Roman Gaul

GaulGallo-RomanGallicRomanGallo-Roman periodRoman periodGallic provincesRoman timesGalliaGaulish
Roman Gaul refers to Gaul under provincial rule in the Roman Empire from the 1st century BC to the 5th century AD.wikipedia
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Gallia Belgica

BelgicaBelgic GaulBelgica Secunda
In 22 BC, imperial administration of Gaul was reorganized, establishing the provinces of Gallia Aquitania, Gallia Belgica and Gallia Lugdunensis.
Gallia Belgica ("Belgic Gaul") was a province of the Roman empire located in the north-eastern part of Roman Gaul, in what is today primarily France, Belgium, and Luxembourg, along with parts of the Netherlands and Germany.

Roman province

provinceprovincesprovincial
In 22 BC, imperial administration of Gaul was reorganized, establishing the provinces of Gallia Aquitania, Gallia Belgica and Gallia Lugdunensis.
Octavian himself assumed the title "Augustus" and was given to govern, in addition to Egypt, the strategically important provinces of Gaul, Hispania and Syria (including Cilicia and Cyprus).

Gaulish language

GaulishGallicCeltic
The Gaulish language was marginalized and eventually extinct, being replaced by regional forms of Late Latin which in the medieval period developed into the group of Gallo-Romance languages (including French and Occitan).
Later inscriptions dating to Roman Gaul are mostly in the Latin alphabet and have been found principally in central France.

List of Ancien Régime dioceses of France

ecclesiastical bishoprics and diocesesprovince of Arlesprovince of Narbonne
These administrative groupings would be taken over by the Romans in their system of local control, and these civitates would also be the basis of France's eventual division into ecclesiastical bishoprics and dioceses, which would remain in place—with slight changes—until the French revolution.
All the same, in 1789, on the eve of the French Revolution, the ecclesiastical map of France still very much recalled that of Roman Gaul.

Celts

CelticCeltCeltic people
Julius Caesar significantly advanced the task by defeating the Celtic tribes in the Gallic Wars of 58-51 BC.
The Roman occupation of Gaul, and to a lesser extent of Britain, led to Roman-Celtic syncretism.

Gallic Wars

conquest of GaulGallic WarGaul
Julius Caesar significantly advanced the task by defeating the Celtic tribes in the Gallic Wars of 58-51 BC.
* Roman Gaul

Kingdom of Soissons

Domain of SoissonsSoissonsKingdom of Syagrius
However, certain aspects of the ancient Celtic culture continued after the fall of Roman administration and the Domain of Soissons, a remnant of the Empire, survived from 457 to 486.
The emergence of the Domain of Soissons began when Emperor Majorian (457–461) appointed Aegidius as magister militum of Roman Gaul.

Fall of the Western Roman Empire

decline of the Roman Empirefall of the Roman Empirefall of Rome
However, certain aspects of the ancient Celtic culture continued after the fall of Roman administration and the Domain of Soissons, a remnant of the Empire, survived from 457 to 486.
In Gaul, which did not really recover from the invasions of the third century, there was widespread insecurity and economic decline in the 300s, perhaps worst in Armorica.

Gaul

GallicGalliaGaulish
Roman Gaul refers to Gaul under provincial rule in the Roman Empire from the 1st century BC to the 5th century AD.
Roman control of Gaul lasted for five centuries, until the last Roman rump state, the Domain of Soissons, fell to the Franks in AD 486.

Western Roman Empire

Western EmpireWesternWest
However, certain aspects of the ancient Celtic culture continued after the fall of Roman administration and the Domain of Soissons, a remnant of the Empire, survived from 457 to 486.
Constantius, his third son and the second by his wife Fausta (Maximian's daughter) received the eastern provinces, including Constantinople, Thrace, Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Cyrenaica; Constantine II received Britannia, Gaul, Hispania, and Mauretania; and Constans, initially under the supervision of Constantine II, received Italy, Africa, Illyricum, Pannonia, Macedonia, and Achaea.

Old French

Frenchmedieval FrenchOF
The Gallo-Roman (or Vulgar Latin) dialect of the late Roman period evolved into the dialects of the Oïl languages and Old French in the north, and into Occitan in the south.
The pronunciation, vocabulary, and syntax of the Vulgar Latin spoken in Roman Gaul in Late Antiquity was modified by the Old Frankish language, spoken by the Franks who settled in Gaul from the 5th century and conquered the entire Old French-speaking area by the 530s.

Claudius

Emperor ClaudiusClaudianClaudius Caesar
The Druidic religion was suppressed by Emperor Claudius I, and in later centuries Christianity was introduced.

Roman Britain

RomanBritainBritannia
Roman Britain's continental trade
Exports to Britain included: coin; pottery, particularly red-gloss terra sigillata (samian ware) from southern, central and eastern Gaul, as well as various other wares from Gaul and the Rhine provinces; olive oil from southern Spain in amphorae; wine from Gaul in amphorae and barrels; salted fish products from the western Mediterranean and Brittany in barrels and amphorae; preserved olives from southern Spain in amphorae; lava quern-stones from Mayen on the middle Rhine; glass; and some agricultural products.

Asterix

AstérixThe Adventures of AsterixAsterix and Obelix
Asterix, French comic set in 50 BC Gaul
Roman Gaul, after Julius Caesar's conquest of 58–51 BC that consisted of five provinces

Roman Empire

RomanRomansEmpire
Roman Gaul refers to Gaul under provincial rule in the Roman Empire from the 1st century BC to the 5th century AD.

Roman Republic

RomanRepublicRomans
The Roman Republic began its takeover of Celtic Gaul in 121 BC, when it conquered and annexed the southern reaches of the area.

Gallia Celtica

CelticaCeltic GaulCeltic
The Roman Republic began its takeover of Celtic Gaul in 121 BC, when it conquered and annexed the southern reaches of the area.

Julius Caesar

CaesarGaius Julius CaesarJulius
Julius Caesar significantly advanced the task by defeating the Celtic tribes in the Gallic Wars of 58-51 BC.

50s BC

58-51 BC
Julius Caesar significantly advanced the task by defeating the Celtic tribes in the Gallic Wars of 58-51 BC.

Gallia Aquitania

AquitaniaAquitaine4th-century Bordeaux
In 22 BC, imperial administration of Gaul was reorganized, establishing the provinces of Gallia Aquitania, Gallia Belgica and Gallia Lugdunensis.

Gallia Lugdunensis

Lugdunensis QuartaSecunda Provincia LugdunensisGallia Lugdunensis I
In 22 BC, imperial administration of Gaul was reorganized, establishing the provinces of Gallia Aquitania, Gallia Belgica and Gallia Lugdunensis.

Raetia

RhaetiaCount of RaetiaRaeti
Parts of eastern Gaul were incorporated into the provinces Raetia (15 BC) and Germania Superior (AD 83).

Germania Superior

Upper GermanySuperiorUpper
Parts of eastern Gaul were incorporated into the provinces Raetia (15 BC) and Germania Superior (AD 83).

Late antiquity

late antiqueancientlate
During Late Antiquity, Gaulish and Roman culture amalgamated into a hybrid Gallo-Roman culture.

Gallo-Roman culture

Gallo-RomanGallo-RomansRoman
During Late Antiquity, Gaulish and Roman culture amalgamated into a hybrid Gallo-Roman culture.