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Sabah

British BorneoSabah, MalaysiaNorth Borneo
Sandakan (, Jawi:, ) formerly known at various times as Elopura, is the capital of the Sandakan District in Sabah, Malaysia.
Other major towns in Sabah include Sandakan and Tawau.

Kota Kinabalu

JesseltonKinabaluKota
It is the second largest town in Sabah after Kota Kinabalu. The only highway route from Tawau connects: Sandakan – Telupid – Ranau – Kundasang – Tamparuli – Tuaran – Kota Kinabalu, as well Lahad Datu – Kunak – Semporna – Tawau (part of the Pan Borneo Highway)
The new colonial government elected to rebuild Jesselton as the capital of North Borneo instead of Sandakan, which had also been destroyed by the war.

Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre

Orang Utan Rehabilitation Center in Sepilok/SabahSepilok Orangutan Sanctuary
Among the tourist attractions in Sandakan are Sandakan Heritage Museum, Sandakan Cultural Festival, Sandakan War Memorial, Sepilok Orang Utan Sanctuary, Turtle Islands National Park, and Gomantong Caves.
Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre is located about 25 kilometres west of Sandakan in the state of Sabah, Malaysia.

Sandakan Division

SandakanEast Coast
It is located on the east coast of the state in the administrative centre of Sandakan Division and was the former capital of British North Borneo.
The main towns are Sandakan, Beluran, Kinabatangan, Telupid and Tongod.

Turtle Islands National Park (Malaysia)

Turtle Islands National ParkTurtle Islands ParkLibaran
Among the tourist attractions in Sandakan are Sandakan Heritage Museum, Sandakan Cultural Festival, Sandakan War Memorial, Sepilok Orang Utan Sanctuary, Turtle Islands National Park, and Gomantong Caves.
Turtle Islands Park (Taman Pulau Penyu) is located within the Turtle Islands, which lie in the Sulu Sea some 3 km north of Sandakan in Sabah, Malaysia.

North Borneo

British North BorneoState of North BorneoBoruneo Kita
It is located on the east coast of the state in the administrative centre of Sandakan Division and was the former capital of British North Borneo.
At the early stage of the administration, there was a claim in northern Borneo from the Spanish authorities in the Philippines when an attempt to raise the Spanish flag over Sandakan was met interference by a British warship.

Japanese occupation of British Borneo

Japanese occupationOccupied British BorneoBorneo
However, the prosperity halted when the Japanese occupied the area.
On 18January, using small fishing boats, the Japanese landed at Sandakan, the seat of government of British North Borneo.

Sandakan Death Marches

Sandakan airfieldSandakan POW Campa series of death marches
As the Japanese feared further retaliation from the Allied forces, they began to move all prisoners and forced them to march to Ranau.
The Sandakan Death Marches were a series of forced marches in Borneo from Sandakan to Ranau which resulted in the deaths of 2,345 Allied prisoners of war held captive by the Empire of Japan during the Pacific campaign of World War II in the Sandakan POW Camp.

William Burgess Pryer

PryerWilliam Pryer
The first British Resident, William B. Pryer then moved the administration to a new settlement on 21 June 1879 to a residence in what is today known as Buli Sim Sim near Sandakan Bay.
William Burgess Pryer (7 March 1843 in London, England; – 7 January 1899 in Suez, Egypt) was the first British Resident in Sandakan of North Borneo.

Berhala Island, Sabah

Berhala IslandBerhalaBerhala Island, Sandakan
The nearest islands to the town are Berhala, Duyong, Nunuyan Darat, Nunuyan Laut, and Bai island.
The Berhala Island (Pulau Berhala) is a small forested island situated in Sandakan Bay in Sandakan, Sabah, Malaysia.

Sandakan District

Sandakan
Sandakan (, Jawi:, ) formerly known at various times as Elopura, is the capital of the Sandakan District in Sabah, Malaysia.
The capital of the district is in Sandakan Town.

Sandakan camp

SandakanSandakan Prisoner of War Campprisoner of war camp
During their occupation, the Japanese restored the town's previous name, Elopura and established a prisoner of war camp to hold their captive enemies.
The Sandakan camp, also known as Sandakan POW Camp (Malay: Kem Tawanan Perang Sandakan), was a prisoner-of-war camp established during World War II by the Japanese in Sandakan in the Malaysian state of Sabah.

Bai Island

Bai
The nearest islands to the town are Berhala, Duyong, Nunuyan Darat, Nunuyan Laut, and Bai island.
Bai Island (Pulau Bai) is an island located near Sandakan in the Sandakan Division, Sabah, Malaysia.

Cross border attacks in Sabah

attacks by militants in the southern Philippinesattacks from militant groupsthreats of militants from the southern Philippines
Sandakan is one of the six districts that is involved in the Eastern Sabah Security Command (ESSCOM), a dusk to dawn sea curfew which had been enforced since 19 July 2014 by the Malaysian government to repel attacks from militant groups in the Southern Philippines.
Today, a huge numbers of Moros still live in many places in Sabah such as Kota Kinabalu, Kinarut, Lahad Datu, Sandakan, Semporna, Tawau, Telipok as well on Labuan.

