sunderland.
Its maiden flight was made from Rochester on 17 August 1926, piloted by Short's Chief Test Pilot John Lankester Parker.

Medway

Medway TownsBorough of MedwayMedway Council
Rochester is a town and was a historic city in the unitary authority of Medway in Kent, England. Rochester and its neighbours, Chatham and Gillingham, Strood and a number of outlying villages form a single large urban area known as the Medway Towns with a population of about 250,000.
The main towns in the conurbation are (from west to east): Strood, Rochester, Chatham, Gillingham, and Rainham.

Short Empire

Short S.23 EmpireEmpireEmpire flying boat
In the intervening period between the 20th century World Wars the company established a world-wide reputation as a constructor of flying boats with aircraft such as the Singapore, Empire 'C'-Class and Sunderland.
A total of 42 Empires were built, all at Short's Rochester factory.

Maidstone

Maidstone, KentMaidstone, EnglandBorough of Maidstone
It is a focal point between two routes, being part of the main route connecting London with the Continent and the north-south routes following the course of the Medway connecting Maidstone and the Weald of Kent with the Thames and the North Sea.
The River Medway runs through the centre of the town, linking it with Rochester and the Thames Estuary.