Ross Perot

H. Ross PerotPerotHenry Ross PerotPerot Foundationa significant third-party votecampaignH. Ross Perot Sr.H. Ross Perot, Jr.his subsequent 1996 campaignPerot and Choate
Henry Ross Perot (born Henry Ray Perot; June 27, 1930 – July 9, 2019) was an American business magnate, billionaire, philanthropist, and politician.wikipedia
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Electronic Data Systems

EDSElectronic Data Systems CorporationEDS New Zealand
He was the founder and chief executive officer of Electronic Data Systems and Perot Systems.
Electronic Data Systems (EDS) was founded in 1962 by H. Ross Perot, a graduate of the United States Naval Academy and a successful IBM salesman who firsthand observed how inefficiently IBM's customers typically were using their expensive systems.

1992 United States presidential election

19921992 presidential electionPresident
He ran an independent presidential campaign in 1992 and a third-party campaign in 1996, establishing the Reform Party in the latter election.
Democratic Governor Bill Clinton of Arkansas defeated incumbent Republican President George H. W. Bush, independent businessman Ross Perot of Texas, and a number of minor candidates.

1996 United States presidential election

1996President1996 presidential election
He ran an independent presidential campaign in 1992 and a third-party campaign in 1996, establishing the Reform Party in the latter election.
Incumbent Democratic President Bill Clinton defeated former Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole, the Republican nominee, and Ross Perot, the Reform Party nominee.

Reform Party of the United States of America

Reform PartyReformAmerican Reform Party
He ran an independent presidential campaign in 1992 and a third-party campaign in 1996, establishing the Reform Party in the latter election.
The Reform Party of the United States of America (RPUSA), generally known as the Reform Party USA or the Reform Party, is a political party in the United States, founded in 1995 by Ross Perot.

List of third party performances in United States presidential elections

highest totals for a third party candidatehigher share of the popular votehighest share
Both campaigns were among the strongest presidential showings by a third party or independent candidate in US history.
The last third party candidate to win a state was George Wallace of the American Independent Party in 1968, while the last third party candidate to win more than 5.0% of the vote was Ross Perot, who ran as an independent and as the standard-bearer of the Reform Party in 1992 and 1996, respectively; the closest since was Gary Johnson in 2016, who gained 3.3% of the vote running as the Libertarian nominee.

Perot Systems

Dell ServicesPerot Systems Corporation
He was the founder and chief executive officer of Electronic Data Systems and Perot Systems.
Perot Systems was an information technology services provider founded in 1988 by a group of investors led by Ross Perot and based in Plano, Texas, United States.

NeXT

NeXT ComputerNeXT Inc.NeXT Software
Perot established Perot Systems in 1988 and was an angel investor for NeXT, a computer company founded by Steve Jobs after he left Apple.
The first major outside investment was from Ross Perot, who invested after seeing a segment about NeXT on The Entrepreneurs.

James Stockdale

James B. StockdaleJames Bond StockdaleAdmiral Stockdale
He chose Admiral James Stockdale as his running mate and appeared in the 1992 debates with Bush and Clinton.
Stockdale was a candidate for Vice President of the United States in the 1992 presidential election, on Ross Perot's independent ticket.

Vietnam War POW/MIA issue

POW/MIAAmerican captives are being held aliveAmerican Prisoners of War
Perot also became heavily involved in the Vietnam War POW/MIA issue, arguing that hundreds of American servicemen were left behind in Southeast Asia after the Vietnam War.
Businessman and POW/MIA advocate Ross Perot, who had done much to help POW families during the war, was also very active on this issue.

Bill Clinton

ClintonPresident ClintonPresident Bill Clinton
A June 1992 Gallup poll showed Perot leading a three-way race against President Bush and presumptive Democratic nominee Bill Clinton.
Clinton won the 1992 presidential election (370 electoral votes) against Republican incumbent George H. W. Bush (168 electoral votes) and billionaire populist Ross Perot (zero electoral votes), who ran as an independent on a platform that focused on domestic issues.

Steve Jobs

JobsSteven Jobsdied
Perot established Perot Systems in 1988 and was an angel investor for NeXT, a computer company founded by Steve Jobs after he left Apple.
Eventually, Jobs attracted the attention of billionaire Ross Perot, who invested heavily in the company.

Ross Perot Jr.

Ross Perot, Jr.H. Ross Perot, Jr.Henry Ross Perot, Jr.
His son, Ross Perot, Jr., eventually succeeded him as CEO.
He is the eldest son of billionaire American businessman and former United States presidential candidate Ross Perot.

