Rye

winter ryerye flourLargest rye producercereal ryegrazing ryehigh ryeorganic rye berriesRieryrye (''Secale cereale'')
Rye (Secale cereale) is a grass grown extensively as a grain, a cover crop and a forage crop.wikipedia
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Rye bread

ryeblack breadbread
It is a member of the wheat tribe (Triticeae) and is closely related to barley (genus Hordeum) and wheat (Triticum). Rye grain is used for flour, bread, beer, crisp bread, some whiskeys, some vodkas, and animal fodder. Rye bread, including pumpernickel, is made using rye flour and is a widely eaten food in Northern and Eastern Europe.
Rye bread is a type of bread made with various proportions of flour from rye grain.

Rye whiskey

ryerye whiskyrye whiskies
It is a member of the wheat tribe (Triticeae) and is closely related to barley (genus Hordeum) and wheat (Triticum). Rye grain is used for flour, bread, beer, crisp bread, some whiskeys, some vodkas, and animal fodder.
American rye whiskey, which must be distilled from at least 51 percent rye;

Flour

farinaceouswhite flourmeal
It is a member of the wheat tribe (Triticeae) and is closely related to barley (genus Hordeum) and wheat (Triticum). Rye grain is used for flour, bread, beer, crisp bread, some whiskeys, some vodkas, and animal fodder.
Rye flour is a constituent of bread in central Europe.

Triticeae

wheatgrasses
It is a member of the wheat tribe (Triticeae) and is closely related to barley (genus Hordeum) and wheat (Triticum). Rye grain is used for flour, bread, beer, crisp bread, some whiskeys, some vodkas, and animal fodder.
Major crop genera found in this tribe include wheat (See Wheat taxonomy), barley, and rye; crops in other genera include some for human consumption and others used for animal feed or rangeland protection.

Crispbread

crisp breadknäckebrödBurger Knäckebrot
It is a member of the wheat tribe (Triticeae) and is closely related to barley (genus Hordeum) and wheat (Triticum). Rye grain is used for flour, bread, beer, crisp bread, some whiskeys, some vodkas, and animal fodder.
Crispbread (knäckebröd, hårt bröd, hårdbröd, spisbröd, knäcke, knækbrød, knekkebrød, näkkileipä, näkileib, hrökkbrauð, knekkbreyð, 'Knäckebrot' or 'Knäcke', Knackbrood, knäckebröd) is a flat and dry type of cracker, containing mostly rye flour.

Rye beer

RyeRye Pale Alebeer
It is a member of the wheat tribe (Triticeae) and is closely related to barley (genus Hordeum) and wheat (Triticum). Rye grain is used for flour, bread, beer, crisp bread, some whiskeys, some vodkas, and animal fodder.
Rye beer refers to any beer in which rye (generally malted) is substituted for some portion of the barley malt.

Poaceae

grassturfgrass family
Rye (Secale cereale) is a grass grown extensively as a grain, a cover crop and a forage crop.
Annual cool-season - wheat, rye, annual bluegrass (annual meadowgrass, Poa annua), and oat

Wheat

cornTriticumdwarf wheat
It is a member of the wheat tribe (Triticeae) and is closely related to barley (genus Hordeum) and wheat (Triticum). Rye grain is used for flour, bread, beer, crisp bread, some whiskeys, some vodkas, and animal fodder. It therefore has a lower gluten content than wheat flour.
Wild grasses in the genus Triticum and related genera, and grasses such as rye have been a source of many disease-resistance traits for cultivated wheat breeding since the 1930s.

Lolium

ryegrassrye grassrye
Rye is a cereal grain and should not be confused with ryegrass, which is used for lawns, pasture, and hay for livestock.
Ryegrass should not be confused with rye, which is a grain crop.

Grain

grainsfood grainfood grains
Rye (Secale cereale) is a grass grown extensively as a grain, a cover crop and a forage crop.
rye

Vodka

Russian vodkaalcoholalcoholic
It is a member of the wheat tribe (Triticeae) and is closely related to barley (genus Hordeum) and wheat (Triticum). Rye grain is used for flour, bread, beer, crisp bread, some whiskeys, some vodkas, and animal fodder.
Jakub Kazimierz Haur, in his book Skład albo skarbiec znakomitych sekretów ekonomii ziemiańskiej (A Treasury of Excellent Secrets about Landed Gentry's Economy, Kraków, 1693), gave detailed recipes for making vodka from rye.

