Roman Catholic Diocese of Chełmno

Former Cathedral in Chełmża
Pelplin Cathedral, seat of the diocese in 1821–1992, listed as a Historic Monument of Poland.

Roman Catholic diocese in Chełmno Land, founded in 1243 and disbanded in 1992.

- Roman Catholic Diocese of Chełmno

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Prince-Bishopric of Warmia

Semi-independent ecclesiastical state, ruled by the incumbent ordinary of the Warmia see and comprising one third of the then diocesan area.

Prince-Bishopric of Warmia within the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
State of the Teutonic Order, c. undefined 1410
Prince-Bishopric of Warmia within the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Administrative division of the Prince-Bishopric of Warmia
Ignacy Krasicki, leading poet of Polish Enlightenment and last Prince-Bishop of Warmia

Thus the Golden Bull of Emperor Charles IV names the bishops as prince-bishops, a rank not awarded to the other three Prussian bishops (Culm (Chełmno), Pomesania, and Samland).

William of Modena

William of Modena (c.

Honorius depicted in a 13th-century manuscript from Weissenau Abbey

Bishopric of Culm Culm,

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Gniezno

Oldest Latin Catholic archdiocese in Poland, located in the city of Gniezno.

Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption in Gniezno
Relics of St Adalbert, Gniezno Cathedral

Diocese of Chełmno, 1821–1992, de facto already joining Gniezno councils since 1566, replaced by the Diocese of Pelplin, suffragan of Gdańsk (see below)

State of the Teutonic Order

Medieval crusader state, located in Central Europe along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea.

The State of the Teutonic Order in 1422
Teutonic state in 1260
The State of the Teutonic Order in 1422
The Battle of Płowce (1331) was a major battle of the Second Polish–Teutonic War (19th-century painting by Juliusz Kossak)
Teutonic state in 1410
The Battle of Grunwald (1410) marked the start of decline of the State of the Teutonic Order (19th-century painting by Jan Matejko)
The Polish–Teutonic peace treaty of 1466 made the Teutonic state a fief of the Kingdom of Poland
Teutonic state in 1466
The Prussian Homage of 1525 established Ducal Prussia as a vassal duchy of the Kingdom of Poland, in place of the State of the Teutonic Order

In 1243, the Papal legate William of Modena divided Prussia into four bishoprics: Culm (Chełmno), Pomesania, Ermland (Warmia) and Samland (Sambia).


Town in north-central Poland, in the Toruń County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship.

Chełmża Co-Cathedral overlooking the Old Town
Renaissance tombstone of Bishop Piotr Kostka in the Co-Cathedral
Mass grave of Polish civilians killed by the German Grenzschutz in 1919
Memorial to local Poles murdered by the Germans and Russians during World War II
Memorial plaque at the birthplace and childhood home of Stefan Wincenty Frelichowski
Holy Trinity Co-Cathedral in Chełmża
Gothic Saint Nicholas Church, built 13th–14th century
Town hall
Rynek ("Market Square")
Ulica Kopernika ("Copernicus Street")
Water tower

However, in time the knights took over the possession of Christian's diocese, dividing the area into four dioceses in 1243, including the Roman Catholic Diocese of Chełmno.


Town in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland.

Remains of the Lubawa Castle
Gothic church St. Anna in Lubawa (1330).
A memorial stone dedicated to Polish farmers of the Lubawa Land murdered by Nazi Germans during the German occupation of Poland

Within the monastic state of the Teutonic Knights, the Bishopric of Culm was created in 1243 by William of Modena.


Town in northern Poland, in the Tczew County, Pomeranian Voivodship.

Pelplin Cathedral, cathedral of the former monastery of the Cistercians (1274–1819)

After the monastic buildings had been modified, they were utilized since 1824 as the seat of the Bishopric of Chełmno (Culm), which was moved to Pelplin.

Free City of Danzig

Semi-autonomous city-state that existed between 1920 and 1939, consisting of the Baltic Sea port of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland) and nearly 200 towns and villages in the surrounding areas.

Danzig, surrounded by Germany and Poland
Passport of the Free City of Danzig
Danzig, surrounded by Germany and Poland
Polish passport issued at Danzig by the "Polish Commission for Gdańsk" in 1935 and extended again in 1937, before the holder immigrated to British Palestine the following year
Danzig police arrest a protester in the aftermath of the 1933 Parliamentary Elections
Population density of Poland and the Free City of Danzig (Gdańsk), 1930
Eddi Arent in 1971
Ingrid van Bergen in 2010
Günter Grass in 2006
Klaus Kinski in the 1980s
Rupert Neudeck 2007
Wolfgang Völz in 2011
The Lutheran Supreme Parish Church of St. Mary's in Danzig's Rechtstadt quarter
The Archcathedral of the Holy Trinity, Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint Bernard in Oliva, Danzig
The Great Synagogue on Reitbahn Street in Danzig's Rechtstadt quarter
Flag of the Danzig Senate
German Nazi propaganda poster: "Danzig is German"
Hitler gives a speech in Danzig on 19 September 1939
1 September 1939: German troops remove Polish insignia at the Polish–Danzig border near Zoppot

The 36 Catholic parishes in the territory of the Free City in 1922 used to belong in equal shares to the Diocese of Culm, which was mostly Polish, and the Diocese of Ermland, which was mostly German.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Gdańsk

Archdiocese located in the city of Gdańsk in Poland.

Archcathedral Basilica of The Holy Trinity, Blessed Virgin Mary and St Bernard in Gdańsk Oliwa
Co-Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Archbishop Sławoj Leszek Głódź

The Catholic congregation west of the Vistula belonged to the Diocese of Chełmno, which was restored to Poland and east of the Vistula to the Diocese of Warmia, which remained part of Weimar Germany in the interbellum.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Warmia

Metropolitan archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland.

Frombork Cathedral, with Vistula Lagoon in background.
Lidzbark Castle, former seat of the Prince-Bishops of Warmia
Olsztyn Co-Cathedral

Warmia's first bishops were appointed by Polish and Teutonic Knights' officials and were mostly Germans, however, unlike the other Prussian bishoprics (Culm (Chełmno), Pomesania, and Samland (Sambia)), Warmia's diocesan chapter, established in 1260, maintained independence.