A report on Salabat Jung

A late 18th century, Bidriware Hookah base at Louvre, provides an insight into the alliance between Salabat Jung and De Bussy.

The 3rd son of Nizam-ul-Mulk.

- Salabat Jung

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Nizam-ul-Mulk

Nizam-ul-Mulk, Asaf Jah I

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The 1st Nizam of Hyderabad, a trusted nobleman and General of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

The 1st Nizam of Hyderabad, a trusted nobleman and General of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

Nizam-ul-Mulk
Asaf Jah I, Viceroy of the Deccan
By the Reign of the seventh Nizam, his dominion were similar in size to Belgium, but it was a far cry from when the first Nizam had ruled over a territory the size of France.

From other wives he had four more sons; Salabat Jung (later Nizam), Nizam Ali Khan (later Nizam), Basalat Jung, and Mogal Ali Khan.

Marquis de Bussy-Castelnau

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The Governor General of the French colony of Pondicherry from 1783 to 1785.

The Governor General of the French colony of Pondicherry from 1783 to 1785.

On 23 November 1753, a Paravana of Asif ad-Dawlah Mir Ali Salabat Jang, Subedar of Deccan conceded to Marquis de Bussy-Castelnau the paraganas of Chicacole, Ellore, Rajahmundry etc. with an annual revenue RS.2, 00,000 for the maintenance of the French troops in the Subah in recognition of the help of these Circars amounted up to 10 lakhs of Rupees per year.

Asafia flag of Hyderabad Deccan. The script along the top reads Al Azmatulillah meaning "All greatness is for God". The bottom script reads Ya Uthman which translates to "Oh Osman". The writing in the middle reads "Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah"

Nizam of Hyderabad

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The Nizams were the rulers of Hyderabad from 18th-through-20th-century.

The Nizams were the rulers of Hyderabad from 18th-through-20th-century.

Asafia flag of Hyderabad Deccan. The script along the top reads Al Azmatulillah meaning "All greatness is for God". The bottom script reads Ya Uthman which translates to "Oh Osman". The writing in the middle reads "Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah"
Mir Osman Ali Khan
Map of India in 1760. The southern area in green was ruled by the Nizam.
Hyderabad State in 1909
The sixth Nizam riding an elephant in a procession from Moula Ali, circa. 1890s.
General Syed Ahmed El Edroos (at right) offers his surrender of the Hyderabad State Forces to Major General (later General and Army Chief) Jayanto Nath Chaudhuri at Secunderabad.
The Nizam's of Hyderabad throne in Chowmahalla Palace

The Asaf Jah dynasty had only seven rulers; however there was a period of 13 unstable years after the rule of the first Nizam when two of his sons (Nasir Jung,and Salabath Jung) and grandson Muzafur Jung ruled.

Yanaon

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One of the five principal settlements of French India between 1731 and 1954.

One of the five principal settlements of French India between 1731 and 1954.

Maximum extent of French influence (1741–1754)
Colonial Yanaon
Regional Administrator Office, Yanam
Sri Potti Sri Ramulu Yanam Bridge
French Commissaire and Madimchetty, Mayor of Yanam in 1940s
An old photo of signature of the Treaty of Cession of French Establishments of India dated 28 May 1956. Plenipotentiary Signatories: On behalf of Republic of India, treaty was signed by the Indian Minister for External Affairs, Shri Jawaharlal Nehru (seated in the centre) and On behalf of French Republic, signed by the French Ambassador in India, H. E. Monsieur Stanislas Ostroróg (seated second from the left). Then Chief Commissioner of Pondicherry, Hon'ble Kewal Singh can be seen standing second from the right.

Salabat Jang, the son of the Nizam al Mulk, who was indebted for his elevation to the throne to the French East India Company, granted the district of Kondavid to the French in return for their services, and soon afterwards the other Circars.

Lord Robert Clive meeting with Mir Jafar after the Battle of Plassey, oil on canvas (Francis Hayman, c. 1762)

Carnatic Wars

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The Carnatic Wars were a series of military conflicts in the middle of the 18th century in India's coastal Carnatic region, a dependency of Hyderabad State, India.

The Carnatic Wars were a series of military conflicts in the middle of the 18th century in India's coastal Carnatic region, a dependency of Hyderabad State, India.

