Rome

Rome, ItalyRomanRomaRomanscity of RomeRoma, ItalycapitalRome, LazioEternal CityCity
Rome (Latin and Roma ) is the capital city and a special comune of Italy (named Comune di Roma Capitale).wikipedia
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Latin

Latin languageLat.la
Rome (Latin and Roma ) is the capital city and a special comune of Italy (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium.

Vatican City

VaticanVatican City Statethe Vatican
The Vatican City (the smallest country in the world) is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.
Vatican City, officially Vatican City State (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent city-state enclaved within Rome, Italy.

Roman Republic

RomanRepublicRomans
Eventually, the city successively became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded by many as the first ever Imperial City and metropolis.
It was during this period that Rome's control expanded from the city's immediate surroundings to hegemony over the entire Mediterranean world.

Latins (Italic tribe)

LatinsLatinLatini
The city's early population originated from a mix of Latins, Etruscans, and Sabines.
The Latins (Latin: Latini), sometimes known as the Latians, were an Italic tribe which included the early inhabitants of the city of Rome.

Roman Empire

RomanRomansEmpire
Eventually, the city successively became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded by many as the first ever Imperial City and metropolis.
From the accession of Caesar Augustus to the military anarchy of the third century, it was a principate with Italy as metropole of the provinces and its city of Rome as sole capital (27 BC – 286 AD).

Lazio

LatiumLazio RegionRegion of Lazio
Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region.
The capital of Lazio is Rome, which is also Italy's capital and the country's largest city.

Capital city

Capitaladministrative centerDistrict seat
Rome (Latin and Roma ) is the capital city and a special comune of Italy (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
(The modern capital city has, however, not always existed: in medieval Western Europe, an itinerant (wandering) government was common.) Examples are Ancient Babylon, Abbasid Baghdad, Ancient Athens, Rome, Constantinople, Chang'an, Ancient Cusco, Madrid, Paris, London, Moscow, Beijing, Tokyo, Vienna, Lisbon and Berlin.

Caput Mundi

The Capital of the WorldCapital of the worldcentre
Rome is also called "Caput Mundi" (Capital of the World).
Some major cities since the ancient times have been described as the Caput Mundi, the first being Rome and Jerusalem, and then Constantinople (today's Istanbul).

Livy

Titus LiviusLiviusTitus Livy
It was first called The Eternal City (Urbs Aeterna; La Città Eterna) by the Roman poet Tibullus in the 1st century BC, and the expression was also taken up by Ovid, Virgil, and Livy.
He wrote a monumental history of Rome and the Roman people – Ab Urbe Condita Libri (Books from the Foundation of the City) – covering the period from the earliest legends of Rome before the traditional foundation in 753 BC through the reign of Augustus in Livy's own lifetime.

1960 Summer Olympics

19601960 Olympic Games1960 Rome
Host city for the 1960 Summer Olympics, Rome is also the seat of several specialized agencies of the United Nations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
The 1960 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVII Olympiad (Italian: Giochi della XVII Olimpiade), was an international multi-sport event that was held from August 25 to September 11, 1960, in Rome, Italy.

Papal States

Papal StatePapalPapal Army
After the fall of the Empire in the west, which marked the beginning of the Middle Ages, Rome slowly fell under the political control of the Papacy, and in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870.
At their zenith, the Papal States covered most of the modern Italian regions of Lazio (which includes Rome), Marche, Umbria and Romagna, and portions of Emilia.

Eni

Eni SpAEni S.p.A.Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi
The city also hosts the Secretariat of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) as well as the headquarters of many international business companies such as Eni, Enel, TIM, Leonardo S.p.A., and national and international banks such as Unicredit and BNL.
Eni S.p.A. is an Italian multinational oil and gas company headquartered in Rome.

Ovid

Publius Ovidius NasoOvidianOvidius
It was first called The Eternal City (Urbs Aeterna; La Città Eterna) by the Roman poet Tibullus in the 1st century BC, and the expression was also taken up by Ovid, Virgil, and Livy.
Ovid was born in Sulmo (modern Sulmona), in an Apennine valley east of Rome, to an important equestrian family, on 20 March, 43 BC.

