# SI base unit

base unitSI base unitsbase unitsbasebasic unitfundamental SI unitsfundamental unitsSI unitSI unit systemSI-units
The SI base units are seven units of measure defined by the International System of Units as the basic set from which all other SI units can be derived.wikipedia
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### International System of Units

SISI unitsSI unit
The SI base units are seven units of measure defined by the International System of Units as the basic set from which all other SI units can be derived.
The base units are defined in terms of invariant constants of nature, such as the speed of light in vacuum and the charge of the electron, which can be observed and measured with great accuracy.

### SI derived unit

derived unitderived unitsJ/kg
The SI base units are seven units of measure defined by the International System of Units as the basic set from which all other SI units can be derived.
SI derived units are units of measurement derived from the seven base units specified by the International System of Units (SI).

### Second

ssecmegasecond
The units and their physical quantities are the second for time, the metre for measurement of length, the kilogram for mass, the ampere for electric current, the kelvin for temperature, the mole for amount of substance, and the candela for luminous intensity.
The second (symbol: s, abbreviation: sec) is the base unit of time in the International System of Units (SI), commonly understood and historically defined as 1⁄86400 of a day – this factor derived from the division of the day first into 24 hours, then to 60 minutes and finally to 60 seconds each.

### Kilogram

kgmgmilligram
The units and their physical quantities are the second for time, the metre for measurement of length, the kilogram for mass, the ampere for electric current, the kelvin for temperature, the mole for amount of substance, and the candela for luminous intensity.
The kilogram (also kilogramme) is the base unit of mass in the metric system, formally the International System of Units (SI), having the unit symbol kg.

### Ampere

AmAamp
The units and their physical quantities are the second for time, the metre for measurement of length, the kilogram for mass, the ampere for electric current, the kelvin for temperature, the mole for amount of substance, and the candela for luminous intensity.
The ampere ( or (UK), symbol: A), often shortened to "amp", is the base unit of electric current in the International System of Units (SI).

### Kelvin

KkelvinsKelvin scale
The units and their physical quantities are the second for time, the metre for measurement of length, the kilogram for mass, the ampere for electric current, the kelvin for temperature, the mole for amount of substance, and the candela for luminous intensity.
The kelvin is the base unit of temperature in the International System of Units (SI), having the unit symbol K. It is named after the Belfast-born, Glasgow University engineer and physicist William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin (1824–1907).

### Mole (unit)

molemolmoles
The units and their physical quantities are the second for time, the metre for measurement of length, the kilogram for mass, the ampere for electric current, the kelvin for temperature, the mole for amount of substance, and the candela for luminous intensity.
The mole (symbol: mol) is the base unit of amount of substance ("number of substance") in the International System of Units or System International (SI), defined as containing exactly 6.02214076 particles, e.g., atoms, molecules, ions or electrons.

### Candela

cdCandelasmegacandela
The units and their physical quantities are the second for time, the metre for measurement of length, the kilogram for mass, the ampere for electric current, the kelvin for temperature, the mole for amount of substance, and the candela for luminous intensity.
The candela ( or ; symbol: cd) is the base unit of luminous intensity in the International System of Units (SI); that is, luminous power per unit solid angle emitted by a point light source in a particular direction.

### Time

temporaldurationsequence of events
The units and their physical quantities are the second for time, the metre for measurement of length, the kilogram for mass, the ampere for electric current, the kelvin for temperature, the mole for amount of substance, and the candela for luminous intensity.
The SI base unit for time is the SI second.

### Unit of measurement

unitunits of measurementweights and measures
The SI base units are seven units of measure defined by the International System of Units as the basic set from which all other SI units can be derived.
In this SI units system, there are seven SI base units and three supplementary units.

### Litre

Lmlliter
A number of other units, such as the litre (US English: liter), astronomical unit and electronvolt, are not formally part of the SI, but are accepted for use with SI.
The original French metric system used the litre as a base unit.

### Length

The units and their physical quantities are the second for time, the metre for measurement of length, the kilogram for mass, the ampere for electric current, the kelvin for temperature, the mole for amount of substance, and the candela for luminous intensity.
In the International System of Units (SI), the basic unit of length is the metre and is now defined in terms of the speed of light.

### 2005–2019 definitions of the SI base units

preceding definitions of the SI base units
On 20 May 2019, as the final act of the 2019 redefinition of the SI base units, the BIPM officially introduced the following new definitions, replacing the preceding definitions of the SI base units.
From 2005 to early 2019, the definitions of the SI base units were as follows:

### Luminous intensity

intensityluminouslight intensity
The units and their physical quantities are the second for time, the metre for measurement of length, the kilogram for mass, the ampere for electric current, the kelvin for temperature, the mole for amount of substance, and the candela for luminous intensity.
The SI unit of luminous intensity is the candela (cd), an SI base unit.

### Day

ddiurnaldays
In 1960, the second was redefined in terms of the orbital motion of the Earth in year 1900, and was designated the SI base unit of time.

### Celsius

°CCdegrees Celsius
This definition also precisely related the Celsius scale to the Kelvin scale, which defines the SI base unit of thermodynamic temperature with symbol K. Absolute zero, the lowest temperature possible, is defined as being exactly 0 K and −273.15 °C.

### Amount of substance

amountamount of gasamount of a substance
The units and their physical quantities are the second for time, the metre for measurement of length, the kilogram for mass, the ampere for electric current, the kelvin for temperature, the mole for amount of substance, and the candela for luminous intensity.

### 2019 redefinition of the SI base units

2019 redefinition of SI base unitsredefinitionredefinition of the SI base units
On 20 May 2019, as the final act of the 2019 redefinition of the SI base units, the BIPM officially introduced the following new definitions, replacing the preceding definitions of the SI base units.
In 2019, the SI base units were redefined, effective on 144th anniversary of the Metre Convention, 20 May 2019.

### Non-SI units mentioned in the SI

accepted for use with SIAccepted for use with the SIaccepted unit
A number of other units, such as the litre (US English: liter), astronomical unit and electronvolt, are not formally part of the SI, but are accepted for use with SI.

### Metre

metermmetres
The units and their physical quantities are the second for time, the metre for measurement of length, the kilogram for mass, the ampere for electric current, the kelvin for temperature, the mole for amount of substance, and the candela for luminous intensity.

### Metric prefix

SI prefixunit prefixprefix
This also applies to mass, for which the SI base unit (kilogram) already contains a prefix.

### Metre Convention

Treaty of the MetreConvention of the MetreConvention du Mètre
The definitions of the base units have been modified several times since the Metre Convention in 1875, and new additions of base units have occurred.
On 16 November 2018, the 26th General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) voted unanimously in favour of revised definitions of some SI base units, in particular the kilogram.