Sanctuary

Sanctuary marker (S) at Holyrood Abbey, Royal Mile, Edinburgh
Ajax violates Cassandra's sanctuary at the Palladium: tondo of an Attic cup, ca. 440–430 BCE
The sanctuary at St. Mary's Cathedral, Sydney
The back of the church sanctuary at Church of St. Paul and St. Andrew.
The Church as a Place of Refuge
Remains of one of four medieval stone boundary markers for the sanctuary of Saint John of Beverley in the East Riding of Yorkshire

Sacred place, such as a shrine.

- Sanctuary
Sanctuary marker (S) at Holyrood Abbey, Royal Mile, Edinburgh

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Five-panel Deesis row (center), Iconostasis in the Cathedral of the Annunciation in Moscow Kremlin by Theophanes the Greek, 1405

Iconostasis

Five-panel Deesis row (center), Iconostasis in the Cathedral of the Annunciation in Moscow Kremlin by Theophanes the Greek, 1405
Mid-17th-century iconostasis at Ipatiev Monastery. To either side of the Holy Doors are Christ Pantokrator and the Theotokos; above them, the Great Feasts; above them, the Deesis; above that Prophets to either side of Our Lady of the Sign; above them the Apostles to either side of the Holy Trinity.
Chapel of the holy icon of Theotokos of Smolensk in the Assumption Cathedral in Smolensk.
A Moscow Baroque icon screen in the Trinity Lavra in Sergeyev Posad
Iconostasis at Holy Trinity Cathedral in Chicago, Illinois
A six-row iconostasis at Uglich Cathedral in Russia. North Deacon's Door (left) and Holy Doors (right).
Fedorov's Deesis, recently added to the retroquire screen at Winchester Cathedral, England. The differently situated rood screens of Western medieval churches often achieved an effect comparable to the iconostasis.

In Eastern Christianity, an iconostasis is a wall of icons and religious paintings, separating the nave from the sanctuary in a church.

An iconostasis separates the sanctuary from the nave in Byzantine Rite churches. Here is shown part of a six-row iconostasis at Uglich Cathedral. North Deacon's Door (left) and Holy Doors (right).

Byzantine Rite

The Byzantine Rite, also known as the Greek Rite or the Rite of Constantinople, identifies the wide range of cultural, liturgical, and canonical practices that developed in the Eastern Christian Church of Constantinople.

The Byzantine Rite, also known as the Greek Rite or the Rite of Constantinople, identifies the wide range of cultural, liturgical, and canonical practices that developed in the Eastern Christian Church of Constantinople.

An iconostasis separates the sanctuary from the nave in Byzantine Rite churches. Here is shown part of a six-row iconostasis at Uglich Cathedral. North Deacon's Door (left) and Holy Doors (right).
A baptism
A chrismation
Eucharistic elements prepared for the Divine Liturgy
An icon of Holy Communion: "Receive the Body of Christ; taste the Fountain of Immortality."
The wedding of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia.
Ordination of a priest.
Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Cathedral, Chicago

An iconostasis, a partition covered with icons, separates the area around the altar from the nave.

The remains of the bema, or speaker's platform, at the Pnyx in Athens

Bema

Elevated platform used as an orator's podium in ancient Athens.

Elevated platform used as an orator's podium in ancient Athens.

The remains of the bema, or speaker's platform, at the Pnyx in Athens
Interior of the Amsterdam Synagogue: the bema (or tebáh) is in the foreground, and the Hekhál (Ark) in the background.
Bema of Knesset Eliyahoo Synagogue, Mumbai, India
Bema in an Eastern Orthodox church, with three steps leading up to it. Assumption Cathedral in Smolensk, western Russia

The term can refer to the raised area in a sanctuary.

Eldridge Street Synagogue in New York City, U.S.

Synagogue

Jewish house of worship.

Jewish house of worship.

