Samuel Hoare, 1st Viscount Templewood

Samuel HoareSir Samuel HoareSir Samuel Hoare, BtSamuel John Gurney HoareRt Hon. Sir Samuel Hoare, Bt The Right Honourable Sir '''Samuel Hoare''' Bt GCSI GBE CMG JP Samuel Hoare, Lord TemplewoodSir '''Samuel HoareSir Samuel Hoare, 2nd BaronetThe Right Honourable Sir '''Samuel Hoare'''
Samuel John Gurney Hoare, 1st Viscount Templewood, (24 February 1880 – 7 May 1959), more commonly known as Sir Samuel Hoare, was a senior British Conservative politician who served in various Cabinet posts in the Conservative and National governments of the 1920s and 1930s.wikipedia
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Hoare–Laval Pact

Hoare-Laval PactHoare-Laval Planagreed to concede two-thirds of Abyssinia to Italy
He is most famous for serving as Foreign Secretary in 1935, when he authored the Hoare–Laval Pact with French Prime Minister Pierre Laval.
The Hoare–Laval Pact was an initially secret December 1935 proposal by British Foreign Secretary Samuel Hoare and French Prime Minister Pierre Laval for ending the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.

Appeasement

appeasement of Hitlerappeaseappeaser
He was seen as a leading "appeaser" and his removal from office (along with that of Sir John Simon and the removal of Neville Chamberlain as Prime Minister) was a condition of Labour's agreement to serve in a coalition government in May 1940.
But in November 1935, the British Foreign Secretary, Sir Samuel Hoare and the French Prime Minister, Pierre Laval, had secret discussions in which they agreed to concede two-thirds of Abyssinia to Italy.

Secretary of State for Air

President of the Air CouncilAirPresident of the Air Board
He was Secretary of State for Air during most of the 1920s.

Maud Hoare, Viscountess Templewood

Lady Maud HoareLady Maud LygonMaud, Lady Hoare, Viscountess Templewood
On 17 October 1909, he married Lady Maud Lygon (1882–1962), youngest daughter of The 6th Earl Beauchamp.
Maud Hoare, Viscountess Templewood, DBE (née Lady Maud Lygon; 5 July 1882 – 27 December 1962), known as Lady Maud Hoare from 1909 to 1944, daughter of the 6th Earl Beauchamp, was the wife of Sir Samuel Hoare, and a DBE in her own right.

Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

Foreign SecretarySecretary of State for Foreign AffairsBritish Foreign Secretary
He is most famous for serving as Foreign Secretary in 1935, when he authored the Hoare–Laval Pact with French Prime Minister Pierre Laval.

Pierre Laval

Lavaleven further to the rightLaval government
He is most famous for serving as Foreign Secretary in 1935, when he authored the Hoare–Laval Pact with French Prime Minister Pierre Laval.
In October 1935, Laval and British foreign minister Samuel Hoare proposed a realpolitik solution to the Abyssinia Crisis.

Home Secretary

Secretary of State for the Home DepartmentHome SecretariesBritish Home Secretary
In 1936 he returned to the Cabinet as First Lord of the Admiralty, then served as Home Secretary from 1937 to 1939 and was again briefly Secretary of State for Air in 1940.

Secretary of State for India

Secretary of State for India and BurmaSecretary of StateIndia Secretary
As Secretary of State for India in the early 1930s, he authored the Government of India Act 1935, which granted provincial-level self government to India.

John Simon, 1st Viscount Simon

Sir John SimonJohn SimonViscount Simon
He was seen as a leading "appeaser" and his removal from office (along with that of Sir John Simon and the removal of Neville Chamberlain as Prime Minister) was a condition of Labour's agreement to serve in a coalition government in May 1940.
In May 1940, after the Norway Debate, Simon urged Chamberlain to stand firm as Prime Minister, although he offered to resign and take Samuel Hoare with him.

Benito Mussolini

MussoliniBenitoDuce
In Italy, he met and recruited the former socialist leader Benito Mussolini on behalf of the British overseas intelligence service, which was then known as MI1(c).
This help was authorized by Sir Samuel Hoare.

Round Table Conferences (India)

Round Table ConferenceRound Table ConferencesSecond Round Table Conference
Hoare was a delegate to the First Round Table Conference on India's constitutional future in 1930–31.
Sir Samuel Hoare wrote the cabinet a memo recommending a federal formula for the Government of India to "make it possible to give a semblance of responsible government and yet retain the realities and verities of British control."

Anti-Socialist Union

Anti-Socialist and Anti-Communist UnionReconstruction Society
In these early years he was a member of the Anti-Socialist Union.
Other leading members in the early years included William Hurrell Mallock, Walter Long and Samuel Hoare.

National Government (1931)

National GovernmentNational I1st
Hoare was one of the Conservative negotiators in talks with Ramsay MacDonald in August 1931 over the formation of the National Government.

