Romania

ROURomanianRomâniaROMRoumaniaRumaniaRORomanian stateRomanian-bornRomănia
Romania (România ) is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.wikipedia
42,302 Related Articles

Bulgaria

BULBulgarianRepublic of Bulgaria
It has borders with the Black Sea to the southeast, Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east.
It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east.

Ukraine

UkrainianUKRUkrainia
It has borders with the Black Sea to the southeast, Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east.
It is bordered by Russia to the north-east; Belarus to the north; Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west; and Romania, Moldova, and the Black Sea to the south.

Serbia

SRBRepublic of SerbiaSerbian
It has borders with the Black Sea to the southeast, Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east.
It borders Hungary to the north, Romania to the northeast, Bulgaria to the southeast, North Macedonia to the south, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west, and Montenegro to the southwest.

Moldova

Republic of MoldovaMDAMoldavian
It has borders with the Black Sea to the southeast, Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east.
Moldova (, sometimes), officially the Republic of Moldova (Republica Moldova), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south.

Bucharest

Bucharest, RomaniaBucureştiBucurești
Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, and other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Galați.
Bucharest (, ; București ) is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre.

Cluj-Napoca

ClujKolozsvárCluj Napoca
Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, and other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Galați.
Cluj-Napoca (, Klausenburg; Kolozsvár, ; Medieval Latin: Castrum Clus, Claudiopolis; and קלויזנבורג, Kloiznburg), commonly known as Cluj, is the fourth most populous city in Romania, and the seat of Cluj County in the northwestern part of the country.

Iași

IaşiIasiJassy
Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, and other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Galați.
Iași, also referred to as Jassy or Iassy, is the second largest city in Romania, and the seat of Iași County.

Constanța

ConstanţaConstantaTomis
Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, and other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Galați.
Constanța (, ; Κωνστάντζα, or Κωνστάντια ; Кюстенджа, or Констанца ; Köstence), historically known as Tomis, is the oldest continuously inhabited city in Romania.

Timișoara

TimişoaraTemesvárTimisoara
Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, and other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Galați.
Timișoara (, ; Temeswar, also Temeschburg or Temeschwar; Temesvár ; Temeşvar) is the capital city of Timiș County, the 3rd largest city in Romania and the main social, economic and cultural centre in western Romania.

Metropolitan areas in Romania

a metropolitan areaMetropolitan areaRomania
Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, and other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Galați.
There are 10 metropolitan areas in Romania that have been constituted as of 2013.

Craiova

Craiova, RomaniaCerneleKrajova
Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, and other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Galați.
Craiova (, also, ), Romania's 6th largest city and capital of Dolj County, is situated near the east bank of the river Jiu in central Oltenia.

Brașov

BraşovBrasovBrassó
Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, and other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Galați.
Brașov (, ; Corona; Kronstadt; Transylvanian Saxon: Kruhnen; Brassó) is a city in Romania and the administrative centre of Brașov County.

Galați

GalaţiGalatiGalați, Romania
Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, and other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Galați.
Galați (, ; also known by other alternative names) is the capital city of Galați County, in the historical region of Moldavia, eastern Romania.

Danube

Danube RiverRiver DanubeDanubian
The River Danube, Europe's second-longest river, rises in Germany's Black Forest and flows in a general southeast direction for 2857 km, coursing through ten countries before emptying into Romania's Danube Delta.
Originating in Germany, the Danube flows southeast for 2,850 km, passing through or bordering Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova and Ukraine before draining into the Black Sea.

Transylvania

TransylvanianTransilvaniaSiebenbürgen
Following World War I after declaring its neutrality in 1914, when Romania fought on the side of the Allied powers starting with 1916, Bukovina, Bessarabia, Transylvania as well as parts of Banat, Crișana, and Maramureș became part of the sovereign Kingdom of Romania.
Transylvania is a historical region which is located in central Romania.

Danube Delta

DeltaDanube estuaryDanube
The River Danube, Europe's second-longest river, rises in Germany's Black Forest and flows in a general southeast direction for 2857 km, coursing through ten countries before emptying into Romania's Danube Delta.
The greater part of the Danube Delta lies in Romania (Tulcea County), with a small part in Ukraine (Odessa Oblast).

