Same-sex marriage in France

Francesame-sex marriagemarriageFrench Southern and Antarctic Landsgay marriagegay marriage in Francegay marriage lawLegal since 2013legalisation of gay marriagelegalise same-sex marriage
Same-sex marriage in France has been legal since 18 May 2013.wikipedia
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Same-sex marriage

gay marriagemarriage equalitysame sex marriage
It became the thirteenth country worldwide to allow same-sex couples to marry.
Same-sex marriage is legally performed and recognized (nationwide or in some jurisdictions) in Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Denmark, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Uruguay.

François Hollande

Francois HollandeHollandePresident Hollande
A bill granting same-sex couples the right to marry and jointly adopt children was introduced to the National Assembly by the Socialist Government of Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault on 7 November 2012, with the support of President François Hollande, who declared his intent to support the legislation during his campaign for the presidency.
During his tenure, Hollande legalised same-sex marriage by passing Bill no. 344, reformed labour laws and credit training programmes, withdrew French combat troops present in the Afghanistan military intervention and concluded a EU directive through a Franco-German contract.

Civil solidarity pact

PACSPacte civil de solidaritéFrance
Despite the creation and implementation in 1999 of the civil solidarity pact (pacte civil de solidarité), more commonly known as PACS, a system allowing civil registered partnerships between two persons without regard to their gender and guaranteeing certain personal and civil rights to both "pacsés", the political and societal debate about same-sex marriage remained important in France during the first decade of the 21st century.
As of 2013, PACS remain available to both same- and opposite-sex couples after marriage and adoption rights were made legal for same-sex couples in May 2013.

Marriage

married couplesopposite-sex married couplesmarried
Although the committee recommended increasing some rights given in PACS, it recommended maintaining prohibitions against marriage, adoption, and access to medically assisted reproduction for same-sex couples, arguing that these three issues were inseparable and that allowing them would contravene a number of articles of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, to which France is a signatory (although many UN nations do grant some or all of these rights to same-sex couples).
As of 2019, same-sex marriage is performed and recognized by law (nationwide or in some parts) in the following countries: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Uruguay.

Noël Mamère

MamèreNoel Mamère
On 5 June 2004, former Green Party presidential candidate Noël Mamère, Mayor of the Bordeaux suburb of Bègles, conducted a same-sex marriage ceremony for two men, Bertrand Charpentier and Stéphane Chapin.
On 5 June 2004, he stirred up controversy by conducting a marriage ceremony for a male homosexual couple, nine years before same-sex marriage became legal in France.

Ségolène Royal

Segolene RoyalRoyalSegolene Royale
Hollande's partner, Ségolène Royal, said at the time that she had doubts about same-sex marriage, but now supports it fully.
In a June 2006 interview with LGBT publication Têtu, Royal said "opening up marriage to same-sex couples is needed in the name of equality, visibility and respect" and said that if her party formed the next government she would introduce a bill to legalise same-sex marriage and adoption.

Roselyne Bachelot

Roselyne Bachelot-Narquin
The French Government's reaction was mixed: junior Families Minister Claude Greff called the event a "provocation on the eve of the presidential election" in 2012, while Solidarity Minister Roselyne Bachelot stated that she supported same-sex marriage but that the ceremony was "not the best way to advance the cause".
Bachelot is a long-time supporter of same-sex marriage, and defied her party by speaking on the Assembly floor in favor of passing the PACs in 1999.

Christiane Taubira

TaubiraTaubira lawChristiane Taubira-Delannon
The same-sex marriage law is commonly known in France as "la loi Taubira" (the Taubira law), after former Justice Minister Christiane Taubira, who introduced the bill to the French Assembly in November 2012 and was the bill's main sponsor.
It became Law 2013-404, which legalised same-sex marriage in France.

