Rock music

Red Hot Chili Peppers in 2006, showing a quartet lineup for a rock band (from left to right: bassist, lead vocalist, drummer, and guitarist)
A simple drum pattern common in rock music
Chuck Berry in a 1958 publicity photo
Elvis Presley in a promotion shot for Jailhouse Rock in 1957
The Everly Brothers in 2006
James Brown performing in 1969
The Beach Boys performing in 1964
The Beatles arriving in New York at the start of the British Invasion, January 1964
The D-Men (later the Fifth Estate) in 1964
Eric Clapton performing in Barcelona in 1974
Joan Baez and Bob Dylan in 1963
The Jimi Hendrix Experience in 1968
Prog rock band Yes performing in concert in Indianapolis in 1977
Jaco Pastorius of Weather Report in 1980
The Eagles during their 2008–2009 Long Road out of Eden Tour
David Bowie during the Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders Tour in 1972
Carlos Santana, New Year's Eve 1976 at the Cow Palace in San Francisco
Led Zeppelin live at Chicago Stadium in January 1975
Bruce Springsteen in East Berlin in 1988
Patti Smith, performing in 1976
Vocalist Johnny Rotten and guitarist Steve Jones of the Sex Pistols
Deborah Harry from the band Blondie, performing at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto in 1977
U2 performing on the Joshua Tree Tour 2017
R.E.M. was a successful alternative rock band in the 1980s/90s
Nirvana performing in 1992
Oasis performing in 2005
Foo Fighters performing an acoustic show in 2007
Green Day performing in 2013
Lo-fi indie rock band Pavement
Linkin Park performing at 2009 Sonisphere Festival in Pori, Finland
Travis in 2007
The Strokes performing in 2006
The 1969 Woodstock Festival was seen as a celebration of the countercultural lifestyle.
Suzi Quatro is a singer, bassist and bandleader. When she launched her career in 1973, she was one of the few prominent women instrumentalists and bandleaders.

Broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the late 1940s and early 1950s, developing into a range of different styles in the mid-1960s and later, particularly in the United States and the United Kingdom.

- Rock music

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Blues rock

Eric Clapton in 1974

Blues rock is a fusion music genre that combines elements of blues and rock music.

Country rock

Gram Parsons in 1972
Emmylou Harris playing in Rotterdam, Netherlands (2006)
Dickey Betts of the Allman Brothers Band, brought elements of country rock into the band during the 1970s

Country rock is a subgenre of popular music, formed from the fusion of rock and country.

Folk rock

Pete Seeger entertaining Eleanor Roosevelt (center), at a racially integrated Valentine's Day party.
Bob Dylan was the most influential of all the urban folk-protest songwriters.
Bob Dylan in 1963.
Folk rock musicians Simon & Garfunkel performing in Dublin
Simon Nicol and Ric Sanders of Fairport Convention performing at Fairport's Cropredy Convention 2005
Merle Haggard and others influenced the sound of artists such as Bob Dylan, Ian and Sylvia, and the Byrds who adopted the sound of country music in the late 1960s.
John Renbourn in 2005

Folk rock is a hybrid music genre that combines the elements of folk and rock music, which arose in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom in the mid-1960s.

Southern rock

Duane Allman of The Allman Brothers Band performing in 1971.

Southern rock is a subgenre of rock music and a genre of Americana.

Psychedelic rock

"Swinging London", Carnaby Street, circa 1966
Producer Terry Melcher in the studio with the Byrds' Gene Clark and David Crosby, 1965
The Beatles on tour, July 1965
The Fillmore, San Francisco (pictured in 2010)
Poster for the Mantra-Rock Dance event held at San Francisco's Avalon Ballroom in January 1967. The headline acts included the Grateful Dead, Big Brother and the Holding Company and Moby Grape.
Poster for Jefferson Airplane's song "White Rabbit", which describes the surreal world of Alice in Wonderland
The stage at the Woodstock Festival in 1969
Primal Scream performing live with the cover of their album Screamadelica in the back

Psychedelic rock is a rock music genre that is inspired, influenced, or representative of psychedelic culture, which is centered on perception-altering hallucinogenic drugs.