Kingdom of Romania

RomaniaRomanian KingdomRomanian
Following World War I after declaring its neutrality in 1914, when Romania fought on the side of the Allied powers starting with 1916, Bukovina, Bessarabia, Transylvania as well as parts of Banat, Crișana, and Maramureș became part of the sovereign Kingdom of Romania.
The Kingdom of Romania (Regatul României) was a constitutional monarchy that existed in Romania from 26 March 1881 with the crowning of prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen as King Carol I, until 1947 with the abdication of King Michael I of Romania, and the Romanian parliament proclaiming Romania a people's republic.

Carpathian Mountains

CarpathiansCarpathianSłonne Mountain
The Carpathian Mountains, which cross Romania from the north to the southwest, include Moldoveanu Peak, at an altitude of 2544 m.
The range stretches from the far eastern Czech Republic (3%) in the northwest through Slovakia (17%), Poland (10%), Hungary (4%) and Ukraine (10%) Serbia (5%) and Romania (50%) in the southeast.

Banat

Serbian BanatRomanian BanatBánság
Following World War I after declaring its neutrality in 1914, when Romania fought on the side of the Allied powers starting with 1916, Bukovina, Bessarabia, Transylvania as well as parts of Banat, Crișana, and Maramureș became part of the sovereign Kingdom of Romania.
The Banat is a geographical and historical region straddling between Central and Eastern Europe that is currently divided among three countries: the eastern part lies in western Romania (the counties of Timiș, Caraș-Severin, Arad south of the Mureș river, and the western part of Mehedinți); the western part in northeastern Serbia (mostly included in Vojvodina, except a small part included in the Belgrade Region); and a small northern part lies within southeastern Hungary (Csongrád county).

Maramureș

MaramureşMáramarosMaramures
Following World War I after declaring its neutrality in 1914, when Romania fought on the side of the Allied powers starting with 1916, Bukovina, Bessarabia, Transylvania as well as parts of Banat, Crișana, and Maramureș became part of the sovereign Kingdom of Romania.
Maramureș (Maramureș ; Мармарощина, Marmaroshchyna; Máramaros) is a geographical, historical and cultural region in northern Romania and western Ukraine.

Socialist Republic of Romania

communist regimeRomaniaCommunist Romania
Following the war, under the occupation of the Red Army's forces, Romania became a socialist republic and member of the Warsaw Pact.
The Socialist Republic of Romania (Republica Socialistă România, RSR) refers to Romania under Marxist-Leninist one-party communist rule that existed officially from 1947 to 1989.

Crișana

CrişanaCrisanaKörösvidék
Following World War I after declaring its neutrality in 1914, when Romania fought on the side of the Allied powers starting with 1916, Bukovina, Bessarabia, Transylvania as well as parts of Banat, Crișana, and Maramureș became part of the sovereign Kingdom of Romania.
Crișana (Körösvidék, Kreischgebiet) is a geographical and historical region in north-western Romania, named after the Criș (Körös) River and its three tributaries: the Crișul Alb, Crișul Negru, and Crișul Repede.

Romanian language

RomanianRomanian-languageDaco-Romanian
An overwhelming majority of the population identifies themselves as Eastern Orthodox Christians and are native speakers of Romanian, a Romance language.
Romanian (dated Rumanian or Roumanian; autonym: limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is a Balkan Romance language spoken by approximately 24–26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.

Petrom

OMV PetromOMV Petrom S.A.OMV-Petrom
Following rapid economic growth in the early 2000s, Romania has an economy predominantly based on services, and is a producer and net exporter of machines and electric energy, featuring companies like Automobile Dacia and OMV Petrom.
OMV Petrom S.A. is a Romanian integrated oil company, controlled by Austria's OMV.

Moldoveanu Peak

Moldoveanu
The Carpathian Mountains, which cross Romania from the north to the southwest, include Moldoveanu Peak, at an altitude of 2544 m.
Moldoveanu Peak (Vârful Moldoveanu), Moldovan Peak), at 2,544 metres (8346 feet), is the highest mountain peak in Romania.