Santa Cruz, California

Santa Cruz was founded by the Spanish in 1791, when Fermín de Lasuén established Mission Santa Cruz.
The pueblo of Branciforte was named in honor of Miguel de la Grúa Talamanca, 1st Marquess of Branciforte.
The Neary-Rodríguez Adobe, built c. 1810, is the oldest building in the city.
José Antonio Bolcoff, who served as alcalde (mayor) of Branciforte, built his adobe on Rancho Refugio in 1839.
View of the wharves along the Santa Cruz coastline; Edward Vischer, 1863.
The Three Princes of Hawaii who introduced surfing to California in Santa Cruz, 1885: Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole (left), David Kawānanakoa (center), and Edward Abnel Keliʻiahonui (right).
The Plunge Natatorium at the Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk in 1910.
Damage downtown caused by the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake.
Aerial view of Santa Cruz.
Mission Santa Cruz is a Catholic chapel of the Diocese of Monterey.
Holy Cross Church, Mission Plaza.
The Pacific Coast in Santa Cruz.
Shops and restaurants at the Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk.
Restaurants in the historic downtown of Santa Cruz.
Downtown Santa Cruz at dusk.
Street musicians on Pacific Avenue.
Mission Revival architecture in Downtown Santa Cruz.
Beach Street is a popular tourist hotspot fronting Santa Cruz Beach.
The Monument to the Surfer.
Natural Bridges State Beach
Big Basin Redwoods State Park.
Santa Cruz Harbor.
Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk.
The Veterans Memorial Building.
Historic Downtown Santa Cruz.
University of California, Santa Cruz.
Historic Santa Cruz High School.
The Beach-Downtown Shuttle.
Big Trees Railroad excursion train on Chestnut St., Santa Cruz
The Highway 17 Express.

County seat and largest city of Santa Cruz County, in Northern California.

- Santa Cruz, California

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Mission Santa Cruz

The Mission Santa Cruz chapel replica
Inside the mission chapel replica
Holy Cross Church (circa 1900)

Mission Santa Cruz (La Misión de la Exaltación de la Santa Cruz, which translates as the Mission of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross) was a Spanish mission founded in 1791 by the Franciscan order in present-day Santa Cruz, California, dedicated by Father Fermín de Lasuén, second president of the Alta California missions.

Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk

The main beach and boardwalk
Santa Cruz Swimming Baths at the Boardwalk, Pacific Novelty Company Postcards, circa 1910.

The Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk is an oceanfront amusement park in Santa Cruz, California.

Santa Cruz County, California

County on the Pacific coast of the U.S. state of California.

Vineyard in the Santa Cruz Mountains

The county seat is Santa Cruz.

Aptos, California

Unincorporated town in Santa Cruz County, California.

Bayview Hotel, Aptos, California
Rio del Mar, California, with the Aptos Creek running through.
Fourth of July Parade - "The World's Shortest Parade"
Seacliff State Beach and S.S. Palo Alto

These efforts failed however, and when cases appeared in Watsonville, Santa Cruz citizens attempted to again quarantine the disease by destroying the Aptos Bridge.

1989 Loma Prieta earthquake

The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake occurred on California's Central Coast on October 17 at 5:04 p.m. local time.

Image of collapsed Cypress freeway structure in Oakland, California
Loma Prieta Peak in the Santa Cruz Mountains
USGS ShakeMap showing the intensity of the mainshock
Collapse of the top deck of the Nimitz Freeway onto the bottom deck, and resulting crashes.
Five people were killed on Sixth Street between Bluxome and Townsend in San Francisco as a brick facade collapsed onto the sidewalk and street.
A building in the Marina District at Beach and Divisadero settled onto its buckled garage supports.
Santa Cruz's historic Pacific Garden Mall suffered severe damage – three died.
Collapsed upper deck section of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge
One person died when a five-story tower collapsed at St. Joseph's Seminary in Santa Clara County.

The shock was centered in The Forest of Nisene Marks State Park in Santa Cruz County, approximately 10 mi northeast of Santa Cruz on a section of the San Andreas Fault System and was named for the nearby Loma Prieta Peak in the Santa Cruz Mountains.

Gaspar de Portolá

Spanish military officer, best known for leading the Portolá expedition into California and for serving as the first Governor of the Californias.