Eldridge Street Synagogue in New York City, U.S.
Princes Road Synagogue in Liverpool, England
Exterior of Helsinki Synagogue in Helsinki, Finland
Yusef Abad Synagogue in Tehran, Iran
El Ghriba Synagogue in Djerba, Tunisia
Interior of the Samaritan synagogue in Nablus circa 1920
Aerial view of the synagogue of the Kaifeng Jewish community in China.
Ner tamid of the Abudarham Synagogue in Gibraltar
Sarajevo Synagogue, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (1902)
Congregation Emanu-El of New York
The Belz Great Synagogue (2000)
Choral Synagogue of Moscow
Interior of the Synagogue of Szeged
Interior of the Great Synagogue of Florence
Ashkenazi Synagogue, Sarajevo
Congregants inside the Great Beth Midrash Gur
Sardis Synagogue (3rd century AD) Sardis, Turkey
Fresco at the Dura-Europos synagogue, illustrating a scene from the Book of Esther, 244 CE.
The Paradesi Synagogue in Jew Town, Kochi, during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Touro Synagogue, the oldest surviving synagogue building in the U.S.
Touro Synagogue, the oldest surviving synagogue building in the U.S.
Painting of the interior of the Portuguese Synagogue (Amsterdam) by Emanuel de Witte (c. 1680)
First century synagogue at Gamla
First century synagogue at Masada
First century synagogue at Magdala
First century synagogue at Herodium
Mosaic in the Tzippori Synagogue
Ruins of the ancient synagogue of Kfar Bar'am
Central Synagogue of Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria (5th century)
Paradesi Synagogue, Kochi, India (1568)
Sofia Synagogue, Sofia, Bulgaria (1909)
Beth Sholom Congregation, Elkins Park, USA (1959)
Great Synagogue of Jerusalem (1982)
Ohel Jakob synagogue, Munich, Germany (2006)
Bimah of the Saluzzo Synagogue, Saluzzo, Italy
Bimah of the Touro Synagogue in Newport, Rhode Island, USA
Cast-iron Bimah of the Old Synagogue in Kraków, Poland
The Great Synagogue of Tunis, Tunisia
The Zarzis Synagogue, Tunisia
The Old Synagogue (Erfurt) is the oldest intact synagogue building in Europe.
The New Synagogue in Berlin, Germany
The main synagogue of the city of Frankfurt am Main (Germany) before the Kristallnacht
The Roonstrasse Synagogue in Cologne, Germany
Beth Yaakov Synagogue, Switzerland
The Great Synagogue of Basel in Basel, Switzerland
The Turku Synagogue in Turku, Finland
The Grand Choral Synagogue of St. Petersburg, Russia
The Great Synagogue of Santiago, Chile
The Synagogue in the Gerard Doustraat in Amsterdam, Netherlands
The Portuguese Synagogue in Amsterdam, Netherlands
The Dohány Street Synagogue in Budapest, Hungary
Synagogue, Szombathely, Hungary
Gothic interior of the 13th-century Old New Synagogue of Prague, Czech Republic
The Great Synagogue in Plzeň, Czech Republic
The Lesko Synagogue in Lesko, Poland
The Bobowa Synagogue in Bobowa, Poland
Sukkat Shalom Synagogue in Belgrade, Serbia
Jakab and Komor Square Synagogue in Subotica, Serbia
The Jewish Street Synagogue in Novi Sad, Serbia
Kadoorie Synagogue in Porto, Portugal, the largest synagogue in the Iberian Peninsula
The Baal Shem Tov's shul in Medzhybizh, Ukraine (c. 1915), destroyed and recently rebuilt.
The Cymbalista Synagogue and Jewish Heritage Center at Tel Aviv University
The synagogue of Kherson, Ukraine
Or Zaruaa Synagogue, Jerusalem, Israel founded in 1926.
The Hurva Synagogue towered over the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem from 1864 until 1948, when it was destroyed in war
The remains of the Hurva Synagogue as they appeared from 1977 to 2003. The synagogue has been rebuilt in 2010.
The Ashkenazi Synagogue of Istanbul, Turkey
The interior of a Karaite synagogue
The Paradesi Synagogue in Kochi, India
The Great Choral Synagogue in Kyiv, Ukraine
Great Synagogue of Rome, Italy
Abuhav synagogue, Israel
Ari Ashkenazi Synagogue, Israel
Santa María la Blanca, Spain
Córdoba Synagogue, Spain
El Transito Synagogue, Spain
Sofia Synagogue, Bulgaria
The Choral Temple, Bucharest, Romania
Synagogue of Târgu Mureș, Romania
Interior of a "caravan shul" (synagogue housed in a trailer-type facility), Neve Yaakov, Jerusalem
Ohev Sholom – The National Synagogue in Washington, D.C.
Sanctuary ark, Lincoln Square Synagogue, New York City (2013), created by David Ascalon
The Central Synagogue in Manhattan, New York City
Temple Emanu-El, Neo-Byzantine style synagogue in Miami Beach, Florida
Bevis Marks Synagogue, City of London, the oldest synagogue in the United Kingdom
Stockholm Synagogue, Sweden
Brisbane Synagogue, Australia

