Roosevelt Island, Antarctica

Sketch of the Antarctic coast with glaciological and oceanographic processes, showing ice rises within ice shelf

Second largest ice rise of Antarctica and world-wide, after Berkner Island.

- Roosevelt Island, Antarctica
Sketch of the Antarctic coast with glaciological and oceanographic processes, showing ice rises within ice shelf

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Ross Dependency

Region of Antarctica defined by a sector originating at the South Pole, passing along longitudes 160° east to 150° west, and terminating at latitude 60° south.

Region of Antarctica defined by a sector originating at the South Pole, passing along longitudes 160° east to 150° west, and terminating at latitude 60° south.

Mosaic of Landsat images, showing McMurdo Sound (right) and the Dry Valleys (left). Part of Ross Island is visible upper right.
Aerial photo of Mount Erebus on Ross Island

Ross Island, Balleny Islands and the small Scott Island also form part of the Dependency, as does the ice-covered Roosevelt Island.

Ross Ice Shelf situated between Marie Byrd Land and Victoria Land

Ross Ice Shelf

Largest ice shelf of Antarctica .

Largest ice shelf of Antarctica .

Ross Ice Shelf situated between Marie Byrd Land and Victoria Land
Crevasse, Ross Ice Shelf in 2001
"The mystic Barrier" at Bay of Whales, near where Amundsen first encountered it. Note humans for size comparison (dark spots next to the large chunk of sea ice at left image border). RV Nathaniel B. Palmer is in the distance.
Ross Ice Shelf edge in 1997
Glacier-ice shelf interactions
Main drill site for the New Zealand 2017 hot water drill camp on the Ross Ice Shelf

It floats in, and covers, a large southern portion of the Ross Sea and the entire Roosevelt Island located in the east of the Ross Sea.

A satellite composite image of Antarctica

Raymond Effect

Flow effect in ice sheets, occurring at flow divides, which gives rise to disturbances in the stratigraphy, showing unusual arches or anticlines called Raymond Arches.

Flow effect in ice sheets, occurring at flow divides, which gives rise to disturbances in the stratigraphy, showing unusual arches or anticlines called Raymond Arches.

A satellite composite image of Antarctica

Raymond Arches and the Raymond Effect have been observed at numerous other ice divides e.g. Siple Dome, Fletcher Ice Rise, Berkner Island, Roosevelt Island, Korff Ice Rise.

Antarctica and surrounding islands in relation to the Antarctic Convergence and the 60th parallel south

List of Antarctic and subantarctic islands

List of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands.

List of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands.

Antarctica and surrounding islands in relation to the Antarctic Convergence and the 60th parallel south
Oceanic islands between the Equator, 60°S, 20°W, and 115°E are the only Southern Hemisphere lands (besides East Timor) outside the 5 southern nuclear-weapon-free zones. Bouvet Island and the Kerguelen Islands are Antarctic islands on this map but outside the Antarctic NWFZ. Australian islands are part of the South Pacific NWFZ. South Georgia and the South Sandwich are in the Latin American NWFZ and not on this map.

Roosevelt Island (inside of Ross Sea) (-79.41667°N, -162°W, claimed by New Zealand)

The RV Nathaniel B. Palmer research vessel using the Bay of Whales ice harbour

Bay of Whales

The RV Nathaniel B. Palmer research vessel using the Bay of Whales ice harbour
Bay of Whales

The Bay of Whales was a natural ice harbour, or iceport, indenting the front of the Ross Ice Shelf just north of Roosevelt Island, Antarctica.

New Zealand Subantarctic Islands

The New Zealand Subantarctic Islands comprise the five southernmost groups of the New Zealand outlying islands.

The New Zealand Subantarctic Islands comprise the five southernmost groups of the New Zealand outlying islands.

Roosevelt Island

Northern edge of Iceberg B-15A in the Ross Sea, Antarctica, 29 January 2001

Iceberg B-15

The largest recorded iceberg by area.

The largest recorded iceberg by area.

Northern edge of Iceberg B-15A in the Ross Sea, Antarctica, 29 January 2001
Iceberg B-15A four-year journey, July 2002 to March 2006
Iceberg B-15Z route 2014-2018
Researchers installing weather and GPS instruments on Iceberg B-15A, 29 January 2001

In the last weeks of March 2000, Iceberg B-15 calved from the Ross Ice Shelf near Roosevelt Island, Antarctica.

