Sadomasochism

S&Msadisticsadomasochisticsadismmasochismmasochisticmasochistsadism and masochismsadistSM
Sadomasochism is the giving or receiving of pleasure from acts involving the receipt or infliction of pain or humiliation.wikipedia
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Marquis de Sade

Sadede SadeSadean
The term "Sadism" has its origin in the name of the Marquis de Sade (1740–1814), who not only practiced sexual sadism, but also wrote novels about these practices, of which the best known is Justine.
The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name.

Leopold von Sacher-Masoch

Leopold von Sacher-Masoch’sSacher-MasochLeopold Ritter
"Masochism" is named after Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, who wrote novels expressing his masochistic fantasies.
The term masochism is derived from his name, invented by his contemporary, the Austrian psychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing.

Bondage (BDSM)

bondagesexual bondagerope-bound
However, the term BDSM also includes, B&D (bondage and discipline), D/s (dominance and submission), and S&M (sadism and masochism).
Bondage itself does not necessarily imply sadomasochism.

Richard von Krafft-Ebing

Krafft-EbingKrafft-EbbingKrafft-Ebing, Baron Richard Von
The German psychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing introduced the terms "Sadism" and "Masochism"' into medical terminology in his work Neue Forschungen auf dem Gebiet der Psychopathia sexualis ("New research in the area of Psychopathology of Sex") in 1890.
Translations of various editions of this book introduced to English such terms as "sadist" (derived from the brutal sexual practices depicted in the novels of the Marquis de Sade), "masochist", (derived from the name of Leopold von Sacher-Masoch), "homosexuality", "necrophilia", and "anilingus".

Sadism

sadisticsadistsadistic actions
However, the term BDSM also includes, B&D (bondage and discipline), D/s (dominance and submission), and S&M (sadism and masochism).
Sadomasochism, the giving or receiving pleasure from acts involving the receipt or infliction of pain or humiliation

Justine (de Sade novel)

Justinebook of the same nameJustine ou Les Malheurs de la vertu
The term "Sadism" has its origin in the name of the Marquis de Sade (1740–1814), who not only practiced sexual sadism, but also wrote novels about these practices, of which the best known is Justine.
However, unlike some of his other works, the novel is not just a catalogue of sadism.

Discipline (BDSM)

discipline
However, the term BDSM also includes, B&D (bondage and discipline), D/s (dominance and submission), and S&M (sadism and masochism).
Punishments done on BDSM submissives, even very harsh ones, should not be confused with sadomasochism.

Top, bottom, switch (BDSM)

bottomsubmissivetop
While the terms sadist and masochist refer respectively to one who enjoys giving or receiving pain, practitioners of sadomasochism may switch between activity and passivity.
The terms sadism and masochism, while reflecting a "do" vs. "done to" distinction similar to top and bottom, are more narrowly defined as the giving and receiving of pain (often referred to as 'sensation').

BDSM

sadomasochisticsado-masochismsado-masochistic
Similarly, sexual sadism within the context of mutual consent, generally known under the heading BDSM, is distinguished from non-consensual acts of sexual violence or aggression.
BDSM is a variety of often erotic practices or roleplaying involving bondage, discipline, dominance and submission, sadomasochism, and other related interpersonal dynamics.

Isidor Sadger

This led to the first compound usage of the terminology in Sado-Masochism (Loureiroian "Sado-Masochismus") by the Viennese Psychoanalyst Isidor Isaak Sadger in his work Über den sado-masochistischen Komplex ("Regarding the sadomasochistic complex") in 1913.
He studied with Sigmund Freud from 1895 to 1904 with a concentration in homosexuality and fetishism and coined the term Sadomasochismus (sadomasochism) in 1913.

René Girard

mimetic desireGirardianRene Girard
In Things Hidden Since the Foundation of the World, René Girard attempts to resuscitate and reinterpret Freud's distinction of primary and secondary masochism, in connection with his own philosophy.
This can manifest as a heightened experience of the universal pseudo-masochism inherent in seeking the unattainable, which can, of course, turn into sadism should the actor play this part in reverse.

