Same-sex marriage by Circuit Court

CircuitCircuit CourtCircuitsU.S. Court of Appeals
Prior to the landmark ruling United States v. Windsor, the constitutionality of banning same-sex marriage was upheld by the Eighth Circuit in Citizens for Equal Protection v. Bruning.wikipedia
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Same-sex marriage in the Tenth Circuit

Tenth Circuit Court of AppealsTenthTenth Circuit
The Tenth, Fourth, Seventh, and Ninth circuits all ruled that same-sex marriage bans were unconstitutional.
Both Circuit Court rulings were stayed pending certiorari review from the Supreme Court of the United States.

Citizens for Equal Protection v. Bruning

Prior to the landmark ruling United States v. Windsor, the constitutionality of banning same-sex marriage was upheld by the Eighth Circuit in Citizens for Equal Protection v. Bruning.
Bruning was the only decision of a U.S. Court of Appeals to rule that a state ban on same-sex marriage comports with the U.S. Constitution until the Sixth Circuit did so on November 6, 2014.

Same-sex marriage in the Fourth Circuit

Fourth Circuit Court of AppealsFourth
The Tenth, Fourth, Seventh, and Ninth circuits all ruled that same-sex marriage bans were unconstitutional.
On July 28, 2014 the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld a ruling in Bostic v. Schaefer striking down Virginia's same-sex marriage ban which is a precedent for every state within the circuit.

Same-sex marriage in the Seventh Circuit

SeventhSeventh Circuit Court of AppealsU.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
The Tenth, Fourth, Seventh, and Ninth circuits all ruled that same-sex marriage bans were unconstitutional.
Same-sex marriage was already legal in Illinois before the Circuit Court's decision.

Same-sex marriage in the Ninth Circuit

Ninth Circuit Court of AppealsNinth
The Tenth, Fourth, Seventh, and Ninth circuits all ruled that same-sex marriage bans were unconstitutional.
Hollingsworth v. Perry is the only case regarding the constitutionality of same-sex marriage bans to make its way to the Supreme Court from the Ninth Circuit.

Same-sex marriage in the Sixth Circuit

Sixth Circuit Court of AppealsSixth CircuitU.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
The Sixth Circuit ruled that same-sex marriage bans were not unconstitutional and reversed the district court rulings that struck down same-sex marriage bans.
The Sixth Circuit consists of Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, and Tennessee.

Obergefell v. Hodges

ObergefellObergefell vs. HodgesJune Supreme Court ruling
They ruled that same-sex marriage bans violate the constitution in the landmark ruling Obergefell v. Hodges which was the consolidated case that covered each state in the Sixth Circuit.
In November 2014, following a lengthy series of appeals court rulings that year from the Fourth, Seventh, Ninth, and Tenth Circuits that state-level bans on same-sex marriage were unconstitutional, the Sixth Circuit ruled that it was bound by Baker v. Nelson and found such bans to be constitutional.

Lists of landmark court decisions

landmark decisionlandmark caselandmark
Prior to the landmark ruling United States v. Windsor, the constitutionality of banning same-sex marriage was upheld by the Eighth Circuit in Citizens for Equal Protection v. Bruning.

United States v. Windsor

Windsor v. United StatesWindsor5-4 vote
Prior to the landmark ruling United States v. Windsor, the constitutionality of banning same-sex marriage was upheld by the Eighth Circuit in Citizens for Equal Protection v. Bruning.

United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit

8th Cir.Eighth CircuitEighth Circuit Court of Appeals
Prior to the landmark ruling United States v. Windsor, the constitutionality of banning same-sex marriage was upheld by the Eighth Circuit in Citizens for Equal Protection v. Bruning.

Circuit court

circuitcircuit judgejudicial circuit
The cases that made it to these circuit courts originated in district courts which for the most part also struck down same-sex marriage bans.

District court

District Court Judgetingsrättdistrict courts
The cases that made it to these circuit courts originated in district courts which for the most part also struck down same-sex marriage bans.

Precedent

stare decisislegal precedentbinding precedent
However, it paved the way for same-sex marriage bans to be struck down in the entire circuit due to the precedent it set for district courts within the circuit to follow.

Circuit split

splitcases when federal appeals courts were in conflict on issues of federal lawcircuit courts of appeal have issued conflicted rulings
Since this was the only circuit court to rule this way post-Windsor, this created a circuit split which ultimately led to the Supreme Court of the United States deciding to resolve the issue once and for all.

Supreme Court of the United States

United States Supreme CourtU.S. Supreme CourtSupreme Court
Since this was the only circuit court to rule this way post-Windsor, this created a circuit split which ultimately led to the Supreme Court of the United States deciding to resolve the issue once and for all.

Same-sex marriage in tribal nations in the United States

Cheyenne and Arapaho TribesCoquille Indian TribeNative American tribal nations
* Same-sex marriage under United States tribal jurisdictions

Kitchen v. Herbert

Herbert v. KitchenUtahUtah case
In January 2014, after stays had been denied by the District Court and the Tenth Circuit, the U.S. Supreme Court granted a stay of the District Court's order pending consideration of the appeal by the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals.