Samurai

bushibukewarriorJapanese samuraiSamurai Warriorsamuraiswarrior classsamurai classSamurai warriors Oda Kazusanosuke Nobunaga
Samurai were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.wikipedia
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History of Japan

feudal JapanJapanese historyJapan
Samurai were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.
Over the following centuries, the power of the Emperor and the imperial court gradually declined and passed to the military clans and their armies of samurai warriors.

Edo period

Edo-periodEdoTokugawa
Samurai were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.
A revolution took place from the time of the Kamakura shogunate, which existed with the Tennō's court, to the Tokugawa, when the samurai became the unchallenged rulers in what historian Edwin O. Reischauer called a "centralized feudal" form of shogunate.

Japanese martial arts

Japanese martial artmartial artsJapanese
While the samurai numbered less than 10% of then Japan's population, their teachings can still be found today in both everyday life and in modern Japanese martial arts.
The historical origin of Japanese martial arts can be found in the warrior traditions of the samurai and the caste system that restricted the use of weapons by other members of society.

Daimyō

feudal lordlorddaimyo
The samurai were usually associated with a clan and their lord, and were trained as officers in military tactics and grand strategy.
Daimyō often hired samurai to guard their land and they paid the samurai in land or food as relatively few could afford to pay samurai in money.

Japan

🇯🇵JPNJapanese
Samurai were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.
Japan's feudal era was characterized by the emergence and dominance of a ruling class of warriors, the samurai.

Kyūdō

kyudoJapanese archeryarchery
Skilled in mounted combat and archery (kyūdō), these clan warriors became the Emperor's preferred tool for putting down rebellions; the most well-known of which was Sakanoue no Tamuramaro.
Kyūdō is based on kyūjutsu ("art of archery"), which originated with the samurai class of feudal Japan.

Taira clan

TairaHeikeHeishi
As the power of these regional clans grew, their chief was typically a distant relative of the Emperor and a lesser member of either the Fujiwara, Minamoto, or Taira clans.
Taira clan was a major Japanese clan of samurai.

Taira no Kiyomori

Kiyomori TairaKiyomorichief
The victor, Taira no Kiyomori, became an imperial advisor and was the first warrior to attain such a position.
He established the first samurai-dominated administrative government in the history of Japan.

Heian period

Japan (Heian period)HeianHeian-period
In the early Heian period, during the late 8th and early 9th centuries, Emperor Kanmu sought to consolidate and expand his rule in northern Honshū, and sent military campaigns against the Emishi, who resisted the governance of the Kyoto-based imperial court.
The period is also noted for the rise of the samurai class, which would eventually take power and start the feudal period of Japan.

Kamakura period

Japan (Kamakura period)KamakuraKamakura-period
Instead of ruling from Kyoto, he set up the shogunate in Kamakura, near his base of power.
The period is known for the emergence of the samurai, the warrior caste, and for the establishment of feudalism in Japan.

Hōgen rebellion

HōgenHōgen'' Rebelliona dispute over succession to the throne
Their involvement in the Hōgen Rebellion in the late Heian period consolidated their power, which later pitted the rivalry of Minamoto and Taira clans against each other in the Heiji Rebellion of 1160.
It created a foundation from which the dominance of the samurai clans would come to be established.

Katana

samurai swordswordsamurai swords
The Japanese sword (katana) became renowned around the world for its sharpness and resistance to breaking.
Historically, katana (刀 or かたな) were one of the traditionally made Japanese swords that were used by the samurai of ancient and feudal Japan.

Kuge

court noblecourt nobilitycourtier
Through protective agreements and political marriages, the aristocrats accumulated political power, eventually surpassing the traditional aristocracy.
The kuge were important from the establishment of Kyoto as the capital during the Heian period in the late 8th century until the rise of the Kamakura shogunate in the 12th century, at which point it was eclipsed by the bushi.

Nobility

noblemannoblenobles
Samurai were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.
As in Europe, they commanded private armies made up of samurai, an elite warrior class; for long periods, these held the real power without a real central government, and often plunged the country into a state of civil war.

