Rome

RomanRomaRome, ItalyRomanscity of RomecapitalEternal CityCityRoman dialectItalian capital
Rome (Latin and Roma ) is the capital city and a special comune of Italy (named Comune di Roma Capitale).wikipedia
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Latin

Lat.Latin languagelat
Rome (Latin and Roma ) is the capital city and a special comune of Italy (named Comune di Roma Capitale). Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region.
Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium.

Vatican City

Vatican🇻🇦the Vatican
The Vatican City (the smallest country in the world) is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.
Vatican City, officially Vatican City State (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent city-state enclaved within Rome, Italy.

Roman Republic

RomanRepublicRomans
Eventually, the city successively became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded as the birthplace of Western civilization and by some as the first ever metropolis.
It was during this period that Rome's control expanded from the city's immediate surroundings to hegemony over the entire Mediterranean world.

Latins (Italic tribe)

LatinsLatinLatini
The city's early population originated from a mix of Latins, Etruscans, and Sabines.
The Latins (Latin: Latini), sometimes known as the Latians, were an Italic tribe which included the early inhabitants of the city of Rome.

Roman Empire

RomanRomansEmpire
Eventually, the city successively became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded as the birthplace of Western civilization and by some as the first ever metropolis.
From the constitutional reforms of Augustus to the crisis of the third century, the Empire was a principate ruled from the city of Rome (27 BC - 285 AD).

Lazio

LatiumLazio RegionXX - Latium
Rome (Latin and Roma ) is the capital city and a special comune of Italy (named Comune di Roma Capitale). Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region.
The capital of Lazio is Rome, which is also Italy's capital and the country's largest city.

Capital city

Capitaladministrative centerDistrict seat
Rome (Latin and Roma ) is the capital city and a special comune of Italy (named Comune di Roma Capitale). Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region.
(The modern capital city has, however, not always existed: in medieval Western Europe, an itinerant (wandering) government was common.) Examples are Ancient Babylon, Abbasid Baghdad, Ancient Athens, Rome, Constantinople, Chang'an, Ancient Cusco, Madrid, Paris, London, Moscow, Beijing, Tokyo, Vienna, Lisbon and Berlin.

Livy

Titus LiviusLiviusLiv.
It was first called The Eternal City (Urbs Aeterna; La Città Eterna) by the Roman poet Tibullus in the 1st century BC, and the expression was also taken up by Ovid, Virgil, and Livy.
He wrote a monumental history of Rome and the Roman people – Ab Urbe Condita Libri (Books from the Foundation of the City) – covering the period from the earliest legends of Rome before the traditional foundation in 753 BC through the reign of Augustus in Livy's own lifetime.

Papal States

PapalPapacyPapal State
After the fall of the Western Empire, which marked the beginning of the Middle Ages, Rome slowly fell under the political control of the Papacy, which had settled in the city since the 1st century AD, until in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870.
At their zenith, the Papal States covered most of the modern Italian regions of Lazio (which includes Rome), Marche, Umbria and Romagna, and portions of Emilia.

1960 Summer Olympics

19601960 Olympic Games1960 Rome
Host city for the 1960 Summer Olympics, Rome is the seat of several specialized agencies of the United Nations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
The 1960 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVII Olympiad (Italian: Giochi della XVII Olimpiade), was an international multi-sport event that was held from August 25 to September 11, 1960, in Rome, Italy.

Colosseum

ColiseumRoman ColosseumFlavian Amphitheatre
The famous Vatican Museums are among the world's most visited museums while the Colosseum was the most popular tourist attraction in world with 7.4 million visitors in 2018.
The Colosseum or Coliseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre (Latin: Amphitheatrum Flavium; Italian: Anfiteatro Flavio or Colosseo ), is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy.

Eni

Eni SpAEnte Nazionale IdrocarburiEni S.p.A.
The city also hosts the Secretariat of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) as well as the headquarters of many international business companies such as Eni, Enel, TIM, Leonardo S.p.A., and national and international banks such as Unicredit and BNL.
Eni S.p.A. is an Italian multinational oil and gas company headquartered in Rome.

Ovid

Publius Ovidius Naso OvidConsolatio ad Liviam
It was first called The Eternal City (Urbs Aeterna; La Città Eterna) by the Roman poet Tibullus in the 1st century BC, and the expression was also taken up by Ovid, Virgil, and Livy.
Ovid was born in Sulmo (modern Sulmona), in an Apennine valley east of Rome, to an important equestrian family, on 20 March, 43 BC. That was a significant year in Roman politics.

