Rwanda

Republic of RwandaRuandaRwandanRwandeseRWARawandaRWRegions of RwandaAdministrative divisions of Rwandacells
Rwanda (u Rwanda ), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; Swahili: Jamhuri ya Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a country in Central Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland.wikipedia
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Uganda

UgandanRepublic of UgandaUGA
Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
It is bordered to the east by Kenya, to the north by South Sudan, to the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the south-west by Rwanda, and to the south by Tanzania.

Burundi

Republic of BurundiBurundianUrundi
Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
It is bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and southeast, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; Lake Tanganyika lies along its southwestern border.

Tanzania

TanzanianUnited Republic of TanzaniaRepublic of Tanzania
Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
It borders Uganda to the north; Kenya to the northeast; Comoro Islands at the Indian Ocean to the east; Mozambique and Malawi to the south; Zambia to the southwest; and Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.

Banyarwanda

RwandanRwandansNyarwanda
Rwandans are drawn from just one cultural and linguistic group, the Banyarwanda, although within this group there are three subgroups: the Hutu, Tutsi and Twa.
The Banyarwanda (Kinyarwanda: plural: Abanyarwanda, singular: Umunyarwanda; literally "those who come from Rwanda") are the cultural and linguistic group of people who inhabit mainly Rwanda.

Central Africa

CentralMiddle AfricaMiddle
Rwanda (u Rwanda ), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; Swahili: Jamhuri ya Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a country in Central Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland.
Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, and São Tomé and Príncipe are members of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS).

Tutsi

TutsisTutsi ethnic groupethnic Tutsi
Rwandans are drawn from just one cultural and linguistic group, the Banyarwanda, although within this group there are three subgroups: the Hutu, Tutsi and Twa.
The Tutsi form a subgroup of the Banyarwanda and the Barundi people, who reside primarily in Rwanda and Burundi, but with significant populations also found in Uganda and Tanzania.

Rwandan Patriotic Front

RPFRwanda Patriotic FrontFPR
The president is Paul Kagame of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), who has served continously since 2000. The Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Front launched a civil war in 1990. Rwanda has been governed as a unitary presidential system with a bicameral parliament ruled by Rwandan Patriotic Front since 1994.
The Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF-Inkotanyi, Front patriotique rwandais, FPR) is the ruling political party in Rwanda.

Youth in Rwanda

young
The population is young and predominantly rural, with a density among the highest in Africa.
The Republic of Rwanda's Ministry of Youth, Culture, and Sports defines youth as those from age 14 to 35 years.

Kinyarwanda

Kinyarwanda languageRwandakin
Christianity is the largest religion in the country; the principal language is Kinyarwanda, spoken by most Rwandans, with English and French serving as additional official languages.
Kinyarwanda is an official language of Rwanda and a dialect of the Rwanda-Rundi language spoken by at least 12 million people in Rwanda, Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and adjacent parts of southern Uganda (the mutually intelligible Kirundi dialect is the official language of neighbouring Burundi).

Hutu

Hutusethnic HutuHutu fighters
Rwandans are drawn from just one cultural and linguistic group, the Banyarwanda, although within this group there are three subgroups: the Hutu, Tutsi and Twa.
The Hutu, also known as the Abahutu, are a Bantu ethnic or social group native to the African Great Lakes region of Africa, an area now primarily in Burundi and Rwanda.

Rwandan Revolution

wind of destructionHutu Revolution1959–1962 revolution
The Hutu population revolted in 1959.
The Rwandan Revolution, also known as the Social Revolution or Wind of Destruction (muyaga), was a period of ethnic violence in Rwanda from 1959 to 1961 between the Hutu and the Tutsi, two of the three ethnic groups in Rwanda.

Rwandan Civil War

civil warRwanda Civil WarRwanda
The Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Front launched a civil war in 1990.
The Rwandan Civil War was a civil war in Rwanda fought between the Rwandan Armed Forces, representing the government of Rwanda, and the rebel Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) from 1 October 1990 to 18 July 1994.

