Santiago

Santiago de ChileSantiago, ChileGreater SantiagoSantiago del Nuevo ExtremoSantiago of ChileCiudad CapitalCity of SantiagoSantiago de Chile, ChileSantiago de la Nueva Extremadura Santiago
Santiago, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.wikipedia
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Valparaíso

ValparaisoValparaiso, ChileValparaíso, Chile
The Chilean executive and judiciary are located in Santiago, but Congress meets mostly in nearby Valparaíso.
Valparaíso is located about 120 km northwest of Santiago by road and is one of the South Pacific's most important seaports.

Chile

🇨🇱ChileanRepublic of Chile
Santiago, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.
capital = Santiago a

Santiago Metropolitan Region

SantiagoMetropolitan RegionMetropolitana
It is the center of Chile's largest and most densely populated conurbation, the Santiago Metropolitan Region, whose total population is 7 million.
It is the country's only landlocked administrative region and contains the nation's capital, Santiago.

2023 Pan American Games

XIX20232023 Santiago
Santiago will host the 2023 Pan American Games.
The 2023 Pan American Games, officially the XIX Pan American Games, will be the 19th edition of the Pan American Games and an international multi-sport event scheduled to be held from October 6 to October 24, 2023 in Santiago, Chile.

Pedro de Valdivia

Pedro de '''ValdiviaPedro ValdiviaValdivia
Having been sent by Francisco Pizarro from Peru and having made the long journey from Cuzco, Extremadura conquistador Pedro de Valdivia reached the valley of the Mapocho on 13 December 1540.
In 1540 he led an expedition of 150 Spaniards into Chile, where he defeated a large force of indigenous natives and founded Santiago in 1541.

Largest cities in the Americas

45th largest cityeighteenth-largestin the Americas
Santiago, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.

Arauco War

hostile nativesWar of Araucoa long expedition to Chile
Valdivia left months later to the south with his troops, beginning the War of Arauco.
During the early phase of the Conquest of Chile, the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia conducted a nine-year campaign to secure the city of Santiago, which had been destroyed on September 11, 1541 by the Mapochoes under the direction of their chief, Michimalonco.

Concepción, Chile

ConcepciónConcepcion Concepción
The city would be slowly rebuilt, giving prominence to the newly founded Concepción, where the Royal Audiencia of Chile was then founded in 1565.
It sits about 500 km south of Santiago, the country's capital.

Santiago (commune)

SantiagoCommune of SantiagoMunicipality of Santiago
The Commune of Santiago, sometimes referred to as "downtown" or "Central Santiago" (Santiago Centro), is an administrative division that comprises roughly the area occupied by the city during its colonial period.
Locally, Santiago is usually abbreviated Stgo. It is also called as "Santiago Centro" (Downtown Santiago) in order to differentiate it from Greater Santiago, a larger entity which includes Santiago Commune along with other 36 communes.

Captaincy General of Chile

ChileKingdom of ChileGovernorate of Chile
However these disasters would not stop the growth of the capital of the Captaincy General of Chile at a time when all the power of the country was centered on the Plaza de Armas santiaguina.
Its capital was Santiago de Chile.

1647 Santiago earthquake

earthquake1647devastating earthquake
A series of disasters impeded the development of the city during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries: an earthquake, a 1575 smallpox epidemic, in 1590, 1608, and 1618, the Mapocho River floods, and, finally, the earthquake of 13 May 1647, which killed over 600 people and affected more than five thousand others.
The 1647 Santiago earthquake struck Santiago, Chile on the night of 13 May (22:30 local time, 02:30 UTC on 14 May) and is said to have brought virtually every building in the city to the ground.

Inés Suárez

Inés de Suarez
The resistance was led by Inés de Suárez, a mistress to Valdivia.
Inés Suárez, (c. 1507–1580) was a Spanish conquistadora who participated in the Conquest of Chile with Pedro de Valdivia, successfully defending the conquered Santiago against an attack in 1541 by the Mapuche, Chile's indigenous people whose generations have shown the existence of their culture in Chile and Argentina as early as 600 to 500 BC.

Battle of Maipú

MaipúMaipuIndependist and Spanish Royalist forces
The Spanish army gained new victories in 1818 and headed for Santiago, but their march was definitively halted on the plains of the Maipo River, during the Battle of Maipú on 5 April 1818.
The Battle of Maipú (Batalla de Maipú) was a battle fought near Santiago, Chile on April 5, 1818 between South American rebels and Spanish royalists, during the Chilean War of Independence.

