Santali language

SantaliSanthali SanthaliSantalSantali MahalimjxNagpuriSantali,Santhal
Santali (Ol Chiki: ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ), also known as Santhali, is the most widely-spoken language of the Munda subfamily of the Austroasiatic languages, related to Ho and Mundari, spoken mainly in the Indian states of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Odisha, Tripura and West Bengal.wikipedia
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Austroasiatic languages

AustroasiaticMon–KhmerMon-Khmer
Santali (Ol Chiki: ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ), also known as Santhali, is the most widely-spoken language of the Munda subfamily of the Austroasiatic languages, related to Ho and Mundari, spoken mainly in the Indian states of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Odisha, Tripura and West Bengal. It is spoken by around 7.6 million people in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal, making it the third most-spoken Austroasiatic language after Vietnamese and Khmer.
Santali is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India.

Mundari language

MundariMundaBhumij
Santali (Ol Chiki: ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ), also known as Santhali, is the most widely-spoken language of the Munda subfamily of the Austroasiatic languages, related to Ho and Mundari, spoken mainly in the Indian states of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Odisha, Tripura and West Bengal.
It is closely related to Santali.

Ol Chiki script

Ol ChikiOl Chiki alphabetSantali Alphabet
Santali (Ol Chiki: ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ), also known as Santhali, is the most widely-spoken language of the Munda subfamily of the Austroasiatic languages, related to Ho and Mundari, spoken mainly in the Indian states of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Odisha, Tripura and West Bengal. Santali was a mainly oral language until the development of Ol Chiki by Pandit Raghunath Murmu in 1925.
The Ol Chiki script, also known as Ol Cemetʼ (Santali: ol 'writing', cemet 'learning'), Ol Ciki, Ol, and sometimes as the Santali alphabet, is the official writing system for Santali, an Austroasiatic-Munda language recognized as an official regional language in India.

Jharkhand

Jharkhand StateJharkhand movementJarkhand
Santali (Ol Chiki: ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ), also known as Santhali, is the most widely-spoken language of the Munda subfamily of the Austroasiatic languages, related to Ho and Mundari, spoken mainly in the Indian states of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Odisha, Tripura and West Bengal. The highest concentrations of Santali speakers are in the Bhagalpur and Munger districts of southeastern Bihar; Hazaribag and Manbhum districts of Jharkhand; Paschim Medinipur, Jhargram, Purulia, Bankura, and Birbhum districts of West Bengal; and in the Balasore and Mayurbhanj districts of Odisha.
Jharkhand has accorded second language status to Angika, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Ho, Kharia, Kurukh, Khortha, Kurmali, Magahi, Maithili, Mundari, Nagpuri, Odia, Santali and Urdu.

Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India

Eighth ScheduleEighth Schedule of the Constitution of IndiaEighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution
It is a recognized regional language of India per the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution.

Raghunath Murmu

Pandit Raghunath Murmu
Santali was a mainly oral language until the development of Ol Chiki by Pandit Raghunath Murmu in 1925.
Pandit Raghunath Murmu (05 May 1905 – 1 February 1982) was the inventor of the "Ol Chiki" script used in Santali language.

Languages of India

Indian languagesIndianregional languages of India
European interest in the study of the languages of India led to the first efforts at documenting the Santali language.
Austroasiatic languages of mainland India are the Khasi and Munda languages, including Santhali.

West Bengal

West Bengal, IndiaBengalWestern Bengal
Santali (Ol Chiki: ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ), also known as Santhali, is the most widely-spoken language of the Munda subfamily of the Austroasiatic languages, related to Ho and Mundari, spoken mainly in the Indian states of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Odisha, Tripura and West Bengal. The highest concentrations of Santali speakers are in the Bhagalpur and Munger districts of southeastern Bihar; Hazaribag and Manbhum districts of Jharkhand; Paschim Medinipur, Jhargram, Purulia, Bankura, and Birbhum districts of West Bengal; and in the Balasore and Mayurbhanj districts of Odisha.
In 2012, the state government passed a bill granting additional official statues to Hindi, Odia, Punjabi, Santali and Urdu languages in areas were speakers exceed 10% of the population.

Birbhum district

BirbhumBhirbhumMirati
The highest concentrations of Santali speakers are in the Bhagalpur and Munger districts of southeastern Bihar; Hazaribag and Manbhum districts of Jharkhand; Paschim Medinipur, Jhargram, Purulia, Bankura, and Birbhum districts of West Bengal; and in the Balasore and Mayurbhanj districts of Odisha.
Bir in the Santali language means forests; therefore, Birbhum could also mean a land of forests.

Odisha

OrissaOrissa, IndiaOdisha, India
Santali (Ol Chiki: ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ), also known as Santhali, is the most widely-spoken language of the Munda subfamily of the Austroasiatic languages, related to Ho and Mundari, spoken mainly in the Indian states of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Odisha, Tripura and West Bengal. The highest concentrations of Santali speakers are in the Bhagalpur and Munger districts of southeastern Bihar; Hazaribag and Manbhum districts of Jharkhand; Paschim Medinipur, Jhargram, Purulia, Bankura, and Birbhum districts of West Bengal; and in the Balasore and Mayurbhanj districts of Odisha.