Synagogues have a place for prayer (the main sanctuary) and may also have rooms for study, a social hall, offices, and classrooms.

Altar in Roskilde Cathedral beneath by a carved reredos

Altar

Structure with an upper surface for the presentation of religious offerings, for sacrifices, or for other ritualistic purposes.

Structure with an upper surface for the presentation of religious offerings, for sacrifices, or for other ritualistic purposes.

Altar in Roskilde Cathedral beneath by a carved reredos
Dedication of an altar
A home altar in a Methodist Christian household, with a cross and candles surrounded by other religious items
Early Coptic altar carved into the wall of the Temple of Isis on the island Philae in Egypt.
Altar of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere with ciborium
Altar of Newman University Church, Dublin, with an altar ledge occupying the only space between it and the wall
High altar of Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome
High altar of St. Michael's Church, Munich dwarfed by a huge reredos
St. Valentine's Church the altar of Our Lady of Sorrows and Child in Osieczna, Poland
Altar at the Lutheran Jesus Church in Valby, Copenhagen.
Contemporary altar at the Lutheran Bavnehøj Kirke.
The Lutheran altar in Bad Doberan Minster
The altar in St. Mary Anglican Church, Redcliffe, Bristol. It is decorated with a frontal in green, a colour typically associated with the seasons after Epiphany and Pentecost. Note the reredos behind the free-standing altar.
High Altar of St Paul's Anglican Cathedral, London
The "low" altar area at Canterbury Cathedral
A traditional Russian Orthodox Holy Table (Altar), Church of the Saviour on the Blood, St. Petersburg
The Holy Place (Sanctuary) in the church of the Saint Vladimir Skete at Valaam Monastery. To the left is the Holy Table (altar) with the Gospel Book, the Tabernacle, and the seven-branch candlestand. The Table of Oblation is in the background to the left. To the right is the Cathedra (Bishop's Throne).
A contemporary Byzantine Catholic altar during the Divine Liturgy at St. Joseph Church in Chicago, Illinois.
Altar at the Etchmiadzin Cathedral.
Murugan temple in Roermond, Netherlands.
Shree Ganesh Mandir, Jhansi
A family altar in India.
Detail of c. 1700 painting of a Taoist altar during a ritual for the dead, illustrating a scene from The Plum in the Golden Vase. Note the Three Purities plaques at the back of the altar, and the ritual implements, including incense burner and ritual sword on the right. Bowls hold food offerings for the deceased woman.
An Ikuantaoist altar.
A bàn thờ (worship table) is an altar used in ancestral worship and worship of Buddhas and gods in Vietnam
A butsudan at ShinDo Buddhist Temple
A Shinto Kamidana (household altar) in Japan. Note the shimenawa, a rope demarking the sanctuary area seen above, along the ceiling.
Horned altar at Tel Be'er Sheva, Israel.
Ancient Greek kylix showing a hoplite offering a sacrifice before an altar, around 480 BC. Ancient Agora Museum of Athens in the Stoa of Attalus
The ancient Altar of Pergamon, reconstructed at the Pergamon museum, Berlin.
The Opferstein or Sacrifice Rock at Maria Taferl, Austria. It was used by the ancient Celts to make sacrifices upon and is now located in the plaza of the basilica there.
The altar with ciborium at All Saints Anglican church, Bristol, England
The Lord's Table in St Barnabas' Church, Dulwich (Diocese of Southwark)
Altar in Bunyip, Victoria, Australia
Altar at Grace Cathedral, San Francisco
Altar at Anglo-Catholic Church of the Good Shepherd (Rosemont, Pennsylvania)

Commonly among these churches, altars are placed for permanent use within designated places of communal worship (often called "sanctuaries").