Jazz fusion

John McLaughlin performs during his Mahavishnu Orchestra period
Spyro Gyra combines jazz with R&B, funk and pop.
Steve Coleman in Paris, July 2004

Jazz fusion (also known as fusion and progressive jazz ) is a music genre that developed in the late 1960s when musicians combined jazz harmony and improvisation with rock music, funk, and rhythm and blues.

Glam rock

David Bowie as his alter-ego Ziggy Stardust during the 1972–73 Ziggy Stardust Tour
Marc Bolan of T. Rex performing on ABC's In Concert, 1973
Noddy Holder (right) and Dave Hill (left) of Slade, near the height of their fame in 1973, showing some of the more extreme glam rock fashions
A figure in the new romantic movement, Boy George of Culture Club (performing in 2001) was influenced by glam rock icons Bolan and Bowie.

Glam rock is a style of rock music that developed in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s and was performed by musicians who wore outrageous costumes, makeup, and hairstyles, particularly platform shoes and glitter.

Heavy metal music

Judas Priest performing in 2005
Enid Williams from Girlschool and Lemmy from Motörhead live in 2009. The ties that bind the two bands started in the 1980s and were still strong in the 2010s.
An example of a rhythmic pattern used in heavy metal. The upper stave is a palm-muted rhythm guitar part. The lower stave is the drum part.
Ritchie Blackmore, founder of Deep Purple and Rainbow, known for the neoclassical approach in his guitar performances.
King Diamond, known for writing conceptual lyrics about horror stories
Kiss performing in 2004, wearing makeup
Fans raise their fists and make the "devil horns" gesture at a Metsatöll concert
A heavy metal fan wearing a denim jacket with band patches and artwork of the heavy metal bands Metallica, Guns N' Roses, Iron Maiden, Slipknot, Dio and Led Zeppelin.
Cream performing on the Dutch television program Fanclub in 1968
John Kay of Steppenwolf
Led Zeppelin performing at Chicago Stadium in January 1975
Brian Robertson, Phil Lynott, Scott Gorham of Thin Lizzy performing during the Bad Reputation Tour, 24 November 1977
Iron Maiden, one of the central bands in the new wave of British heavy metal
Drummer Eric Moore from crossover thrash band Suicidal Tendencies
Thrash metal band Slayer performing in 2007 in front of a wall of speaker stacks
Death's Chuck Schuldiner, "widely recognized as the father of death metal"
Italian band Rhapsody of Fire performing in Buenos Aires in 2010
Layne Staley of Alice in Chains, one of the most popular acts identified with alternative metal performing in 1992
Italian gothic metal band Lacuna Coil performing in 2010
Children of Bodom, performing at the 2007 Masters of Rock festival
All-female heavy metal band Kittie performing in 2008

Heavy metal (or simply metal) is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom and United States.

Progressive rock

The Beatles working in the studio with their producer George Martin, circa 1965
Pink Floyd performing The Dark Side of the Moon (1973), the best-selling album of the entire progressive rock period.
Emerson, Lake & Palmer were one of the most commercially successful progressive rock bands of the 1970s. They are seen here performing in 1992.
King Crimson's Robert Fripp believed that the prog movement had gone "tragically off course".
Talking Heads' Jerry Harrison (left) and David Byrne, late 1970s
Porcupine Tree performing in 2007
Supertramp performing in 1979
King Crimson performing at the Dour Festival, 2003

Progressive rock (shortened as prog rock or simply prog; also known as classical rock or symphonic rock; sometimes conflated with art rock) is a broad genre of rock music that developed in the United Kingdom and United States throughout the mid-to late 1960s, peaking in the early 1970s.


Siouxsie and the Banshees with the Cure. The two groups frequently collaborated.
Glenn Branca performing in New York in the 1980s.

Post-punk (originally called new musick) is a broad genre of rock music that emerged in the late 1970s as musicians departed from the raw simplicity and traditionalism of punk rock, instead adopting a variety of avant-garde sensibilities and non-rock influences.