Saint Nicholas Day

feast dayDay of Saint NicholasDecember 6Mikołajkiname day of Saint NicholasSaint Nicholas NightSaint Nicholas' DaySaint Nicholas' feast daySt. Nicolas DayWinter Nikola
Saint Nicholas Day, observed on December 5/6 in Western Christian countries and December 19 in Eastern Christian countries, is the feast day of Saint Nicholas.wikipedia
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Sinterklaas

Saint NicholasSaint Nicholas DaySt Nicholas' Day
"Santa Claus" is itself derived in part from the Dutch Sinterklaas, the saint's name in that language. In Swiss folklore, St. Nicholas is known as Samichlaus (like Dutch Sinterklaas a corruption of the name of St. Nicholas).
The feast of Sinterklaas celebrates the name day of Saint Nicholas on 6 December.

Swiss folklore

SwissfolkloreChristianization of the Swiss
In Swiss folklore, St. Nicholas is known as Samichlaus (like Dutch Sinterklaas a corruption of the name of St. Nicholas).
Klausjagen, parade festival on the eve of St. Nicholas Day.

Christmas

Christmas DayDecember 25Nativity
However the gift giving associated with these descendant figures is associated with Christmas Day rather than Saint Nicholas Day itself.
It is worth noting that across all of Poland, St Nicholas is the gift giver on the Saint Nicholas Day on December 6.

Christkind

Christ-childChristchindliKrishkinkle
The Christmas gift-bringer is not Samichlaus, but the Christchindli.
Promulgated by Martin Luther at the Protestant Reformation in 16th–17th-century Europe, many Protestants adopted this gift bringer, the Christ Child or Christkindl, and the date of giving gifts changed from December 6 to Christmas Eve.

Saint Nicholas

St. NicholasNicholasSt Nicholas
Saint Nicholas Day, observed on December 5/6 in Western Christian countries and December 19 in Eastern Christian countries, is the feast day of Saint Nicholas.
Nicholas had a reputation for secret gift-giving, such as putting coins in the shoes of those who left them out for him, a practice celebrated on his feast day, 6 December.

Alicante

AlacantAlicante, SpainAlicante/Alacant
St. Nicholas ("San Nicolás") is the patron of the University of Valladolid, one of the medieval universities of Spain, and Alicante city.
St Nicholas Day

Calendar of saints

feast dayfeastfeast days
Saint Nicholas Day, observed on December 5/6 in Western Christian countries and December 19 in Eastern Christian countries, is the feast day of Saint Nicholas.

Mass (liturgy)

MassMassescommunion
It is celebrated as a Christian festival with particular regard to his reputation as a bringer of gifts, as well as through the attendance of Mass or other worship services.

Church service

worship servicechurchservices
It is celebrated as a Christian festival with particular regard to his reputation as a bringer of gifts, as well as through the attendance of Mass or other worship services.

Lobby (room)

foyerlobbylobbies
In the United States, one custom associated with Saint Nicholas Day is children leaving their shoes in the foyer on Saint Nicholas Eve in hope that Saint Nicholas will place some coins on the soles.

Shoe

shoessoleinsole
In the United States, one custom associated with Saint Nicholas Day is children leaving their shoes in the foyer on Saint Nicholas Eve in hope that Saint Nicholas will place some coins on the soles.

Santa Claus

SantaKris Kringlemall Santa
The American Santa Claus, as well as the British Father Christmas, derive from Saint Nicholas.

Father Christmas

The American Santa Claus, as well as the British Father Christmas, derive from Saint Nicholas.

Saint Basil's Cathedral

Saint BasilBasilSaint Basil the Great
In Greece, Saint Nicholas does not carry an especial association with gift-giving, as this tradition is carried over to St. Basil of Caesarea, celebrated on New Year's Day.

Saint Barbara

BarbaraSt. BarbaraSanta Barbara
It is also associated with the preceding feasts of St. Barbara (4 December), St. Savvas (5 December), and the following feast of St. Anne (9 December); all these are often collectively called the "Nikolobárbara", and are considered a succession of days that heralds the onset of truly wintry cold weather in the country.

Sabbas the Sanctified

St. SabbasSabbasSaint Sabbas
It is also associated with the preceding feasts of St. Barbara (4 December), St. Savvas (5 December), and the following feast of St. Anne (9 December); all these are often collectively called the "Nikolobárbara", and are considered a succession of days that heralds the onset of truly wintry cold weather in the country.

Saint Anne

AnneSt. AnneSt Anne
It is also associated with the preceding feasts of St. Barbara (4 December), St. Savvas (5 December), and the following feast of St. Anne (9 December); all these are often collectively called the "Nikolobárbara", and are considered a succession of days that heralds the onset of truly wintry cold weather in the country.

St Andrew (disambiguation)

St AndrewSt. AndrewAndrew
Therefore, by tradition, homes should have already been laid with carpets, removed for the warm season, by St. Andrew's Day (30 November), a week ahead of the Nikolobárbara.

Serbs

SerbianSerbethnic Serb
In Serbia, and among the Serb people living across the world, Saint Nicholas is the most widely celebrated family patron saint, celebrated as the feast day (Slava) of Nikoljdan.

Slava

krsna slavaKrsno imepatron saint
In Serbia, and among the Serb people living across the world, Saint Nicholas is the most widely celebrated family patron saint, celebrated as the feast day (Slava) of Nikoljdan.

Fasting

fastfastsfasted
Since Nikoljdan always falls in the fasting period preceding Christmas, it is celebrated according to the Eastern Orthodox fasting rules ("Post").

Incense

joss stickjoss sticksincense stick
The host wafts incense over the table, then lifts and breaks the bread.

Name day

namedayname-daynamesday
Bulgarians also observe 6 December as the name day for those with the names Nikola, Nikolay, Kolyo, Nikolina, Neno, Nenka, Nikoleta and Nina.

Zwarte Piet

Black Peterthe traditional Dutch Christmas story
Sinterklaas wears a bishop's robes including a red cape and mitre and is assisted by many mischievous helpers, called 'Zwarte Pieten' ("Black Petes") or "Père Fouettard" in the French-speaking part of Belgium, with black faces and colourful Moorish dress, dating back two centuries.