Promaucae

promaucaesPurumaucasPicones
The villages established in the areas belonging to picunches groups (name given by Chileans) or promaucaes (name given by Incas), were subject to the Inca Empire throughout the late fifteenth century and into the early sixteenth century.
Promaucae, also spelled as Promaucas or Purumaucas (from Quechua purum awqa: wild enemy), were an indigenous pre-Columbian Mapuche tribal group that lived in the present territory of Chile, south of the Maipo River basin of Santiago, Chile and the Itata River.

Plaza de Armas (Santiago)

Plaza de ArmasPlaza de Armas in SantiagoPlaza de Armas de Santiago
However these disasters would not stop the growth of the capital of the Captaincy General of Chile at a time when all the power of the country was centered on the Plaza de Armas santiaguina. In the center of the city, Gamboa designed a Plaza Mayor, around which various plots for the Cathedral and the governor's house were selected.
The Plaza de Armas is the main square of Santiago, the capital of Chile.

Instituto Nacional General José Miguel Carrera

National InstituteInstituto NacionalGeneral José Miguel Carrera National Institute
Although some institutions, such as the National Institute and the National Library, were installed in the Patria Vieja, they were closed after the patriot defeat at the Battle of Rancagua in 1814.
It is an all-male public school teaching 7th and 8th grade of the basic level (Educación Básica) and 1st through 4th grade of the intermediate level (Educación Media). It is located in downtown Santiago, Chile, neighboring the University of Chile's main campus.

Alameda (Santiago)

AlamedaAlameda de las DeliciasAvenida Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins
The General Cemetery opened, work on the canal San Carlos was completed, and, in the south arm of the Mapocho River, known as La Cañada, the drying riverbed, used for sometime as a landfill, was turned into an avenue, now known as the Alameda de las Delicias.
Avenida Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins (General Liberator Bernardo O'Higgins Avenue), popularly known as La Alameda (meaning, a road surrounded by poplar trees), is the main avenue of Santiago, Chile.

Cerro El Plomo

El Plomodel PlomoEl Plomo hill
The Incas settled in the valley of mitimaes, the main installation settled in the center of the present city, with strengths as Huaca de Chena and the sanctuary of El Plomo hill.
Cerro El Plomo is a mountain in the Andes near Santiago, Chile.

Biblioteca Nacional de Chile

Chilean National LibraryNational LibraryNational Library of Chile
Although some institutions, such as the National Institute and the National Library, were installed in the Patria Vieja, they were closed after the patriot defeat at the Battle of Rancagua in 1814.
It is located on the Avenida Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins in Santiago, in a building completed in 1925, though its history reaches to the early nineteenth century before it was relocated to its current home.

Santa Lucía Hill

Cerro Santa LucíaSanta Lucia HillSanta Lucía
The natives accepted and even recommended the foundation of the town on a small island between two branches of the river next to a small hill called Huelén.
Santa Lucía Hill (Cerro Santa Lucía) is a small hill in the centre of Santiago, Chile.

Capital city

Capitaladministrative centerDistrict seat
Santiago, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.
🇨🇱 Chile: Santiago is the capital even though the National Congress of Chile meets in Valparaíso.

Quinta Normal Park

Quinta Normallarge parkQuinta Normal de Agricultura
During the years of the Republican era, institutions such as the University of Chile (Universidad de Chile), the Normal School of Preceptors, the School of Arts and Crafts, and the Quinta Normal, which included the Museum of Fine Arts (now Museum of Science and Technology) and the National Museum of Natural History, were founded.
Quinta Normal Park is an urban park in the city of Santiago, Chile.

Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport

SantiagoSantiago de ChileSantiago International Airport
In 1967 the new International Airport Pudahuel was opened, and, after years of discussion, in 1969 construction began on the Santiago Metro.
Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional Arturo Merino Benítez), also known as Santiago International Airport and Nuevo Pudahuel Airport, located in Pudahuel, 15 km north-west of downtown Santiago, is Chile's largest aviation facility and the busiest international airport in the country.

Santiago Metropolitan Cathedral

Santiago CathedralCathedralCatedral de Santiago de Chile
In the center of the city, Gamboa designed a Plaza Mayor, around which various plots for the Cathedral and the governor's house were selected.
The Metropolitan Cathedral of Santiago (Spanish: Catedral Metropolitana de Santiago) is the seat of the Archbishop of Santiago de Chile, currently Ricardo Ezzati Andrello, and the center of the archdiocese of Santiago de Chile.

1962 FIFA World Cup

19621962 World CupWorld Cup
The celebration of the World Cup in 1962 gave new impetus to implement plans for city improvement.
Brazil successfully defended their World Cup title, defeating Czechoslovakia 3–1 in the final in the Chilean capital of Santiago.