Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections

Russian interference in the 2016 electionRussian interference in the 2016 presidential electionRussian interference2016 United States election interference by RussiaRussian election interferenceRussian interference in the 2016 electionsinterference in the 2016 U.S. electionsRussian interference in 2016 United States electionsRussian interference in the electioncollusion between members of Trump's 2016 campaign and the Russian government
The Russian government interfered in the 2016 U.S. presidential election with the goal of harming the campaign of Hillary Clinton, boosting the candidacy of Donald Trump, and increasing political discord in the United States.wikipedia
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Robert Mueller

Robert S. Mueller IIIMuellerRobert S. Mueller
Former FBI director Robert Mueller has been leading a Special Counsel investigation into the interference since May 2017.
Robert Swan Mueller III ( (rhymes with "fuller"); born August 7, 1944) is an American attorney and current Special Counsel of the investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections and related matters.

Donald Trump

TrumpPresident TrumpPresident Donald Trump
The Russian government interfered in the 2016 U.S. presidential election with the goal of harming the campaign of Hillary Clinton, boosting the candidacy of Donald Trump, and increasing political discord in the United States.
After Trump dismissed FBI Director James Comey, the Justice Department appointed Robert Mueller as special counsel to proceed with investigating links between the Trump campaign and the Russian government regarding its election interference, and any matters arising from the probe.

Links between Trump associates and Russian officials

links between associateslinks59 Russians as long-term business associates
The Special Counsel also has been investigating links between Russia and Trump associates, which has resulted in indictments of Rick Gates and Roger Stone, and convictions of Paul Manafort (chairman of Trump's election campaign), Michael Flynn (senior adviser to Trump), George Papadopoulos (Trump campaign's foreign policy adviser), Alex van der Zwaan, W. Samuel Patten (who laundered Russian money through the Trump inauguration committee), and Michael Cohen (Donald Trump's personal lawyer).
The FBI and several United States congressional committees have been investigating links between Russian officials and individuals associated with Donald Trump, the current President of the United States, when he was a candidate for the office as part of their investigations of Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections.

Internet Research Agency

pro-Kremlin online troll fabricRussiaRussian internet trolls
First, the Internet Research Agency "troll farm", based in Saint Petersburg, created hundreds of social media accounts impersonating Americans supporting radical groups, planning and promoting rallies, and reaching millions of social media users between 2013 and 2017.
The agency has employed fake accounts registered on major social networking sites, discussion boards, online newspaper sites, and video hosting services to promote the Kremlin's interests in domestic and foreign policy including Ukraine and the Middle East as well as attempting to influence the 2016 United States presidential election.

Guccifer 2.0

Tens of thousands of private emails and attachments were released to the public during the final months of the campaign, via DCLeaks, Guccifer 2.0 and Wikileaks.
According to indictments in February 2018, the persona is operated by Russian military intelligence (GRU).

Dismissal of James Comey

firing of FBI Director James Comeydismissedfired
He dismissed FBI Director James Comey over the issue.
Comey had been criticized in 2016 for his handling of the FBI's investigation of the Hillary Clinton email controversy and in 2017 for the FBI's investigation of Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. elections as it related to possible collusion with the 2016 Donald Trump campaign.

Barack Obama

ObamaPresident ObamaPresident Barack Obama
The Russian interference activities triggered strong statements from American intelligence agencies, a direct warning by then-U.S. president Barack Obama to Russian president Vladimir Putin, renewed sanctions against Russia, closures of Russian diplomatic facilities and expulsion of their staff.
In foreign policy, he ordered military intervention in Iraq in response to gains made by ISIL after the 2011 withdrawal from Iraq, continued the process of ending U.S. combat operations in Afghanistan in 2016, promoted discussions that led to the 2015 Paris Agreement on global climate change, initiated sanctions against Russia following the invasion in Ukraine and again after Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, brokered a nuclear deal with Iran, and normalized U.S. relations with Cuba.