Burwood, New South Wales

BurwoodSydney suburb of BurwoodBurwood, NSW
The town has twin town arrangements with Burwood, Australia and Zamboanga, Philippines.
Other features of Burwood Park include memorials to soldiers who died in World War I and Sandakan, a rotunda, a playground, a lake and an obelisk commemorating the site of Burwood Villa, the area's first house.

Zamboanga City

ZamboangaCity of ZamboangaZamboanga City, Philippines
The town has twin town arrangements with Burwood, Australia and Zamboanga, Philippines. In 1855, when Spanish power began to expand in the Philippine archipelago, they began to restrict the trade of foreign nations with Sulu by establishing a port in Zamboanga and issuing a ruling which declared that ships wanting to engage in trade with the Sulu Archipelago must first visit the Spanish port.
The city also has fastcraft services to Sandakan, Malaysia, and one shipping cargo company from Vietnam is also serving the routes from and to Zamboanga City to deliver goods from Vietnam.

Refugees of the Philippines

Filipino refugeesa large Filipino refugee settlementarrived in the early
Like in Kota Kinabalu, the first wave of these immigrants arrived in the late 15th century during the Spanish colonisation, while the others arrived in the early 1970s because of the troubles in southern Philippines.
The United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) establish its office in the state in 1977 with around $2.7 million have been allocated for the maintenance of the refugees children education, with most of it been allocated to the Sandakan area.

Languages of Malaysia

MalaysiaMalaysian languagesMalaysian
Like the national language, the people of Sandakan mainly speak Malay, with a distinct Sabahan creole.
In Sarawak, most ethnic Chinese speak Hokkien, Hokchew, or Hakka while Hakka predominates in Sabah except in the city of Sandakan where Cantonese is more often spoken, despite the Hakka origins of the Chinese residing there.

Kinabatangan River

KinabatanganLower Kinabatangan
Sandakan district is known for its eco-tourism centres, such as the orangutan rehabilitation station in Sepilok Rehabilitation Centre, the Turtle Islands Park, the Kinabatangan River and the Gomantong Caves which are famous for their edible bird's nest.
It is the second longest river in Malaysia, with a length of 560 km from its headwaters in the mountains of southwest Sabah, to its outlet at the Sulu Sea, east of Sandakan.

Semporna

Semporna DistrictSemporna Town
The town itself is one of Sabah's major port, other than in Kota Kinabalu, Sepanggar Bay, Tawau, Lahad Datu, Kudat, Semporna and Kunak. The only highway route from Tawau connects: Sandakan – Telupid – Ranau – Kundasang – Tamparuli – Tuaran – Kota Kinabalu, as well Lahad Datu – Kunak – Semporna – Tawau (part of the Pan Borneo Highway)
Semporna was founded soon after the British North Borneo Chartered Company established Sandakan, and initially settled by Chinese traders, most fleeing from Spanish attacks on the Sulu Sultanate.

Malaysian Chinese

Chineseethnic ChineseMalaysia
Non-Malaysian citizens form the majority of the town population with 144,840 people followed by other Bumiputras (100,245), Chinese (63,201), Bajau/Suluk (38,897), Malay (22,244), Kadazan-Dusun (16,616), Indian (974), Murut (519) and others (8,754).
They settled down in Kuala Lumpur and its surrounding major satellite towns of Petaling Jaya, Shah Alam and Subang Jaya (part of the Klang Valley) as well as the town of Sekinchan located in the Sabak Bernam district in the northern part of Selangor state and these subgroup are also found in Ipoh, Gopeng and Kampar (part of the Kinta Valley) as well as other towns such as Bidor and Tapah in the Batang Padang district of the southern part of Perak state, as well as in Pahang state where they are mostly concentrated in Bentong, Mentakab, Kuantan, Raub and Cameron Highlands districts, as well as in Negeri Sembilan state, where they are mostly found in the state capital of Seremban (Old name is Sungai Ujong) and most of Negeri Sembilan state (except Tampin, Jelebu and Mantin), Sarikei, Sarawak and Sandakan, Sabah.

Sandakan Municipal Council

MPS SquareSandakan MCity Council of Sandakan
The town is administered by the Sandakan Municipal Council (Majlis Perbandaran Sandakan).
Majlis Perbandaran Sandakan (MPS) or Sandakan Municipal Council is the municipal council which administrates the town and municipalities area of Sandakan in the state of Sabah, Malaysia.

Tawau

Bandar TawauTawaoTawau River
The only highway route from Tawau connects: Sandakan – Telupid – Ranau – Kundasang – Tamparuli – Tuaran – Kota Kinabalu, as well Lahad Datu – Kunak – Semporna – Tawau (part of the Pan Borneo Highway)
It is the third-largest town in Sabah, after Kota Kinabalu and Sandakan.

Sandakan Airport

SandakanSandakan ('''SDK''')Sandakan Airfield
Sandakan Airport (SA) (ICAO Code : WBKS) provides flights linking the town to other domestic destinations.
Sandakan Airport is a domestic airport which serves Sandakan, a town in the east Malaysian state of Sabah.

Kudat

Kudat Town
The town itself is one of Sabah's major port, other than in Kota Kinabalu, Sepanggar Bay, Tawau, Lahad Datu, Kudat, Semporna and Kunak.
During this time, Kudat's significance had waned significantly as the Company moved the capital of British North Borneo to Sandakan.