Imperial Airways

airlinesEmpireG-EMBS
In 1923 Hoare presided over the merger (with £1m state subsidy) of the four principal private air carriers to form Imperial Airways, an ancestor of today's British Airways.
Cobham was met by the Secretary of State for Air, Sir Samuel Hoare, and was subsequently knighted by HM King George V.

Rab Butler

R. A. ButlerR.A. ButlerButler
Alec Douglas-Home, later to be Prime Minister, commented in his autobiography; “The most noteworthy performance of that Parliament was without question the piloting of the India Independence Bill through the House of Commons by the Secretary of State, Sir Samuel Hoare, ably assisted by Mr. R. A. Butler (later Lord Butler)." Butler, who as Under-Secretary helped to steer the bill through the Commons, later wrote of Hoare that he saw life as “a chapter in a great Napoleonic biography”, adding “I was amazed by his ambition; I admired his imagination; I shared his ideals; I stood in awe of his intellectual capacity. But I was never touched by his humanity. He was the coldest fish with whom I ever had to deal.”
Before being elected to Parliament he became private secretary to Samuel Hoare.

Frederick Lygon, 6th Earl Beauchamp

The Earl BeauchampFrederick LygonHon. Frederick Lygon
On 17 October 1909, he married Lady Maud Lygon (1882–1962), youngest daughter of The 6th Earl Beauchamp.

Carlton Club meeting

a meetingmeeting of Conservative MPsCarlton Club meeting in October 1922
He helped organise the backbench revolt at the Carlton Club meeting (19 October 1922) which brought down Lloyd George's coalition.
Also on that day, about 80 Conservative MPs met under Sir Samuel Hoare; they supported independence in the election with possible post-election co-operation with Coalition Liberals.

Samuel Hoare Jr

Samuel HoareSamuel Jr
He was a descendant of Samuel Hoare, but the family had abandoned Quakerism in the mid eighteenth century and Hoare was brought up an Anglo-Catholic.
His descendants included Sir Samuel Hoare, M.P., and Viscount Templewood.

Chelsea (UK Parliament constituency)

ChelseaKensington and Chelsea, ChelseaChelsea constituency
Hoare was elected to the House of Commons at the January 1910 general election as Member of Parliament (MP) for Chelsea.

Sir Samuel Hoare, 1st Baronet

Samuel HoareSir Samuel HoareSir Samuel Hoare, Bt
Hoare was born in London on 24 February 1880, the eldest son of Sir Samuel Hoare, 1st Baronet, who was a Conservative MP from a by-election in 1886 until 1906, and to whose baronetcy he succeeded in 1915.
Hoare married Katherine Louisa Hart Davis (1846-1931); they had seven children, including the Conservative politician Samuel John Gurney Hoare, Viscount Templewood.

Kindertransport

children's transportsRefugee Children's MovementRefugee Children Movement
In 1938, Hoare was instrumental in obtaining approval for the British rescue effort on behalf of endangered Jewish children in Europe known as the Kindertransport.
On the eve of a major House of Commons debate on refugees on 21 November 1938, Home Secretary Sir Samuel Hoare met a large delegation representing Jewish, as well as Quaker and other non-Jewish groups, working on behalf of refugees.

Edward Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax

Lord HalifaxLord IrwinE. F. L. Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax
This was too quickly, thought Lord Halifax.
In the 1918–1922 Parliament, Wood was an ally of Samuel Hoare, Philip Lloyd-Greame and Walter Elliot, all ambitious younger MPs in favour of progressive reform.

Chamberlain war ministry

Chamberlain WarWar CoalitionCoalition
On 5 April 1940 Hoare briefly returned to the Air Ministry, swapping places with Sir Kingsley Wood, and later that month came under fire during the Norway Debate which brought down the Chamberlain government.
Other changes included Lord Caldecote replacing Lord Maugham as Lord Chancellor, Sir John Anderson replacing Sir Samuel Hoare as Home Secretary (Hoare became Lord Privy Seal with a wide-ranging brief) and the return of Anthony Eden to the government as Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs.

War cabinet

British War CabinetAustralian War CabinetWar Cabinet Office
On the outbreak of war, Hoare became Lord Privy Seal in the nine-man War Cabinet (3 September 1939), with a wide-ranging brief.

Grigori Rasputin

RasputinGrigory RasputinGrigori Yefimovich Rasputin
In that post, he reported to the British Government the death of Rasputin and apologised, because of the sensational nature of the event, for having written it in the style of the Daily Mail.
While there are several variants of this theory, in general they suggest that British intelligence agents under the command of Samuel Hoare, and in particular Oswald Rayner – who had attended Oxford University with Yusopov – were directly involved in planning and carrying out the assassination, or that Rayner had personally shot Rasputin.