Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present)

Russian military intervention in Ukraine2014 Russian military intervention in UkraineRussian military intervention2014–15 Russian military intervention in UkraineRussia's military intervention in UkraineRussian invasion of UkraineRussian interference in UkraineRussian intervention in UkraineUkrainemilitary intervention in Ukraine
The Russian military intervention in Ukraine, sometimes called the Russo-Ukrainian War, is a series of military actions that started in February 2014 and continues into 2019, including in the Crimean peninsula, the Donbas region of eastern Ukraine, and related activities in other locations.wikipedia
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International sanctions during the Ukrainian crisis

sanctions against Russiasanctionsinternational sanctions
Many countries implemented economic sanctions against Russia, Russian individuals or companies – to which Russia responded in kind.
]]International sanctions were imposed during the Ukrainian crisis by a large number of countries against Russia and Crimea following the Russian military intervention in Ukraine, which began in late February 2014.

Donetsk People's Republic

DonetskDPRDNR
In April, demonstrations by pro-Russian groups in the Donbass area of Ukraine escalated into an armed conflict between the Ukrainian government and the Russia-backed separatist forces of the self-declared Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics. These demonstrations, which followed the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, and which were part of a wider group of concurrent pro-Russian protests across southern and eastern Ukraine, escalated into an armed conflict between the Russia-backed separatist forces of the self-declared Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics (DPR and LPR respectively), and the Ukrainian government.
Along with the Luhansk People's Republic and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the Donetsk People's Republic is considered by Ukraine one of three temporarily occupied territories of as a result of Russian military intervention.

Vladimir Putin

PutinPresident PutinPresident Vladimir Putin
In December 2015, Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin admitted that Russian military intelligence officers were operating in Ukraine, insisting though that they were not the same as regular troops.
Falling oil prices coupled with international sanctions imposed at the beginning of 2014 after Russia's annexation of Crimea and military intervention in Eastern Ukraine led to GDP shrinking by 3.7% in 2015, though the Russian economy rebounded in 2016 with 0.3% GDP growth and the recession officially ended.

2014 Crimean status referendum

referendumCrimean status referendumCrimean referendum
Russia then annexed Crimea after a referendum in which population of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea voted to join the Russian Federation, according to Russian official results.
The referendum was regarded as illegitimate by most members of the European Union, the United States and Canada mainly due to Russian intervention.

Donbass

DonbasDonets BasinDonbass region
In April, demonstrations by pro-Russian groups in the Donbass area of Ukraine escalated into an armed conflict between the Ukrainian government and the Russia-backed separatist forces of the self-declared Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics. The Russian military intervention in Ukraine, sometimes called the Russo-Ukrainian War, is a series of military actions that started in February 2014 and continues into 2019, including in the Crimean peninsula, the Donbas region of eastern Ukraine, and related activities in other locations.
In March 2014, following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and Russian military intervention, large swaths of the Donbass became gripped by unrest.

Russia

Russian FederationRUSRussian
Russia then annexed Crimea after a referendum in which population of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea voted to join the Russian Federation, according to Russian official results.
Under Vladimir Putin's rule since 2012, and from 2000-2008, Russia has been criticized by a number of human rights groups, outside observers and political dissidents for its authoritarian rule, poor human rights record, sham elections, imperialistic foreign policy in Syria, Georgia and Ukraine, alleged interference in the 2016 American elections and repression of its LGBT population.

Autonomous Republic of Crimea

CrimeaAR CrimeaAutonomous Republic Crimea
Russia then annexed Crimea after a referendum in which population of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea voted to join the Russian Federation, according to Russian official results.
In February 2014, following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution that ousted the Ukrainian President, Viktor Yanukovych, pro-Russian separatists and Russian Armed Forces took over the territory.