Cover crop

cover cropscovercover cropping
Rye (Secale cereale) is a grass grown extensively as a grain, a cover crop and a forage crop.
Some well known examples of allelopathic cover crops are Secale cereale (rye), Vicia villosa (hairy vetch), Trifolium pratense (red clover), Sorghum bicolor (sorghum-sudangrass), and species in the Brassicaceae family, particularly mustards (Haramoto and Gallandt 2004).

Barley

malting barleysix-row barleyH. vulgare
It is a member of the wheat tribe (Triticeae) and is closely related to barley (genus Hordeum) and wheat (Triticum). Rye grain is used for flour, bread, beer, crisp bread, some whiskeys, some vodkas, and animal fodder.
Barley is not as cold tolerant as the winter wheats (Triticum aestivum), fall rye (Secale cereale) or winter triticale (× Triticosecale Wittm.

Bread

breadsbreadmakingleavened bread
It serves as the main bread cereal in most areas east of the French-German border and north of Hungary.
Non-wheat cereals including rye, barley, maize (corn), oats, sorghum, millet and rice have been used to make bread, but, with the exception of rye, usually in combination with wheat flour as they have less gluten.

Euphrates

Euphrates RiverRiver EuphratesEuphrates Valley
Claims of much earlier cultivation of rye, at the Epipalaeolithic site of Tell Abu Hureyra in the Euphrates valley of northern Syria remain controversial.
Here can also be found the wild variants of many cereals, including einkorn wheat, emmer wheat, oat and rye.

Cereal

graincerealsgrains
Rye is a cereal grain and should not be confused with ryegrass, which is used for lawns, pasture, and hay for livestock.

Ergot

ergot alkaloidsclavicepsergot fungi
Rye is highly susceptible to the ergot fungus.
This fungus grows on rye and related plants, and produces alkaloids that can cause ergotism in humans and other mammals who consume grains contaminated with its fruiting structure (called ergot sclerotium).

Vavilovian mimicry

mimicsecondary cropVavilovian
It is possible that rye traveled west from (Asia Minor) Turkey as a minor admixture in wheat (possibly as a result of Vavilovian mimicry), and was only later cultivated in its own right.
Another example is rye (Secale cereale), a grass which is derived from wild rye (Secale montanum), a widely distributed Mediterranean species.

Hessian fly

M. destructorwheat midge
The nematode Ditylenchus dipsaci, leaf beetle, fruit fly, gout fly, cereal chafer, dart moth, cereal bug, Hessian fly, and rustic shoulder knot are among insects which can seriously affect rye health.
The Hessian fly or barley midge, Mayetiola destructor, is a species of fly that is a significant pest of cereal crops including wheat, barley and rye.

Ergotism

ergot poisoningSt. Anthony's firemultiple
Consumption of ergot-infected rye by humans and animals results in a serious medical condition known as ergotism.
) is the effect of long-term ergot poisoning, traditionally due to the ingestion of the alkaloids produced by the Claviceps purpurea fungus that infects rye and other cereals, and more recently by the action of a number of ergoline-based drugs.

Gluten

glutinouswheat glutenglutin
It therefore has a lower gluten content than wheat flour.
It is found in wheat, barley, rye, oats and related species and hybrids (such as spelt, khorasan, emmer, einkorn, triticale, etc.), as well as products derived from these grains (such as breads and malts).

Poland

🇵🇱PolishPOL
The main rye belt stretches from northern Germany through Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Latvia into central and northern Russia.
It is the leading producer in Europe of potatoes and rye (world's second largest in 1989) the world's largest producer of triticale, and one of the more important producers of barley, oats, sugar beets, flax, and fruits.

Winter garden

Winterwinter gardeningWinter Gardens
It is sometimes used in winter gardens and is a common nurse crop.
Winter rye is grown where a summer garden will be, in order to protect the ground from weeds, and provide soil amendment when tilled directly into the soil the following spring

Pumpernickel

pumpernickel breadblack breadbread
Rye bread, including pumpernickel, is made using rye flour and is a widely eaten food in Northern and Eastern Europe.
It is often made today with a combination of rye flour and whole rye berries.

Chlorops pumilionis

C. pumilionisgout flygout-fly
The nematode Ditylenchus dipsaci, leaf beetle, fruit fly, gout fly, cereal chafer, dart moth, cereal bug, Hessian fly, and rustic shoulder knot are among insects which can seriously affect rye health.
The gout fly damages 18 species of cultivated and wild cereal plants, wheat, barley, rye, oats, timothy grass and couch grass.