Remains of one of four medieval stone boundary markers for the sanctuary of Saint John of Beverley in the East Riding of Yorkshire

Right of asylum

Asylum-seekers-by-country-of-origin.svg by country of origin in 2009.

Asylum-seekers-by-country-of-origin.svg by country of origin in 2009.

Remains of one of four medieval stone boundary markers for the sanctuary of Saint John of Beverley in the East Riding of Yorkshire
Sanctuary ring on a door of Notre-Dame de Paris (France)
Medieval boundary marker at St. Georgenberg, Tyrol
Plaque at St. Mary Magdalene Chapel, Dingli, Malta, indicating that the chapel did not enjoy ecclesiastical immunity

The right of asylum (sometimes called right of political asylum; ) is an ancient juridical concept, under which people persecuted by their own rulers might be protected by another sovereign authority, like a second country or another entity which in medieval times could offer sanctuary.

Depiction of Edward as Prince of Wales in the Dictes and Sayings of the Philosophers, 1477

Edward V of England

De jure King of England and Lord of Ireland from 9 April to 25 June 1483.

De jure King of England and Lord of Ireland from 9 April to 25 June 1483.

Depiction of Edward as Prince of Wales in the Dictes and Sayings of the Philosophers, 1477
Cardinal Bourchier urges Queen Elizabeth Woodville to let her younger son Richard, Duke of York out of Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey, by John Z. Bell
A late-16th- or early-17th-century imagining of Edward
King Edward V and the Duke of York in the Tower of London by Paul Delaroche. The theme of innocent children awaiting an uncertain fate was a popular one amongst 19th-century painters. Louvre, Paris
Sarcophagal urn of the presumed bones of Edward V and his brother, Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York
Coat of arms as heir apparent (1471–1483)
Coat of arms as King Edward V (1483)
Falcon and fetterlock
White rose of York

His mother, Elizabeth Woodville, had sought sanctuary there from Lancastrian supporters who had deposed his father, the Yorkist king Edward IV, during the course of the Wars of the Roses.

Kobayashi Eitaku painting showing the god Izanagi (right) and Izanami, a goddess of creation and death in Japanese mythology.

Sacred space

Deemed to be sacred or hallowed.

Deemed to be sacred or hallowed.

Kobayashi Eitaku painting showing the god Izanagi (right) and Izanami, a goddess of creation and death in Japanese mythology.

Often, such locations either are or become the home of sanctuaries, shrines, places of worship, or locations conducive to meditation.

Plan of a large Latin cross church, with the chancel (strict definition) highlighted. This chancel terminates in a semicircular sanctuary in the apse, and is separated from the curved walls to the east in the diagram by an ambulatory.

Chancel

Plan of a large Latin cross church, with the chancel (strict definition) highlighted. This chancel terminates in a semicircular sanctuary in the apse, and is separated from the curved walls to the east in the diagram by an ambulatory.
Plan with the broader definition of the chancel highlighted
View from the nave of the chancel of Condom Cathedral in France, with ambulatories and two altars, the modern one in the choir
St Peter's, Lilley, Hertfordshire a medium-sized English church showing the nave, chancel arch, and a chancel with choir and sanctuary
Iron entry gates to the chancel at the Episcopal Church of the Good Shepherd (Rosemont, Pennsylvania), USA, designed by master blacksmith Samuel Yellin

In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary (sometimes called the presbytery), at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building.

Nineteenth-century wooden and iron altar rails from St Pancras Church, Ipswich

Altar rail

Nineteenth-century wooden and iron altar rails from St Pancras Church, Ipswich
English 17th-century wooden rails at St John's Church, Corby Glen
Altar rails at the Church of St. Nicholas in Compton, Surrey.
A set of altar rails in Saint Teresa's Carmelite Church, Dublin
Lutheran chancel rails in Copenhagen, Denmark
Anglican chancel rails in Moggerhanger, England

The altar rail (also known as a communion rail or chancel rail) is a low barrier, sometimes ornate and usually made of stone, wood or metal in some combination, delimiting the chancel or the sanctuary and altar in a church, from the nave and other parts that contain the congregation.