Roger Stone

Ann StoneStone, Roger
The Special Counsel also has been investigating links between Russia and Trump associates, which has resulted in indictments of Rick Gates and Roger Stone, and convictions of Paul Manafort (chairman of Trump's election campaign), Michael Flynn (senior adviser to Trump), George Papadopoulos (Trump campaign's foreign policy adviser), Alex van der Zwaan, W. Samuel Patten (who laundered Russian money through the Trump inauguration committee), and Michael Cohen (Donald Trump's personal lawyer). Investigations into Carter Page, Paul Manafort and Roger Stone were underway on January 19, the eve of the presidential inauguration.
Stone officially left the Trump campaign on August 8, 2015; however, as part of the ongoing investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 United States election, two associates of Stone have said he collaborated with WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange during the 2016 presidential campaign to discredit Hillary Clinton.

Alex van der Zwaan

The Special Counsel also has been investigating links between Russia and Trump associates, which has resulted in indictments of Rick Gates and Roger Stone, and convictions of Paul Manafort (chairman of Trump's election campaign), Michael Flynn (senior adviser to Trump), George Papadopoulos (Trump campaign's foreign policy adviser), Alex van der Zwaan, W. Samuel Patten (who laundered Russian money through the Trump inauguration committee), and Michael Cohen (Donald Trump's personal lawyer).
On February 20, 2018, he pleaded guilty to one count of making a false statement to investigators while answering questions about Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections.

2018 Russia–United States summit

Helsinki summitsummit meetingsummit
, Putin said that he wanted Trump to win because he talked about normalizing the U.S.-Russia relationship. American intelligence officials stated that Russian President Vladimir Putin personally controlled the covert operation.
During a post-summit joint press conference with Putin, Trump failed to acknowledge Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. elections.

James Comey

James B. ComeyDirector Comey
He dismissed FBI Director James Comey over the issue.
Statements from Trump and the White House suggested that he had been dismissed to ease the "pressure" Trump was under due to the Russia investigation.

2016 Democratic Party presidential primaries

Democratic Party's primariesDemocratic primaries2016 Democratic presidential primaries
The exposed information revealed internal bias against Clinton's primary challenger Bernie Sanders, which led to the resignation of the DNC chair and lukewarm backing of Clinton by Sanders supporters.
While the leak was part of an alleged operation by the Russian government to undermine Hillary Clinton, it cast doubt on the DNC's neutrality and, according to Sanders operatives and multiple media commentators, portrayed an organization invested in promoting the Clinton candidacy and sabotaging that of Bernie Sanders.

2016 United States presidential election

20162016 presidential election2016 U.S. presidential election
The Russian government interfered in the 2016 U.S. presidential election with the goal of harming the campaign of Hillary Clinton, boosting the candidacy of Donald Trump, and increasing political discord in the United States.
The United States government's intelligence agencies concluded on January 6, 2017, that the Russian government had interfered in the 2016 United States elections in order to "undermine public faith in the U.S. democratic process, denigrate Secretary Clinton, and harm her electability and potential presidency".

Democratic National Committee cyber attacks

hack of Democratic National Committeehackedhacking
In June 2016, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov denied any connection of Russia to the DNC hacks.
On December 9, 2016, the CIA told U.S. legislators the U.S. Intelligence Community concluded Russia conducted the cyberattacks and other operations during the 2016 U.S. election to assist Donald Trump in winning the presidency.

Criminal charges brought in the Special Counsel investigation (2017–present)

criminal chargescriminal indictments by the Special Counselindictments and guilty pleas
According to criminal indictments by the Special Counsel, those messages and activities "spread distrust towards the candidates and the political system in general", for example by discouraging African Americans from voting or by motivating conservative voters wary of Trump.
The two criminal trials of Paul Manafort are the first cases brought to trial by the special counsel's investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election.

WikiLeaks

leakedwikileaks.orgleaked documents
Tens of thousands of private emails and attachments were released to the public during the final months of the campaign, via DCLeaks, Guccifer 2.0 and Wikileaks.
The U.S. intelligence community expressed "high confidence" that the leaked emails had been hacked by Russia and supplied to WikiLeaks, while WikiLeaks denied their source was Russia or any other state.

