Salt

table saltsalt productioncommon saltedible saltsalinesalt industrysalt crystalsodiumsaltysalt maker
Salt is a mineral consisting primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.wikipedia
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Halite

rock saltsaltmineral salt
Salt is a mineral consisting primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
Halite ( or ), commonly known as rock salt, is a type of salt, the mineral (natural) form of sodium chloride (Na Cl).

Seasoning

seasonedseasoningsflavoring
Salt is one of the oldest and most ubiquitous food seasonings, and salting is an important method of food preservation.
Seasoning is the process of adding salts, herbs, or spices to food to enhance the flavour.

Sodium chloride

NaClsaltroad salt
Salt is a mineral consisting primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite. Salt is mostly sodium chloride, the ionic compound with the formula NaCl, representing equal proportions of sodium and chlorine.
In its edible form of table salt, it is commonly used as a condiment and food preservative.

Salting (food)

saltingsaltedsalt
Salt is one of the oldest and most ubiquitous food seasonings, and salting is an important method of food preservation.
Salting is the preservation of food with dry edible salt.

Sea salt

saltBlack lava saltmarine solar saltern
Salt is processed from salt mines, and by the evaporation of seawater (sea salt) and mineral-rich spring water in shallow pools.
Sea salt is salt that is produced by the evaporation of seawater.

Health effects of salt

salt intakesodiumConsensus Action on Salt and Health
Such health effects of salt have long been studied.
The health effects of salt are the conditions associated with the consumption of either too much or too little salt.

Hypertension

high blood pressurehypertensivearterial hypertension
Excessive salt consumption may increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension, in children and adults.
Lifestyle factors that increase the risk include excess salt in the diet, excess body weight, smoking, and alcohol use.

Briquetage

VCPVery Coarse Pottery
Evidence indicates that Neolithic people of the Precucuteni Culture were boiling the salt-laden spring water through the process of briquetage to extract the salt as far back as 6050 BC.
Briquetage is a coarse ceramic material used to make evaporation vessels and supporting pillars used in extracting salt from brine or seawater.

De-icing

deicinganti-icingde-ice
Other uses include water conditioning processes, de-icing highways, and agricultural use.
Chloride-based compounds (e.g. salt) are not used at airports, due to their corrosive effect on aircraft and other equipment.

Azalai

Azalay
The Tuareg have traditionally maintained routes across the Sahara especially for the transportation of salt by Azalai (salt caravans).
Azalay) is a semi-annual salt caravan route practiced by Tuareg traders in the Sahara desert between Timbuktu and the Taoudenni salt mine in Mali, or the act of traveling with a caravan along that route.

History of the British salt tax in India

salt taxsalt tax in IndiaSalt Law
In 1930, Mahatma Gandhi led at least 100,000 people on the "Dandi March" or "Salt Satyagraha", in which protesters made their own salt from the sea thus defying British rule and avoiding paying the salt tax.
In 1835, special taxes were imposed on Indian salt to facilitate its import.

Solnitsata

What is now thought to have been the first city in Europe is Solnitsata, in Bulgaria, which was a salt mine, providing the area now known as the Balkans with salt since 5400 BC.
Believed by Bulgarian archaeologists to be the oldest town in Europe, Solnitsata was the site of a salt production facility approximately six millennia ago; it flourished ca 4700–4200 BC.

Salt-cured meat

salted meatsaltedsalt-cured
During the first millennium BC, Celtic communities grew rich trading salt and salted meat to Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome in exchange for wine and other luxuries.
Salting, either with dry salt or brine, was a common method of preserving meat until the middle of the 20th century, becoming less popular after the advent of refrigeration.

Salary

salariessalariedsalaried employee
The word salary comes from the Latin word for salt.
By the time of the Hebrew Book of Ezra (550 to 450 BC), salt from a person was synonymous with drawing sustenance, taking pay, or being in that person's service.

Salzach

Salzach RiverRiver SalzachSalzach Valley
Salzach literally means "salt river" and Salzburg "salt castle", both taking their names from the German word Salz meaning salt and Hallstatt was the site of the world's first salt mine.
The river's name is derived from the German word Salz "salt" and Aach.

Iodised salt

iodized saltsalt iodizationiodized
Edible salt is sold in forms such as sea salt and table salt which usually contains an anti-caking agent and may be iodised to prevent iodine deficiency.
Iodised salt ([[American and British English spelling differences#-ise.2C -ize .28-isation.2C -ization.29|also spelled]] iodized salt) is table salt mixed with a minute amount of various salts of the element iodine.

Sodium

NaNa + sodium ion
Salt is mostly sodium chloride, the ionic compound with the formula NaCl, representing equal proportions of sodium and chlorine.
Among many other useful sodium compounds, sodium hydroxide (lye) is used in soap manufacture, and sodium chloride (edible salt) is a de-icing agent and a nutrient for animals including humans.

Saltine cracker

soda crackersaltinesaltine crackers
Some people put a desiccant, such as a few grains of uncooked rice or a saltine cracker, in their salt shakers to absorb extra moisture and help break up salt clumps that may otherwise form.
A saltine or soda cracker is a thin, usually square cracker made from white flour, yeast, and baking soda, with most varieties lightly sprinkled with coarse salt.

Salt and pepper shakers

salt shakerpepper shakerpepper pot
Salt is used in many cuisines around the world, and it is often found in salt shakers on diners' eating tables for their personal use on food.
Salt and pepper shakers or salt and pepper pots, of which the first item is normally called a salt cellar in British English, are condiment dispensers used in Western culture that are designed to allow diners to distribute grains of edible salt and ground peppercorns.

Anticaking agent

anti-caking agentanti-cakinganticaking
Edible salt is sold in forms such as sea salt and table salt which usually contains an anti-caking agent and may be iodised to prevent iodine deficiency.
An anticaking agent is an additive placed in powdered or granulated materials, such as table salt or confectioneries, to prevent the formation of lumps (caking) and for easing packaging, transport, flowability, and consumption.

Salt (chemistry)

saltsaltspotassium salt
Salt is a mineral consisting primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.

Tooth decay

dental cariescariescavities
A lack of fluorine in the diet is the cause of a greatly increased incidence of dental caries.
Fluoride may be acquired from water, salt or toothpaste among other sources.

Neolithic

Neolithic periodNeolithic AgeNew Stone Age
Evidence indicates that Neolithic people of the Precucuteni Culture were boiling the salt-laden spring water through the process of briquetage to extract the salt as far back as 6050 BC.
It was also important to figure out ways of preserving food for future months, such as fashioning relatively airtight containers, and using substances like salt as preservatives.

Canning

cannerycannedcanned food
While people have used canning and artificial refrigeration to preserve food for the last hundred years or so, salt has been the best-known food preservative, especially for meat, for many thousands of years.
Salt (sodium chloride), dissolved in water, is used in the canning process.

Salt in Chinese history

salt productionsaltproduction and trade of salt
Some of the earliest evidence of salt processing dates to around 6,000 BC, when people living in the area of present-day Romania boiled spring water to extract salts; a salt-works in China dates to approximately the same period.