Portrait held at the Casa Portolà in Catalonia.
Monument to Portolá in Balaguer, Catalonia.
California Historical Landmark in Los Angeles commemorating the Portolá expedition's launch in 1769.
Portolà expedition monument in Pacifica, California honoring Portolà's first sighting of San Francisco Bay.
Monument to Portolá in Sant Esteve de la Sarga, Catalonia.
The famous Estracto de Noticias written by Portolá in 1770 is the first published account of Spanish settlements in California.
Monument to Portolá at Montjuïc Castle in Barcelona, by Catalan sculptor Lluís Montané i Mollfulleda.
Plaque honoring Gaspar de Portolá at the Castle of Pradell de Sió, his family's ancestral home in Preixens.

Having failed to find their goal, they marched on north and reached the area at the north end of the bay, where Crespí named a creek Santa Cruz on October 18.


The last of only three secular pueblos founded by the Spanish colonial government of Alta California.

The pueblo never prospered, and the area was annexed into the city of Santa Cruz, California in 1905.

Monterey Bay

Bay of the Pacific Ocean located on the coast of the U.S. state of California, south of the San Francisco Bay Area and its major city at the south of the bay, San Jose.

The Monterey Bay, in a simple map, with the main two cities, Santa Cruz and Monterey, at the north and south of the bay. Note: Green color areas represent rugged terrain and mountains.
Gaspar de Zúñiga, 5th Count of Monterrey, namesake of Monterey Bay.
Monterey Bay, California
Cormorant "condo" in Monterey Bay
Panorama of Monterey Bay from Jacks Peak Park
Sea otter coming ashore, Moss Landing
The Monterey Bay, as seen from space, stretches from Santa Cruz in the north to the Monterey Peninsula in the south
Monterey Bay seen with the old Cannery Foundations
One of many beaches along the Monterey Bay coast line
Monterey Bay as seen from Soquel, California. The Moss Landing power plant is visible in the distance.
Scuba diving lessons in the bay, near Monterey, California
Albert Bierstadt, "Bay of Monterey", oil on paper, undated
Aerial view of the north end of Monterey Bay at Santa Cruz

Santa Cruz is located at the north end of the bay, and Monterey is on the Monterey Peninsula at the south end.

University of California, Santa Cruz

McHenry Library UCSC.jpgry Library
UCSC & Santa Cruz aerial view. The Great Meadow is the undeveloped area between city and university
Bridge across ravine.
Organic farm rows
Approaching Baskin Engineering from McLaughlin Drive
Baskin Engineering Plaza
McHenry Library stacks
Student Union
Quarry Plaza
KZSC lounge
Students and others gather for a "420 Day" event in Porter Meadow at the University of California, Santa Cruz, campus on April 20, 2007.
East Field
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Huey P. Newton, co-founder of the Black Panther Party
Maya Rudolph, actress and comedian
Jonah Peretti, founder of Huffington Post and BuzzFeed
Cary Fukunaga, film director, writer, and cinematographer
Reyna Grande, award-winning Mexican author
Andy Samberg, actor and comedian
Kathryn D. Sullivan, Astronaut and former NOAA Administrator
Susan Wojcicki, CEO of YouTube
Stefano Bloch, academic, graffiti artist, and author
bell hooks, critically acclaimed author and cultural theorist
alt=Gillian Welch, singer/songwriter|Gillian Welch, singer/songwriter
alt=David Haussler, professor of biomolecular engineering and director of the Genomics Institute at UC Santa Cruz|David Haussler, professor of biomolecular engineering and director of the Genomics Institute at UC Santa Cruz
Angela Davis, distinguished professor emerita of History of Consciousness
alt=Kenneth V. Thimann|Kenneth V. Thimann, plant physiologist and microbiologist

The University of California, Santa Cruz (UC Santa Cruz or UCSC) is a public land-grant research university in Santa Cruz, California.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Peace treaty that was signed on 2 February 1848, in the Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo (now a neighborhood of Mexico City) between the United States and Mexico that ended the Mexican–American War (1846–1848).

Cover of the exchange copy of the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
"Mapa de los Estados Unidos de Méjico by John Disturnell, the 1847 map used during the negotiations
Map o. S. Augustus Mitchell, Philadelphia, 1847. Alta California shown including Nevada, Utah, Arizona.
First page of the original treaty
The Mexican Cession agreed with Mexico (white) and the Gadsden Purchase (brown). Part of the area marked as Gadsden Purchase near modern-day Mesilla, New Mexico, was disputed after the Treaty.
E. Gilman, [United States (after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo)], 1848

The Mexicans proposed peace terms that offered only sale of Alta California north of the 37th parallel north — north of Santa Cruz, California and Madera, California and the southern boundaries of today's Utah and Colorado.