Carter Page

Investigations into Carter Page, Paul Manafort and Roger Stone were underway on January 19, the eve of the presidential inauguration.
Page has been a focus of the 2017 Special Counsel investigation into links between Trump associates and Russian officials and Russian interference on behalf of Trump during the 2016 presidential election.

Rick Gates (political consultant)

Rick GatesRichard Gates
The Special Counsel also has been investigating links between Russia and Trump associates, which has resulted in indictments of Rick Gates and Roger Stone, and convictions of Paul Manafort (chairman of Trump's election campaign), Michael Flynn (senior adviser to Trump), George Papadopoulos (Trump campaign's foreign policy adviser), Alex van der Zwaan, W. Samuel Patten (who laundered Russian money through the Trump inauguration committee), and Michael Cohen (Donald Trump's personal lawyer).
On October 27, 2017, Gates and Manafort were indicted by a federal grand jury as part of the Special Counsel investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections and related matters.

Vladimir Putin

PutinPresident PutinPresident Vladimir Putin
The Russian interference activities triggered strong statements from American intelligence agencies, a direct warning by then-U.S. president Barack Obama to Russian president Vladimir Putin, renewed sanctions against Russia, closures of Russian diplomatic facilities and expulsion of their staff. , Putin said that he wanted Trump to win because he talked about normalizing the U.S.-Russia relationship. American intelligence officials stated that Russian President Vladimir Putin personally controlled the covert operation.
Officials of the United States government have accused him of leading an interference program against Hillary Clinton in support of Donald Trump during the U.S. presidential election in 2016, an allegation which both Trump and Putin have frequently denied and criticized.

Michael Flynn

Michael T. FlynnMike FlynnFlynn Intel Group
The Special Counsel also has been investigating links between Russia and Trump associates, which has resulted in indictments of Rick Gates and Roger Stone, and convictions of Paul Manafort (chairman of Trump's election campaign), Michael Flynn (senior adviser to Trump), George Papadopoulos (Trump campaign's foreign policy adviser), Alex van der Zwaan, W. Samuel Patten (who laundered Russian money through the Trump inauguration committee), and Michael Cohen (Donald Trump's personal lawyer).
On December 29, 2016, Flynn spoke with Russian ambassador Sergey Kislyak, the same day the Obama administration announced retaliatory measures in response to the interference in the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign by the Russian government.

Paul Erickson (activist)

Paul Erickson
In February 2016, Butina started a consulting business called Bridges LLC with Republican political operative Paul Erickson.
He has strong ties to the National Rifle Association and Russian interests and, as of 2017, was subject to federal investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections.

DCLeaks

information
Tens of thousands of private emails and attachments were released to the public during the final months of the campaign, via DCLeaks, Guccifer 2.0 and Wikileaks.
The site is thought by private cybersecurity analysts and the US intelligence community to be a part of Russian interference in the 2016 US elections.

Donald Trump 2016 presidential campaign

2016 presidential campaignpresidential campaignTrump campaign
An earlier event investigated by the FBI was a May 2016 meeting between the Donald Trump campaign foreign policy advisor, George Papadopoulos, and Alexander Downer in a London wine bar, where Papadopoulos disclosed his inside knowledge of a large trove of Hillary Clinton emails that could potentially damage her campaign.
On January 6, 2017, the United States government's intelligence agencies concluded that the Russian government interfered in the 2016 United States elections.

Leonid Petrovich Reshetnikov

Leonid Reshetnikov
The development of strategy was allegedly ordered by Putin and directed by former officers of Russian Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR), retired SVR general Leonid Petrovich Reshetnikov being head of the RISS at the time.
At this position he is suspected to interference in the United States elections.

Bernie Sanders

SandersSenator Bernie SandersSanders, Bernie
The exposed information revealed internal bias against Clinton's primary challenger Bernie Sanders, which led to the resignation of the DNC chair and lukewarm backing of Clinton by Sanders supporters.
He also spoke critically of Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections and the way President Trump has handled the crisis.