Bob Dole

Robert DoleDoleRobert J. Dole
He won 8.4 percent of the popular vote against President Clinton and Republican nominee Bob Dole.
Clinton won in a 379–159 Electoral College landslide, capturing 49.2% of the vote against Dole's 40.7% and Ross Perot's 8.4%.

On Wings of Eagles

1983 book of the same name
The exploit was recounted in the book On Wings of Eagles by Ken Follett.
Ross Perot contacted Ken Follett, who was paid by his publisher, to write On Wings of Eagles.

Ken Follett

Ken FolletFollettFollett, Ken
The exploit was recounted in the book On Wings of Eagles by Ken Follett.
On Wings of Eagles (1983) was the true story of how two of Ross Perot's employees were rescued from Iran during the revolution of 1979.

Independent politician

IndependentIndependentsInd
He ran an independent presidential campaign in 1992 and a third-party campaign in 1996, establishing the Reform Party in the latter election.
Since 1900, notable candidates running as independents for U.S. president have included Republican Congressman John Anderson in 1980, Ross Perot in 1992, and former Green Party candidate Ralph Nader in the 1996 and 2000 elections.

Third party (United States)

third partythird-partythird parties
He ran an independent presidential campaign in 1992 and a third-party campaign in 1996, establishing the Reform Party in the latter election.
H. Ross Perot eventually founded a third party, the Reform Party, to support his 1996 campaign.

Jack Gargan (politician)

Jack Gargan
In Florida in 1990, retired financial planner Jack Gargan, employing a famous quotation from the 1976 movie Network, funded a series of "I'm mad as hell and I'm not going to take it anymore" newspaper advertisements denouncing Congress for voting to give legislators pay raises at a time when average wages nationwide were not increasing.
John Gargan (October 20, 1930 – November 4, 2018) was an American financial consultant who became the second chairman of the Reform Party (after Russ Verney) started by Ross Perot.

United We Stand America

United We Stand
While Perot was pondering whether to run for office, his supporters established a campaign organization United We Stand America.
United We Stand America was the name selected by Texas businessman H. Ross Perot for his citizen action organization after his 1992 independent political campaign for President of the United States.

Texarkana, Texas

TexarkanaTexarkana, TXTexarkana TX
Born and raised in Texarkana, Texas, Perot became a salesman for IBM after serving in the United States Navy.

IBM

International Business MachinesIBM CorporationInternational Business Machines Corporation
Born and raised in Texarkana, Texas, Perot became a salesman for IBM after serving in the United States Navy.
In business, former IBM employees include Apple Inc. CEO Tim Cook, former EDS CEO and politician Ross Perot, Microsoft chairman John W. Thompson, SAP co-founder Hasso Plattner, Gartner founder Gideon Gartner, Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) CEO Lisa Su, former Citizens Financial Group CEO Ellen Alemany, former Yahoo! chairman Alfred Amoroso, former AT&T CEO C. Michael Armstrong, former Xerox Corporation CEOs David T. Kearns and G. Richard Thoman, former Fair Isaac Corporation CEO Mark N. Greene, Citrix Systems co-founder Ed Iacobucci, ASOS.com chairman Brian McBride, former Lenovo CEO Steve Ward, Maria Azua is SVP of Distributed Hosting & Cloud Enablement Services for Fidelity Investments and former Teradata CEO Kenneth Simonds.

Arthur D. Simons

Arthur D. "Bull" SimonsBull SimonsArthur "Bull" Simons
The rescue team was led by retired United States Army Special Forces Colonel Arthur D. "Bull" Simons.
In late 1978, Simons was contacted by Texas businessman Ross Perot, who requested his direction and leadership to help free two employees of Electronic Data Systems who had been arrested shortly before the Iranian Revolution.

E-democracy

digital democracyElectronic direct democracyelectronic democracy
In 1992, Perot announced his intention to run for president and advocated a balanced budget, an end to the outsourcing of jobs, and the enactment of electronic direct democracy.
Ross Perot was a prominent advocate of EDD when he advocated "electronic town halls" during his 1992 and 1996 Presidential campaigns in the United States.

George H. W. Bush

George H.W. BushBushGeorge Bush
During the presidency of George H. W. Bush, Perot became increasingly active in politics and strongly opposed the Gulf War and ratification of the North American Free Trade Agreement.
In early 1992, the race took an unexpected twist when Texas billionaire H. Ross Perot launched a third party bid, claiming that neither Republicans nor Democrats could eliminate the deficit and make government more efficient.

Pat Buchanan

Patrick J. BuchananBuchananBuchanan, Pat
He endorsed Republican George W. Bush over Reform nominee Pat Buchanan in the 2000 election and supported Republican Mitt Romney in 2008 and 2012.
Party founder Ross Perot did not endorse either candidate for the Reform Party's nomination.