San Francisco and San Jose Railroad

San Francisco and San Jose Rail RoadSan Francisco-San Jose Railwaycompeting interestsSan Francisco & San JoseSan Francisco & San Jose Rail RoadSan Francisco & San Jose RailroadSan Francisco and San Jose Railroad CompanySF&SJ
The San Francisco and San Jose Railroad (SF&SJ) was a railroad which linked the communities of San Francisco and San Jose, California, running the length of the San Francisco Peninsula.wikipedia
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Menlo Park, California

Menlo ParkMenlo Park, CAMenlo
Grading and construction of the line began on July 15, 1861 and it opened for excursion service between San Francisco and Menlo Park on October 17, 1863.
In 1863, the San Francisco and San Jose Rail Road had built the railroad from San Francisco to as far as Mayfield (now California Avenue station in Palo Alto) and started running trains to the area.

Henry Newhall

Henry Mayo Newhall
A new SF&SJ incorporated on August 18, 1860 with San Francisco industrialist Peter Donahue stepping in as treasurer, choosing his friends Judge Timothy Dame as president and Henry Newhall, a successful San Francisco auctioneer, as vice-president, and placing the company headquarters in San Francisco.
He invested in rail companies that would connect San Francisco to other cities and became president of the San Francisco and San Jose Rail Road.

Peter Donahue (businessman)

Peter DonahueDonahueDonahue Brothers
A new SF&SJ incorporated on August 18, 1860 with San Francisco industrialist Peter Donahue stepping in as treasurer, choosing his friends Judge Timothy Dame as president and Henry Newhall, a successful San Francisco auctioneer, as vice-president, and placing the company headquarters in San Francisco.
In 1860, Donahue also organized the San Francisco and San Jose Railroad (which continues in operation today as the publicly administered commuter service Caltrain, while Union Pacific Railroad continues to provide freight service over this same route).

Caltrain

Peninsula Corridor Joint Powers BoardPeninsula SubdivisionCaltran
Today, Caltrain and the Union Pacific Railroad continue to operate trains over the company's original route. SP eventually sold the entire Peninsula Commute right-of-way to the Peninsula Corridor Joint Powers Board in 1991, which currently operates the commuter rail service known as Caltrain over the route.
The original commuter railroad built in 1863 was the San Francisco and San Jose Rail Road; it was purchased by Southern Pacific in 1870.

Bayshore Cutoff

Bayshore RoundhouseBayshore Railyard
SP upgraded the line in the early 20th century by laying down a second track and building several alternative routes and shortcuts, including the Dumbarton Cutoff, which created the first bridge across San Francisco Bay; and the Bayshore Cutoff, which rerouted the line between San Francisco and San Bruno to the east of San Bruno Mountain, along the San Francisco Bay shoreline.
The original route between San Francisco and San Bruno was laid by the San Francisco and San Jose Railroad (SF&SJ), one of the companies that later was absorbed into the Southern Pacific (SP).

Western Pacific Railroad (1862–1870)

Western Pacific RailroadWestern PacificWestern Pacific Railroad (1862-1870)
The Daily Alta California (October 1863) called this SF&SJ segment the westernmost portion of the transcontinental Pacific Railroad, with another section planned by the Western Pacific Railroad Company to connect San Jose with Sacramento, where it would join with the Central Pacific's rail line being built then east to Truckee.
The Western Pacific Railroad (1862-1870) was formed in December 1862 by a group led by Timothy Dame and including Charles McLaughlin and Peter Donahue, all associated with the San Francisco and San Jose Railroad (SF&SJ), to build a railroad from San Jose north to Niles (then called Vallejo Mills), east through Niles Canyon (then called Alameda Canyon), north to Pleasanton, east through the Livermore Valley, and over Altamont Pass to Stockton, then north to Sacramento, with the plan that the transcontinental railroad would follow the Western Pacific to San Jose and then the SF&SJ to San Francisco.

Bay Area Rapid Transit

BARTBay Area Rapid Transit (BART)Bay Area Rapid Transit System
The alignment of BART in San Mateo County follows the right-of-way established by the SF&SJ west of San Bruno Mountain that was abandoned with the opening of the Bayshore Cutoff.

