Santa Rosa Island (California)

Santa Rosa IslandSanta RosaSanta Rosa Island, CaliforniaIsland of Santa RosaSanta Rosa IslandsSanta; Rosa IslandVail Ranch
Santa Rosa Island (Chumash: Wi'ma) is the second largest of the Channel Islands of California at 53,195 acres (215.27 km 2 or 83.118 sq mi).wikipedia
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Channel Islands (California)

Channel IslandsChannel Islands of CaliforniaSanta Barbara Channel Islands
Santa Rosa Island (Chumash: Wi'ma) is the second largest of the Channel Islands of California at 53,195 acres (215.27 km 2 or 83.118 sq mi).
Five of the islands (San Miguel, Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz, Anacapa, and Santa Barbara) were made into the Channel Islands National Park in 1980.

Chumash people

ChumashChumash IndiansChumash-Venturaño
The Chumash, a Native American people lived on the Channel Islands at the time of European contact.
They also occupied three of the Channel Islands: Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, and San Miguel; the smaller island of Anacapa was likely inhabited seasonally due to the lack of a consistent water source.

Channel Islands National Park

Channel IslandsChannel Islands N.M.
Santa Rosa is located about 26 mi off the coast of Santa Barbara, California in Santa Barbara County and is part of Channel Islands National Park.
Five islands, including Anacapa, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, San Miguel, and Santa Rosa, were redesignated as a national park on March 5, 1980.

Arlington Springs Man

Arlington Manman's first appearance along the California coast
The remains of a 13,000-year-old Arlington Springs Man -- the oldest human remains in the Americas, have been discovered here.
The Arlington Springs man is a set of Late Pleistocene human remains discovered on Santa Rosa Island, one of the Channel Islands located off the coast of Southern California.

Chumashan languages

ChumashChumashanChumash language
Santa Rosa Island (Chumash: Wi'ma) is the second largest of the Channel Islands of California at 53,195 acres (215.27 km 2 or 83.118 sq mi).
Chumashan (meaning "Santa Cruz Islander") is a family of languages that were spoken on the southern California coast by Native American Chumash people, from the Coastal plains and valleys of San Luis Obispo to Malibu, neighboring inland and Transverse Ranges valleys and canyons east to bordering the San Joaquin Valley, to three adjacent Channel Islands: San Miguel, Santa Rosa, and Santa Cruz.

Torrey pine

Pinus torreyanaP. torreyanaTorrey pine tree
Santa Rosa Island is home to the rare Torrey Pine, a species of pine tree that exists only in two locations around the world.
It is an endangered species growing only in the Torrey Pines State Natural Reserve, coastal northern San Diego county, and on Santa Rosa Island.

Santa Rosae

one large islandSantarosae Island
During the last ice age, the four northern Channel Islands, including Santa Rosa Island, were conjoined into Santa Rosae, a single island that was only five miles (8 km) off the coast.
San Miguel, Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz, and Anacapa Island comprise the unsubmerged portions of Santa Rosae today.

José Antonio Carrillo

Jose Antonio CarrilloJosé Antonio Ezequiel Carrillo
Governor Manuel Micheltorena made a Mexican land grant of the island of Santa Rosa to brothers José Antonio Carrillo and Carlos Antonio Carrillo in 1843.
José Antonio Carrillo was the Mexican land grant grantee of Rancho Las Posas in 1834, in present-day Ventura County, California, and the Island of Santa Rosa of the Channel Islands.

John Coffin Jones Jr.

John Coffin JonesJohn Coffin Jones, Jr.John C. Jones
Their husbands - John Coffin Jones (1796–1861) and Alpheus Basil Thompson (1795–1869) - entered into a partnership to manage the island.
In 1843, Manuela's father, Governor Carlos Antonio Carrillo, and her uncle, José Antonio Carrillo, were granted Santa Rosa Island by Governor Manuel Micheltorena.

Santa Barbara County, California

Santa Barbara CountySanta BarbaraSanta Barbara Counties
Santa Rosa is located about 26 mi off the coast of Santa Barbara, California in Santa Barbara County and is part of Channel Islands National Park.
Evidence for a Paleoindian presence has been found in the form of a fluted Clovis-like point found in the 1980s along the western Santa Barbara Coast, as well as the remains of Arlington Springs Man found on Santa Rosa Island in the 1960s.

Carlos Antonio Carrillo

Carlos Antonio de Jesus CarrilloCarlos Carrillo
Governor Manuel Micheltorena made a Mexican land grant of the island of Santa Rosa to brothers José Antonio Carrillo and Carlos Antonio Carrillo in 1843.
Governor Manuel Micheltorena gave a Mexican land grant of Santa Rosa Island, in the Channel Islands of California, to Carlos and his brother José Antonio Carrillo in 1843.

California State University Channel Islands

California State University, Channel IslandsCal State Channel IslandsChannel Islands
In November 2012 the National Park Service (NPS) issued a permit to California State University, Channel Islands (CSUCI) to operate a field research station on Santa Rosa Island.
The Channel Islands are nearby where the university operates a scientific research station on Santa Rosa Island.

Dudleya gnoma

munchkin dudleya
Flightless geese, giant mice and pygmy mammoths are extinct, while the island fox, spotted skunk, and munchkin dudleya (Dudleya gnoma) (one of the six endemic plant species on the island) still live there.
It is endemic to Santa Rosa Island, one of the Channel Islands of California, where it is known from one single population containing about 3200 plants.

Pygmy mammoth

Mammuthus exilisa dwarf speciesM. exilis
Flightless geese, giant mice and pygmy mammoths are extinct, while the island fox, spotted skunk, and munchkin dudleya (Dudleya gnoma) (one of the six endemic plant species on the island) still live there.
In 1994 the National Park Service called in scientists to inspect an uncovered, unidentified skeleton found on the northeast coast of Santa Rosa Island.

Island fox

Channel Island foxUrocyon littoralisCatalina Island fox
Flightless geese, giant mice and pygmy mammoths are extinct, while the island fox, spotted skunk, and munchkin dudleya (Dudleya gnoma) (one of the six endemic plant species on the island) still live there.

Caloplaca obamae

C. obamae
The rare endemic lichen Caloplaca obamae, discovered in 2007 and described by Kerry Knudsen in 2009, commemorates United States President Barack Obama.
C. obamae was discovered in 2007 by Kerry Knudsen on Santa Rosa Island in California and published in March 2009.

Empire Ranch

ApacheTotal Wreck Mining CompanyWalter L. Vail
The More family sold the island to Walter L. Vail and John V. Vickers in 1902.

Quercus tomentella

Island oakIsland Oak (''Quercus tomentella'')Q. tomentella
The island oak (Quercus tomentella) is native to the island.

Santa Barbara, California

Santa BarbaraSanta Barbara, CACity of Santa Barbara
Santa Rosa is located about 26 mi off the coast of Santa Barbara, California in Santa Barbara County and is part of Channel Islands National Park.

Wisconsin glaciation

Wisconsin GlacierWisconsinan glaciationice age
During the last ice age, the four northern Channel Islands, including Santa Rosa Island, were conjoined into Santa Rosae, a single island that was only five miles (8 km) off the coast.

Driftwood

drift wooddriftdrift logs
The Chumash called the driftwood that washed up on the sandy beaches by the channel currents wimal.

Tomol

boatssmall watercraftTomolo'o
The logs were used to build tomols (plank canoes).

Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo

Juan Rodriguez CabrilloJoão Rodrigues CabrilhoJuan Cabrillo
Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo's crew visited the island after his death, and found three Chumash villages, containing a total of 40-50 people.