Rugby football

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Rugby football is a collective name for the team sports of rugby league and rugby union, as well as the earlier forms of football from which both games evolved.wikipedia
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Rugby league

rugby league footballleaguerugby
Rugby football is a collective name for the team sports of rugby league and rugby union, as well as the earlier forms of football from which both games evolved.
One of the two codes of rugby football, it originated in Northern England in 1895 as a split from the Rugby Football Union over the issue of payments to players.

Rugby union

rugbyrugby union playerrugby player
Rugby football is a collective name for the team sports of rugby league and rugby union, as well as the earlier forms of football from which both games evolved.
One of the two codes of rugby football, it is based on running with the ball in hand.

Team sport

teamteam sportsteams
Rugby football is a collective name for the team sports of rugby league and rugby union, as well as the earlier forms of football from which both games evolved.
Examples are basketball, volleyball, rugby, water polo, handball, lacrosse, cricket, baseball, and the various forms of football and hockey.

Rugby, Warwickshire

RugbyRugby, EnglandRugby Advertiser
Rugby football started about 1845 at Rugby School in Rugby, Warwickshire, England, although forms of football in which the ball was carried and tossed date to medieval times.
Rugby School, an independent school situated in the town, is the birthplace of Rugby football.

American football

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Canadian football, and to a lesser extent American football were also broadly considered forms of rugby football but are seldom now referred to as such
American football evolved in the United States, originating from the sports of soccer and rugby.

Canadian football

footballCanadianfootball player
Canadian football, and to a lesser extent American football were also broadly considered forms of rugby football but are seldom now referred to as such
Rugby football in Canada originated in the early 1860s, and over time, the game known as Canadian football developed.

Football

code of footballcodes of footballfootball code
Rugby football was one of many versions of football played at English public schools in the 19th century.
Sports commonly called football include association football (known as soccer in some countries); gridiron football (specifically American football or Canadian football); Australian rules football; rugby football (either rugby league or rugby union); and Gaelic football.

Rugby School

RugbyOld RugbeianOld Rugbeians
Rugby football started about 1845 at Rugby School in Rugby, Warwickshire, England, although forms of football in which the ball was carried and tossed date to medieval times.
Rugby School was also the birthplace of Rugby football.

History of American football

1906 football rule reformsAmerican footballAmerican football history
The history of American football can be traced to early versions of rugby football and association football.

William Webb Ellis

William Webb-EllisWebb EllisWilliam Web Ellis
The Reverend William Webb Ellis (24 November 1806 – 24 January 1872) was an English Anglican clergyman and the supposed inventor of rugby football while a pupil at Rugby School.

College football

footballcollegiatelycollege
By the 1840s, students at Rugby School were playing a game in which players were able to pick up the ball and run with it, a sport later known as Rugby football.

History of rugby league

schismThe Great Schism – Rugby League View1895 schism
The history of rugby league as a separate form of rugby football goes back to 1895 in Huddersfield, West Riding of Yorkshire when the Northern Rugby Football Union broke away from England's established Rugby Football Union to administer its own separate competition.

Scrum (rugby)

scrumscrumscontested scrums
A scrum (short for scrummage) is a method of restarting play in rugby football that involves players packing closely together with their heads down and attempting to gain possession of the ball.

Association football

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The rules of association football were codified in England by the Football Association in 1863 and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time, specifically rugby football.

The Football Association

Football AssociationFAEngland
Six meetings near London's Covent Garden, at 81-82 Long Acre, ended in a split between the Football Association and what would have become the future rugby ten years later.

1907–08 New Zealand rugby tour of Australia and Great Britain

All Golds1907-1908 New Zealand rugby tour of Great Britain1907–08
The 1907–1908 New Zealand rugby tour of Australia and Great Britain was made by a group of New Zealand rugby footballers who played matches in Australia, Ceylon, England and Wales between 1907 and 1908.

Dally Messenger

Herbert Henry "Dally" MessengerHerbert "Dally" MessengerMessenger
Herbert Henry "Dally" Messenger (12 April 1883 – 24 November 1959) was one of Australasia's first professional rugby footballers, recognised as one of the greatest-ever players in either code.

Albert Goldthorpe

Albert Edward Goldthorpe (3 November 1871 – 8 January 1943) was an English rugby footballer from the period around 1895's schism in English rugby, which led to the formation of rugby league football around the turn of the century.

Matthew Bloxam

Matthew Holbeche BloxamM. H. Bloxam
He was the original source of the legend of William Webb Ellis' invention of the game of Rugby football.

Universal football

a proposed hybrid codehybridisation of Australian rules football and rugby league
Rugby football, which originated in the English Rugby School, had been the dominant code in New South Wales and Queensland throughout the same time, although the preeminence of the traditional rugby union code was usurped by the newer and professional rugby league code with its introduction from northern England to Australia in 1907.

Rugby League World Cup

World CupWorld CupsRLWC
The Rugby League World Cup was the first World Cup of either of the Rugby codes and was first held in France in 1954, and as of 2013 occurs on a 4-year cycle.
The Rugby League World Cup is an international rugby league tournament, contested by national teams of the Rugby League International Federation, which was first held in France in 1954, the first World Cup in either rugby code.

Australian rules football

Australian rulesAustralian rules footballerfootball
Born in Australia, Wills played a nascent form of rugby football whilst a pupil at Rugby School in England, and returned to his homeland a star athlete and cricketer.

State of Origin series

State of OriginRugby League State of OriginWally Lewis Medal
The first calls for a state of origin selection policy in interstate rugby football came before the schism between the union and league codes eventuated in Australia.

Harpastum

ball
The Roman game harpastum is believed to have been adapted from a Greek team game known as "ἐπίσκυρος" (Episkyros) or "φαινίνδα" (phaininda), which is mentioned by a Greek playwright, Antiphanes (388–311 BC) and later referred to by the Christian theologian Clement of Alexandria (c.150-c.215 AD).
The general impression from these descriptions is of a game quite similar to rugby.

World Rugby

International Rugby BoardIRBInternational Rugby Football Board
The respective world governing bodies are World Rugby (rugby union) and the Rugby League International Federation (rugby league).
Until 1885 the laws of rugby football were made by England as the founder nation.