Salt (chemistry)

saltsaltspotassium saltionic saltmetal saltsionic compoundionic chemical compoundmineral saltsorganic saltorganic salts
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.wikipedia
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Acetate

diacetateacetatesacetate ion
These component ions can be inorganic, such as chloride (Cl − ), or organic, such as acetate ; and can be monatomic, such as fluoride (F − ), or polyatomic, such as sulfate.
An acetate is a salt formed by the combination of acetic acid with an alkaline, earthy, metallic or nonmetallic and other base.

Base (chemistry)

basebasicbases
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH − ) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor or contain completely or partially displaceable OH − ions.

Ionic compound

ionicionic solidionic crystals
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Ionic compounds without these ions are also known as salts and can be formed by acid–base reactions.

Ion

cationanionions
Salts are composed of related numbers of cations (positively charged ions) and anions (negative ions) so that the product is electrically neutral (without a net charge).
Ions are also created by chemical interactions, such as the dissolution of a salt in liquids, or by other means, such as passing a direct current through a conducting solution, dissolving an anode via ionization.

Hydroxide

OHhydroxide ionOH −
Salts that produce hydroxide ions when dissolved in water are called alkali salts.
The hydroxide ion forms salts, some of which dissociate in aqueous solution, liberating solvated hydroxide ions.

Acid

acidicacidityacids
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Acids form aqueous solutions with a sour taste, can turn blue litmus red, and react with bases and certain metals (like calcium) to form salts.

Dye

dyesdyestuffsynthetic dyes
Some organic dyes are salts, but they are virtually insoluble in water.
Some dyes can be rendered insoluble with the addition of salt to produce a lake pigment.

Magnesium sulfate

magnesium sulphateepsom saltepsom salts
sodium chloride, magnesium sulfate heptahydrate are colorless or white because the constituent cations and anions do not absorb in the visible part of the spectrum Different salts can elicit all five basic tastes, e.g., salty (sodium chloride), sweet (lead diacetate, which will cause lead poisoning if ingested), sour (potassium bitartrate), bitter (magnesium sulfate), and umami or savory (monosodium glutamate).
Magnesium sulfate is an inorganic salt with the formula MgSO 4 (H 2 O) x where 0≤x≤7.

Potassium permanganate

KMnO 4 permanganateCondy's Crystals
potassium permanganate has the violet color of permanganate anion.
It has the chemical formula KMnO 4 and is a salt consisting of K + and [[permanganate|]] ions.

Polyatomic ion

molecular ionpolyatomicpolyatomic anion
These component ions can be inorganic, such as chloride (Cl − ), or organic, such as acetate ; and can be monatomic, such as fluoride (F − ), or polyatomic, such as sulfate.
Polyatomic ions are often useful in the context of acid-base chemistry or in the formation of salts.

Water

H 2 Oliquid wateraqueous
Salts that produce hydroxide ions when dissolved in water are called alkali salts.
Water is a good polar solvent, that dissolves many salts and hydrophilic organic molecules such as sugars and simple alcohols such as ethanol.

Monosodium glutamate

MSGsodium glutamate621
Different salts can elicit all five basic tastes, e.g., salty (sodium chloride), sweet (lead diacetate, which will cause lead poisoning if ingested), sour (potassium bitartrate), bitter (magnesium sulfate), and umami or savory (monosodium glutamate).
Monosodium glutamate (MSG, also known as sodium glutamate) is the sodium salt of glutamic acid, one of the most abundant naturally occurring non-essential amino acids.

Nickel(II) chloride

NiCl 2 nickel chloridenickel dichloride
nickel chloride is typically green of [NiCl 2 (H 2 O) 4 ]
Nickel(II) chloride (or just nickel chloride), is the chemical compound NiCl 2 . The anhydrous salt is yellow, but the more familiar hydrate NiCl 2 ·6H 2 O is green.

Molecule

moleculesmolecularmolecular structure
Zwitterions contain an anionic and a cationic centres in the same molecule, but are not considered to be salts.
Also, no typical molecule can be defined for ionic crystals (salts) and covalent crystals (network solids), although these are often composed of repeating unit cells that extend either in a plane (such as in graphene) or three-dimensionally (such as in diamond, quartz, or sodium chloride).

Potassium

KK + potassium ion
For example, salts of sodium, potassium and ammonium are usually soluble in water.
All of the alkali metals have a single valence electron in the outer electron shell, which is easily removed to create an ion with a positive charge – a cation, which combines with anions to form salts.

Hydrolysis

hydrolyzedhydrolysehydrolyze
That slow, partial decomposition is usually accelerated by the presence of water, since hydrolysis is the other half of the reversible reaction equation of formation of weak salts.
A common kind of hydrolysis occurs when a salt of a weak acid or weak base (or both) is dissolved in water.

Carbonate

carbonatescarbonaceousCO 3
For similar reasons, most alkali metal carbonates are not soluble in water.
In chemistry, a carbonate is a salt of carbonic acid (H 2 CO 3 ), characterized by the presence of the carbonate ion, a polyatomic ion with the formula of.

Sodium carbonate

soda ashsodaNa 2 CO 3
Some soluble carbonate salts are: sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate and ammonium carbonate.

Ionic liquid

ionic liquidsmagnetic ionic liquidroom temperature ionic liquid
These include molten salts, which are usually mixtures of salts, and ionic liquids, which usually contain organic cations.
An ionic liquid (IL) is a salt in the liquid state.

Sulfate

sulfatessulphateSO 4
These component ions can be inorganic, such as chloride (Cl − ), or organic, such as acetate ; and can be monatomic, such as fluoride (F − ), or polyatomic, such as sulfate.
Sulfates are salts of sulfuric acid and many are prepared from that acid.

Molten salt

moltenmolten nitrate salt
These include molten salts, which are usually mixtures of salts, and ionic liquids, which usually contain organic cations.
Molten salt is salt which is solid at standard temperature and pressure (STP) but enters the liquid phase due to elevated temperature.

Electrolyte

electrolyteselectrolyticionic solution
For this reason, liquified (molten) salts and solutions containing dissolved salts (e.g., sodium chloride in water) are called electrolytes.
This includes most soluble salts, acids, and bases.

Chemistry

chemistchemicalChemical Sciences
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Cations and anions can form a crystalline lattice of neutral salts, such as the Na + and Cl − ions forming sodium chloride, or NaCl.

Ammonia

NH 3 anhydrous ammonialiquid ammonia
Salts of strong acids and strong bases ("strong salts") are non-volatile and often odorless, whereas salts of either weak acids or weak bases ("weak salts") may smell like the conjugate acid (e.g., acetates like acetic acid (vinegar) and cyanides like hydrogen cyanide (almonds)) or the conjugate base (e.g., ammonium salts like ammonia) of the component ions.
It combines with acids to form salts; thus with hydrochloric acid it forms ammonium chloride (sal ammoniac); with nitric acid, ammonium nitrate, etc. Perfectly dry ammonia will not combine with perfectly dry hydrogen chloride; moisture is necessary to bring about the reaction.

Magnesium

MgMg 2+ magnesian
Magnesium
The metal is now obtained mainly by electrolysis of magnesium salts obtained from brine, and is used primarily as a component in aluminium-magnesium alloys, sometimes called magnalium or magnelium.