First Transcontinental Railroad

transcontinental railroadPacific Railroadrailroad
The Daily Alta California (October 1863) called this SF&SJ segment the westernmost portion of the transcontinental Pacific Railroad, with another section planned by the Western Pacific Railroad Company to connect San Jose with Sacramento, where it would join with the Central Pacific's rail line being built then east to Truckee.
The Western Pacific was originally chartered to go to San Jose, but the Central Pacific decided to build along the East Bay instead, as going from San Jose up the Peninsula to San Francisco itself would have brought it into conflict with competing interests.

Union Iron Works

San FranciscoUnion PlantBethlehem San Francisco
The first full-sized steam locomotive produced in the state of California was built for the SF&SJ by the Union Iron Works in San Francisco.

San Jose, California

San JoseSan Jose, CASan José
The San Francisco and San Jose Railroad (SF&SJ) was a railroad which linked the communities of San Francisco and San Jose, California, running the length of the San Francisco Peninsula.

San Francisco Peninsula

PeninsulaThe Peninsulaa long peninsula
The San Francisco and San Jose Railroad (SF&SJ) was a railroad which linked the communities of San Francisco and San Jose, California, running the length of the San Francisco Peninsula.

Union Pacific Railroad

Union PacificUnion Pacific RailwayUP
Today, Caltrain and the Union Pacific Railroad continue to operate trains over the company's original route.

San Mateo County, California

San Mateo CountySan MateoCounty of San Mateo
Public sentiment again turned to the idea of constructing a railroad in 1857–58 and a new San Francisco and San Jose Railroad Company was incorporated in late 1859 with the idea to raise public funds by putting a referendum to the voters of the three counties served (San Francisco, San Mateo, and Santa Clara) asking them to purchase a total of US$900000 1860 in stock of the new company.

Santa Clara County, California

Santa Clara CountySanta ClaraCounty of Santa Clara
Public sentiment again turned to the idea of constructing a railroad in 1857–58 and a new San Francisco and San Jose Railroad Company was incorporated in late 1859 with the idea to raise public funds by putting a referendum to the voters of the three counties served (San Francisco, San Mateo, and Santa Clara) asking them to purchase a total of US$900000 1860 in stock of the new company.

Leland Stanford

LelandAmasa Leland StanfordStanford
Among the passengers enjoying that day's excursion were the Governors Leland Stanford (of California) and A. C. Gibbs (of Oregon).

A. C. Gibbs

Addison C. GibbsAddison Crandall GibbsA.C. Gibbs
Among the passengers enjoying that day's excursion were the Governors Leland Stanford (of California) and A. C. Gibbs (of Oregon).

Dumbarton Rail Bridge

Dumbarton CutoffDumbarton Cut-offDumbarton
SP upgraded the line in the early 20th century by laying down a second track and building several alternative routes and shortcuts, including the Dumbarton Cutoff, which created the first bridge across San Francisco Bay; and the Bayshore Cutoff, which rerouted the line between San Francisco and San Bruno to the east of San Bruno Mountain, along the San Francisco Bay shoreline.

San Bruno Mountain

San Bruno MountainsNorthern San Bruno Mountain
SP upgraded the line in the early 20th century by laying down a second track and building several alternative routes and shortcuts, including the Dumbarton Cutoff, which created the first bridge across San Francisco Bay; and the Bayshore Cutoff, which rerouted the line between San Francisco and San Bruno to the east of San Bruno Mountain, along the San Francisco Bay shoreline.

San Francisco Bay

BaySan FranciscoSan Francisco Harbor
SP upgraded the line in the early 20th century by laying down a second track and building several alternative routes and shortcuts, including the Dumbarton Cutoff, which created the first bridge across San Francisco Bay; and the Bayshore Cutoff, which rerouted the line between San Francisco and San Bruno to the east of San Bruno Mountain, along the San Francisco Bay shoreline.

Commuter rail

Suburban railcommuter traincommuter
SP eventually sold the entire Peninsula Commute right-of-way to the Peninsula Corridor Joint Powers Board in 1991, which currently operates the commuter rail service known as Caltrain over the route.

Central Pacific Railroad

Central PacificCentral Pacific RailwayCentral Pacific Railroad Company
The Daily Alta California (October 1863) called this SF&SJ segment the westernmost portion of the transcontinental Pacific Railroad, with another section planned by the Western Pacific Railroad Company to connect San Jose with Sacramento, where it would join with the Central Pacific's rail line being built then east to Truckee.

Standard-gauge railway

standard gaugestandard-gaugestandard
In order to preserve planned compatibility with transcontinental rail traffic, the line was laid at what is now standard gauge width using redwood ties and 50-pound-per-yard (25 kg/m) rail.