Lord Robert Clive meeting with Mir Jafar after the Battle of Plassey, oil on canvas (Francis Hayman, c. 1762)
Showing the Carnatic Region of what is now India.
Dupleix meeting the Nizam of Hyderabad, Muzaffar Jung.
The British surrender of Madras, 1746.
The Siege of Arcot (1751) was a major battle fought between Robert Clive and the combined forces of the Mughal Empire's Nawab of the Carnatic, Chanda Sahib, assisted by a small number of troops from the French East India Company
Robert Clive fires a cannon in the Siege of Arcot.
French and English boats position near Pondicherry. French National Archives.
End the siege of Pondicherry in 1748.
Death of the Nawab Anwaruddin Mohammed Khan in a battle (battle of Ambur) against the French in 1749 (by Paul Philipoteaux).
Lally at Pondicherry.
The Black Hole of Calcutta, 20 June 1756.
Jean Law's Memoire: Mémoires sur quelques affaires de l'Empire Mogol 1756–1761 contains detailed information about the campaign of the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II and his French allies against the British East India Company.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YRK1x3GSmYk| url-status=dead|title=Niall Ferguson - Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World - Why Britain? 4/5|work=YouTube|access-date=28 September 2014}}</ref>
English guns at the battle of Plassey, June 23, 1757.
Nawab of Bengal, Mir Qasim at the Battle of Buxar
Mughal artillerymen at Plassey during the Carnatic Wars.
Stringer Lawrence and Nawab Wallajah in Madras<ref>Palk Manuscripts, four-volume collection of the correspondence of Sir Robert Palk relating to Indian affairs, Historical Manuscripts Commission: Report on the Palk manuscripts in the possession of Mrs Bannatyne of Haldon, Devon, p.XII </ref>

Muzaffar's reign was short as he was soon killed, and Salabat Jung became Nizam.

Nizam Ali Khan, Asaf Jah II

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The 2nd Nizam of Hyderabad State in South India between 1762 and 1803.

The 2nd Nizam of Hyderabad State in South India between 1762 and 1803.

Nizam Ali then seized the Bidar Fort and later arrested Salabat Jung, this action of Nizam Ali Khan was ratified by the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, who issued a Firman terminating Salabat Jung (supported by the French East India Company), from his position as the Subedar of Deccan and appointing Nizam Ali Khan Asaf Jah II as his successor.

Alamgir II

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The fifteenth Mughal Emperor of India, who reigned from 3 June 1754 to 29 November 1759.

The fifteenth Mughal Emperor of India, who reigned from 3 June 1754 to 29 November 1759.

Mughal Padishah Alamgir II
Imad-ul-Mulk, a persecutor of the Mughal imperial family, holds a banquet.
Patthargarh fort (literally meaning: "stone stronghold") outside Najibabad, built by Najib ad-Dawlah in 1755, during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Alamgir II.
Mughal artillerymen at Plassey during the Carnatic Wars.
Maratha Confederacy at its zenith in 1760, the Peshwa discussed abolishing the Mughal Empire and placing Vishwasrao on the imperial throne in Delhi.
the Mughal Ambassador
A portrait of Marquis de Bussy-Castelnau.
Silver rupee issued in the name of Alamgir II, date of AH 1172 (c. 1758).
Ahmad Shah Durrani.
Timur Shah Durrani.

These internal conflicts would lead Siraj-ud-Daula to hastily annex Calcutta from the English East India Company, without the permission of the Mughal Emperor Alamgir II and Salabat Jung.

Ghazi ud-Din Khan Feroze Jung II

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The eldest son of Asaf Jah I Mir Qamaruddin Khan Siddiqi.

The eldest son of Asaf Jah I Mir Qamaruddin Khan Siddiqi.

Asaf Jah's third son Salabat Jang and grandson Muzaffar Jang were also in the fray.

Muzaffar Jung

Muhyi ad-Din Muzaffar Jang Hidayat

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The ruler of Hyderabad from 1750 until his death in 1751.

The ruler of Hyderabad from 1750 until his death in 1751.

Muzaffar Jung
Muzaffar Jung
Dupleix meeting the Subahdar of the Deccan, Muzaffar Jang.

At this critical juncture in history the French commander De Bussy made the decision to install Salabat Jung as the new Nizam.

Balaji Baji Rao

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The 8th Peshwa of the Maratha Empire in India.

The 8th Peshwa of the Maratha Empire in India.

A 20th century of depiction of Tarabai by artist Baburao Painter. She unsuccessfully rebelled against the Peshwa in 1751.
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Maratha Confederacy at its zenith in 1760 (yellow areas)
A c. 1770 drawing of the Third battle of Panipat

Tarabai was unsuccessful in getting support from other ministers and the would-be Nizam Salabat Jung.