Recognition of same-sex unions in Europe

Europesame-sex marriage
As of January 2019, sixteen European countries legally recognise and perform same-sex marriages: Austria, Belgium, Denmark and the Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

LGBT rights in France

FranceFrench GuianaFrench Southern and Antarctic Lands
After granting same-sex couples domestic partnership benefits known as the civil solidarity pact, France became the thirteenth country in the world to legalise same-sex marriage in 2013.

Metropolitan France

metropolitanmainland FranceContinental France
The legislation applies to metropolitan France as well as to the French overseas departments and territories.

Overseas France

overseas departments and territories of FranceFrench overseas territoriesoverseas departments and territories
The legislation applies to metropolitan France as well as to the French overseas departments and territories.

Prime Minister of France

Prime MinisterPresident of the Council of MinistersFrench Prime Minister
A bill granting same-sex couples the right to marry and jointly adopt children was introduced to the National Assembly by the Socialist Government of Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault on 7 November 2012, with the support of President François Hollande, who declared his intent to support the legislation during his campaign for the presidency.

Jean-Marc Ayrault

Ayrault
A bill granting same-sex couples the right to marry and jointly adopt children was introduced to the National Assembly by the Socialist Government of Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault on 7 November 2012, with the support of President François Hollande, who declared his intent to support the legislation during his campaign for the presidency.

President of France

PresidentFrench PresidentPresident of the French Republic
A bill granting same-sex couples the right to marry and jointly adopt children was introduced to the National Assembly by the Socialist Government of Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault on 7 November 2012, with the support of President François Hollande, who declared his intent to support the legislation during his campaign for the presidency.

2012 French presidential election

20122012 presidential electionpresidential election
A bill granting same-sex couples the right to marry and jointly adopt children was introduced to the National Assembly by the Socialist Government of Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault on 7 November 2012, with the support of President François Hollande, who declared his intent to support the legislation during his campaign for the presidency.

Senate (France)

Senate of FranceFrench SenateSenate
On 12 April 2013, the Senate approved the bill with amendments in a 171–165 vote, followed by the approval of the amended bill by the National Assembly on 23 April 2013 in a 331–225 vote.

Union for a Popular Movement

UMPUnion pour un Mouvement PopulaireUnion for a Popular Movement (UMP)
However, a challenge to the law by the conservative UMP party was filed with the Constitutional Council following the vote.

Constitutional Council (France)

Constitutional CouncilConstitutional Council of FranceConseil Constitutionnel
However, a challenge to the law by the conservative UMP party was filed with the Constitutional Council following the vote.

Journal Officiel de la République Française

Journal OfficielOfficial JournalOfficial Journal of the French Republic
On 17 May 2013, President Hollande promulgated the bill, which was officially published the next day in the Journal Officiel.

Montpellier

Montpellier, FranceMontpelierMontpellier, Hérault
The first official same-sex ceremony took place on 29 May in the city of Montpellier.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
Despite the creation and implementation in 1999 of the civil solidarity pact (pacte civil de solidarité), more commonly known as PACS, a system allowing civil registered partnerships between two persons without regard to their gender and guaranteeing certain personal and civil rights to both "pacsés", the political and societal debate about same-sex marriage remained important in France during the first decade of the 21st century.

Europe Ecology – The Greens

EELVEurope Écologie–The GreensFrench Green Party
On 5 June 2004, former Green Party presidential candidate Noël Mamère, Mayor of the Bordeaux suburb of Bègles, conducted a same-sex marriage ceremony for two men, Bertrand Charpentier and Stéphane Chapin.

Mayor (France)

MayorMayorsdeputy mayor
On 5 June 2004, former Green Party presidential candidate Noël Mamère, Mayor of the Bordeaux suburb of Bègles, conducted a same-sex marriage ceremony for two men, Bertrand Charpentier and Stéphane Chapin.

Bordeaux

Bordeaux, FranceBurdigalaBordelais
On 5 June 2004, former Green Party presidential candidate Noël Mamère, Mayor of the Bordeaux suburb of Bègles, conducted a same-sex marriage ceremony for two men, Bertrand Charpentier and Stéphane Chapin.