Ukraine–NATO relations

NATO-Ukraine CommissionUkraineNATO
This claim is based on statements of Russian leaders that possible integration of Ukraine into NATO would jeopardize Russia's national security.
However, following the Russian military invasion in Ukraine and parliamentary elections in October 2014, the new government made joining NATO a priority.

2014 Ukrainian revolution

Maidan revolutionUkrainian revolutionrevolution
Following months of protests as part of the Euromaidan movement, on 22 February 2014, protesters ousted the government of Viktor Yanukovych, who had been democratically elected in 2010. From the beginning of March 2014, demonstrations by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine, together commonly called the "Donbass", in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and the Euromaidan movement.
These protests escalated into 2014 Crimean status referendum, Russian military intervention, and the establishment of de facto independent states in Donetsk and Luhansk.

2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukrainepro-Russian separatistspolitical unrest
These demonstrations, which followed the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, and which were part of a wider group of concurrent pro-Russian protests across southern and eastern Ukraine, escalated into an armed conflict between the Russia-backed separatist forces of the self-declared Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics (DPR and LPR respectively), and the Ukrainian government.
During the first stage of the unrest, Crimea was annexed by the Russian Federation after a Russian military intervention, and an internationally criticized (based on UN resolution 68/262) Crimean referendum.

Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation

2014 Crimean crisisannexation of CrimeaCrimean crisis
Russia then annexed Crimea after a referendum in which population of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea voted to join the Russian Federation, according to Russian official results. These demonstrations, which followed the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, and which were part of a wider group of concurrent pro-Russian protests across southern and eastern Ukraine, escalated into an armed conflict between the Russia-backed separatist forces of the self-declared Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics (DPR and LPR respectively), and the Ukrainian government.
The annexation from Ukraine followed a Russian military intervention in Crimea that took place in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and was part of wider unrest across southern and eastern Ukraine.

Ilya Ponomarev

Ilya V. PonomaryovI.PonomarevIlya Ponomaryov
A Russian opposition politician, Ilya Ponomarev, said "I am absolutely confident that in the eastern regions of Ukraine there are Russian troops in very small numbers. And it's not regular soldiers, but likely representatives of special forces and military intelligence."
He was the only member of the State Duma to vote against Russia's annexation of Crimea during the 2014 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Armed Forces of Ukraine

Ukrainian Armed ForcesUkrainian militaryMilitary of Ukraine
Ukrainian Defence Minister Valeriy Heletey said on 21 August that the militants were using Russian-made weapons that had never been used or bought by the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
As a result of the Russian military intervention in Ukraine from 2014, the president commissioned governors of oblasts of Ukraine to create volunteer units under the government program "Territorial Defense".

Commonwealth of Independent States

CISCIS countriesCIS (Commonwealth of Independent States)
In 2001, Ukraine, along with Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Moldova, formed a group called GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, which was seen by Russia as a direct challenge to the CIS, the Russian-dominated trade group established after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Following the Russian military intervention in Ukraine and annexation of Crimea, relations between Ukraine and Russia deteriorated, leading Ukraine to consider ending its participation in the CIS.

Strilkove

One of such villages occupied by Russian troops was Strilkove, Henichesk Raion, located on the Arabat Spit, which housed an important gas distribution centre.
The village became a focal point in the 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine.

Russophilia

pro-RussianRussophilepro-Russia
From the beginning of March 2014, demonstrations by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine, together commonly called the "Donbass", in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and the Euromaidan movement.
Since the 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine the overall attitude of Ukrainians towards Russia and Russians has become much more negative.

Mariupol

ZhdanovMariupol, UkrainePavlovsk
On 25 August, a column of Russian tanks and military vehicles was reported to have crossed into Ukraine in the southeast, near the town of Novoazovsk located on the Azov sea coast, and headed towards Ukrainian-held Mariupol.
Following the Russian intervention in Ukraine and the capture of Donetsk city by pro-Russian insurgents associated with the Donetsk People's Republic in 2014, Mariupol was made the provisional administrative centre of the Donetsk Oblast.

