Same-sex marriage in Colorado

Coloradocombined casesame-sex marriageSame-sex marriage legal since 2014same-sex marriage licenses in Boulde
Same-sex marriage has been legally recognized in the U.S. state of Colorado since October 7, 2014.wikipedia
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Same-sex marriage in the Tenth Circuit

Tenth Circuit Court of AppealsTenthTenth Circuit
Furthermore, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals had already made similar rulings with respect to such bans in Utah on June 25 and Oklahoma on July 18, which are binding precedents on courts in Colorado.
The Tenth Circuit consists of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah, and Wyoming.

Same-sex marriage

gay marriagemarriage equalitysame sex marriage
Same-sex marriage has been legally recognized in the U.S. state of Colorado since October 7, 2014.
They are also available in parts of the United States (California, Colorado, Hawaii, Illinois, New Jersey, Nevada and Oregon).

Colorado ex rel. Suthers v. Hall

Judge Hartman's decision in Colorado ex rel. Suthers v. Hall (see below) provided legal cover for the Boulder County clerk to issue same-sex marriage licenses as a form of civil disobedience.

Colorado district courts

Colorado District Courtdistrict court17th Judicial District Court
Colorado's state constitutional ban on same-sex marriage was struck down in the state district court on July 9, 2014, and by the U.S. District Court for the District of Colorado on July 23, 2014.

Colorado

State of ColoradoCOColorado, USA
Same-sex marriage has been legally recognized in the U.S. state of Colorado since October 7, 2014.

United States District Court for the District of Colorado

District of ColoradoU.S. District Court for the District of ColoradoD. Colo.
Colorado's state constitutional ban on same-sex marriage was struck down in the state district court on July 9, 2014, and by the U.S. District Court for the District of Colorado on July 23, 2014.

Kitchen v. Herbert

Herbert v. KitchenUtahUtah case
Furthermore, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals had already made similar rulings with respect to such bans in Utah on June 25 and Oklahoma on July 18, which are binding precedents on courts in Colorado.

Same-sex marriage in Oklahoma

Bishop v. OklahomaOklahomaBishop
Furthermore, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals had already made similar rulings with respect to such bans in Utah on June 25 and Oklahoma on July 18, which are binding precedents on courts in Colorado.

Colorado Supreme Court

Supreme Court of ColoradoSupreme Courtstate Supreme Court
On October 7, 2014, the Colorado Supreme Court and the Tenth Circuit cleared the way for same-sex marriages to begin in Colorado.

Colorado General Assembly

Colorado State LegislatureGeneral AssemblyColorado Legislature
In 1996, the Colorado General Assembly passed a bill banning same-sex marriage, but it was vetoed by Governor Roy Romer.

Roy Romer

Roy R. Romer
In 1996, the Colorado General Assembly passed a bill banning same-sex marriage, but it was vetoed by Governor Roy Romer.

Bill Owens (Colorado politician)

Bill OwensFrances W. OwensGovernor Bill Owens
In 2000, Governor Bill Owens signed into law a bill banning same-sex marriage.

Colorado Amendment 43

Amendment 43Colorado2006 campaign
On November 7, 2006, Colorado voters approved Amendment 43, a state initiated constitutional amendment that prohibited the recognition of same-sex marriage in the Constitution of Colorado The amendment passed by a margin of 56% to 44%.

Initiatives and referendums in the United States

ballot measureinitiated constitutional amendmentinitiative and referendum
On November 7, 2006, Colorado voters approved Amendment 43, a state initiated constitutional amendment that prohibited the recognition of same-sex marriage in the Constitution of Colorado The amendment passed by a margin of 56% to 44%.

Constitution of Colorado

Colorado ConstitutionConstitution of the State of Coloradostate constitution
Colorado's state constitutional ban on same-sex marriage was struck down in the state district court on July 9, 2014, and by the U.S. District Court for the District of Colorado on July 23, 2014. On November 7, 2006, Colorado voters approved Amendment 43, a state initiated constitutional amendment that prohibited the recognition of same-sex marriage in the Constitution of Colorado The amendment passed by a margin of 56% to 44%.

Adams v. Howerton

When one of those married in Boulder tried to use it to sponsor his husband for immigration purposes, he lost his case, Adams v. Howerton, in federal court.

Rational basis review

rational basisrational basis testRational basis scrutiny
On July 9, 2014, District Court Judge C. Scott Crabtree ruled that Colorado's same-sex marriage ban violated the plaintiffs' guarantees of equal protection and due process under the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating: "No state since U.S. v. Windsor has been able to justify its ban under even the rational basis test, much less under the strict scrutiny test."

Strict scrutiny

scrutinyleast restrictive meanscompelling state interest
On July 9, 2014, District Court Judge C. Scott Crabtree ruled that Colorado's same-sex marriage ban violated the plaintiffs' guarantees of equal protection and due process under the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating: "No state since U.S. v. Windsor has been able to justify its ban under even the rational basis test, much less under the strict scrutiny test."

Civil disobedience

disobedienceNon Cooperation MovementCivil Disobedience Movement
Judge Hartman's decision in Colorado ex rel. Suthers v. Hall (see below) provided legal cover for the Boulder County clerk to issue same-sex marriage licenses as a form of civil disobedience.

Denver

Denver, ColoradoDenver, COCity and County of Denver
After Hartman's decision was handed down, the Denver County and Pueblo County clerks began issuing licenses to couples regardless of gender as well, despite Judge Crabtree's stay.

Pueblo County, Colorado

Pueblo CountyPuebloPueblo, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area
After Hartman's decision was handed down, the Denver County and Pueblo County clerks began issuing licenses to couples regardless of gender as well, despite Judge Crabtree's stay.

Injunction

temporary restraining orderinjunctive reliefenjoin
The main defendants, the state Governor and the Attorney General, agreed with the plaintiffs insofar as having the court issue an injunction declaring the same-sex marriage ban unconstitutional, but they wanted a stay and swift resolution by the U.S. Supreme Court in order to avoid costly litigation.

Preliminary injunction

preliminary injunctiveenjoinedpreliminary
U.S. District Judge Raymond Moore found in favor of the plaintiffs in Burns on July 23, 2014, granting their motion for a preliminary injunction.