Saint Peter

PeterSt. PeterSt PeterSimon PeterApostle PeterPeter the ApostleSaints PeterSaint Peter the ApostleSão PedroSan Pedro
Saint Peter (שמעון בר יונה; ; ; ; r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68), also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon, Sham'un al-Safa, Cephas, or Peter the Apostle, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and the first leader of the early Church.wikipedia
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Christianity in the 1st century

Apostolic AgeApostolic Era1st century
According to Christian tradition, Peter was crucified in Rome under Emperor Nero.
Jerusalem had an early Christian community, which was led by James the Just, Peter, and John.

Clementine literature

Pseudo-ClementClementine RecognitionsClementine Homilies
Several other books bearing his namethe Acts of Peter, Gospel of Peter, Preaching of Peter, Apocalypse of Peter, and Judgment of Peterare considered by Christian denominations as apocryphal, and are thus not included in their Bible canons.
Clementine literature (also called Clementina, Pseudo-Clementine Writings, Kerygmata Petrou, Clementine Romance) is the name given to the religious romance which purports to contain a record made by one Clement (whom the narrative identifies as both Pope Clement I, and Domitian's cousin Titus Flavius Clemens) of discourses involving the Apostle Peter, together with an account of the circumstances under which Clement came to be Peter's travelling companion, and of other details of Clement's family history.

Authorship of the Petrine epistles

Epistles of PeterPetrine epistles1 and 2 Peter
Two general epistles in the New Testament are ascribed to Peter, but modern scholars generally reject the Petrine authorship of both.
Most scholars today conclude that Saint Peter was not the author of the two epistles that are attributed to him and that they were written by two different authors.

Diocese of Rome

RomeBishop of RomeChurch of Rome
The ancient Christian churches all venerate Peter as a major saint and as the founder of the Church of Antioch and the Roman Church, but differ in their attitudes regarding the authority of his present-day successors (the primacy of the Bishop of Rome).
The first Bishop of Rome was Saint Peter in the first century.

Andrew the Apostle

Saint AndrewSt AndrewSt. Andrew
In the Synoptic Gospels, Peter (then Simon) was a fisherman along with his brother, Andrew, and the sons of Zebedee, James and John.
He is the brother of Saint Peter.

Healing the mother of Peter's wife

was healed by Jesus8:15healed Simon Peter's mother-in-law
The three Synoptic Gospels recount how Peter's mother-in-law was healed by Jesus at their home in Capernaum (Matthew 8:14–17, Mark 1:29–31, Luke 4:38); this passage clearly depicts Peter as being married.
The healing of the mother of Peter's wife is one of the miracles of Jesus in the Gospels, reported in,, and.

Capernaum

CapharnaumKfar NahumHouse of Peter
The three Synoptic Gospels recount how Peter's mother-in-law was healed by Jesus at their home in Capernaum (Matthew 8:14–17, Mark 1:29–31, Luke 4:38); this passage clearly depicts Peter as being married.
A house turned into a church by the Byzantines is believed to have been regarded as the home of Saint Peter.

Gospel of Peter

Peterof PeterPeter's Gospel
Several other books bearing his namethe Acts of Peter, Gospel of Peter, Preaching of Peter, Apocalypse of Peter, and Judgment of Peterare considered by Christian denominations as apocryphal, and are thus not included in their Bible canons.

Rome

Rome, ItalyRomanRoma
According to Christian tradition, Peter was crucified in Rome under Emperor Nero.
The Bishop of Rome, called the Pope, was important since the early days of Christianity because of the martyrdom of both the apostles Peter and Paul there.

Gospel of Mark

MarkMark's GospelGospel according to Mark
The Gospel of Mark was traditionally thought to show the influence of Peter's preaching and eyewitness memories.
Most scholars reject the tradition which ascribes it to John Mark, the companion of the apostle Peter, and regard it (and the other gospels) as anonymous, the work of an unknown author working with various sources including collections of miracle stories, controversy stories, parables, and a passion narrative.

Papal primacy

papal authorityPrimacy of the Bishop of Romeprimacy
The ancient Christian churches all venerate Peter as a major saint and as the founder of the Church of Antioch and the Roman Church, but differ in their attitudes regarding the authority of his present-day successors (the primacy of the Bishop of Rome).
Irenaeus of Lyon (AD 189) wrote that Peter and Paul had founded the Church in Rome and had appointed Pope Linus to the office of the episcopate, the beginning of the succession of the Roman see.

Catholic epistles

General EpistlesCatholicGeneral epistle
Two general epistles in the New Testament are ascribed to Peter, but modern scholars generally reject the Petrine authorship of both.
Two of the letters claim to have been written by Simon Peter, one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus.

