Royal Fencible American Regiment

Royal Fencible Americans
Not to be confused with Nova Scotia Fencibleswikipedia
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Nova Scotia Fencibles

Nova Scotia Regiment of Fencible Infantry
Not to be confused with Nova Scotia Fencibles
Not to be confused with the Royal Fencible American Regiment

Fencibles

FencibleAngusshire Regiment of Fencible InfantryBombay Fencibles
"Fencible" troops differed from militia in that they were full-time soldiers and were paid; however they differed from regulars in that they were exempt from overseas service.
The Royal Fencible Americans was a Loyalist unit raised by the British in Nova Scotia in 1775, that successfully withstood an attack by Patriot forces under Jonathan Eddy at the Battle of Fort Cumberland.

Joseph Goreham

Joseph GorhamGorham's RangersMajor Joseph Gorham
The RFA was commanded by Lt. Col. Joseph Goreham throughout its existence.
He also fought in the American Revolution, leading the Royal Fencible American Regiment and was also noted as the commander of British forces victorious at Fort Cumberland in 1776.

Jonathan Eddy

The rebel forces, led by Jonathan Eddy, planned to capture the fort, seizing its artillery and stores, as a first step in an overland march via Fort Edward in Windsor to Halifax, raising rebel sympathizers along the way.
In the summer of 1776, Mariot Arbuthnot, the new governor of Nova Scotia, ordered Colonel Joseph Goreham's Royal Fencible Americans to secure Fort Cumberland and keep watch for any signs of an American invasion of the province.

Wallace, Nova Scotia

WallaceWallace, NS
Fourteen other ranks took up grants in Remsheg (today Wallace, NS) while 57 officers and other ranks are listed as having settled in New Brunswick.
Fourteen other ranks of the Royal Fencible American Regiment took up land grants in Remsheg following the American Revolutionary War, as did the Westchester Refugees from Westchester county, New York (sometimes known as DeLancey's 'Cowboys' for their cattle raids to help the British cause).

Gilfred Studholme

Studholm
Gilfred Studholme of the RFA, who had been on duty at Fort Edward.
He was commissioned in the Loyal Nova Scotia Volunteers at the outbreak of the war and later served as a captain in the Royal Fencible Americans and promoted to Brigade-Major.

Battle of Fort Cumberland

Eddy RebellionFort CumberlandSiege of Fort Cumberland
The most notable achievement of the RFA (and its only combat as a regiment) was the successful defense of Fort Cumberland during the Eddy Rebellion in November, 1776, which prevented the revolution in the other American colonies from moving into Nova Scotia.
The fort's defenders, the Royal Fencible American Regiment led by Joseph Goreham, a veteran of the French and Indian War, successfully repelled several attempts by Eddy's militia to storm the fort, and the siege was ultimately relieved when the RFA plus Royal Marine reinforcements drove off the besiegers on November 29.

Fort Beauséjour

Fort CumberlandFort BeausejourFort Beauséjour – Fort Cumberland National Historic Site
Fort Cumberland (originally built by the French as Fort Beauséjour in 1750) was in an advanced state of disrepair by 1776.
In 1776, early in the American Revolutionary War, Fort Cumberland and its garrison of the Royal Fencible American Regiment repelled several rebel attacks in the Battle of Fort Cumberland from local guerrillas led by the American sympathizer Jonathan Eddy.

St. John River expedition

Siege of Saint John (1777)Siege of Saint Johna rebel expedition
Sent in response to a rebel expedition to the area, they captured some New England rebels and drove others up the river to secure that part of Nova Scotia (now New Brunswick).
On Monday, June 23, under command of Brigade Major Gilfred Studholme and Colonel Michael Francklin, the British sloop-of-war HMS Vulture arrived, and a few days later she was joined by the frigates Milford and Ambuscade, with a strong detachment of the Royal Fencible Americans and the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants) on board.

Loyalist (American Revolution)

LoyalistLoyalistsTories
The Royal Fencible American Regiment of Foot (or RFA) was a Loyalist battalion of infantry raised in 1775 to defend British interests in the colony of Nova Scotia.

Nova Scotia

NSNova Scotia, CanadaNova Scotian
The Royal Fencible American Regiment of Foot (or RFA) was a Loyalist battalion of infantry raised in 1775 to defend British interests in the colony of Nova Scotia.

Gorham's Rangers

RangersGorhamGorham's Independent Company of Rangers
Goreham was a prominent landowner in Nova Scotia in 1775, as well as a former officer of Gorham's Rangers during the French and Indian War.

French and Indian War

French & Indian WarFrench and IndianSeven Years' War
Goreham was a prominent landowner in Nova Scotia in 1775, as well as a former officer of Gorham's Rangers during the French and Indian War.

Francis Legge

Noting the growing tensions in New England and especially Boston between the government and the patriot movement, he wrote the following to Gov. Francis Legge:

80th Regiment of Light-Armed Foot

Gage's Light Infantry80th (Light Armed) Regiment of Foot80th Regiment
That they be clothed and armed as Light Troops and put on the same Establishment of Pay as the late 80th, Gage's Light Infantry and [this] Corps to be employed on the like Services.

Militia

militiasmilitiamenhome guard militia
"Fencible" troops differed from militia in that they were full-time soldiers and were paid; however they differed from regulars in that they were exempt from overseas service.

Regular army

regularregularsregular troops
"Fencible" troops differed from militia in that they were full-time soldiers and were paid; however they differed from regulars in that they were exempt from overseas service.

United States Army Rangers

RangerU.S. Army RangersArmy Ranger
As a former Ranger, Goreham proposed that his regiment serve as light infantry.

Light infantry

lightLight RoleLight infantry (militia)
As a former Ranger, Goreham proposed that his regiment serve as light infantry.

Boston

Boston, MassachusettsBoston, MABoston, United States
Goreham's proposal was accepted in April 1775, and recruiting began in Boston, Newfoundland and in and around Halifax; the Boston men were shipped to Halifax in October.

Newfoundland (island)

Newfoundlandisland of NewfoundlandNewfoundland Island
Goreham's proposal was accepted in April 1775, and recruiting began in Boston, Newfoundland and in and around Halifax; the Boston men were shipped to Halifax in October.

Halifax, Nova Scotia

HalifaxHalifax Regional MunicipalityHalifax, NS
Goreham's proposal was accepted in April 1775, and recruiting began in Boston, Newfoundland and in and around Halifax; the Boston men were shipped to Halifax in October.

Cumberland County, Nova Scotia

Cumberland CountyCumberlandCounty of Cumberland
Meanwhile, rumours of rebellion stirring in the Cumberland region arrived in Halifax, prompting the authorities to dispatch Goreham's regiment to Fort Cumberland in late May, first overland to Windsor and then by ship via Minas Basin and Chignecto Bay.

Windsor, Nova Scotia

WindsorTown of WindsorTownship of Windsor
Meanwhile, rumours of rebellion stirring in the Cumberland region arrived in Halifax, prompting the authorities to dispatch Goreham's regiment to Fort Cumberland in late May, first overland to Windsor and then by ship via Minas Basin and Chignecto Bay.

Minas Basin

MinasBoot Island National Wildlife Area
Meanwhile, rumours of rebellion stirring in the Cumberland region arrived in Halifax, prompting the authorities to dispatch Goreham's regiment to Fort Cumberland in late May, first overland to Windsor and then by ship via Minas Basin and Chignecto Bay.