Role-playing

roleplayingroleplayrole playingrole-playrole playpretendingpretendfantasy role playingrole-playedRPG
Role-playing is the changing of one's behaviour to assume a role, either unconsciously to fill a social role, or consciously to act out an adopted role.wikipedia
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Role-playing game

roleplaying gameRPGrole-playing games
Some amount of role-playing activity may be present in such games, but it is not the primary focus.

Role-playing video game

role-playingRPGrole-playing game
American computer RPGs were thus criticized for lacking "more of the traditional role-playing" offered by Japanese console RPGs, which instead emphasized character interactions.

Make believe

cowboys and IndiansPretend Playgame of imaginative role-playing
Many children participate in a form of role-playing known as make believe, wherein they adopt certain roles such as doctor and act out those roles in character.

Game

gamesgamingMultiplayer
A role-playing game is a game in which the participants assume the roles of characters and collaboratively create stories.
Well-known examples are war games and role-playing.

Physician

doctormedical doctorphysicians
Many children participate in a form of role-playing known as make believe, wherein they adopt certain roles such as doctor and act out those roles in character.

Tag (game)

tagCops and Robbersfreeze tag
Sometimes make believe adopts an oppositional nature, resulting in games such as cops and robbers.

Historical reenactment

reenactmentre-enactmenthistorical re-enactment
Historical re-enactment has been practiced by adults for millennia.

Hobby

hobbieshobbyistpastime
Within the 20th century historical re-enactment has often been pursued as a hobby.

Improvisational theatre

improvisational comedyimprovimprov comedy
Improvisational theatre dates back to the Commedia dell'Arte tradition of the 16th century.

Commedia dell'arte

commedia dell’arteItalian comedycommedia
Improvisational theatre dates back to the Commedia dell'Arte tradition of the 16th century.

Theatre games

Theater Gamesgameimprov game
Modern improvisational theatre began in the classroom with the "theatre games" of Viola Spolin and Keith Johnstone in the 1950s.

Viola Spolin

SpolinSpolin, Viola
Modern improvisational theatre began in the classroom with the "theatre games" of Viola Spolin and Keith Johnstone in the 1950s.

Keith Johnstone

Johnstone, Keith
Modern improvisational theatre began in the classroom with the "theatre games" of Viola Spolin and Keith Johnstone in the 1950s.

The Second City

Second CityTim Sims PlayhouseSecond City Chicago
Viola Spolin, who was one of the founders the famous comedy troupe Second City, insisted that her exercises were games, and that they involved role-playing as early as 1946.

Actor

actressfilm actorfilm actress
She accurately judged role-playing in the theatre as rehearsal and actor training, or the playing of the role of actor versus theatre roles, but many now use her games for fun in their own right.

Character (arts)

fictional charactercharacterfictional
A role-playing game is a game in which the participants assume the roles of characters and collaboratively create stories. She accurately judged role-playing in the theatre as rehearsal and actor training, or the playing of the role of actor versus theatre roles, but many now use her games for fun in their own right.

Narrative

storystoriesnarratives
A role-playing game is a game in which the participants assume the roles of characters and collaboratively create stories.

Characterization

characterisationCharacter designcharacter development
Participants determine the actions of their characters based on their characterisation, and the actions succeed or fail according to a formal system of rules and guidelines.

Role-playing game system

systemgame systemsystems
Participants determine the actions of their characters based on their characterisation, and the actions succeed or fail according to a formal system of rules and guidelines.

Improvisation

improvisedimprovisationalimprovise
Within the rules, they may improvise freely; their choices shape the direction and outcome of the games.

MSN

MSN.comMSN MoviesMSN Entertainment
Role-playing can also be done online in the form of group story creation, involving anywhere from two to several hundred people, utilizing public forums, private message boards, mailing lists, chatrooms, and instant-messaging chat clients (e.g., MSN, Yahoo!, ICQ) to build worlds and characters that may last a few hours, or several years.