Acts of Peter

Acts of St. PeterPeter
Several other books bearing his namethe Acts of Peter, Gospel of Peter, Preaching of Peter, Apocalypse of Peter, and Judgment of Peterare considered by Christian denominations as apocryphal, and are thus not included in their Bible canons.
It is mainly notable for a description of a miracle contest between Saint Peter and Simon Magus, and as the first record of the tradition that St. Peter was crucified head-down.

Acts of the Apostles

ActsBook of ActsActs of Apostles
Peter's life story is told in the four canonical gospels, the Acts of the Apostles, New Testament letters, the non-canonical Gospel of the Hebrews and other Early Church accounts of his life and death.
Rejected by the Jews, the message is taken to the Gentiles under the guidance of the Apostle Peter.

Jewish Christian

Jewish Christiansorigins of ChristianityJewish Christianity
Saint Peter (שמעון בר יונה; ; ; ; r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68), also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon, Sham'un al-Safa, Cephas, or Peter the Apostle, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and the first leader of the early Church.
The Jerusalem Church was an early Christian community located in Jerusalem, of which James the Just, the brother of Jesus, and Peter were leaders.

Jaffa

JoppaYafoJaffa, Israel
After receiving a vision from God that allowed for the eating of previously unclean animals, Peter takes a missionary journey to Lydda, Joppa and Caesarea (Acts 9:32–Acts 10:2), becoming instrumental in the decision to evangelise the Gentiles (Acts 10).
Jaffa is famous for its association with the biblical stories of Jonah, Solomon and Saint Peter as well as the mythological story of Andromeda and Perseus, and later for its oranges.

Mark 14

14MarkMk. 14
The three Synoptic Gospels all mention that, when Jesus was arrested, one of his companions cut off the ear of a servant of the High Priest of Israel (Matthew 26:51, Mark 14:47, Luke 22:50).
It contains the plot to kill Jesus, his anointing by a woman, the Last Supper, and his predictions of his betrayal and Peter's three denials of him.

2 Peter 1

2 Peter 1:1first chapter
Peter's original name, as indicated in the New Testament, was "Simon" (Σίμων Simōn in Greek) or (only in Acts 15:14 and 2 Peter 1:1) "Simeon" (Συμεών in Greek).
The author identifies himself as "Simon Peter, a bondservant and apostle of Jesus Christ" and the epistle is traditionally attributed to Peter the Apostle, but there are charges that it is a work of Peter's followers between 60-90 CE.

Last Supper

The Last SupperLord's SupperLuke 22:19b-20
At the beginning of the Last Supper, Jesus washed his disciples' feet.
During the meal Jesus predicts his betrayal by one of the Apostles present, and foretells that before the next morning, Peter will thrice deny knowing him.

Miraculous catch of fish

Miraculous Draught of FishesCatch of 153 fishmiraculous catch of 153 fish
The Gospel of John also depicts Peter fishing, even after the resurrection of Jesus, in the story of the Catch of 153 fish.
In the Gospel of Luke, the first miraculous catch of fish takes place early in the ministry of Jesus and results in Peter as well as James and John, the sons of Zebedee, joining Jesus vocationally as disciples.

Bethsaida

Bethsaida-JuliasEt-TellBeit Saida
Peter was a fisherman in Bethsaida (John 1:44).
According to John 1:44, Bethsaida was the hometown of the apostles Peter, Andrew, and Philip.

New Testament

NewThe New TestamentNew Testaments
The combined name Σίμων Πέτρος (Simon Peter) appears 19 times in the New Testament.

Liberation of Peter

St. Peter ad VinculaSt Peter ad VinculaLiberation of Saint Peter
Acts 12 narrates how Peter, who was in Jerusalem, was put into prison by Agrippa I (A.D. 42–44), but was rescued by an angel.
The liberation of the apostle Peter is an event described in the Acts of the Apostles, chapter 12 in which the apostle Peter is rescued from prison by an angel.

Lod

LyddaLuddDiospolis
After receiving a vision from God that allowed for the eating of previously unclean animals, Peter takes a missionary journey to Lydda, Joppa and Caesarea (Acts 9:32–Acts 10:2), becoming instrumental in the decision to evangelise the Gentiles (Acts 10).
The city is mentioned several times in the Bible: in, it is mentioned as one of the cities whose inhabitants returned after the Babylonian captivity, and in the New Testament, it is the site of Peter's healing of a paralytic man in.

Acts 9

Acts 9:25
After receiving a vision from God that allowed for the eating of previously unclean animals, Peter takes a missionary journey to Lydda, Joppa and Caesarea (Acts 9:32–Acts 10:2), becoming instrumental in the decision to evangelise the Gentiles (Acts 10).
It records Saul's conversion and the works of Saint Peter.