Ross Island

Ross
Ross Island is an island formed by four volcanoes in the Ross Sea near the continent of Antarctica, off the coast of Victoria Land in McMurdo Sound.wikipedia
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Ross Sea

RossRod Bay in the Ross SeaRoss Sea Region Marine Protected Area
Ross Island is an island formed by four volcanoes in the Ross Sea near the continent of Antarctica, off the coast of Victoria Land in McMurdo Sound.
To the west of the sea lies Ross Island and Victoria Land, to the east Roosevelt Island and Edward VII Peninsula in Marie Byrd Land, while the southernmost part is covered by the Ross Ice Shelf, and is about 200 mi from the South Pole.

McMurdo Sound

McMurdo BayUpper McMurdo Sound
Ross Island is an island formed by four volcanoes in the Ross Sea near the continent of Antarctica, off the coast of Victoria Land in McMurdo Sound.
Ross Island, an historic jumping-off point for polar explorers, designates the eastern boundary.

Antarctica

AntarcticAntarctic continentReference Elevation Model of Antarctica
Ross Island is an island formed by four volcanoes in the Ross Sea near the continent of Antarctica, off the coast of Victoria Land in McMurdo Sound.
Explorer James Clark Ross passed through what is now known as the Ross Sea and discovered Ross Island (both of which were named after him) in 1841.

Ross Dependency

RossNew ZealandNew Zealand Antarctic Territory
Ross Island lies within the boundaries of Ross Dependency, an area of Antarctica claimed by New Zealand.
Ross Island, Balleny Islands and the small Scott Island also form part of the Dependency, as does the ice-covered Roosevelt Island.

Scott Base

ScottNew Zealand's Antarctic research facilityScott Base McMurdo
Today Ross Island is home to New Zealand's Scott Base, and the largest Antarctic settlement, the U.S. Antarctic Program's McMurdo Station.
Scott Base is a New Zealand Antarctic research facility located at Pram Point on Ross Island near Mount Erebus in New Zealand's Ross Dependency territorial claim.

McMurdo Station

McMurdoMcMurdo Research StationMcMurdo Station, Antarctica
Today Ross Island is home to New Zealand's Scott Base, and the largest Antarctic settlement, the U.S. Antarctic Program's McMurdo Station.
The McMurdo Station is a United States Antarctic research station on the south tip of Ross Island, which is in the New Zealand–claimed Ross Dependency on the shore of McMurdo Sound in Antarctica.

Mount Erebus

Mt. ErebusErebusMt Erebus
The planet's southernmost active volcano, Erebus (3794 m), as well as the dormant volcano Terror (3230 m), are situated on the island.
With a summit elevation of 3794 m, it is located in the Ross Dependency on Ross Island, which is also home to three inactive volcanoes: Mount Terror, Mount Bird, and Mount Terra Nova.

Mount Terror (Antarctica)

Mount TerrorTerrorTerror Glacier
The planet's southernmost active volcano, Erebus (3794 m), as well as the dormant volcano Terror (3230 m), are situated on the island.
Mount Terror is a large shield volcano that forms the eastern part of Ross Island, Antarctica.

World Park Base

Antarctic baseWorld Park
Greenpeace established World Park Base on the island and ran it for five years, from 1987 to 1992.
World Park Base was a non-governmental year-round Antarctic base located at Cape Evans on Ross Island in the Ross Dependency.

HMS Erebus (1826)

HMS ''ErebusErebusHMS Erebus
They were named by Captain James Ross after his ships HMS Erebus and HMS Terror.
Mount Erebus, on Ross Island, was named after one ship and Mount Terror after the other.

Mount Bird

Quaternary Icefall
The third highest elevation is Mount Bird, with Shell Glacier and Endeavour Piedmont Glacier on its slopes.
Mount Bird is a 1765 m high shield volcano standing about 7 mi south of Cape Bird, the northern extremity of Ross Island.

List of islands by highest point

Island high pointfourth-highest islandsixth-highest
Despite its relatively small size, Ross Island is the world's 6th highest island and the highest island in Antarctica.

Hut Point Peninsula

Hut Point
Hut Point Peninsula, the site of McMurdo Station (US) and Scott Base (New Zealand), projects southwest from its lower slopes.
Hut Point Peninsula (-77.78333°N, 166.85°W) is a long, narrow peninsula from 3 to 5 km wide and 24 km long, projecting south-west from the slopes of Mount Erebus on Ross Island, Antarctica.

Gamble Cone

Gamble Cone and Kyle Cone stand in the east of the island.
Gamble Cone (-77.46667°N, 169.23333°W) is a cone 0.6 nmi south-southeast of Post Office Hill in the Kyle Hills of Ross Island.

Cape Crozier

Igloo Spur
The far eastern point of the island is called Cape Crozier.
Cape Crozier is the most easterly point of Ross Island in Antarctica.

Cape Evans

Antarctic coastline
On the west side of the island is rocky Cape Evans, which forms the north side of Erebus Bay.
Cape Evans is a rocky cape on the west side of Ross Island, Antarctica, forming the north side of the entrance to Erebus Bay.

Abbott Peak (Antarctica)

Abbott Peak
Abbott Peak stands between Mount Erebus and Mount Bird.
Abbott Peak (°N, °W), also known as Abbotts, Dimitri or Demetri's Peak, is a pyramidal peak on Ross Island, on the north side of Mount Erebus, between it and Mount Bird.

Endeavour Piedmont Glacier

Endeavor Piedmont Glacier
The third highest elevation is Mount Bird, with Shell Glacier and Endeavour Piedmont Glacier on its slopes.
Endeavour Piedmont Glacier is a piedmont glacier, 6 nmi long and 2 nmi wide, between the southwest part of Mount Bird and Micou Point, Ross Island.

HMS Terror (1813)

HMS ''TerrorTerrorHMS Terror
They were named by Captain James Ross after his ships HMS Erebus and HMS Terror.
The dormant volcano Mount Terror on Ross Island was named after the ship by the expedition commander.

James Clark Ross

Sir James Clark RossJames RossJames C. Ross
They were named by Captain James Ross after his ships HMS Erebus and HMS Terror. Sir James Ross discovered it in 1840, and it was later named in honour of him by Robert F. Scott.

Barne Glacier

Barne Glacier projects off its western slopes.
Barne Glacier (-77.6°N, 166.43333°W) is a steep glacier in Antarctica which descends from the western slopes of Mount Erebus and terminates on the west side of Ross Island, between Cape Barne and Cape Evans where it forms a steep ice cliff.

Erebus Ice Tongue

Erebus Glacier TongueGlacier Tongue
The Erebus Ice Tongue (more often called "Erebus Glacier Tongue") is a mountain outlet glacier and the seaward extension of Erebus Glacier from Ross Island.

History of Antarctica

Antarctic explorationAntarcticaAntarctic
Ross Island was the base for many of the early expeditions to Antarctica.
On 28 November 1979, an Air New Zealand DC-10 on a sightseeing trip crashed into Mount Erebus on Ross Island, killing all 257 people on board.

Kienle Nunataks

To the north of Mount Terror are the Kienle Nunataks.
Kienle Nunataks (-77.46667°N, 168.6°W) are three aligned nunataks to the north of Mount Terror in northeastern Ross Island, Antarctica.

List of Antarctic and subantarctic islands

List of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islandsList of Antarctic islands south of 60° Ssubantarctic islands