Roger J. Williams

American biochemist.

- Roger J. Williams

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Pantothenic acid

Water-soluble B vitamin and therefore an essential nutrient.

Structure of coenzyme A: 1: 3′-phosphoadenosine. 2: diphosphate, organophosphate anhydride. 3: pantoic acid. 4: β-alanine. 5: cysteamine.
Details of the biosynthetic pathway of CoA synthesis from pantothenic acid
Pantothenic acid biosynthesis

The essential nature of pantothenic acid was discovered by Roger J. Williams in 1933 by showing it was required for the growth of yeast.

Folate

One of the B vitamins.

Chemical structure of the folate family
Biotransformation of folic acid into folinic acids where R = para-aminobenzoate-glutamate.
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In the United States and many other countries, wheat flour is fortified with folic acid; some countries also fortify maize flour and rice.

It was first isolated via extraction from spinach leaves by Herschel K. Mitchell, Esmond E. Snell, and Roger J. Williams in 1941.

Robert R. Williams

American chemist, known for being the first to chemically fully characterize and then synthesize thiamine (vitamin B1).

Skeletal formula and ball-and-stick model of the cation in thiamine

His brother was Roger J. Williams, another important chemist at the time and discoverer of Vitamin B5.

Esmond Emerson Snell

American biochemist who spent his career researching vitamins and nutritional requirements of bacteria and yeast.

Biochemist working in biochemical laboratory

Snell received his PhD in biochemistry in 1938 and moved to the University of Texas at Austin, where he worked as a postdoctoral fellow with Roger J. Williams.

Herschel K. Mitchell

American professor of biochemistry who spent most of his career on the faculty at the California Institute of Technology.

Gerty Cori and Carl Cori jointly won the Nobel Prize in 1947 for their discovery of the Cori cycle at RPMI.

He received a bachelor's degree in chemistry from Pomona College in 1936, a master's degree from Oregon State College in 1938, and a Ph.D. from the University of Texas in 1941, where he worked with Roger J. Williams and Esmond Emerson Snell in their work on vitamin B6 and folic acid.

Molecular medicine

Broad field, where physical, chemical, biological, bioinformatics and medical techniques are used to describe molecular structures and mechanisms, identify fundamental molecular and genetic errors of disease, and to develop molecular interventions to correct them.

Early bioinformatics—computational alignment of experimentally determined sequences of a class of related proteins; see for further information.

In 1956, Roger J. Williams wrote Biochemical Individuality, a prescient book about genetics, prevention and treatment of disease on a molecular basis, and nutrition which is now variously referred to as individualized medicine and orthomolecular medicine.

Abram Hoffer

Canadian biochemist, physician, and psychiatrist known for his "adrenochrome hypothesis" of schizoaffective disorders.

Nutrients to Age Without Senility, with Morton Walker and Roger J. Williams. Keats Pub, Inc., 1980. ISBN: 0879832185.

Swanson Health Products

Natural health catalog and Internet marketing company headquartered in Fargo, North Dakota.

A homeopathic preparation of Hepar sulph – homeopathy can be offered as part of naturopathic treatment.

Swanson Health Products was started in 1969 in Fargo by Leland Swanson Sr. A self-taught natural health enthusiast, Swanson was heavily influenced by Linus Pauling, Irwin Stone, Roger J. Williams, Paul Bragg, and Adelle Davis.

Presidents of the American Chemical Society

Presidents of the American Chemical Society:

Roger J. Williams (1957)

1941 in science

The year 1941 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

The Gloster E.28/39, the first British aircraft to fly with a turbojet engine

Folic acid is first isolated via extraction from spinach leaves by Herschel K. Mitchell, Esmond E. Snell and Roger J. Williams at the University of Texas at Austin.