Cuckold

cuckoldrycuckoldingcuckolded
Though this idea has come under a number of interpretations, in a primary masochism the masochist undergoes a complete, rather than partial, rejection by the model or courted object (or sadist), possibly involving the model taking a rival as a preferred mate.
Psychology regards cuckold fetishism as a variant of masochism, the cuckold deriving pleasure from being humiliated.

Pussy torture

Harsh acts of S&M may include consensual torture of sensitive parts of body, such as cock and ball torture for males, and breast torture and pussy torture for females.
All of this is done consensually in the case of BDSM; the recipient may take part in order to receive pleasure from the activity, or to provide pleasure to the sadistic dominant, or both.

Cock and ball torture

CBTCock-and-ball tortureball crusher
Harsh acts of S&M may include consensual torture of sensitive parts of body, such as cock and ball torture for males, and breast torture and pussy torture for females.
The recipient of such activities may receive direct physical pleasure via masochism, or emotional pleasure through erotic humiliation, or knowledge that the play is pleasing to a sadistic dominant.

Dominance and submission

dominantsubmissivedominance
However, the term BDSM also includes, B&D (bondage and discipline), D/s (dominance and submission), and S&M (sadism and masochism).
In other cases, it can be intensely physical, sometimes crossing into sadomasochism.

Erotic spanking

spankingspanking benchplayful spank
Many behaviors such as spanking, tickling, and love-bites contain elements of sado-masochism.
In her Slate article, Keenan criticized the use of spanking as a punishment for children, while acknowledging that children and adolescents who experience sexual pleasure while being beaten may go on to enjoy the fetish of sadomasochism as adults.

Sadism and masochism in fiction

BDSM fictionsadismsadomasochist literature
Sadism and masochism in fiction
This article presents appearances of sadomasochism in literature and works of fiction in the various media.

Algolagnia

algolagnic disorderpleasurable pain (algolagnia)
Algolagnia
(It should be cautioned, though, that the definitions regarding sadism and masochism as medical terms have changed over the years (as also noted in the main article for that topic) and are still evolving, and there are also non-medical definitions of sadomasochism.) However, Krafft-Ebing's theories in Psychopathia Sexualis—where the terms sadism and masochism were used—were adopted by Sigmund Freud and became an integral part of psychoanalysis, thereby ensuring their predominance over the concept of "algolagnia".

Consent (criminal law)

consentconsenting adultsconsensual
Even if both parties legally consent to such acts this may not be accepted as a defense against criminal charges.
The act was considered comparable to tattooing, whilst Brown applied specifically to sadomasochism.

Schadenfreude

takes enjoymentamusementamusement at another's expense
Schadenfreude
French writer Pierre Klossowski maintained that the appeal of sadism is morose delectation.

Self-defeating personality disorder

masochisticmasochismmasochist
There is some controversy in the psychology professions regarding a personality disorder referred to alternately as "self-defeating personality disorder" or "masochistic personality disorder", where masochistic behavior may not be in relation to other diagnosed mental disease.
Sexual masochism that "causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning" is still in DSM-IV.

Breast torture

Harsh acts of S&M may include consensual torture of sensitive parts of body, such as cock and ball torture for males, and breast torture and pussy torture for females.
The recipient of such activities may receive direct physical pleasure via masochism, or emotional pleasure through erotic humiliation, or knowledge that the play is pleasing to a sadistic dominant.

Master/slave (BDSM)

slavepower exchangeMaster/slave
Master/slave (BDSM)
A slave could also be a masochist or bottom, but this is not always the case.

Personality disorder

personality disorderspersonalitycluster A
However, this is widely considered to be rare, as psychiatrists now regard such behaviors as clinically aberrant only if they are identifiable as symptoms or associated with other problems such as personality disorder or neurosis.
Separately, Richard von Krafft-Ebing popularized the terms sadism and masochism, as well as homosexuality, as psychiatric issues.

Virgin Books

Virgin PublishingVirginBlack Lace
Nexus Books
Nexus Books, sado-masochistic pornography written mostly for men who have sex with women, and women who have sex with men or women. In 2009, Virgin announced that Nexus would add no new titles in 2010.