SMS

short message servicetext messagetext messagestext messagingSMS textmobile messagingSMS text messagestextSMS messageSMS messages
SMS (short message service) is a text messaging service component of most telephone, internet, and mobile-device systems.wikipedia
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Text messaging

text messagetextingtext messages
SMS (short message service) is a text messaging service component of most telephone, internet, and mobile-device systems.
The term originally referred to messages sent using the Short Message Service (SMS).

Mobile marketing

push notificationmarketingmobile
SMS is also employed in mobile marketing, a type of direct marketing.
Marketing through cellphones' SMS (Short Message Service) became increasingly popular in the early 2000s in Europe and some parts of Asia when businesses started to collect mobile phone numbers and send off wanted (or unwanted) content.

GSM 03.40

3GPP 23.0403GPP 23.040 (originally GSM 03.40)3GPP TS 23.040 (originally GSM 03.40)
The technical standard known today was largely created by IDEG (later WP4) as the two recommendations GSM 03.40 (the two point-to-point services merged) and GSM 03.41 (cell broadcast).
GSM 03.40 or 3GPP TS 23.040 is a mobile telephony standard describing the format of the Transfer Protocol Data Units (TPDU) of the Short Message Transfer Protocol (SM-TP) used in the GSM networks to carry Short Messages.

Signalling System No. 7

SS7SS7 NetworkCCS7
The Mobile Application Part (MAP) of the SS7 protocol included support for the transport of Short Messages through the Core Network from its inception.
It also performs number translation, local number portability, prepaid billing, Short Message Service (SMS), and other mass market services.

GSM

GSM (850/900/1800/1900) GSM/GPRS/EDGEGSM technology
The first action plan of the CEPT Group GSM was approved in December 1982, requesting that "The services and facilities offered in the public switched telephone networks and public data networks ... should be available in the mobile system."
The following year saw the sending of the first short messaging service (SMS or "text message") message, and Vodafone UK and Telecom Finland signed the first international roaming agreement.

Digital AMPS

TDMAD-AMPSANSI-136
Although most SMS messages are mobile-to-mobile text messages, support for the service has expanded to include other mobile technologies, such as ANSI CDMA networks and Digital AMPS.
IS-136 added a number of features to the original IS-54 specification, including text messaging, circuit switched data (CSD), and an improved compression protocol.

Neil Papworth

The first SMS message was sent over the Vodafone GSM network in the United Kingdom on 3 December 1992, from Neil Papworth of Sema Group (now Mavenir Systems) using a personal computer to Richard Jarvis of Vodafone using an Orbitel 901 handset.
Papworth is known as the sender of the first text message (also known as SMS message) in 1992.

Network switching subsystem

HLRMSCHome Location Register
Prior to standardized CAMEL control of the Short Message Service, IN control relied on switch vendor specific extensions to the Intelligent Network Application Part (INAP) of SS7.
The NSS originally consisted of the circuit-switched core network, used for traditional GSM services such as voice calls, SMS, and circuit switched data calls.

Airwide Solutions

Mavenir Systems
The first SMS message was sent over the Vodafone GSM network in the United Kingdom on 3 December 1992, from Neil Papworth of Sema Group (now Mavenir Systems) using a personal computer to Richard Jarvis of Vodafone using an Orbitel 901 handset.
Airwide Solutions was a privately held (majority shareholder smac|partners Germany), but United States-based mobile messaging and wireless internet infrastructure company.

Mobile Application Part

MAP
The Mobile Application Part (MAP) of the SS7 protocol included support for the transport of Short Messages through the Core Network from its inception.
Short Message Service

Acision

The first commercial deployment of a short message service center (SMSC) was by Aldiscon part of Logica (now part of Acision) with Telia (now TeliaSonera) in Sweden in 1993, followed by Fleet Call (now Nextel) in the US, Telenor in Norway and BT Cellnet (now O2 UK) later in 1993.
Prior to this, it was a privately held mobile communications software company specialising in messaging systems that enable popular services such as text messaging or Short Message Service (SMS), Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS), voicemail, IP Messaging, Mobile Value Added Services and Enterprise Mobility Solutions.

GSM 03.38

3GPP 23.0383GPP TS 23.038GSM 7 bit default alphabet
Short messages can be encoded using a variety of alphabets: the default GSM 7-bit alphabet, the 8-bit data alphabet, and the 16-bit UCS-2 alphabet.
In mobile telephony GSM 03.38 or 3GPP 23.038 is a character encoding used in GSM networks for SMS (Short Message Service), CB (Cell Broadcast) and USSD (Unstructured Supplementary Service Data).

SMS gateway

email to/from SMS text-messagesearchSMS
Another type of SMS gateway provider is based on SS7 connectivity to route SMS messages, also known as "international termination model".
An SMS gateway allows a computer to send or receive Short Message Service (SMS) transmissions to or from a telecommunications network.

