SCORE (satellite)

Project SCORESCORE
Project SCORE (Signal Communications by Orbiting Relay Equipment) was the world's first purpose-built communications satellite.wikipedia
42 Related Articles

Communications satellite

satellite communicationssatellitecommunication satellite
Project SCORE (Signal Communications by Orbiting Relay Equipment) was the world's first purpose-built communications satellite.
The first satellite purpose-built to relay communications was NASA's Project SCORE in 1958, which used a tape recorder to store and forward voice messages.

Atlas (rocket family)

AtlasAtlas rocketAtlas E rocket
Launched aboard an American Atlas rocket on December 18, 1958, SCORE provided the second test of a communications relay system in space (the first having been provided by the USAF/NASA's Pioneer 1 ), the first broadcast of a human voice from space, and the first successful use of the Atlas as a launch vehicle.
On 18 December 1958, an Atlas was used to launch the Signal Communication by Orbiting Relay Equipment (SCORE) satellite, which was "the first prototype of a communications satellite, and the first test of any satellite for direct practical applications."

Sputnik 1

SputniksatelliteEarth's first artificial satellite
SCORE, as a geopolitical strategy, placed the United States at an even technological par with the Soviet Union as a highly functional response to the Sputnik 1 and Sputnik 2 satellites.
The U.S. soon had a number of successful satellites, including Explorer 1, Project SCORE, and Courier 1B.

SM-65B Atlas

Atlas BX-12Convair X-12
The seventh flight, launched on 18 December 1958, was used to place the SCORE satellite into low Earth orbit, the first orbital launch conducted by an Atlas rocket.

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 11

11LC-11Launch Complex 11
SCORE was launched into a 183 km by 1,481 km (114 mile by 920 mile) orbit from LC-11 at Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex, Florida, inclined 32.3 degrees, with a period of 101.5 minutes.
On 18 November 1958, Atlas 10B launched SCORE, the world's first communications satellite into low Earth orbit.

United States Air Force

U.S. Air ForceAir ForceUSAF
Launched aboard an American Atlas rocket on December 18, 1958, SCORE provided the second test of a communications relay system in space (the first having been provided by the USAF/NASA's Pioneer 1 ), the first broadcast of a human voice from space, and the first successful use of the Atlas as a launch vehicle.

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationNASA Advisory CouncilU.S. space program
Launched aboard an American Atlas rocket on December 18, 1958, SCORE provided the second test of a communications relay system in space (the first having been provided by the USAF/NASA's Pioneer 1 ), the first broadcast of a human voice from space, and the first successful use of the Atlas as a launch vehicle.

Pioneer 1

Pioneer I
Launched aboard an American Atlas rocket on December 18, 1958, SCORE provided the second test of a communications relay system in space (the first having been provided by the USAF/NASA's Pioneer 1 ), the first broadcast of a human voice from space, and the first successful use of the Atlas as a launch vehicle.

Shortwave radio

shortwaveshort waveshort-wave
It captured world attention by broadcasting a Christmas message via shortwave radio from U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower through an on-board tape recorder.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Dwight EisenhowerEisenhowerPresident Eisenhower
It captured world attention by broadcasting a Christmas message via shortwave radio from U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower through an on-board tape recorder.

Sputnik 2

2first animal to orbit
SCORE, as a geopolitical strategy, placed the United States at an even technological par with the Soviet Union as a highly functional response to the Sputnik 1 and Sputnik 2 satellites.

Store and forward

store-and-forwardStore-and-forward switching centerstored and forwarded
The result of the project, which used both real-time and store and forward techniques, was a major scientific breakthrough which proved that active communications satellites could provide a means of transmitting messages from one point to any other on Earth.

United States Army

U.S. ArmyUS ArmyArmy
The SCORE communications package was designed and built by Kenneth Masterman-Smith, a military communication research engineer, along with other personnel with the U.S. Army Signal Research and Development Laboratory (SRDL) at Fort Monmouth, New Jersey.

Fort Monmouth

Fort Monmouth, New JerseyCamp Alfred VailFort Monmouth, NJ
The SCORE communications package was designed and built by Kenneth Masterman-Smith, a military communication research engineer, along with other personnel with the U.S. Army Signal Research and Development Laboratory (SRDL) at Fort Monmouth, New Jersey.

New Jersey

NJState of New JerseyJersey
The SCORE communications package was designed and built by Kenneth Masterman-Smith, a military communication research engineer, along with other personnel with the U.S. Army Signal Research and Development Laboratory (SRDL) at Fort Monmouth, New Jersey.

Mile

miRoman milemiles
SCORE was launched into a 183 km by 1,481 km (114 mile by 920 mile) orbit from LC-11 at Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex, Florida, inclined 32.3 degrees, with a period of 101.5 minutes.

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station

Cape CanaveralCCAFSCape Kennedy
SCORE was launched into a 183 km by 1,481 km (114 mile by 920 mile) orbit from LC-11 at Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex, Florida, inclined 32.3 degrees, with a period of 101.5 minutes.

Wilber M. Brucker

Wilber Marion BruckerBruckerWilbur Brucker
According to an official history of the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), SCORE was originally programmed to broadcast a voice message from Army Secretary Wilber M. Brucker.

Communication

communicationsSocial Communicationcommunicate

DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects AgencyAdvanced Research Projects AgencyARPA
The six-month effort was the first endeavor of the then-new Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) headed by Roy Johnson, and proved that a small, highly focused and versatile research group with appropriate resources was an ideal method to achieve the scientific and technological advances necessary to succeed in the emerging global space race.