Ice barrier at Kainan Bay, with U.S. Navy Seabees visible near the edge of the full-size image

Kainan Bay

Ice barrier at Kainan Bay, with U.S. Navy Seabees visible near the edge of the full-size image

Kainan Bay is an iceport which indents the front of the Ross Ice Shelf about 37 nmi northeast of the northwestern end of Roosevelt Island, Antarctica.

Columbus before the Queen, imagined by Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze, 1843

Timeline of European exploration

This timeline of European exploration lists major geographic discoveries and other firsts credited to or involving Europeans during the Age of Discovery and the following centuries, between the years AD 1418 and 1957.

This timeline of European exploration lists major geographic discoveries and other firsts credited to or involving Europeans during the Age of Discovery and the following centuries, between the years AD 1418 and 1957.

Columbus before the Queen, imagined by Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze, 1843
Vasco da Gama lands at Calicut, illustration for Os Lusíadas, 1880 by Ernesto Casanova
Pedro Álvares Cabral's ship on the fleet that sighted the Brazilian mainland for the first time on 22 April 1500. From the manuscript Memória das Armadas que de Portugal passaram à Índia
Vasco Núñez de Balboa claiming possession of the Mar del Sur ("South Sea").
Map of the island city Tenochtitlán and Mexico gulf made by one of Hernán Cortés' men, 1524, Newberry Library, Chicago
Discovery of the Mississippi by William H. Powell (1823–1879) is a Romantic depiction of de Soto seeing the Mississippi River for the first time. It hangs in the United States Capitol rotunda.
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado Sets Out to the North, by Frederic Remington, 1861–1909
The Cabrillo National Monument in San Diego, California
Crew of Willem Barentsz fighting a polar bear, 1596
John Collier's painting of Henry Hudson cast adrift.
A 17th-century koch in a museum in Krasnoyarsk. Kochi were used to explore the Siberian watershed and coasts by men such as Kurochkin, Perfilyev and Dezhnev.
"Murderers' Bay", on the South Island of New Zealand, where several of Tasman's men were killed by Maori in December 1642.
The expedition of Semyon Dezhnyov by Klavdy Lebedev
Pere Marquette and the Indians at the Mississippi River, oil painting (1869) by Wilhelm Lamprecht (1838–1906), at Marquette University.
Cook's map of New Zealand
Resolution and Adventure in Matavai Bay by William Hodges
"Mount Rainier from the south Part of Admiralty Inlet". The mountain was discovered by Vancouver during his exploration of Puget Sound in the spring of 1792.
Inscription at the end of the Alexander Mackenzie's Canada crossing located at 52.37861°N, -127.47056°W
The famous map of Lewis and Clark's expedition. It changed mapping of northwest America by providing the first accurate depiction of the relationship of the sources of the Columbia and Missouri rivers, and the Rocky Mountains.
Colour drawing of Simon Fraser's 1808 descent of the Fraser River.
"The Crews of H.M.S. Hecla & Griper Cutting into Winter Harbour, 26 September 1819". An engraving from the journal published in 1821.
John Franklin's party encamped at Point Turnagain, the furthest point he reached.
HMS Investigator, on the northwestern coast of Banks Island, 20 August 1851.
Map drawn by Robert McClure detailing the Northwest Passage, including the 1851 route of the Investigator.
The first ascent of the Matterhorn, by Gustave Doré.
The original survey map created by L.M. D'Albertis in 1876.
Nansen and Johansen finally depart on their polar journey, 14 March 1895. Nansen is the tall figure, second from left; Johansen is standing second from right.
The Mekong Exploration Commission at Angkor in 1866 From left to right: Francis Garnier, Louis Delaporte, Clovis Thorel, Captain Ernest Doudart de Lagrée, Lucien Joubert, Louis de Carné engraving from photo by Émile Gsell
Amundsen's party at the South Pole, December 1911. From left to right: Amundsen, Hanssen, Hassel and Wisting (photo by fifth member Bjaaland).
Scott's party at the South Pole, 18 January 1912. L to R: (standing) Wilson, Scott, Oates; (seated) Bowers, Edgar Evans.
Severnaya Zemlya – raising of the Russian flag in 1913.

1934 – Richard E. Byrd discovers and names Roosevelt Island.

Benson Ridge

Rugged ridge between Robb Glacier and Bondeson Glacier in Antarctica, standing 5 nmi west of the north end of the Holland Range.

Rugged ridge between Robb Glacier and Bondeson Glacier in Antarctica, standing 5 nmi west of the north end of the Holland Range.

It was mapped by the United States Geological Survey from tellurometer surveys and from Navy air photos, 1960–62, and named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names for Carl S. Benson, a United States Antarctic Research Program glaciologist at Roosevelt Island, 1961–62.