Rudolf I of Bohemia

Rudolph III of AustriaRudolph IIIRudolph I of BohemiaRudolf IIIRudolf of HabsburgRudolfRudolph IRudolph III of HabsburgRudolph of HabsburgRudolf I of Habsburg
Rudolf of Habsburg (Rudolf Habsburský; c. 1282 – 3/4 July 1307), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria (as Rudolf III) from 1298 as well as King of Bohemia and titular King of Poland (as Rudolf I) from 1306 until his death.wikipedia
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List of rulers of Austria

Archduke of AustriaDuke of AustriaMonarch
1282 – 3/4 July 1307), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria (as Rudolf III) from 1298 as well as King of Bohemia and titular King of Poland (as Rudolf I) from 1306 until his death.

Frederick the Fair

Frederick I of AustriaFrederick the HandsomeFrederick I
According to the Rheinfelden order of succession, Rudolf acted as ducal regent on behalf of his younger brothers Frederick the Fair and Leopold I.
Still a minor, he and his elder brother Rudolph III had been vested with the duchies of Austria and Styria by their father in 1298.

House of Habsburg

HabsburgHabsburgsHabsburg dynasty
1282 – 3/4 July 1307), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria (as Rudolf III) from 1298 as well as King of Bohemia and titular King of Poland (as Rudolf I) from 1306 until his death.

Albert I of Germany

Albert IAlbert I of HabsburgAlbert of Habsburg
Rudolf was the eldest son of Duke Albert I of Austria and his wife Elizabeth of Gorizia-Tyrol, thereby the grandson of King Rudolf I of Germany.
Albert had failed in his attempt to seize the counties of Holland and Zeeland, as vacant fiefs of the Holy Roman Empire, on the death of Count John I in 1299, but in 1306 he secured the crown of Bohemia for his son Rudolph III on the death of King Wenceslaus III.

Leopold I, Duke of Austria

Leopold ILeopoldLeopold I of Austria (Habsburg)
According to the Rheinfelden order of succession, Rudolf acted as ducal regent on behalf of his younger brothers Frederick the Fair and Leopold I.
After the death of his eldest brother Duke Rudolph III in 1307 and the assassination of King Albert in 1308, Leopold became head of the Habsburg dynasty and administrator of the Swabian home territories, where he started a retaliation campaign against his father's murderers.

List of Bohemian monarchs

King of BohemiaDuke of BohemiaBohemia
1282 – 3/4 July 1307), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria (as Rudolf III) from 1298 as well as King of Bohemia and titular King of Poland (as Rudolf I) from 1306 until his death.

List of Polish monarchs

King of PolandDuchy of PolandPolish king
1282 – 3/4 July 1307), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria (as Rudolf III) from 1298 as well as King of Bohemia and titular King of Poland (as Rudolf I) from 1306 until his death.

Elizabeth of Carinthia, Queen of Germany

Elisabeth of Gorizia-TyrolElisabeth of TirolElizabeth of Carinthia
Rudolf was the eldest son of Duke Albert I of Austria and his wife Elizabeth of Gorizia-Tyrol, thereby the grandson of King Rudolf I of Germany.

Duchy of Styria

StyriaStyrianDuke of Styria
1282 – 3/4 July 1307), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria (as Rudolf III) from 1298 as well as King of Bohemia and titular King of Poland (as Rudolf I) from 1306 until his death.

Wenceslaus II of Bohemia

Wenceslaus IIWenceslas IIKing Wenceslas II
Rudolf accompanied his father on his 1304 expedition against King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia, who had placed his son Wenceslaus III on the Hungarian throne after the Árpád dynasty died out in 1301 with the death of King Andrew III.
Later she remarried to Rudolph of Habsburg, duke of Austria, who also became king of Bohemia for a brief period in those unruly years.

Wenceslaus III of Bohemia

Wenceslaus IIIWenceslausWenceslaus of Bohemia
Rudolf accompanied his father on his 1304 expedition against King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia, who had placed his son Wenceslaus III on the Hungarian throne after the Árpád dynasty died out in 1301 with the death of King Andrew III.
Charles of Anjou and Rudolf III of Austria invaded Moravia in September, but did not defeat Wenceslaus II's army.

