Saint Petersburg

LeningradSt. PetersburgPetrogradSt PetersburgPetersburgSt. Petersburg, RussiaSaint Petersburg, RussiaSaint-PetersburgSankt PeterburgSt.Petersburg
Saint Petersburg is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).wikipedia
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Gulf of Finland

Finnish GulfFinlandGulf
Situated on the Neva River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea, it was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on 27 May 1703. On 27 May 1703, closer to the estuary 5 km inland from the gulf), on Zayachy (Hare) Island, he laid down the Peter and Paul Fortress, which became the first brick and stone building of the new city.
It extends between Finland (to the north) and Estonia (to the south) all the way to Saint Petersburg in Russia, where the river Neva drains into it. Other major cities around the gulf include Helsinki and Tallinn.

List of cities and towns in Russia by population

citiesmost populous cityCity
Saint Petersburg is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
The city of Zelenograd (a part of the federal city of Moscow) and the municipal cities/towns of the federal city of St. Petersburg are also excluded, as they are not enumerated in the 2010 Census as stand-alone localities.

Hermitage Museum

HermitageThe HermitageState Hermitage Museum
Saint Petersburg is home to the Hermitage, one of the largest art museums in the world.
The State Hermitage Museum is a museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Peter the Great

Peter IPeter I of RussiaPeter
Situated on the Neva River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea, it was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on 27 May 1703. On 12 May 1703, during the Great Northern War, Peter the Great captured Nyenskans and soon replaced the fortress.
He is also known for founding and developing the city of Saint Petersburg, which remained the capital of Russia until 1917.

Vasilyevsky Island

Vasilievsky IslandVasileostrovskyBasil Island
By 1716 the Swiss Italian Domenico Trezzini had elaborated a project whereby the city centre would be located on Vasilyevsky Island and shaped by a rectangular grid of canals.
Vasilyevsky Island (Васи́льевский о́стров, Vasilyevsky Ostrov, V.O.) is an island in St. Petersburg, Russia, bordered by the Bolshaya Neva and Malaya Neva Rivers (in the delta of the Neva River) in the south and northeast, and by the Gulf of Finland in the west.

Peter and Paul Fortress

Fortress of Peter and PaulPetropavlovskaya FortressPetropavlovkaya Fortress
On 27 May 1703, closer to the estuary 5 km inland from the gulf), on Zayachy (Hare) Island, he laid down the Peter and Paul Fortress, which became the first brick and stone building of the new city.
The Peter and Paul Fortress is the original citadel of St. Petersburg, Russia, founded by Peter the Great in 1703 and built to Domenico Trezzini's designs from 1706 to 1740 as a star fortress.

Russian Empire

RussiaRussianImperial Russia
During the periods 1713–1728 and 1732–1918, Saint Petersburg was the capital of Imperial Russia.
He moved the capital from Moscow to the new model city of St. Petersburg, and led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political mores with a modern, scientific, Europe-oriented, and rationalist system.

Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments

Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monumentshistorical center of St. Petersburgpalace-ensemble along with the city center
The Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments is the name used by UNESCO when it collectively designated the historic core of the Russian city of St. Petersburg, as well as buildings and ensembles located in the immediate vicinity as a World Heritage Site in 1991.

Saint Petersburg State University

Leningrad State UniversitySaint Petersburg UniversitySt. Petersburg University
In 1724 the Academy of Sciences, University and Academic Gymnasium were established in Saint Petersburg by Peter the Great.
Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU, Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет, СПбГУ) is a Russian federal state-owned higher education institution based in Saint Petersburg.

Jean-Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond

Jean Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond
In 1716, Peter the Great appointed Frenchman Jean-Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond as the chief architect of Saint Petersburg.
Jean-Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond (1679 – 10 March 1719) was a French architect and garden designer who became the chief architect of Saint Petersburg in 1716.

Nyenschantz

NyenskansNevanlinnaNyen
Swedish colonists built Nyenskans, a fortress at the mouth of the Neva River in 1611, in what was then called Ingermanland, which was inhabited by Finnic tribe of Ingrians.
Nyenschantz (Ниенша́нц, Nienshants; Nyenskans; Nevanlinna) was a Swedish fortress at the confluence of the Neva River and Okhta River, the site of present-day Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral, Saint Petersburg

St. Peter and Paul CathedralPeter and Paul CathedralSaints Peter and Paul Cathedral
The style of Petrine Baroque, developed by Trezzini and other architects and exemplified by such buildings as the Menshikov Palace, Kunstkamera, Peter and Paul Cathedral, Twelve Collegia, became prominent in the city architecture of the early 18th century.
The Peter and Paul Cathedral is a Russian Orthodox cathedral located inside the Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg, Russia.