Founding of Rome

foundation of Romefoundingfounded
While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied sites in Europe. from the Etruscan word 𐌓𐌖𐌌𐌀 (ruma), whose root is *rum- "teat", with possible reference either to the totem wolf that adopted and suckled the cognately named twins Romulus and Remus, or to the shape of the Palatine and Aventine Hills;
The archaeological evidence of human occupation of the area of modern-day Rome, Italy dates from about 14,000 years ago.

Renaissance

the Renaissanceearly RenaissanceRenaissance Europe
Beginning with the Renaissance, almost all the popes since Nicholas V (1447–1455) pursued over four hundred years a coherent architectural and urban programme aimed at making the city the artistic and cultural centre of the world.
Other major centres were northern Italian city-states such as Venice, Genoa, Milan, Bologna, and finally Rome during the Renaissance Papacy.

Metropolitan City of Rome Capital

Metropolitan City of RomeRomeRM
It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy.
It comprises the territory of the city of Rome and 121 other municipalities (comuni) in the suburbs of the city.

Italian Renaissance

RenaissanceRenaissance ItalyItalian
In this way, Rome became first one of the major centres of the Italian Renaissance, and then the birthplace of both the Baroque style and Neoclassicism.
Finally the Renaissance had a significant effect on the Papal States and Rome, largely rebuilt by Humanist and Renaissance popes (such as Alexander VI and Julius II), who were frequently involved in Italian politics, in arbitrating disputes between competing colonial powers and in opposing the Reformation.

Comune

comuniCommunecommunes
Rome (Latin and Roma ) is the capital city and a special comune of Italy (named Comune di Roma Capitale). Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region.
For example, the comune of Rome, in Lazio, has an area of 1,307.71 km² and a population of 2,761,477 inhabitants, and is both the largest and the most populated; Atrani in the province of Salerno (Campania) was the smallest comune by area, with only 0.12 km², and Moncenisio in the Metropolitan City of Turin (Piedmont) is the smallest by population, with 29 inhabitants.

Food and Agriculture Organization

FAOFood and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsUnited Nations Food and Agriculture Organization
Host city for the 1960 Summer Olympics, Rome is the seat of several specialized agencies of the United Nations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
In May–June 1905, an international conference was held in Rome, Italy, which led to the creation of the International Institute of Agriculture by the King of Italy Victor Emmanuel III.

Aventine Hill

AventineAventinoAventinus
from the Etruscan word 𐌓𐌖𐌌𐌀 (ruma), whose root is *rum- "teat", with possible reference either to the totem wolf that adopted and suckled the cognately named twins Romulus and Remus, or to the shape of the Palatine and Aventine Hills;
The Aventine Hill (Collis Aventinus; Aventino ) is one of the Seven Hills on which ancient Rome was built.

Cinecittà

Cinecittà StudiosStudio 15 di CinecittàCinecitta
Rome's Cinecittà Studios have been the set of many Academy Award–winning movies.
Cinecittà Studios (Italian for Cinema City Studios), is a large film studio in Rome, Italy.

Roman Forum

ForumForum RomanumForums
Several excavations support the view that Rome grew from pastoral settlements on the Palatine Hill built above the area of the future Roman Forum.
The Roman Forum, also known by its Latin name Forum Romanum (Foro Romano), is a rectangular forum (plaza) surrounded by the ruins of several important ancient government buildings at the center of the city of Rome.

World Food Programme

WFPWorld Food ProgramWorld Food Programme (WFP)
Host city for the 1960 Summer Olympics, Rome is the seat of several specialized agencies of the United Nations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
From its headquarters in Rome and from more than 80 country offices around the world, the WFP works to help people who cannot produce or obtain enough food for themselves and their families.

Caput Mundi

centrecentre of the ''known worldThe Capital of the World
Rome is also called the "Caput Mundi" (Capital of the World).
The city of Rome adopted as its nickname Caput Mundi, attributing this to its perception of an enduring power of Ancient Rome and the Roman Catholic Church.

Tiber

Tiber Riverriver TiberUpper Tiber Valley
Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber.
The river has achieved lasting fame as the main watercourse of the city of Rome, founded on its eastern banks.