Public land mobile network

PLMNmobile phone network
The discussions on the GSM services were concluded in the recommendation GSM 02.03 "TeleServices supported by a GSM PLMN." Here a rudimentary description of the three services was given:
Short Messaging Service (SMS) services to/from any other PLMN or SIP service (the original form of texting on a mobile phone, now often replaced by Messaging apps).

User Data Header

Larger content (concatenated SMS, multipart or segmented SMS, or "long SMS") can be sent using multiple messages, in which case each message will start with a User Data Header (UDH) containing segmentation information.
User Data Header (UDH) is a binary structure which may be present at the start of a short message in the Short Message Service in GSM.

IMessage

iMessagesMessagesmessaging
While SMS is still a growing market, traditional SMS is becoming increasingly challenged by Internet Protocol-based messaging services such as Apple's iMessage, Facebook Messenger, WhatsApp, Viber, WeChat (in China) and Line (in Japan), available on smart phones with data connections.
iMessage allows users to send texts, documents, photos, videos, contact information, and group messages over Wi-Fi, mobile phone Internet access, or other forms of Internet access to other iOS or macOS users, thus providing an alternative to standard SMS/MMS messaging for most users with devices running iOS 5 or later.

Matti Makkonen

Makkonen, Matti
According to Matti Makkonen, the inventor of SMS text messages, Nokia 2010, which was released in January 1994, was the first mobile phone to support composing SMSes easily.
In 2008, Makkonen was awarded The Economist Innovation Award in the computing and telecommunications category for his work on text messaging (SMS).

Orange S.A.

OrangeFrance TélécomFrance Telecom
The input documents on SMS had been prepared by Friedhelm Hillebrand (Deutsche Telekom) with contributions from Bernard Ghillebaert (France Télécom).
On 1 January 2011, Orange users’ SMS and MMS were sent and billed multiple times.

Short Message service center

SMSCshort message service centreMessage Centres
The first commercial deployment of a short message service center (SMSC) was by Aldiscon part of Logica (now part of Acision) with Telia (now TeliaSonera) in Sweden in 1993, followed by Fleet Call (now Nextel) in the US, Telenor in Norway and BT Cellnet (now O2 UK) later in 1993.
Its purpose is to store, forward, convert and deliver Short Message Service (SMS) messages.

Telemetry

radio telemetrytelemetricradio-collared
For instance, there is an LED display machine controlled by SMS, and some vehicle tracking companies use SMS for their data transport or telemetry needs.
Many modern telemetry systems take advantage of the low cost and ubiquity of GSM networks by using SMS to receive and transmit telemetry data.

Facebook Messenger

MessengerFacebookchat feature
While SMS is still a growing market, traditional SMS is becoming increasingly challenged by Internet Protocol-based messaging services such as Apple's iMessage, Facebook Messenger, WhatsApp, Viber, WeChat (in China) and Line (in Japan), available on smart phones with data connections.

Customized Applications for Mobile networks Enhanced Logic

CAMEL
From 3GPP Releases 99 and 4 onwards, CAMEL Phase 3 introduced the ability for the Intelligent Network (IN) to control aspects of the Mobile Originated Short Message Service, while CAMEL Phase 4, as part of 3GPP Release 5 and onwards, provides the IN with the ability to control the Mobile Terminated service.
Control of Mobile Originated SMS through both circuit-switched and packet-switched serving network entities

Short Message Peer-to-Peer

SMPPpeer-to-peer (P2P)Short Message Peer to Peer
The Value-added service provider (VASP) providing the content submits the message to the mobile operator's SMSC(s) using an TCP/IP protocol such as the short message peer-to-peer protocol (SMPP) or the External Machine Interface (EMI).
Short Message Peer-to-Peer (SMPP) in the telecommunications industry is an open, industry standard protocol designed to provide a flexible data communication interface for the transfer of short message data between External Short Messaging Entities (ESMEs), Routing Entities (REs) and Message Centres.

Over-the-air programming

over-the-airOTAFOTA
Short messages can send binary content such as ringtones or logos, as well as Over-the-air programming (OTA) or configuration data.
OTA via SMS optimizes the configuration data updates in SIM cards and handsets and enables the distribution of new software updates to mobile phones or provisioning handsets with the necessary settings with which to access services such as WAP or MMS.

Concatenated SMS

concatenatedlong messagesLong SMS
Larger content (concatenated SMS, multipart or segmented SMS, or "long SMS") can be sent using multiple messages, in which case each message will start with a User Data Header (UDH) containing segmentation information.
In the cellular phone industry, mobile phones and their networks sometimes support concatenated short message service (or concatenated SMS) to overcome the limitation on the number of characters that can be sent in a single SMS text message transmission (which is usually 160).