Role model

idolmodelrole-modelidolizationmale fantasymodel figuremodelingmodellingrole models
A role model is a person whose behavior, example, or success is or can be emulated by others, especially by younger people.wikipedia
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Robert K. Merton

Robert MertonMertonMerton's theory of deviance
The term "role model" is credited to sociologist Robert K. Merton, who coined the phrase during his career.
Merton developed notable concepts such as "unintended consequences", the "reference group", and "role strain", but is perhaps best known for the terms "role model" and "self-fulfilling prophecy".

Mentorship

mentorprotégémentoring
In the second half of the twentieth century, U.S. advocates for workplace equity popularized the term and concept of role models as part of a larger social capital lexicon—which also includes terms such as glass ceiling, networking, mentoring, and gatekeeper—serving to identify and address the problems barring non-dominant groups from professional success.
In the United States, advocates for workplace equity in the second half of the twentieth century popularized the term "mentor" and concept of career mentorship as part of a larger social capital lexicon which also includes terms such as glass ceiling, bamboo ceiling, networking, role model, and gatekeeper—serving to identify and address the problems barring non-dominant groups from professional success.

Personal network

networkingconnectionsNetwork
In the second half of the twentieth century, U.S. advocates for workplace equity popularized the term and concept of role models as part of a larger social capital lexicon—which also includes terms such as glass ceiling, networking, mentoring, and gatekeeper—serving to identify and address the problems barring non-dominant groups from professional success.
In the second half of the twentieth century, U.S. advocates for workplace equity popularized the term and concept of networking as part of a larger social capital lexicon—which also includes terms such as glass ceiling, role model, mentoring, and gatekeeper—serving to identify and address the problems barring non-dominant groups from professional success.

Charles Barkley

ChuckTeam Chuck
Charles Barkley has stated that he believes athletes are not the figures that children should be emulating and that it is the parent's responsibility to be role models, that the role is deliberately applied by the media out of jealousy in order to make life more difficult for sportspeople, and that it sets up the sportspeople as an unattainable target for most.
His confrontational mannerisms often led to technical fouls and fines on the court, and his larger than life persona sometimes gave rise to national controversy off of it, such as when he was featured in ads that rejected pro athletes as role models and declared, "I am not a role model."

Reference group

referencereference groups
Merton hypothesized that individuals compare themselves with reference groups of people who occupy the social role to which the individual aspires.

Social capital

goodwillsocialcapital
In the second half of the twentieth century, U.S. advocates for workplace equity popularized the term and concept of role models as part of a larger social capital lexicon—which also includes terms such as glass ceiling, networking, mentoring, and gatekeeper—serving to identify and address the problems barring non-dominant groups from professional success.

Glass ceiling

glass ceilingsglass-ceilingbamboo ceiling
In the second half of the twentieth century, U.S. advocates for workplace equity popularized the term and concept of role models as part of a larger social capital lexicon—which also includes terms such as glass ceiling, networking, mentoring, and gatekeeper—serving to identify and address the problems barring non-dominant groups from professional success.

Gatekeeper

gatekeepersgatekeepingGate Keeper
In the second half of the twentieth century, U.S. advocates for workplace equity popularized the term and concept of role models as part of a larger social capital lexicon—which also includes terms such as glass ceiling, networking, mentoring, and gatekeeper—serving to identify and address the problems barring non-dominant groups from professional success.

Show business

entertainment industryEntertainmentshowbiz
Although the term "role model" has been criticized more recently as "outdated", the term and its associated responsibility remains prominent in the public consciousness as a commonly used phrase, and a "powerful presence" in the entertainment industry and media.

Benjamin Franklin

FranklinBen FranklinFranklin, Benjamin
For example, Benjamin Franklin served as the role model for countless nineteenth-century white businessmen, including notables such as Thomas Mellon, B.F. Goodrich, and Frederick Weyerhäuser.

Thomas Mellon

Mellon familyJudge Thomas MellonMellon
For example, Benjamin Franklin served as the role model for countless nineteenth-century white businessmen, including notables such as Thomas Mellon, B.F. Goodrich, and Frederick Weyerhäuser.

Benjamin Goodrich

B.F. GoodrichB. F. GoodrichB.FGoodrich
For example, Benjamin Franklin served as the role model for countless nineteenth-century white businessmen, including notables such as Thomas Mellon, B.F. Goodrich, and Frederick Weyerhäuser.

Friedrich Weyerhäuser

Frederick Weyerhäuser
For example, Benjamin Franklin served as the role model for countless nineteenth-century white businessmen, including notables such as Thomas Mellon, B.F. Goodrich, and Frederick Weyerhäuser.

Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics

STEMSTEM educationscience, technology, engineering and mathematics
Role models show significant effects on female students' self-confidence in pursuing careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematical (STEM) fields.

Gender

gender issuessexgenders
The gender difference between role models and female students has shown to have no significant effect on student attitudes, whereas perceived dissimilarity with stereotypical role models showed a negative effect on self-confidence in pursuing STEM careers.

Association of Teachers and Lecturers

ATLAssistant Masters and Mistresses AssociationAssistant Masters Association
According to a survey of teachers in the United Kingdom conducted in 2008 by the Association of Teachers and Lecturers, young people most frequently chose sports stars as role models, followed by pop stars.

Famous for being famous

celebutantecult of celebritycelebutant
Many, however, simply aspired to be "famous for being famous", believing that fame and fortune could be easily accessed through reality television.

Reality television

realityreality showreality TV
Many, however, simply aspired to be "famous for being famous", believing that fame and fortune could be easily accessed through reality television.

Indigenous peoples

indigenousindigenous peopleaboriginal
Whereas in other communities, like in indigenous communities, role models are often based on career choice (like teachers, doctors, etc.) but by demonstrating to others how to do something for example in indigenous Mexican communities parents take their children from newborns to work.

Teacher's Highland Cream

teachereducatorinstructor
Whereas in other communities, like in indigenous communities, role models are often based on career choice (like teachers, doctors, etc.) but by demonstrating to others how to do something for example in indigenous Mexican communities parents take their children from newborns to work.

Mexico

🇲🇽MexicanMéxico
Whereas in other communities, like in indigenous communities, role models are often based on career choice (like teachers, doctors, etc.) but by demonstrating to others how to do something for example in indigenous Mexican communities parents take their children from newborns to work.

Hank Greenberg

GreenbergHank "Hammerin' Hank" GreenbergHank Greenburg
Some athletes have been asked to behave as if they were role models for their local communities, and some such as Hank Greenberg have deliberately tried to set a good example but generally regarding athletes as role models has been criticised due to their appointment often being based solely on sporting ability rather than any morality — it has been suggested that the discipline and control shown continuously by sportspeople on the field leads to a belief from viewers that these same qualities are continuously shown off the field.

Celebrity

television personalitycelebritiesmedia personality
Celebrity