German East Africa

East AfricaGerman colonial ruleGerman
Germany colonised Rwanda in 1884 as part of German East Africa, followed by Belgium, which invaded in 1916 during World War I.
German East Africa (Deutsch-Ostafrika) (GEA) was a German colony in the African Great Lakes region, which included present-day Burundi, Rwanda, and the mainland part of Tanzania.

Economy of Rwanda

RwandaRwanda's developing economythe economy
Rwanda's developing economy suffered heavily in wake of the 1994 genocide, but has since strengthened.
Since the early-2000s, Rwanda has witnessed an economic boom improving the living standards of many Rwandans.

Provinces of Rwanda

Provinceprovincesfive provinces
The country has been governed by a strict administrative hierarchy since precolonial times; there are five provinces delineated by borders drawn in 2006.
Prior to January 1, 2006, Rwanda was composed of 12 provinces.

Great Lakes Twa

TwaBatwaBasua
Rwandans are drawn from just one cultural and linguistic group, the Banyarwanda, although within this group there are three subgroups: the Hutu, Tutsi and Twa.
Current populations are found in the states of Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda and the eastern portion of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

East African Community

EACEast African Community AffairsEast African
The country is member of the African Union, the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, COMESA, OIF and the East African Community.
The East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organization composed of six countries in the African Great Lakes region in eastern Africa: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.

African Great Lakes

Great LakesGreat Lakes regionGreat Lakes region of Africa
Rwanda is in the African Great Lakes region and is highly elevated; its geography is dominated by mountains in the west and savanna to the east, with numerous lakes throughout the country.
Countries in the African Great Lakes region (sometimes also called Greater Lakes region) include Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.

Parliament of Rwanda

Parliamentnational parliamentRwandan Parliament
Rwanda has been governed as a unitary presidential system with a bicameral parliament ruled by Rwandan Patriotic Front since 1994.
The Parliament of Rwanda (French: Parlement du Rwanda; Kinyarwanda: Inteko Ishinga Amategeko y’u Rwanda) consists of two chambers:

Tourism in Rwanda

Tourism
Tourism is a fast-growing sector and is now the country's leading foreign exchange earner.
Rwanda is located in Central Africa (but most residents live on the side of East Africa) and has much history and natural beauty.

Mountain gorilla

mountain gorillasgorillagorillas
Rwanda is one of only two countries in which mountain gorillas can be visited safely, and visitors pay high prices for gorilla tracking permits.
There are two populations: One is found in the Virunga volcanic mountains of Central Africa, within three National Parks: Mgahinga, in south-west Uganda; Volcanoes, in north-west Rwanda; and Virunga, in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Assassination of Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira

assassinationshot downassassinated
The cease-fire ended on 6 April 1994 when Habyarimana's plane was shot down near Kigali Airport, killing him.
On the evening of 6 April 1994, the airplane carrying Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana and Burundian president Cyprien Ntaryamira, both Hutu, was shot down with surface-to-air missiles as it prepared to land in Kigali, Rwanda.

United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda

UNAMIRRwandaUN Assistance Mission for Rwanda
The international response to the genocide was limited, with major powers reluctant to strengthen the already overstretched UN peacekeeping force.
Its activities were meant to aid the peace process between the Hutu-dominated Rwandese government and the Tutsi-dominated rebel Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF).

Ubuhake

ubuhake'' and ''uburetwa
Rwabugiri conquered several smaller states, expanded the kingdom west and north, and initiated administrative reforms; these included ubuhake, in which Tutsi patrons ceded cattle, and therefore privileged status, to Hutu or Tutsi clients in exchange for economic and personal service, and uburetwa, a corvée system in which Hutu were forced to work for Tutsi chiefs.
Ubuhake is the name given to the social order in Rwanda and Burundi from approximately the 15th century to 1958.

Clan (African Great Lakes)

clansclan
The population coalesced first into clans and then into kingdoms.
The structure is found in modern-day Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania and Uganda.