Salzburg

Salzburg, AustriaIuvavumSalzburg municipality1731 Expulsion of Protestants from SalzburgCity of SalzburgMaxglanSalzburg-MaxglanGeorgia Salzburger SocietyhistoryReligious conflict in Salzburg
Salzburg, literally "salt castle", is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of Federal State of Salzburg.wikipedia
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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

MozartW. A. MozartW.A. Mozart
Salzburg was the birthplace of the 18th-century composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Born in Salzburg, Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood.

Austria

🇦🇹AUTAustrian
Salzburg, literally "salt castle", is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of Federal State of Salzburg.
Other major urban areas of Austria include Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck.

List of cities and towns in Austria

towncities Austrian town
Salzburg, literally "salt castle", is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of Federal State of Salzburg.

The Sound of Music (film)

The Sound of MusicfilmSound of Music
In the mid‑20th century, the city was the setting for the musical play and film The Sound of Music.
Based on the memoir The Story of the Trapp Family Singers by Maria von Trapp, the film is about a young Austrian woman studying to become a nun in Salzburg, Austria in 1938 who is sent to the villa of a retired naval officer and widower to be governess to his seven children.

Rupert of Salzburg

Saint RupertRupertSt. Rupert
The Life of Saint Rupert credits the 8th-century saint with the city's rebirth.
undefined 660 – 710 AD) was Bishop of Worms as well as the first Bishop of Salzburg and abbot of St. Peter's in Salzburg.

Prince-Archbishopric of Salzburg

SalzburgArchbishop of SalzburgPrince-Archbishop of Salzburg
Salzburg was the seat of the Archbishopric of Salzburg, a prince-bishopric of the Holy Roman Empire.
The capital of the archbishopric was Salzburg, the former Roman city of Iuvavum.

Hohensalzburg Fortress

HohensalzburgFortressHohensalzburg Castle
Hohensalzburg Fortress, the city's fortress, was built in 1077 by Archbishop Gebhard, who made it his residence.
Hohensalzburg Fortress (Festung Hohensalzburg, literally "High Salzburg Fortress") sits atop the Festungsberg, a small hill in the Austrian city of Salzburg.

History of Bavaria

BavariaBavarianBavarians
Independence from Bavaria was secured in the late 14th century.
Boniface organised the Bavarian church and founded or restored bishoprics at Salzburg, Freising, Regensburg and Passau.

Duchy of Salzburg

SalzburgDuke of SalzburgKronland Salzburg
In 1850, Salzburg's status was restored as the capital of the Duchy of Salzburg, a crownland of the Austrian Empire.
Its capital was Salzburg, while other towns in the duchy included Zell am See and Gastein.

Salzburg (state)

Salzburgstate of SalzburgSalzburg state
Salzburg, literally "salt castle", is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of Federal State of Salzburg.
It is officially named Land Salzburg, colloquially Salzburgerland, to distinguish it from its eponymous capital Salzburg city and as such is the only state to be named after its capital.

Mönchsberg

This area is flanked by two smaller hills, the Mönchsberg and Kapuzinerberg, which offer green relief within the city.
The Mönchsberg, at 507 m above sea level, is one of five mountains in Salzburg municipality, Salzburg state, Austria.

Anschluss

annexation of Austriaannexationannexed
The Anschluss (the occupation and annexation of Austria, including Salzburg, into the Third Reich) took place on 12 March 1938, one day before a scheduled referendum on Austria's independence.
The provisional national assembly drafted a provisional constitution that stated that "German Austria is a democratic republic" (Article 1) and "German Austria is a component of the German Republic" (Article 2). Later plebiscites in the German border provinces of Tyrol and Salzburg yielded majorities of 98% and 99% in favor of a unification with the German (i.e. Weimar) Republic.

Untersberg

The closest alpine peak, the 1,972‑metre-high Untersberg, is less than 16 km from the city centre.
The Untersberg is the northernmost massif of the Berchtesgaden Alps, a prominent spur straddling the border between Berchtesgaden, Germany and Salzburg, Austria.

Kapuzinerberg

This area is flanked by two smaller hills, the Mönchsberg and Kapuzinerberg, which offer green relief within the city.
Kapuzinerberg is a hill on the eastern bank of the Salzach river in Salzburg, Salzburgerland, Austria, which rises to an elevation of 640 metres.