Eliot Higgins

BellingcatBellingcat research teamBrown Moses
According to Bellingcat, Russian military vehicles crossing the border of Ukraine and artillery positions close to the Ukrainian borders are clearly visible on satellite photos from 23 August 2014.
He helped to investigate the Syrian Civil War, 2014–15 Russian military intervention in Ukraine, the downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 and the Poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal.

David Patrikarakos

David Patrikarakos, a correspondent for the New Statesman said the following: "While at the other protests/occupations there were armed men and lots of ordinary people, here it almost universally armed and masked men in full military dress. Automatic weapons are everywhere. Clearly a professional military is here. There's the usual smattering of local militia with bats and sticks but also a military presence. Of that there is no doubt."
His second book, [[War in 140 Characters: How Social Media Is Reshaping Conflict in the Twenty-First Century]], drew from Patrikarakos' time embedded with forces in the Russian-Ukraine conflict and reporting on the 2014 Hamas-Israel conflict, Operation Protective Edge and ISIS, to explore the increasing role played by social media in modern conflict.

Viktor Yushchenko

Viktor YuschenkoVictor YushchenkoYushchenko
Russia was further irritated by the Orange Revolution of 2004, which saw the Ukrainian populist Viktor Yushchenko elected president instead of the pro-Russian Viktor Yanukovich.
In an interview with the French radio station Europe 1 in March 2014, Yushchenko stated that he supported the Euromaidan protests and opposed the Russian intervention in Crimea, noting that in his view "Putin dreams of reconstructing the Soviet empire under the name of Russia. He is so obsessed with this that he hasn't understood power balance."

Petro Poroshenko

PoroshenkoPresident PoroshenkoP. Poroshenko
Ukrainian President Poroshenko called the Russian version of events "equally cynical and insane".
Although not the most prominent in the list of his business holdings, the assets that drew much recent media attention, and often controversy, are the confectionery factory in Lipetsk, Russia, that became controversial due to the Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present), the Sevastopol Marine Plant (Sevmorzavod) that has been confiscated after the 2014 Russian forcible annexation of Crimea and the media outlet 5 kanal, particularly because of Poroshenko's repeated refusal to sell an influential media asset following his accession to presidency.

Euromaidan

MaidanRevolution of DignityMaidan protests
Following months of protests as part of the Euromaidan movement, on 22 February 2014, protesters ousted the government of Viktor Yanukovych, who had been democratically elected in 2010. From the beginning of March 2014, demonstrations by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine, together commonly called the "Donbass", in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and the Euromaidan movement. During the Euromaidan protests and the fall of Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych, Russian soldiers without insignias took control of strategic positions and infrastructure within the Ukrainian territory of Crimea.

Putin. War

Nemtsov ReportPutin.Voina
Allies of Boris Nemtsov released Putin. War in May 2015, a report on Russian involvement that he had been working on before his death.
Война) is a report based on materials prepared by the Russian opposition politician Boris Nemtsov about the 2014–15 Russian military intervention in Ukraine.

Boris Nemtsov

NemtsovBoris Efimovich NemtsovBoris Nemtsov Plaza
Allies of Boris Nemtsov released Putin. War in May 2015, a report on Russian involvement that he had been working on before his death. Shortly before his death, Boris Nemtsov was reportedly contacted by a group of "paratroopers from Ivanovo" who complained about significant losses in their unit during a battle in Ukraine and the lack of the promised payment.
At the time of the assassination, Nemtsov was in Moscow helping to organize a rally against the Russian military intervention in Ukraine and the Russian financial crisis.

Assassination of Boris Nemtsov

assassinatedshot and killedAnzor Gubashev
Shortly before his death, Boris Nemtsov was reportedly contacted by a group of "paratroopers from Ivanovo" who complained about significant losses in their unit during a battle in Ukraine and the lack of the promised payment.
He died hours after appealing to the public to support a march against Russia's war in Ukraine.