A report on Roman dictator

Depiction of Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus. Fabius was dictator in 217 BC.
Head presumed to be that of Lucius Cornelius Sulla. Sulla was dictator from 82–79 BC.
Depiction of the Assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BC, by Jean-Léon Gérôme (mid 19th century).

Extraordinary magistrate in the Roman Republic endowed with full authority to resolve some specific problem to which he had been assigned.

- Roman dictator
Depiction of Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus. Fabius was dictator in 217 BC.

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Overall

A portrait of Sulla, on a denarius of 54 BC, minted by his grandson.

Constitutional reforms of Sulla

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A portrait of Sulla, on a denarius of 54 BC, minted by his grandson.
Sulla tore down the old curia Hostilia and built a new and larger senate house, the curia Cornelia, on roughly the same site.

The constitutional reforms of Sulla were a series of laws enacted by the Roman dictator Lucius Cornelius Sulla between 82 and 80 BC, reforming the Constitution of the Roman Republic in a revolutionary way.

Conflict of the Orders

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Political struggle between the plebeians and patricians (aristocrats) of the ancient Roman Republic lasting from 500 BC to 287 BC in which the plebeians sought political equality with the patricians.

Political struggle between the plebeians and patricians (aristocrats) of the ancient Roman Republic lasting from 500 BC to 287 BC in which the plebeians sought political equality with the patricians.

In addition, after the consulship had been opened to the plebeians, the plebs acquired a de facto right to hold both the Roman dictatorship and the Roman censorship since only former consuls could hold either office.

Denarius issued by L. Valerius Flaccus in 108/107 BC, depicting Victory, and Mars flanked by a flamen's cap and stalk of grain

Lucius Valerius Flaccus (consul 100 BC)

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Consul of the Roman Republic in 100 BC and princeps senatus (leader of the senate) during the civil wars of the 80s.

Consul of the Roman Republic in 100 BC and princeps senatus (leader of the senate) during the civil wars of the 80s.

Denarius issued by L. Valerius Flaccus in 108/107 BC, depicting Victory, and Mars flanked by a flamen's cap and stalk of grain

He is noted for his peace initiatives, which failed, and for sponsoring the Lex Valeria that created the dictatorship of Sulla.

Prorogatio

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Roman practice in which a Roman magistrate's duties were extended beyond its normal annual term.

Roman practice in which a Roman magistrate's duties were extended beyond its normal annual term.

At first, the appointment of dictatores and magistri equitum filled the need for additional military commanders.

Chart Showing the Checks and Balances of the Constitution of the Roman Republic

Centuriate Assembly

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One of the three voting assemblies in the Roman constitution.

One of the three voting assemblies in the Roman constitution.

Chart Showing the Checks and Balances of the Constitution of the Roman Republic
Sulla, who attempted to change the power of the Assemblies

During his dictatorship from 82 BC until 80 BC, Lucius Cornelius Sulla restored the old Servian organization to this assembly.

Comic depiction of Cicero denouncing Catiline. (Note anachronisms, such as top hats and other Victorian clothing.)

First Catilinarian conspiracy

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Modern term for a fictitious conspiracy which – according to various ancient tellings – involved Publius Autronius Paetus, Publius Cornelius Sulla, Lucius Sergius Catalina, and others.

Modern term for a fictitious conspiracy which – according to various ancient tellings – involved Publius Autronius Paetus, Publius Cornelius Sulla, Lucius Sergius Catalina, and others.

Comic depiction of Cicero denouncing Catiline. (Note anachronisms, such as top hats and other Victorian clothing.)

Suetonius' account has no mention of Catiline and instead has Autronius conspiring with Julius Caesar (later dictator) and Marcus Licinius Crassus (later Caesar's ally) to butcher the replacement consuls and have Crassus made dictator with Caesar as magister equitum.