Bangladesh

People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshiBangla Desh
It is spoken by around 7.6 million people in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal, making it the third most-spoken Austroasiatic language after Vietnamese and Khmer.
Among the Austroasiatic languages, the Santali language is spoken by the Santali tribe.

Mayurbhanj district

MayurbhanjMajurbhanj
The highest concentrations of Santali speakers are in the Bhagalpur and Munger districts of southeastern Bihar; Hazaribag and Manbhum districts of Jharkhand; Paschim Medinipur, Jhargram, Purulia, Bankura, and Birbhum districts of West Bengal; and in the Balasore and Mayurbhanj districts of Odisha.
At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 54.33% of the population in the district spoke Odia, 24.81% Santali, 7.58% Ho, 4.07% Hindi, 3.45% Mundari, 1.34% Bengali, 0.47% Munda and 0.46% Urdu as their first language.

Paul Olaf Bodding

Bodding, P. OPaul Bodding
Bengali, Odia and Roman scripts were first used to write Santali before the 1860s by European anthropologists, folklorists and missionaries including A. R. Campbell, Lars Skrefsrud and Paul Bodding.
Bodding created the first alphabet and wrote the first grammar for the Santali-speaking native people in eastern India.

Lars Olsen Skrefsrud

Lars Skrefsrud
Bengali, Odia and Roman scripts were first used to write Santali before the 1860s by European anthropologists, folklorists and missionaries including A. R. Campbell, Lars Skrefsrud and Paul Bodding.
He published a songbook in the Santali language with Christian texts for local melodies and later a grammar for the Santal people.

Bhagalpur district

BhagalpurBhágalpurSamastipur district
The highest concentrations of Santali speakers are in the Bhagalpur and Munger districts of southeastern Bihar; Hazaribag and Manbhum districts of Jharkhand; Paschim Medinipur, Jhargram, Purulia, Bankura, and Birbhum districts of West Bengal; and in the Balasore and Mayurbhanj districts of Odisha.
At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 88.74% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 10.29% Urdu and 0.45% Santali as their first language.

Byomkes Chakrabarti

Chakrabarti, ByomkesChakraborty, Byomkes
A notable work in this field was initiated by linguist Byomkes Chakrabarti in the 1960s.
His major contribution to linguistics was in finding out some basic relationship between Santali and the Bengali language.

Munger district

MungerMonghyr districtMonghyr
The highest concentrations of Santali speakers are in the Bhagalpur and Munger districts of southeastern Bihar; Hazaribag and Manbhum districts of Jharkhand; Paschim Medinipur, Jhargram, Purulia, Bankura, and Birbhum districts of West Bengal; and in the Balasore and Mayurbhanj districts of Odisha.
At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 92.57% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 6.10% Urdu and 0.93% Santali as their first language.

Balasore district

BalasoreBaleswarBaleswar district
The highest concentrations of Santali speakers are in the Bhagalpur and Munger districts of southeastern Bihar; Hazaribag and Manbhum districts of Jharkhand; Paschim Medinipur, Jhargram, Purulia, Bankura, and Birbhum districts of West Bengal; and in the Balasore and Mayurbhanj districts of Odisha.
At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 88.30% of the population in the district spoke Odia, 4.11% Santali, 3.39% Urdu, 1.30% Bengali and 0.67% Hindi as their first language.

Hazaribagh district

HazaribaghHazaribagHazaribag district
The highest concentrations of Santali speakers are in the Bhagalpur and Munger districts of southeastern Bihar; Hazaribag and Manbhum districts of Jharkhand; Paschim Medinipur, Jhargram, Purulia, Bankura, and Birbhum districts of West Bengal; and in the Balasore and Mayurbhanj districts of Odisha.
At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 86.75% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 7.73% Urdu, 3.48% Santali, 0.70% Maithili and 0.52% Mundari as their first language.

Bengali alphabet

BengaliBengali scriptBangla
Bengali, Odia and Roman scripts were first used to write Santali before the 1860s by European anthropologists, folklorists and missionaries including A. R. Campbell, Lars Skrefsrud and Paul Bodding.

Santali Wikipedia

The Santali Wikipedia is the Santali language version of Wikipedia, run by the Wikimedia Foundation.

Bankura district

BankuraBankura,Bishnupur
The highest concentrations of Santali speakers are in the Bhagalpur and Munger districts of southeastern Bihar; Hazaribag and Manbhum districts of Jharkhand; Paschim Medinipur, Jhargram, Purulia, Bankura, and Birbhum districts of West Bengal; and in the Balasore and Mayurbhanj districts of Odisha.
Santali was spoken by about 9 per cent of the population.

List of languages by number of native speakers in India

List of Indian languages by total speakersList of Indian languages by number of native speakersspoken language in India
Scheduled languages spoken by fewer than 1% of Indians are Santali (0.63%), Kashmiri (0.54%), Nepali (0.28%), Sindhi (0.25%), Konkani (0.24%), Dogri (0.22%), Meitei (0.14%), Bodo (0.13%) and Sanskrit (In the 2001 census of India, only 14,135 people reported Sanskrit as their native language).

Santal people

SanthalSantalSanthals
The Santals mostly speak Santali, an Austroasiatic language and that is the most widely-spoken of the Munda languages.

Devanagari

DevanāgarīDevanagari scriptDevnagari
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali, Sherpa, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.