Salzach

Salzach RiverRiver SalzachSalzach Valley
The name Salzburg means "Salt Castle" (Latin: Salis Burgium). The name derives from the barges carrying salt on the River Salzach, which were subject to a toll in the 8th century as was customary for many communities and cities on European rivers.
It then turns northwards, passes Sankt Johann im Pongau, flows in-between the Berchtesgaden Alps and the Tennen Mountains to Hallein and the city of Salzburg.

Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau

Wolf Dietrich (von) Raitenau
Eventually, tensions were quelled, and the city's independence led to an increase in wealth and prosperity, culminating in the late 16th to 18th centuries under the Prince Archbishops Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau, Markus Sittikus, and Paris Lodron.
He continued the harsh measures of the Counter-Reformation initiated by his predecessors, invited Franciscan and Augustinian friars, and in 1589 had all Protestants expelled from the city of Salzburg.

Alps

Alpinethe AlpsAlpine region
Tourists also visit Salzburg to tour the historic centre and the scenic Alpine surroundings. The Cathedral of Archbishop Conrad of Wittelsbach was the largest basilica north of the Alps.
Among the many substances Celtic tribes mined was salt in areas such as Salzburg in Austria where evidence of the Hallstatt culture was found by a mine manager in the 19th century.

Ljubljana

LaibachLjubljana (Laibach)Ljubljana, Slovenia
Salzburg is approximately 150 km east of Munich, 281 km northwest of Ljubljana, Slovenia, and 300 km west of Vienna.
Ljubljana is located some 320 km south of Munich, 477 km east of Zürich, 250 km east of Venice, 350 km southwest of Vienna, 224 km south of Salzburg and 400 km southwest of Budapest.

Conrad of Wittelsbach

Conrad of MainzConradConrad I
The Cathedral of Archbishop Conrad of Wittelsbach was the largest basilica north of the Alps.
The son of Otto IV, Count of Wittelsbach, and brother of Otto I of Bavaria, he studied in Salzburg and Paris.

Markus Sittich von Hohenems

Mark Sittich von HohenemsMarkus Sittikus von HohenemsMarcus Sittich of Hohenems
Eventually, tensions were quelled, and the city's independence led to an increase in wealth and prosperity, culminating in the late 16th to 18th centuries under the Prince Archbishops Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau, Markus Sittikus, and Paris Lodron.
Mark Sittikus also continued the redevelopment of his Salzburg residence: he employed the Italian architect Santino Solari to pursue the reconstruction of Salzburg Cathedral according to plans designed by Vincenzo Scamozzi, with the foundation stone of the new building being laid in 1614.

Mirabell Palace

MirabellSchloss MirabellMirabell Garden
Yet some new structures have been added: the Mozarteum at the Baroque Mirabell Garden (Architecture Robert Rechenauer), the 2001 Congress House (Architecture: Freemasons), the 2011 Unipark Nonntal (Architecture: Storch Ehlers Partners), the 2001 "Makartsteg" bridge (Architecture: HALLE1), and the "Residential and Studio House" of the architects Christine and Horst Lechner in the middle of Salzburg's old town (winner of the architecture award of Salzburg 2010).
Mirabell Palace (Schloss Mirabell) is a historic building in the city of Salzburg, Austria.

Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach

Fischer von ErlachJohann Fischer von ErlachFischer
The city's redesign was completed with buildings designed by Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, donated by Prince Archbishop Johann Ernst von Thun.
His major works include Schönbrunn Palace, Karlskirche, and the Austrian National Library in Vienna, and Schloss Klessheim, Holy Trinity Church, and the Kollegienkirche in Salzburg.

Hieronymus von Colloredo (1732–1812)

Archbishop ColloredoHieronymus von ColloredoColloredo
In 1772–1803, under archbishop Hieronymus Graf von Colloredo, Salzburg was a centre of late Illuminism.
-- Well, in plain language this means that as far as I'm concerned, Salzburg no longer exists....

Altstadt Salzburg

AltstadtHistoric Centre of the City of Salzburghistoric centre
Altstadt
The Altstadt Salzburg is a district of Salzburg, Austria, recognised as UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1996.

Aigen (Salzburg city district)

AigenSalzburg-AigenSalzburg Aigen
Aigen
Aigen is a district in the city of Salzburg, Salzburgerland, Austria and is known as one of the most expensive residential areas of the provincial capital.