Saint Petersburg Governorate

St. Petersburg GovernorateIngermanlandia GovernorateIngermanland Governorate
Later, the city became the centre of the Saint Petersburg Governorate.
By another edict on June 3, 1710, the governorate was renamed St. Petersburg Governorate after the newly founded city of Saint Petersburg, and in 1721 the former Swedish Duchy of Ingria, and parts of the County of Kexholm and the County of Viborg and Nyslott were formally ceded to Russia in the Treaty of Nystad.

Nevsky Prospect

Nevsky ProspektNevskyNevsky av.
It developed along three radial streets, which meet at the Admiralty building and are now one street known as Nevsky Prospekt (which is considered the main street of the city), Gorokhovaya Street and Voznesensky Prospekt.
Nevsky Prospect is the main street in the city of St. Petersburg, Russia, named after the 13th-century Russian prince Alexander Nevsky.

Winter Palace

the Winter PalaceImperial Palacestorming of the White House
Baroque architecture became dominant in the city during the first sixty years, culminating in the Elizabethan Baroque, represented most notably by Italian Bartolomeo Rastrelli with such buildings as the Winter Palace.
Situated between Palace Embankment and Palace Square, in Saint Petersburg, adjacent to the site of Peter the Great's original Winter Palace, the present and fourth Winter Palace was built and altered almost continuously between the late 1730s and 1837, when it was severely damaged by fire and immediately rebuilt.

Kunstkamera

Museum of Anthropology and EthnographyAsiatic MuseumPeter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography
The style of Petrine Baroque, developed by Trezzini and other architects and exemplified by such buildings as the Menshikov Palace, Kunstkamera, Peter and Paul Cathedral, Twelve Collegia, became prominent in the city architecture of the early 18th century.
It is located on the Universitetskaya Embankment in Saint Petersburg, facing the Winter Palace.

Ingrian Finns

IngriansIngrianIngrian Finnish
Swedish colonists built Nyenskans, a fortress at the mouth of the Neva River in 1611, in what was then called Ingermanland, which was inhabited by Finnic tribe of Ingrians.
According to some records, some 25,000 Ingrian Finns have returned or still reside in the Saint Petersburg region.

Alexander I of Russia

Alexander ITsar Alexander IAlexander
In 1810, Alexander I established the first engineering Higher learning institution, the Saint Petersburg Main military engineering School in Saint Petersburg.
He was born in Saint Petersburg to Grand Duke Paul Petrovich, later Emperor Paul I, and succeeded to the throne after his father was murdered.

Moscow

Moscow, RussiaMoskvaMuscovite
Saint Petersburg is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
In 1712 Peter the Great moved his government to the newly built Saint Petersburg on the Baltic coast.

Great Northern War

Northern WarThe Great Northern WarGreat Nordic War
On 12 May 1703, during the Great Northern War, Peter the Great captured Nyenskans and soon replaced the fortress.
Meanwhile the forces of Peter I had recovered from defeat at Narva and gained ground in Sweden's Baltic provinces, where they cemented Russian access to the Baltic Sea by founding Saint Petersburg in 1703.

Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli

Bartolomeo RastrelliRastrelliFrancesco Rastrelli
Baroque architecture became dominant in the city during the first sixty years, culminating in the Elizabethan Baroque, represented most notably by Italian Bartolomeo Rastrelli with such buildings as the Winter Palace.
Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli (Russian: Франче́ско Бартоломе́о (1700 in Paris, Kingdom of France — 29 April 1771 in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire) was an Italian architect who worked mainly in Russia.

Federal subjects of Russia

federal subjectfederal subjectsfederal subject of Russia
An important Russian port on the Baltic Sea, it has a status of a federal subject (a federal city).
b. According to Article 13 of the Charter of Leningrad Oblast, the governing bodies of the oblast are located in the city of St. Petersburg.

Gorokhovaya Street

Gorokhovaya
It developed along three radial streets, which meet at the Admiralty building and are now one street known as Nevsky Prospekt (which is considered the main street of the city), Gorokhovaya Street and Voznesensky Prospekt.
Gorokhovaya Street is a north-south thoroughfare in the Central Business District of Saint Petersburg.

Alexander Column

Alexander I monument
Auguste de Montferrand (Saint Isaac's Cathedral, Alexander Column)
The Alexander Column (Алекса́ндровская коло́нна, Aleksandrovskaya kolonna) also known as Alexandrian Column (Александри́йская коло́нна, Aleksandriyskaya kolonna), is the focal point of Palace Square in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Menshikov Palace (Saint Petersburg)

Menshikov PalaceFirst Cadets' Corpusland
The style of Petrine Baroque, developed by Trezzini and other architects and exemplified by such buildings as the Menshikov Palace, Kunstkamera, Peter and Paul Cathedral, Twelve Collegia, became prominent in the city architecture of the early 18th century.
The Menshikov Palace is a Petrine Baroque edifice in Saint Petersburg, situated on Universitetskaya Embankment of the Bolshaya Neva on Vasilyevsky Island.