Roundup (herbicide)

RoundupRoundup Ultraround-upRoundup ready crops
Roundup is the brand name of a systemic, broad-spectrum glyphosate-based herbicide originally produced by the U.S. company Monsanto, which was acquired by Bayer in 2018, and contains the active ingredient glyphosate.wikipedia
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Glyphosate-based herbicides

glyphosate formulationglyphosate-based herbicide
Roundup is the brand name of a systemic, broad-spectrum glyphosate-based herbicide originally produced by the U.S. company Monsanto, which was acquired by Bayer in 2018, and contains the active ingredient glyphosate.
The glyphosate-based herbicide Roundup was first developed by Monsanto in the 1970s.

Glyphosate

Roundupsuperweedsglyphosates
Roundup is the brand name of a systemic, broad-spectrum glyphosate-based herbicide originally produced by the U.S. company Monsanto, which was acquired by Bayer in 2018, and contains the active ingredient glyphosate.
Monsanto brought it to market for agricultural use in 1974 under the trade name Roundup. Monsanto's last commercially relevant United States patent expired in 2000.

Roundup

tr:Roundup
Roundup (herbicide), a Monsanto brand of glyphosate-based herbicides

Hazard

hazardoushazardshealth hazard
The IARC has been criticized for its assessment methodology by failing to consider the broad literature and only assessing hazard rather than risk.
Many specific biological hazards have been identified. For example, the hazards of naturally-occurring bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Salmonella, are well known as disease-causing pathogens and a variety of measures have been taken to limit human exposure to these microorganisms through food safety, good personal hygiene and education. However, the potential for new biological hazards exists through the discovery of new microorganisms and through the development of new genetically modified (GM) organisms. Use of new GM organisms is regulated by various governmental agencies. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) controls GM plants that produce or resist pesticides (i.e. Bt corn and Roundup ready crops). The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates GM plants that will be used as food or for medicinal purposes.

Monsanto legal cases

In re: RoundUp Products Liabilitya lawsuitdamages against
After the IARC classified glyphosate as "probably carcinogenic" in 2015, over 300 federal lawsuits have been filed that were consolidated into a multidistrict litigation called In re: RoundUp Products Liability.
The case concerned an injunction against the planting of Monsanto's genetically engineered Roundup Ready alfalfa (RRA).

Roundup Ready

herbicide-resistant crop plants
Roundup Ready is the Monsanto trademark for its patented line of crop seed that are resistant to its glyphosate-based herbicide, Roundup

March Against Monsanto

March Against Monsanto movement
The March Against Monsanto is an international grassroots movement and protest against Monsanto corporation, a producer of genetically modified organism (GMOs) and Roundup, a glyphosate-based herbicide.

Séralini affair

2013major controversyhis study
First published by Food and Chemical Toxicology in September 2012, the article presented a two-year feeding study in rats, and reported an increase in tumors among rats fed genetically modified corn and the herbicide RoundUp.

Genetically modified maize

genetically modified cornBt cornBt maize
They tolerate the use of Roundup.

John E. Franz

The chemical became the active ingredient in Roundup, a broad-spectrum, post-emergence herbicide.

Genetically modified food controversies

controversiespublic concernsgenetically modified food
The March Against Monsanto is an international grassroots movement and protest against Monsanto corporation, a producer of genetically modified organism (GMOs) and Roundup, a glyphosate-based herbicide.

Retraction

retractedretractionsretract
2012 - Séralini affair - Article suggesting reported an increase in tumors among rats fed genetically modified corn and the herbicide RoundUp retracted due to criticism of experimental design. According to the editor of the journal, a "more in-depth look at the raw data revealed that no definitive conclusions can be reached with this small sample size".

Barcaldine, Queensland

BarcaldineBaracaldine
In 2006, persons unknown poisoned the tree with the herbicide Roundup, which led to its demise.

Raëlism

Raëlian MovementRaëlianInternational Raëlian Movement
Brazilian farmers have been using Monsanto's genetically engineered soy plant as well as the Roundup herbicide to which it was artificially adapted.

DuPont Pioneer

PioneerDuPontHi-Bred Corn Company
1992 Pioneer paid $450,000 to Monsanto for rights to genetically modified soybean seeds that are resistant to RoundUp herbicide.

Salvador, Bahia

SalvadorSALBahia
In December 2001, Monsanto Company inaugurated, at the Petrochemical Pole of Camaçari, in Metropolitan Region of Salvador, the first plant of the company designed to produce raw materials for the herbicide Roundup in South America.

Ragweed

AmbrosiaAmbrosia'' (plant)Franseria
Effective active ingredients include those that are glyphosate-based (Roundup, Glyphogan, Glialka), sulfosate-based (Medallon), and glufosinate ammonium-based (Finale 14SL).

Decline in amphibian populations

amphibian declinesdecline in frog populationsamphibian crisis
Experimental studies have also shown that exposure to commonly used herbicides such as glyphosate (Tradename Roundup) or insecticides such as malathion or carbaryl greatly increase mortality of tadpoles.

DMH-11 Mustard

Sold commercially under the brand name Roundup, studies have demonstrated Glyphosate to have carcinogenic potential in humans, specifically it is thought to cause non-Hodgkins lymphoma.

Monsanto Canada

In addition to seed products, Monsanto sells of herbicides including the world’s best-selling herbicide Roundup.

Plan Colombia

Aerial spraying of herbicides in Colombiadrug war in Colombiafrom the United States
United States policymakers put the intensive use of the herbicide Roundup Ultra made by Monsanto for massive aerial spraying of illicit crops in Colombia as the central strategy for Plan Colombia.