Santa Clara Island

Ireland (left) and Great Britain (right), are large islands of north-west Europe

Tiny, uninhabited island in the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of Robinson Crusoe Island in a group of islands known as the Juan Fernández Islands.

- Santa Clara Island

7 related topics


Juan Fernández Islands

The Juan Fernández Islands (Archipiélago Juan Fernández) are a sparsely inhabited island group in the South Pacific Ocean reliant on tourism and fishing.

Landsat 7 image of the Juan Fernández Islands on 15 September 1999, shows the unique pattern of clouds known as "Kármán vortex street" caused by the interaction of winds with the islands' mountains
Robinson Crusoe Island, as seen in the late 19th or early 20th century. The ship in Cumberland Bay is the cruiser Esmeralda.
in March 1915, shortly before its scuttling in Cumberland Bay
Map of Robinson Crusoe Island (including Santa Clara Island)
Map of Alejandro Selkirk Island
Map of both islands
Satellite images of Juan Fernández Islands (Alejandro Selkirk Island, inset left)
overview map

Situated 670 km off the coast of Chile, they are composed of three main volcanic islands: Robinson Crusoe, Alejandro Selkirk and Santa Clara.

Robinson Crusoe Island

Second largest of the Juan Fernández Islands, situated 670 km (362 nmi; 416 mi) west of San Antonio, Chile, in the South Pacific Ocean.

April 2005 view of the town of San Juan Bautista, on the north coast at Cumberland Bay
, just prior to its scuttling in Cumberland Bay
A fisherman with two spiny lobsters off Robinson Crusoe Island
Robinson Crusoe Island bayside view of the town of San Juan Bautista
Robinson Crusoe Island statue of Robinson Crusoe in the town of San Juan Bautista
Robinson Crusoe Island Dendroseris litoralis – Juan Fernández cabbage tree

The island (along with neighbouring Santa Clara) has been recognised as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International because it supports populations of Masatierra petrels, pink-footed shearwaters, Juan Fernandez firecrowns and Juan Fernandez tit-tyrants.

Archipiélago de Juan Fernández National Park

National park located in the Pacific Ocean 665 kilometres west of Chile's mainland port of San Antonio, in the Juan Fernández Archipelago.

Juan Fernández Goat, (originally domestic goats) showing many of the characteristic of wild goats
Juan Fernández Reef
Juan Fernández Wild Goat
Juan Fernández Firecrown
Juan Fernández Fur Seal

Rainfall is higher in the winter months, and varies with elevation and exposure; elevations above 500 m experience frequent rainfall, while the western, leeward sides of Robinson Crusoe and Santa Clara are quite dry.

Europeans in Oceania

European exploration and settlement of Oceania began in the 16th century, starting with the Spanish (Castilian) landings and shipwrecks in the Mariana Islands, east of the Philippines.

A migrant family from Minsk, Belarus in Melbourne, c. 1915–1916. They were likely recorded as Russians rather than Belarusians.
Polish refugees in Wellington, New Zealand, 1944.
Child immigrant Maira Kalnins in August 1949. Kalnins was travelling with her family to start a new life in Australia after the postwar occupation of her native Latvia by Russian forces. Her photogenic qualities won her the role as the central figure in a publicity campaign to mark the 50,000th new arrival in Australia.
Norfolk Islanders gathering at a cricket match in November 1908.
French convicts on a construction site in Nouméa, c. 1900.
A New Caledonian prison warden, c. 1906.
James Cook's landing on Tanna island, as depicted by William Hodges.
Australian missionaries in Malekula, Vanuatu, c. 1918.
Germans at the transfer of sovereignty for Yap in the Western Caroline Islands, 1899.
A German postcard of Chuuk. It was created sometime between 1899 and 1914, when Germany had control of the Carolines.
William Harris with his Nauran wife and children, 1887.
A Missionary in Nauru being presented with the cup of love and welcome, c.1916-1917.
Wreck of the Antelope Packet, Capt. Henry Wilson, on a Reef of Rocks, near the Pelew Islands by Thomas Tegg, National Maritime Museum.
French Catholic missionary Eugène Eyraud.
Kelly Preston in 2005.
Hoisting the Union Jack flag over Niue, 1900.
Pitcairn Islanders in 1916.
Clipperton Island survivor Alicia Rovira Arnaud.
Workers from various Oceanian countries at a pineapple farm in Queensland, Australia, 1890s.
A New Zealand tourism poster promoting the Polynesian culture of the country, c. 1960.
A 2021 Pacific Islands Forum meeting, which was held via Zoom. The PIF is an inter-governmental organization for the sovereign states of Oceania, including the European-majority nations of Australia (first in second row) and New Zealand (second in fourth row).
Australian rules footballers from the Sydney Swans and West Coast Eagles during the 2005 AFL Grand Final.

Santa Clara Island is currently uninhabited, and most live in the village of Robinson Crusoe, on Bahía Cumberland.

Tourism in Chile

Since the mid-1990s, tourism in Chile has become one of the main sources of income for the country, especially in its most extreme areas.

Easter Island-Rapa Nui paintings of Tangata Manu (Birdmen) Frigate Birds in the "cave of the maneaters"
The Atacama Giant
Chinchorro mummies
Lake Chungará and Parinacota volcano
Valle de Atacama
San Pedro de Atacama
Salar de Atacama in the Atacama Desert
Very Large Telescope (VLT), Paranal Observatory
La Serena
Ojos del Salado volcano
Elqui Valley, wine and pisco region
El Tatio geyser fields
Viña del Mar
Cerro Santa Lucía
Colchagua Museum
Vineyard near the Andes
Laja Falls
Volcán Villarrica
Puerto Varas
Puerto Montt
Conguillío National Park
Punta Arenas
Palafitos in the archipelago of Chiloé
Torres del Paine National Park
A kayaker runs a rapid on the Futaleufú River
Puerto Williams
Queulat National Park
San Rafael Lake
Pío XI or Brüggen Glacier
Cumberland Bay, Robinson Crusoe Island
Anakena Beach
Moais on the slope of Rano Raraku
Antarctic Peninsula
Lemaire channel
Villa Las Estrellas
Laguna del Inca, Portillo
Valle Nevado
Magellanic Penguins in Magdalena.
Rapa Nui National Park
Churches of Chiloé
Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works
Sewell Mining Town

The Juan Fernández archipelago is also well known for its jungles and endemic flora, formed by the islands Robinson Crusoe, Santa Clara and Alexander Selkirk.

Masatierra petrel

Species of seabird in the family Procellariidae.

On the Juan Fernández Islands, the bird is no longer believed to be nesting on Robinson Crusoe Island but Santa Clara Island had a few hundred birds present in 1991, a number not likely to increase because there is limited availability of suitable nesting sites on the island.

Insular Chile

Scattered group of oceanic islands of volcanic origin located in the South Pacific, at some distance from mainland Chile, and which are under the sovereignty of Chile.

Map of the three areas dividing the Chilean territory:
In blue: Continental Chile
In red: Insular Chile
In green: Antarctic Chile
Map of what is considered insular Chile.

1) The Juan Fernández Islands, composed of Robinson Crusoe, Alejandro Selkirk and Santa Clara islands, located 670 km west of Valparaíso