Founding of Rome

foundation of Romefoundingfounded
While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Europe.
The archaeological evidence of human occupation of the area of modern-day Rome, Italy dates from about 14,000 years ago.

Metropolitan City of Rome Capital

Metropolitan City of RomeRomeRM
It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy.
It comprises the territory of the city of Rome and 121 other municipalities (comuni) in the suburbs of the city.

Renaissance

the RenaissanceEarly RenaissanceEuropean Renaissance
Beginning with the Renaissance, almost all popes since Nicholas V (1447–1455) pursued a coherent architectural and urban programme over four hundred years, aimed at making the city the artistic and cultural centre of the world.
Other major centres were northern Italian city-states such as Venice, Genoa, Milan, Bologna, and finally Rome during the Renaissance Papacy.

Food and Agriculture Organization

FAOFood and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsUnited Nations Food and Agriculture Organization
Host city for the 1960 Summer Olympics, Rome is also the seat of several specialized agencies of the United Nations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
In May–June 1905, an international conference was held in Rome, Italy, which led to the creation of the International Institute of Agriculture by the King of Italy Victor Emmanuel III.

Italian Renaissance

Renaissance ItalyRenaissanceFlorentine Renaissance
In this way, Rome became first one of the major centres of the Italian Renaissance, and then the birthplace of both the Baroque style and Neoclassicism.
Finally the Renaissance had a significant effect on the Papal States and Rome, largely rebuilt by Humanist and Renaissance popes (such as Alexander VI and Julius II), who were frequently involved in Italian politics, in arbitrating disputes between competing colonial powers and in opposing the Reformation.

Comune

comuniCommunecommunes
Rome (Latin and Roma ) is the capital city and a special comune of Italy (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
For example, the comune of Rome, in Lazio, has an area of 1,307.71 km² and a population of 2,761,477 inhabitants, and is both the largest and the most populated; Atrani in the province of Salerno (Campania) was the smallest comune by area, with only 0.12 km², and Moncenisio in the Metropolitan City of Turin (Piedmont) is the smallest by population, with 29 inhabitants.

Cinecittà

Cinecittà StudiosCinecittaCinecitta Studios
The presence of renowned international brands in the city have made Rome an important centre of fashion and design, and the Cinecittà Studios have been the set of many Academy Award–winning movies.
Cinecittà Studios (Italian for Cinema City Studios), is a large film studio in Rome, Italy.

Aventine Hill

AventineAventinoAventine's lesser height
The Rome of the Kings was built on seven hills: the Aventine Hill, the Caelian Hill, the Capitoline Hill, the Esquiline Hill, the Palatine Hill, the Quirinal Hill, and the Viminal Hill.
The Aventine Hill (Collis Aventinus; Aventino ) is one of the Seven Hills on which ancient Rome was built.

Roman Forum

ForumForum Romanumforums
Several excavations support the view that Rome grew from pastoral settlements on the Palatine Hill built above the area of the future Roman Forum.
The Roman Forum, also known by its Latin name Forum Romanum (Foro Romano), is a rectangular forum (plaza) surrounded by the ruins of several important ancient government buildings at the center of the city of Rome.

World Food Programme

World Food ProgramWFPUnited Nations World Food Programme
Host city for the 1960 Summer Olympics, Rome is also the seat of several specialized agencies of the United Nations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
From its headquarters in Rome and from more than 80 country offices around the world, the WFP works to help people who cannot produce or obtain enough food for themselves and their families.

Leonardo S.p.A.

FinmeccanicaLeonardoLeonardo-Finmeccanica
The city also hosts the Secretariat of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) as well as the headquarters of many international business companies such as Eni, Enel, TIM, Leonardo S.p.A., and national and international banks such as Unicredit and BNL.
Headquartered in Rome, the company has 180 sites worldwide.

Tiber

Tiber RiverRiver TiberTevere
Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber.
The river has achieved lasting fame as the main watercourse of the city of Rome, founded on its eastern banks.