Ashigaru

Ashigaru Pikemanlow-ranking samurai
Use of large numbers of infantry called ashigaru ("light-foot", due to their light armor), formed of humble warriors or ordinary people with naga yari (a long lance) or naginata, was introduced and combined with cavalry in maneuvers.
Ashigaru were foot-soldiers employed by the samurai class of feudal Japan.

Rōnin

roninmasterless samuraimasterless samurai warrior
Large battles occurred during the change between regimes, and a number of defeated samurai were destroyed, went rōnin or were absorbed into the general populace.
A was a samurai without a lord or master during the feudal period (1185–1868) of Japan.

Naginata

glaiveko-naginatapikes
Use of large numbers of infantry called ashigaru ("light-foot", due to their light armor), formed of humble warriors or ordinary people with naga yari (a long lance) or naginata, was introduced and combined with cavalry in maneuvers.
Naginata were originally used by the samurai class of feudal Japan, as well as by ashigaru (foot soldiers) and sōhei (warrior monks).

Toyotomi Hideyoshi

Hashiba HideyoshiHideyoshiHideyoshi Toyotomi
Importantly, Toyotomi Hideyoshi (see below) and Tokugawa Ieyasu, who founded the Tokugawa shogunate, were loyal followers of Nobunaga.
Hideyoshi is noted for a number of cultural legacies, including the restriction that only members of the samurai class could bear arms.

Shōgun

shogunateshogunBakufu
Emperor Kanmu introduced the title of sei'i-taishōgun, or shōgun, and began to rely on the powerful regional clans to conquer the Emishi. By the end of the Tokugawa shogunate in 1867, the Japanese navy of the shōgun already possessed eight western-style steam warships around the flagship Kaiyō Maru, which were used against pro-imperial forces during the Boshin War, under the command of Admiral Enomoto.
In the early 11th century, daimyōs protected by samurai came to dominate internal Japanese politics.

Caste

caste systemcastescasteism
Samurai were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.
Below them, the population was divided into four classes: samurai, peasants, craftsmen and merchants.

Minamoto clan

MinamotoGenjiGenji clan
As the power of these regional clans grew, their chief was typically a distant relative of the Emperor and a lesser member of either the Fujiwara, Minamoto, or Taira clans.
Some of Tōru's descendants in particular settled the provinces and formed buke.

Fujiwara clan

FujiwaraFujiwara familyFujiwara period
As the power of these regional clans grew, their chief was typically a distant relative of the Emperor and a lesser member of either the Fujiwara, Minamoto, or Taira clans.
Lesser members of the Fujiwara were court nobles, provincial governors and vice governors, members of the provincial aristocracy, and samurai.

Hakata-ku, Fukuoka

HakataHakata-kuHakata Ward
Then again on 29 July 1279, five more emissaries were sent by the Mongol empire, and again beheaded, this time in Hakata.
In the early Edo period, Kuroda Nagamasa, appointed the lord of Chikuzen Province, and most of his samurai vassals lived in Fukusaki, on the opposite shore of the Naka River from Hakata.

Boshin War

Boshin Civil WarJapanese Revolution1868 rebellion against the shogunate
By the end of the Tokugawa shogunate in 1867, the Japanese navy of the shōgun already possessed eight western-style steam warships around the flagship Kaiyō Maru, which were used against pro-imperial forces during the Boshin War, under the command of Admiral Enomoto.
The war found its origins in dissatisfaction among many nobles and young samurai with the shogunate's handling of foreigners following the opening of Japan during the prior decade.

Enomoto Takeaki

Enomoto
By the end of the Tokugawa shogunate in 1867, the Japanese navy of the shōgun already possessed eight western-style steam warships around the flagship Kaiyō Maru, which were used against pro-imperial forces during the Boshin War, under the command of Admiral Enomoto. Naval students were sent to study in Western naval schools for several years, starting a tradition of foreign-educated future leaders, such as Admiral Enomoto.
Viscount Enomoto Takeaki was a Japanese samurai and admiral of the Tokugawa navy of Bakumatsu-period Japan, who remained faithful to the Tokugawa shogunate and fought against the new Meiji government until the end of the Boshin War.