SCORE (satellite)

SCOREProject SCORE
Project SCORE (Signal Communications by Orbiting Relay Equipment) was the world's first purpose-built communications satellite.wikipedia
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Communications satellite

satellitesatellite communicationscommunication satellite
Project SCORE (Signal Communications by Orbiting Relay Equipment) was the world's first purpose-built communications satellite.
The first satellite purpose-built to relay communications was NASA's Project SCORE in 1958, which used a tape recorder to store and forward voice messages.

Atlas (rocket family)

AtlasAtlas rocketAtlas E rocket
Launched aboard an American Atlas rocket on December 18, 1958, SCORE provided the second test of a communications relay system in space (the first having been provided by the USAF/NASA's Pioneer 1 ), the first broadcast of a human voice from space, and the first successful use of the Atlas as a launch vehicle.
On December 18, 1958, an Atlas was used to launch the Signal Communication by Orbiting Relay Equipment (SCORE) satellite, which was "The first prototype of a communications satellite, and the first test of any satellite for direct practical applications."

Sputnik 1

SputniksatelliteEarth's first artificial satellite
The satellite was popularly dubbed "The Talking Atlas". SCORE, as a geopolitical strategy, placed the United States at an even technological par with the Soviet Union as a highly functional response to the Sputnik 1 and Sputnik 2 satellites.
The U.S. soon had a number of successful satellites, including Explorer 1, Project SCORE, and Courier 1B.

SM-65B Atlas

Atlas BX-12Atlas-B
The seventh flight, launched on 18 December 1958, was used to place the SCORE satellite into low Earth orbit, the first orbital launch conducted by an Atlas rocket.

Project Echo

Echo 1Echo 2Echo
Project Echo
Project SCORE – world's first communications satellite, launched in 1958.

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 11

11LC-11Launch Complex 11
SCORE was launched into a 183 km by 1,481 km (114 mile by 920 mile) orbit from LC-11 at Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex, Florida, inclined 32.3 degrees, with a period of 101.5 minutes.
On 18 November 1958, Atlas 10B launched SCORE, the world's first communications satellite into low Earth orbit.

United States Air Force

Air ForceU.S. Air ForceUSAF
Launched aboard an American Atlas rocket on December 18, 1958, SCORE provided the second test of a communications relay system in space (the first having been provided by the USAF/NASA's Pioneer 1 ), the first broadcast of a human voice from space, and the first successful use of the Atlas as a launch vehicle.

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationNational Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)space program
Launched aboard an American Atlas rocket on December 18, 1958, SCORE provided the second test of a communications relay system in space (the first having been provided by the USAF/NASA's Pioneer 1 ), the first broadcast of a human voice from space, and the first successful use of the Atlas as a launch vehicle.

Pioneer 1

Launched aboard an American Atlas rocket on December 18, 1958, SCORE provided the second test of a communications relay system in space (the first having been provided by the USAF/NASA's Pioneer 1 ), the first broadcast of a human voice from space, and the first successful use of the Atlas as a launch vehicle.

Shortwave radio

shortwaveshort waveshort-wave
It captured world attention by broadcasting a Christmas message via shortwave radio from U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower through an on-board tape recorder.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

EisenhowerDwight EisenhowerPresident Eisenhower
It captured world attention by broadcasting a Christmas message via shortwave radio from U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower through an on-board tape recorder.

Sputnik 2

2a second craftfirst animal to orbit
The satellite was popularly dubbed "The Talking Atlas". SCORE, as a geopolitical strategy, placed the United States at an even technological par with the Soviet Union as a highly functional response to the Sputnik 1 and Sputnik 2 satellites.

Store and forward

store-and-forwardstore-and-forward (asynchronous)store-and-forward switching
The result of the project, which used both real-time and store and forward techniques, was a major scientific breakthrough which proved that active communications satellites could provide a means of transmitting messages from one point to any other on Earth.

United States Army

U.S. ArmyArmyUS Army
The SCORE communications package was designed and built by Kenneth Masterman-Smith, a military communication research engineer, along with other personnel with the U.S. Army Signal Research and Development Laboratory (SRDL) at Fort Monmouth, New Jersey.

Fort Monmouth

Fort Monmouth, New JerseyCamp Alfred VailCamp Coles NJ
The SCORE communications package was designed and built by Kenneth Masterman-Smith, a military communication research engineer, along with other personnel with the U.S. Army Signal Research and Development Laboratory (SRDL) at Fort Monmouth, New Jersey.

New Jersey

NJState of New JerseyJersey
The SCORE communications package was designed and built by Kenneth Masterman-Smith, a military communication research engineer, along with other personnel with the U.S. Army Signal Research and Development Laboratory (SRDL) at Fort Monmouth, New Jersey.

Mile

mimilesstatute mile
SCORE was launched into a 183 km by 1,481 km (114 mile by 920 mile) orbit from LC-11 at Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex, Florida, inclined 32.3 degrees, with a period of 101.5 minutes.

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station

Cape CanaveralCCAFSCape Kennedy
SCORE was launched into a 183 km by 1,481 km (114 mile by 920 mile) orbit from LC-11 at Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex, Florida, inclined 32.3 degrees, with a period of 101.5 minutes.

Communication

communicationscommunicatecommunication skills

DARPA

ARPADefense Advanced Research Projects AgencyAdvanced Research Projects Agency
The six-month effort was the first endeavor of the then-new Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) headed by Roy Johnson, and proved that a small, highly focused and versatile research group with appropriate resources was an ideal method to achieve the scientific and technological advances necessary to succeed in the emerging global space race.

SM-65 Atlas

AtlasAtlas missileAtlas ICBM
On 18 December 1958, the launch of Atlas 10B sent the missile into orbit around the Earth (without use of an upper stage) carrying the "SCORE" (Signal Communications by Orbiting Relay Equipment) communications payload.