Henry of Bohemia

Henry of CarinthiaHenryHenry VI
Rudolph was vested with the Bohemian throne, however contested by his maternal uncle Henry of Gorizia, Duke of Carinthia and husband of Wenceslaus' sister Anne.
Upon Wenceslaus' assassination on August 4, the Přemyslids became extinct in the male line and Henry was elected his successor by the Bohemian nobility—against the will of his former ally King Albert I of Germany, who intended to install his eldest son Rudolf of Habsburg on the Bohemian throne.

Philip III of France

Philip IIIPhilip III the BoldPhilippe III of France
On 25 May 1300 King Albert I arranged his marriage with the Capetian princess Blanche, a daughter of King Philip III of France by his second wife Marie of Brabant.

Blanche of France, Duchess of Austria

Blanche of FranceBlancheBlanche of France (1282–1305)
On 25 May 1300 King Albert I arranged his marriage with the Capetian princess Blanche, a daughter of King Philip III of France by his second wife Marie of Brabant.
1282 – 1 March 1305), a member of the House of Capet, was Duchess of Austria and Styria as consort to the Habsburg duke Rudolph III, eldest son of King Albert I of Germany.

Anne of Bohemia (1290–1313)

AnneAnna of BohemiaAnna
Rudolph was vested with the Bohemian throne, however contested by his maternal uncle Henry of Gorizia, Duke of Carinthia and husband of Wenceslaus' sister Anne.
However, all power was soon taken over by Rudolph of Habsburg.

John Parricida

Johnhis own nephewJohn of Swabi
Instead Rudolph's enfeoffment intensified the inner Habsburg inheritance conflict, culminating in the assassination of King Albert I by his nephew John Parricida in 1308.
In 1306, King Albert even placed his son, Duke Rudolf III, on the Bohemian throne, denying his nephew's right of inheritance.

Horažďovice

HoraschdowitzHorazdiowitz, Bohemia
The king besieged the rebel fortress of Horažďovice, but died at the campsite in the night of 3 to 4 July 1307, probably of gastrointestinal perforation.

Elizabeth Richeza of Poland

Elisabeth Richeza of PolandElisabeth RichezaElizabeth Richeza
To further legitimate the Habsburg claims to the Bohemian and the Polish throne, Albert had Rudolph married to Princess Elizabeth Richeza of Poland, a member of the Piast dynasty and widow of the predeceased King Wenceslaus II.
Duke Rudolph III of Austria and Styria, son of King Albert I of Germany, finally could take the crown thanks to his father's help.

Rudolf I of Germany

Rudolph I of GermanyRudolph of HabsburgRudolf I
Rudolf was the eldest son of Duke Albert I of Austria and his wife Elizabeth of Gorizia-Tyrol, thereby the grandson of King Rudolf I of Germany.

Adolf of Germany

Adolf of NassauAdolfAdolf of Nassau-Weilburg
After lengthy struggles with Adolf of Nassau, his father was elected King of the Romans in 1298 and vested sixteen-year-old Rudolf as a co-ruler with the Austrian hereditary lands of the Habsburg dynasty.

King of the Romans

King of the GermansKingRex Romanorum
After lengthy struggles with Adolf of Nassau, his father was elected King of the Romans in 1298 and vested sixteen-year-old Rudolf as a co-ruler with the Austrian hereditary lands of the Habsburg dynasty.

Duchy of Austria

AustriaAustrianduchy
After lengthy struggles with Adolf of Nassau, his father was elected King of the Romans in 1298 and vested sixteen-year-old Rudolf as a co-ruler with the Austrian hereditary lands of the Habsburg dynasty.

Treaty of Rheinfelden

Rheinfelden order
According to the Rheinfelden order of succession, Rudolf acted as ducal regent on behalf of his younger brothers Frederick the Fair and Leopold I.

Regent

regencyregentsQueen Regent
According to the Rheinfelden order of succession, Rudolf acted as ducal regent on behalf of his younger brothers Frederick the Fair and Leopold I.

Capetian dynasty

CapetianCapetiansCapetian kings
On 25 May 1300 King Albert I arranged his marriage with the Capetian princess Blanche, a daughter of King Philip III of France by his second wife Marie of Brabant.